WEEK 10: The Limits of Democratization: Brazil in Comparative Perspective

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  • Terry Karl and Philippe C. Schmitter, "What Democracy is…and is Not," Journal of Democracy Summer 1991, 2 (3):75-86.

  • The Economist, "The vote, but not always much more: democracy in Latin America," October 16, 1993, p. 48.

  • Roberto Aguiar, "The Cost of Election Campaigns in Brazil," in Herbert E. Alexander and Rei Shiratori, Comparative Political Finance Among the Democracies (Boulder: Westview, 1994): 77-84.

  • Scott Mainwaring and Timothy R. Scully, Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995): 354-98.

  • Guillermo O'Donnell, "On the state, democratization and some conceptual problems: a Latin American view with glances at some postcommunist countries," World Development, August 1993, 21 (8): 1355-1369.

  • Robert Gay, "Neighborhood Associations and Political Change in Rio de Janeiro," Latin American Research Review, 1990, 25 (1): 102-18.

  • Elizabeth Leeds, "Cocaine and Parallel Polities in the Brazilian Urban Periphery: Constraints on Local-Level Democratization," Latin American Research Review, 1996, 31 (3):47-83.

  • James Holston, "The Misrule of Law: Land and Usurpation in Brazil," Comparative Studies in Society and History, October 1991, 33 (4):695-725
  • Gary Hoskin and Gabriel Murillo-Castano, "Can Colombia Cope?" Journal of Democracy, January 1999, 10 (1):36-50.

  • Jorge I. Dominguez and Abraham F. Lowenthal, eds., Constructing Democratic Governance: The New South American Democracies (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), p. 3-41, 58-71 (Venezuela, Colombia, and Peru).

  • Frances Hagopian, "After Regime Change: Authoritarian Legacies, Political Representation, and the Democratic Future of South America," World Politics, April 1993, 45 (3):464-500.

  • Robert Fatton, Jr., "The Impairments of Democracy: Haiti in Comparative Perspective," Comparative Politics, January 1999, 31 (2):209-30.

  • James Holston and Teresa P. R. Caldeira, "Democracy, Law, and Violence: The Disjunctions of Brazilian Citizenship," in Fault lines of democracy in post-transition Latin America, edited by Felipe Aguero and Jeffrey Stark (Coral Gables, FL: North-South Center Press/University of Miami; Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1998).

  • Scott Mainwaring, Guillermo O'Donnell, and Samuel Valenzuela, Issues in Democratic Consolidation: The New South American Democracies in Comparative Perspective (South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1992).

  • Kurt von Mettenheim and James Malloy, Deepening democracy in Latin America (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, c1998).

  • Philip D. Oxhorn and Graciela Ducatenzeiler, What kind of democracy? What kind of market? Latin America in the age of neoliberalism (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, c1998).

  • Ben Ross Schneider, "Brazil under Collor: Anatomy of a Crisis," World Policy Journal, Spring 1991: 321-47.
  • The movie Central Station OR P. J. O'Rourke, Holidays in Hell (chapter on the Philippines).


Brazilian president Fernando Henrique Cardoso


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