For any at-risk developing nation in which
we could potentially implement our educational plan, there has
to exist a well-coordinated source for information entering
the country. With this in place, we then define the individual
government’s role in most decision-making.
To facilitate the function of the governments,
we plan on utilizing an “umbrella” non-governmental
organization to coordinate efforts in multiple at-risk countries.
The World Bank would be an available resource
because one of its priorities is helping developing countries
improve their public services and reduce disaster vulnerability
among the poor. Its new Disaster Management Facility has provided
information on lessons learned from past disasters so that now
the Bank can effectively focus on prevention rather than response
Numerous organizations including governments,
the World Institute for Disaster Risk Management, International
Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, and
several UN Programmes are partners in the World Bank Disaster
Management Facility’s ProVention Consortium. The Consortium
may be our ideal coordinating body because it brings together
government, international organizations, and private groups
with the common goal of educating developing countries about
the best way to reduce the impact of disasters (Kreimer, 2000).
The United Nations [UN] can also provide necessary
coordination for our educational plan. One of the UN’s
tasks is to form and maintain an “International Strategy
for Disaster Reduction” [ISDR]. The Inter-Agency Task
Force on Disaster Reduction then keeps the ISDR on target, gives
them recommendations, and holds meetings of a network of interested
organizations so that all plans of action are compatible (UN/ISDR).
Our actual educators to carry out these plans
may also come from the Peace Corps who, in the past, utilized
a mobile education center called the “Hope Bus”
to convey information to groups of people across a large area
(Education facilities and risk management).
Once we establish a non-governmental team to
execute necessary training procedures, the first step of national
officials would be to make sure that local coordination responsibility
is given to the correct administrators, and that aid is provided
to all areas of the nation – not just those most frequently
cited in the news (Beatty). The government can help promote
the centralization of tsunami-related expertise and then provide
for communication to isolated areas (Union of International
Associations, 1986). A possible plan for this process could
be based on the fact that local administrators are gaining power
in Peru as the government is being decentralized. The country
is divided into twenty-five regions that are split into provinces
that are in turn separated into districts. Each of these districts
has an official (TDS).
In general, we would prefer to work with an
established administrative body to implement our plan. For example
in Peru, we would most likely want to collaborate with the Ministers
of Interior, Education, Health, and Tourism; as well as with
the Permanent Representative to the United Nations (TDS). In
Micronesia, our concern lies with the power of Nationwide Public
Services, and the concurrent powers of “borrowing money
on the public credit” and “health and public welfare”
As we put together our educational plan for
the different sectors of each country’s population, we
compiled a list of steps we need from a coordinating body:
- Approval of the materials we plan on distributing to
local residents, officials, professionals, educators, and
tourists. a. Brochures b. Handbooks c. Syllabi
- Funding of some of the training programs for these groups
- Official invitations to international witness speakers
- Translation and subsequent mass-production of our material
in the prominent languages of targeted regions. a. Pamphlets
b. Textbooks c. Charts and maps d. Audiovisual media
- Granting permission to distribute influential materials
in government facilities like international airports.
- Consultation with media officials to coordinate programming.
- Legislation for building codes, and certification of
- Implementation of programs in state hospitals by a “Minister
- Coordination of administrators in less-accessible, at-risk
- Construction of appropriate signs in accordance with
- Assignment of mental health professionals to individual
Essentially, personnel and coordination efforts
from non-governmental organizations will be used to bring well-structured
information to the leaders of target countries. The respective
countries’ central governments then have the task of facilitating
coordination efforts to reiterate the information to their populations.
- Educational facilities and risk management: Natural disasters.
(2004). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
- Griffiths, A. L. (Ed.). (2005). Handbook of federal countries,
2005. Ithaca: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
- Kreimer, A. & Arnold, M. (2000). Managing disaster risk
in emerging economies (pp. 2-6). Washington, D.C.: The World
- Travel Document Systems, Inc (TDS) (1996-2005). Peru government
information. Retrieved October 31, 2005 from the World Wide
- Union of International Associations (Ed.). (1986). Encyclopedia
of world problems and human potential. New York: K.G. Saur.
- United Nations/ International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
(UN/ISDR). Inter-agency task force on disaster reduction:
Functions and responsibilities. Retrieved October 31, 2005
from the World Wide Web: http://www.eird.org/eng/grupo-trabajo/funciones-eng.htm