T. Poggio and S. Smale, 2003. The mathematics of Learning: Dealing with Data.

Serre, T., A. Oliva and T. Poggio, 2007. A Feedforward Architecture Accounts for Rapid Categorization.

Smale, S., L. Rosasco, J. Bouvrie, A. Caponnetto, and T. Poggio, 2010. Mathematics of the Neural Response.

Books and Longer Readings:

F. Cucker and S. Smale, 2002. On The Mathematical Foundations of Learning.

L. Devroye, L. Gyorfi, and G. Lugosi. A Probabilistic Theory of Pattern Recognition. Springer, 1997.

V. N. Vapnik. Statistical Learning Theory. Wiley, 1998.

Marr, David, Vision, MIT Press, with a new foreword by Shimon Ullman and afterword by Tomaso Poggio, ISBN-10: 0-262-51462-1; ISBN-13: 978-0-262-51462-0 1982, reissued July, 2010