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Treasure Hunt Questions and Information Sources

For each question, please provide a good citation for where you found the answer.   If you used library materials, provide the call number and library in which it is located.  If you used a database, indicate which database was used.

Take me to: question 1; question 2; question 3; question 4; question 5.


Question 1:
You are investigating TOPIC and need to find some facts.  (Hint: use handbooks,  encyclopedias, or reports to answer these types of factual questions)

TOPIC: a grabbing device for people in wheelchairs to reach high spaces

ANSWER: 

  1. 6” deep and 8 ¼ inches high.
  2. 4ft- 4ft 6in

How: Use Time Saver Standards.  See page 82 and page 85.

De Chiara, J. and Crosbie, M.J.  2001. Time-saver standards for building types McGraw-Hill, New York.


Rotch Library - Service Desk |  NA2760.D42 2001


TOPIC:  an anti-slipping device for wheelchair users going up or down an incline

  1. On a ramp, what is the slope that most wheelchair users can negotiate without assistance?
  2. What is the recommended width for a one way ramp?
  3. Recommended width for a 2 way ramp?

ANSWER:

  1. 5 percent.
  2. 3 feet between handrails.
  3. 6 feet.

How: Use Time Saver Standards.  See page 78.

Citation:


De Chiara, J. and Crosbie, M.J.  2001. Time-saver standards for building types McGraw-Hill, New York.


Rotch Library - Service Desk |  NA2760.D42 2001


TOPIC:  a pedal powered coffee grinder

  1. What is the equation for useful power production by pedaling (legs only) for working durations of from 20-120s?
  2. What is the equation for useful power with pedaling efforts from 1 to about 100 minutes?

ANSWER: 

  1. hp = 2.8t -.0.40  (t is in seconds)
  2. hp= 0.53 – 0.13 log t (t is in minutes)

How:  Use Mark’s Handbook.  Search for “useful power production” with quotation marks.   Muscle generated power, pg 9-4

Citation:  Anonymous 2006, "Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers (11th Edition)," McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, New York, NY.  page 9-4
Barker Library - Reference Collection |  TJ151.S785

 
TOPIC:  personal cooling device (fan or AC for one).

  1. What is the equation used to calculate Evaporative Heat Loss from Skin?
  2. What is typical metabolic heat generation  (Btu/h-ft 3) for driving a car?   For house cleaning?

ANSWER:   

  1.  
  2. 18 to 37, 37-63

How:  use knovel. 

  1. Search for evaporative heat loss from skin.  ASHRAE Handbook – Fundamentals (SI edition or I-P edition), section 9.3.3
  2. Search knovel for “metabolic heat generation”. Scroll down, looking at the descriptions, to find 2009 ASHRAE Handbook, Engineering and Data Measurements, which mention metabolic heat generation for various activities.  Section 9.4

Citation:
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
2009. 2009 ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals (SI Edition). Atlanta, GA. 
Found in Knovel: http://libraries.mit.edu/get/knovel

TOPIC:   a hand-push lawn mower to be used by the elderly

  1. How much is arm strength reduced in an elderly person (ages 65 to 79)?  How much is hand strength reduced?
  2. What is the estimated “forward grip reach” for an elderly man in the 95th percentile?  For an elderly woman in the 50th percentile?

ANSWER:  

  1.  50%, 16-40%
  2. 79.5 cm, 66.0 cm

How: 

  1. search knovel for arm strength elderly. Find Measure of Man and Woman – Human Factors in Design.  Chapter 2 on the elderly.
  2. Search knovel for elderly “forward grip reach”.  Look for Handbook of Industrial Engineering – Technology and Operations Management, Table 2 “anthropometric estimates for elderly people”.

Citation:
Tilley, Alvin R. 2002. Measure of Man and Woman - Human Factors in Design (Revised Edition). John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Salvendy, Gavriel. 2001. Handbook of Industrial Engineering - Technology and Operations Management (3rd Edition). John Wiley & Sons. New York.

Found in knovel: http://libraries.mit.edu/get/knovel

TOPIC: running shoes

  1. What is the ideal in-shoe microclimate for a foot?
  2. What does a typical sports shoe weigh?

ANSWER:

  1.  A boundary lay of air around the foot approximately 29 C (85F) with low relative humidity.
  2. 425 g (15 oz)

How:

  1. search knovel for ideal in shoe microclimate.  Look for Textiles in Sport. Section 16.3
  2. Search knovel for typical “sports shoe” weight.  Look for Textiles in Sport. Section 16.3, wish list item 3.

Citation: 
Shishoo, R. 2005. Textiles in Sport. Woodhead Publishing.Cambridge, England.
Found in knovel: http://libraries.mit.edu/get/knovel

TOPIC:   kite – want to know more about “wind force”

  1. What is equation for the drag force of the wind on an object?
  2. What are the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) gust definitions?

ANSWER:

 

 

 


How:

  1. use knovel.  Search for wind force.  Find Meteorological Measurement Systems section 7.1.1 Wind Force
  2. use knovel.  Search for WMO gust definitions.  Find Meteorological Measurement Systems section 7.1.1 Wind Force

Citation: 
Brock, Fred V. and Richardson, Scott J. 2001. Meteorological Measurement Systems. Oxford University Press, New York.
Found in knovel: http://libraries.mit.edu/get/knovel


TOPIC:  juicer

  1.  What is the water content (%) of avocados?  Of spinach?
  2. How much iron (Fe) is in a raw banana (mg)? 
  3. How much dietary fiber (g) is in crude wheat germ?

ANSWER:  

  1.  65.0-66.0, 85.0-93.0
  2. .26 mg
  3. 13.2 g

How:

  1. search knovel for water content vegetable.  Find Data Sourcebook for Food Scientists and Technologists section 4.1.5 Water Content of Vegetables and Fruits.
  2. Search knovel for iron banana.  Find USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24.   Can be found under Iron (Fe) or Banana (fruit).
  3. Search knovel for dietary fiber wheat germ.  Find USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24.   Can be found under Fiber or Cereals Grains and Pasta.

Citation
Hui, Y.H. 1991. Data Sourcebook for Food Scientists and Technologists. John Wiley & Sons. New York.
Found in knovel: http://libraries.mit.edu/get/knovel

2011. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Found in knovel: http://libraries.mit.edu/get/knovel

 

Question 2:. You are trying to estimate the size of the market /understand the industry for your revolutionary new product, which…                     

GMID questions

TOPIC: ….is a lactose-free snack food.

Question:

  1. The highest demand for this type of product is in which regions?
  2.  What is another dietary trend that could be incorporated to widen the appeal of this product?

Answer:

  1. Latin America, followed by the United States and Canada.
  2. making the product vegetarian or vegan would widen the appeal.

How:

  1. GMID. Search box at top right <lactose-free>  Choose fifth report: “Gluten-free, Lactose-free, and Other Popular Eating Trends Around the World.”  See graphs within report and see that lactose free is most popular in Latin America, followed by the United States and Canada.
  2. GMID. Search box at top right <lactose-free>.  Choose fifth report: “Gluten-free, Lactose-free, and Other Popular Eating Trends Around the World.”  See graphs within report and see that making the product vegetarian or vegan would widen the appeal.

TOPIC …is an accessory that cleans gas barbecue grills quickly and without chemicals.

Question:

  1. What percent of grills sold in the US in 2011 were gas grills?
  2. Which region of the world spends the most on barbecuing, and what were the sales in 2011?

Answer:

  1. about 70% gas   or 72%
  2. Australasia, $37 million US dollars

How:

  1. From GMID, search <barbecue grill U.S.>. Answer can be found in two places. First, from the report titled "Varying Preferences Shape Barbecues Prospects by Market.”  Scroll to “Regional Share of Barbecues Value Sales by Type, 2011.”  See that US grill sales are about 70% gas.
    Answer is also in the “Gardening in the U.S.” report.  In the fifth paragraph, it reports that gas grills make up 72% of the US grill market.
  2. From GMID, search <barbecue grill U.S.>.  In the first graph (Per Household Expenditure on Barbecues and Forecast Market Growth by Region 2011-2016), see that Australasia spends the most on grilling, and their expenditures in 2011 were $37 million US dollars.

TOPIC: …is a full service travel agency that markets luxury vacation tours with a volunteer activity, for consumers who want to do good while vacationing.

Question:

  1. Which destinations are most popular with luxury travelers?
  2. What is the market size for tourism in Singapore for 2012?

Answer:

  1. France, the UK, and Italy
  2. 1,305.0 million Singapore dollars

How:

  1. From GMID, search <luxury travel>. Click “Luxury Travel, Experiencing the Best.” Under “Key Findings,”  see that France, the UK, and Italy are the most popular destinations for luxury travel.
  2. From GMID, search <tourism>.  Choose the second report: “Market Sizes.” Scroll to Singapore, and see the market size for tourism in 2012 was 1,305.0 million Singapore dollars.

Topic: …is a design for a device which attaches to your bicycle to make it an indoor stationary bicycle with touchscreen computer and without the high noise of previous products in this segment.

Question:

  1. What are two of the key external drivers in the exercise equipment industry?
  2. Cardiovascular machines made up what percent of the market for exercise equipment in 2013?

Answer:

  1. demand from sporting goods stores, participation in sports, per capita disposable income, trade-weighted index, import penetration into the manufacturing sector, and demand from department stores
  2. 40%

How:

  1. From GMID, search <Exercise Equipment>. Choose “Gym and Exercise Equipment in the US.” Click on “Industry at a Glance” from the top bar and see the External Drivers in the left column: demand from sporting goods stores, participation in sports, per capita disposable income, trade-weighted index, import penetration into the manufacturing sector, and demand from department stores.
  2. From GMID, search <Exercise Equipment>. Choose “Gym and Exercise Equipment in the US.” Choose “Industry at a Glance” and see that cardiovascular machines were 40% of the exercise equipment market is 2013.

 

IBISWorld questions

Topic: ….is a lactose-free snack bar. You are hoping to sell this product through Starbucks coffee shops. 

Question:

  1. Looking at the competitive landscape for this industry, what information could help you sell your product to Starbucks?
  2. Are revenues expected to go up in the next few years in the coffee shop industry?  What is the percent increase projected for 2014?

Answer:

  1. Firms need to monitor market and consumer needs, wants and desires, particularly in relation to demand for healthy foods
  2. Yes, they should increase.  4.1% in 2014.

How:

  1. In IBISworld, search <coffee and snack shops>. Click “industry at a glance” at bottom of page.  Click “competitive landscape” at top bar.  Under “key success factors” note that it says, “Market research and understanding: Firms need to monitor market and consumer needs, wants and desires, particularly in relation to demand for healthy foods.”
  2. From IBISworld home, search <starbucks> or <coffee shops>.  Choose “Coffee and Snack Shops in the US.” Choose “Key Statistics” from top bar.  See Annual Change table, and see that revenues are projected to increase over the next few years. Annual revenue in this industry is expected to increase 4.1% in 2014.
Topic: …is an accessory that cleans gas barbecue grills quickly and without chemicals.

Question:

  1. What is the projected per capita meat consumption in the US in 2013?
  2. What factor will contribute to Americans’ continuing decline in beef consumption?

Answer:

  1. 276 pounds
  2. because beef's reportedly negative health effects are well known, further studies in support of this belief will prevent an increase in consumption.

How:

  1. From IBISworld home, search <meat U.S.>.  Choose “Meat Market in the US.” From top bar, choose “Industry at a Glance,” and see in the second chart that Americans were projected to consume 276 pounds of meat per capita in 2013.
  2. From IBISworld home, search <beef.>.  Choose “Beef Cattle Production in the US.” Go to “Industry Outlook” in the top tabs, and read in the third paragraph that beef consumption in the US has been declining over the last five years, and will probably continue to decline “because beef's reportedly negative health effects are well known, further studies in support of this belief will prevent an increase in consumption.”
Topic:  …is a full service travel agency that markets luxury vacation tours with a volunteer activity, for consumers who want to do good while vacationing.

Question:

  1. What is the global tourism industry worth?
  2. What is the level of volatility in the global tourism industry?

Answer:

  1. 1.4 trillion US dollars
  2. medium

How:

  1. From IBISworld home, search <tourism>. Choose “Global Tourism.”  In the top bar, choose “Industry Overview,” and see that global tourism was worth 1.4 trillion US dollars in 2013.
  2. From IBISworld home, search <tourism>. Choose “Global Tourism.”  In the top bar, choose “Operating Conditions,” and see that the revenue volatility is medium.
Topic: …is a design for a device which attaches to your bicycle to convert it an indoor stationary bicycle with touchscreen computer and without the high noise of previous products in this segment.

Question:

  1. How often do young men participate in individual sports, compared with the general population?
  2. In which country is the head of household most likely own a bicycle?

Answer:

  1. as many as 48% of young men said they regularly engage in individual sports, compared with 36% of all respondents
  2. Netherlands

How:

  1. From IBISworld home, search <men and sport>.  Choose: “Young Men’s Attitudes Towards Health, Fitness and Wellbeing: Global Survey Strategic Analysis.”  From Table of Contents in left column, choose “Frequency of carrying out health-related activities.” See that: “as many as 48% of young men said they regularly engage in individual sports, compared with 36% of all respondents.”
  2. From IBISworld home, search <bicycling> or <bicycle>. Click on report, “Household Ownership of Durable Goods by Economic Status of Head of Household.”  Scroll to bottom to see that of Total Heads of Household, those in the Netherlands are most likely to own a bike, at 92.5%.  

 

Question 3: You need to find a partner to help develop and commercialize your new product idea.  An industry expert has suggested that COMPANY X, one of the largest TOPIC in the world and a publicly-owned company, might be a potential partner.  Before contacting them, learn more about COMPANY X. Please indicate the database you used to get the information you used to answer this question.  

i) Uncover the following facts about the company’s operations:

  1. The date of incorporation (or changed ownership)
  2. The address of their US headquarters
  3. Total number of employees worldwide
  4. Latest revenue (sales) figures
  5. Were they profitable last fiscal year?  How much was their profit or loss? (Hint: Look for “Net Income” or “Total Net Income”)
  6. The North American Industrial Classification code (NAICS) for their primary industry

ii) Find a news article about the company published in the past year.  Provide a good citation for the article and include the name of the bibliographic database where you found the article.

How:
Go to course page.  Look for “Researching Companies” tab. 

Answer:
1) Whole Foods Market (natural supermarket)
a. 1978
b. 550 Bowie Street, Austin, TX
c. 53,100
d. $11,698.8 million
e. yes, $465.6m income
f. 44511


2) Allscripts Healthcare Solutions Inc. (professional services in healthcare)

a. 2000
b. 222 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Suite 2024, Chicago, IL
c. 7100
d. $ 1,446.3 million
e. no, $1.2m loss
f. 541512

3) General Nutrition Centers, Inc. (retailer of health and wellness products)

a. 1935
b. 300 Sixth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA
c. 5308
d. $1,822.4 m
e. Yes, 98.2m net income
f. 446191

4) Big 5 Sporting Goods Corporation (sporting goods retailer)

  1. 1997
  2. 2525 East El Segundo Blvd.
  3. 9000
  4. $940.5 m
  5. Yes, $14.9m income
  6. 45111

5) Health Discovery Corporation (molecular diagnostics)

  1. 2001
  2. Suite 1500, 2 East Bryan Street, Savannah, GA
  3. 5
  4. $1.6 m
  5. No, $.4m loss
  6. 54171

6) Deckers Outdoor Corp (footwear)

  1. 1993
  2. 495-A South Fairview Avenue, Goleta, CA
  3. 2300
  4. $1.4 m
  5. Yes, $128.9 income
  6. 316210

7) Tristar Wellness Solutions Inc. (consumer health and wellness)

  1. 2000
  2. 10 Saugatuck Ave, Westport, CT
  3. 1
  4. $0.0
  5. No, $2.2m loss
  6. 325412

 

7. Adams Golf, Inc. (golfing equipment manufacturer)

  1. 1987
  2. 42801 E. Plano Pkwy., Plano, TX 7507, United States
  3. 131
  4. $96.5M
  5. Yes, $14.46M
  6. 339920: Sporting and Athletic Goods Manufacturing

8)  Central Garden and Pet Company (pet and lawn and garden supplies)

  1. 1992
  2. 1340 Treat Blvd,  suite 600, Walnut Creek, CA
  3. 3600
  4. $1,700.00 m
  5. Yes, net income 21.2m
  6. 42491

 

Answer for ii. – Look at Researching Companies tab on libguide.  2nd box, Finding News about a company.  Try Factiva or Business Source Complete.


Question 4: You would like to learn more about TOPIC, and you know that the right book can provide a good summary on this topic. 

Find a general book on TOPIC, available in the MIT Libraries. Provide a good citation for the book, include the library call # at the end of the citation and which library has the item (Dewey, Rotch, Barker etc.).  Also include if this book is available on the shelf (according to Barton) and include the day/time this was checked.  Electronic books are allowed.  If you select an electronic book, provide the Online Ed. URL and the service provider (Books24x7, netlibrary, GPO access, etc.).

TOPICS:
            1  exercise
            2  vegetable gardening/gardens
            3  game design (NOT video games/computer games)
            4  playgrounds
            5  inclusive design or barrier-free design
            6  water treatment
            7  dogs
            8  immunization

ANSWERS:  use Barton to find books

 

To find more specific information, you want to read a scholarly article on the narrower topic of TOPIC.  Find an English language journal article on this topic published in 2002-2012.  Provide a good citation for the article, and include the bibliographic database you found the article citation in. 

            1  portable exercise monitoring equipment (calories, heart rate, etc)
            2  irrigating vegetable gardens or crops
            3  board game design
            4  playground equipment safety
            5  inclusive design in packaging or containers
            6  water treatment using solar energy
            7  robot guide dog
            8  vaccine refrigerator

ANSWERS: can be found in Compendex or maybe agricola

 

Question 5:  You want to make sure your design or project idea is unique before you take it to a company or customer for production.   Check the patent literature, and find one granted (not an application) United States technical patent for:

1  collapsible cat carrier
2  gardening trellis           
3  book page turner
4  exercise or yoga mat
5  medicine/pill dispenser
6  stair or curb climbing wheelchair
7  sunlamp
8  portable water purifier

  1. What is the patent title?
  2. What is the patent number? 
    (Tip: numbers starting with D, e.g. D593812, are design patents, not technical patents. Numbers starting with the year, e.g. US20060201950, are applications, not granted patents)
  3. Who is the assignee?  The inventor?
  4. Provide at least one classification code assigned to this patent (number and name, e.g. 446/486:  Amusement Devices: Toys/Resilient toy or actuator)

ANSWER:  Go to the Patents tab on the library course page, which directs you to the Patents research guide.  Select any patent database and do a search, but it is helpful to learn more about patents by viewing the videos or reading the pages provided. 

TIP:  PatSnap, full view of the patent record, look down the left hand side to U.S. Classifications.  You can also easily limit to granted patents using the left hand menu.

TIP: Google patents will link from the classification code to its place in the USPTO schedule to determine the name of the classification code