Recommended Texts


Allan, James W. and K.A.C. Creswell. A Short Account of Early Muslim Architecture. Cairo: American University Press, 1989.

Armstrong, Karen. Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. San Francisco, Calif: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992.

Asher, Catherine. Architecture of Mughal India. Cambridge [England]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.


Bassiouni, M. Cherif. Introduction to Islam. Chicago, IL : Rand McNally & Co.: 1988.

Behrens-Abouseif, Doris. Islamic Architecture of Cairo, An Introduction. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1989.

Blair, Sheila, and Jonathan Bloom. The Art and Architecture of Islam 1250-1800. New Haven [Conn.] : Yale University Press, 1994.

Bloom, Jonathan. The Minaret Symbol of Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Burckhardt Titus. Sacred Art in East and West: Its Principles and Methods. London: Perennial Books, 1967.


Dodds, Jerrilynn D (ed.). Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art . Distributed by H.N. Abrams, 1992.


Ettinghausen, Richard and Oleg Grabar. The Art and Architecture of Islam: 650-1250. London and N.Y.: Penguin Books, 1987.


Martin Frishman and Hasan-Uddin Khan (eds). The Mosque: History, Architectural Development and Regional Diversity. New York, 1994.


Goodwin, Godfrey. A History of Ottoman Architecture. London:Thames and Hudson, 1971.

Grabar, Oleg. The Formation of Islamic Art. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2d. ed., 1987.

Grabar, Oleg. The Great Mosque of Isfahan. New York: New York University Press, 1990.

Golombek, Liza and Donald Wilber. The Timurid Architecture of Iran and Turan. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.


Hoag, John D. Islamic Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1977.

Hillenbrand, Robert. Islamic Architecture: Form, Function and Meaning. Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, 1994.


Ibn Batuta. Travels, A.D. 1325-1354. Cambridge [Eng.], 1958.

Ibn Khaldun. The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. Princeton, N.J., 1967.

Irwin, Robert. Islamic Art in Context: Art, Architecture and the Literary World. New York, 1997.


Kuban, Dogan. Muslim Religious Architecture. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1974.


Michell, George ed. Architecture of the Islamic World: Its History and Social Meaning. London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.


Prochazka, A. B. Mosques. Zurich: Muslim Architecture Research Program, 1986.


Rahman, Fazlur. Islam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Rogers, Michael. The Spread of Islam. New York: Elsevier-Phaidon, 1976.


Soucek, Priscilla ed. Content and Context of Visual Arts in the Islamic World. Philadelphia, l988.


Vogt, Ulya G. Mosquees: grand courants de l'architecture islamique. Paris: 1975.


Encyclopedia of Islam, 2d Edition, article "Masdjid," 6: 644-706.