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HOW A COINT TESTER WORKS
QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS
hu_david.jpg (1904 bytes) AUTHOR: David Hu
E-MAIL: dhu@mit.edu
COURSE: 2
CLASS/YEAR: 2

MAIN FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT:  Test different denominations of coins and reject counterfeit ones while accepting correct coins to be sorted and counted

DESIGN PARAMETER:  Coin Tester


GEOMETRY/STRUCTURE:

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Figure 1: Coin Testing Apparatus Schematic

 

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Center: coin to be identified;
Left: coil that generates B field;
Right: coil that generates current from B;
Transverse line represents B field

Figure 2: Electric Identification Probe

EXPLANATION OF HOW IT WORKS/ IS USED:

1. User deposits coin into coin slot on outside of machine. Coin slot is dimensioned to the width and height for the thickest and largest diameter coin to be accepted.
2. Coin rolls down a chute and past identification probe that determines the denomination by the coin’s material properties.  The probe consists of two solenoids with their axis perpendicular to the longitudinal wall of the chute.  Current is run through one solenoid which then generates a B field perpendicular to the coin axis of revoluion.  The magnetic field passes through the coin, is attenuated by the coin's material properties and geometry before being received by the solenoid at the opposite end.  The B field passing along the axis of the second coil generates a specific pattern of electric current, which can be matched with the correct coin.
3. a) Coin also activates switch that b) pulls slide member toward wall of chute (into page) by means of electromagnet, thereby preventing another coin from entering.
4. The probe sends information to timing mechanism for turning on of electromagnetic device that opens flap armature.
5. Coin falls down chute and onto first sorting weigher. The number of denominations to be accepted determines the number of sorting weighers (e.g. quarter,dime,nickel =3 weighers). Each sorting weigher is pivoted and contains a slot dimensioned to diameter of specific coin. The sorting weighers are arranged by size of coin to be accepted, with the largest coin size weigher on top. The left arm of the sorter weigher holds a counterweight that will be lifted only if the coin is the correct weight.
6. Sorting weigher pivots under the weight of coin and coin rolls toward chute.
7. Electromagnet turns on and the coin’s specific flap armature opens momentarily allowing coin to fall through chute.
8. Coin rolls down chute to be sorted.


DOMINANT PHYSICS:

tI=time to i event

Opening of Flap armature: ttotal = tcoin + tarmature
            tcoin = time for specific coin to roll from probe chute onto sorting weigher + time for sorting weigher to pivot and coin to roll off sorting weigher
            tarmature = time for armature to rise enough for coin to continue down chute


LIMITING PHYSICS:

The performance/use of the machine is limited by the position of the machine. If the machine is not seated on a level plane, then the coin will take longer to roll down the chute and the timing mechanism will open the flap armature before the coin can pass through.


PLOTS/GRAPHS/TABLES:

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Figure 3: Detection of Counterfeit Coins

WHERE TO FIND COINT TESTERS:

This design for the coin tester limits it to places where either electricity can by obtained or a battery connected. Coin testers have few moving parts and simple circuitry, making them inexpensive to manufacture. They are in most vending machines and slot machines where counterfeit coins need to be detected.

 


REFERENCES/MORE INFORMATION:

Prumm, Georg J. "Electronic Coin Tester with Controlled Mechanical Testing Device." US patent 4,234,072. Nov 19, 1980.

Parker, Donald and Rollins, Robert.  "Coil configuration for electronic coin tester and method of making."US Patent 4,905,814.  March 6, 1990


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