Index of /Watchmaker/src/shar3.50

      Name                    Last modified       Size  Description

[DIR] Parent Directory 23-Nov-2004 13:28 - [   ] Makefile 04-Jun-1992 15:54 3k [   ] shar.1 14-Sep-1990 05:54 8k [TXT] shar.c 13-Nov-1991 10:21 38k [   ] unshar.1 14-Sep-1990 05:54 1k [TXT] unshar.c 04-Jun-1992 15:49 11k [TXT] uushar.c 14-Sep-1990 05:54 1k [TXT] who@where.c 04-Jun-1992 15:49 3k

This file last revised Sat Aug 4 17:15:01 CDT 1990

Here is shar 3.49, an updated version of shar 3.43, derived from 'shar2'.
This offering is the work of many people.  Thanks to wht@n4hgf.Mt-Park.GA.US
(Warren Tucker), rhg@CPS.COM (Richard H. Gumpertz), colas@avahi.inria.fr
(Colas Nahaboo), bill@netagw.com (Bill Aten), marks@rex.cs.tulane.edu, and
maaaany others.

This version's shar:
1) generates shell code which attempts to create missing directories
2) generates shell code which will force overwriting of files when passed
   the '-c' option.
3) allows entire directories to be archived
4) handle deviants sun, vax, pyramid, sequent, and SCO XENIX/UNIX
   automatically; for system V systems I did not catch, add -DSYS5
   to CFLAGS; for other BSD-like systems, add -DBSD42
5) if unsharing system's touch is Sys V compatible (allows touch -m),
   the unshar process restores file dates (-m switch)
6) An archive name may be specified for inclusion in the header
   of the shar files (-n switch)
7) allows automatic generation of "Submitted-by: who@where" &
   "Archive-name: <name>/part##" headers
8) uses getopt; no good system library should be without a copy
   but it is readily available (like look in unshar.c)
9) includes other chrome-plated bells, whistles, and junque

This version's unshar:
1) can change directory before unsharing
2) can unshar from standard in, from a COLLECTION of shars,
   from a file containing multiple concatenated shars,
   or a mixture of shar files and concatenated-shar files.
3) can pass the '-c' option on to the script being extracted.
4) does not have a Social Security number.

------------------------ shar  usage -----------------------------------
shar 3.49
usage: shar [ options ] file ...
       shar -S [ options ]
-V  produce "vanilla" shars demanding little of the unshar environment
-v  verbose messages OFF while executing
-m  restore file modification dates & times with "touch" commands
-w  don't check with 'wc -c' after unpack
-a  generate Submitted-by: & Archive-name: headers
-nXXX   use XXX as the name of the archive (documentation)
-s  override automatically determined submitter name
-x  overwrite existing files without checking if they already exist
-X  interactively overwrite existing files (NOT FOR NET SHARS)
-B  treat all files as binary, use uuencode
-T  treat all files as text (default)
-C  compress and uuencode all files
-bXX    pass -bXX (default 12) to compress when compressing (implies -C)
-p  allow positional parameter options. The options "-B" and "-B"
    and "-C" may be embedded, and files to the right of the
    option will be processed in the specified mode
-M  mixed mode. Determine if the files are text or
    binary and archive correctly.
-P  use temp files instead of pipes in the shar file
-F  force the prefix character on every line (even if not required)
-c  start the shar with a cut line
-f  restore by filename only, rather than path
-dXXX   use XXX to delimit the files in the shar
-oXXX   (or -o XXX) output to file XXX.01 thru XXX.nn
-lXX    limit output file size to XXk bytes (but don't split files)
-LXX    limit output file size to XXk bytes (may split files)
-S      read files to wrap from stdin, ignoring argument line

The -S option reads filenames one per line from stdin; input
format must be similar to 'find' output, except that if -p
is specified, -B, -T or -C may be used (on lines by themselves)
e.g., find . -type f -print | sort | shar -C -l50 -o /tmp/big

The 'o' option is required if the 'l' or 'L' option is used
The 'n' option is required if the 'a' option is used

-a generates sharname/part## headers. If the -a argument contains
a '/', then /part is not appended
The automatic submitter name is trivial: essentially `whoami`@`uname`

------------------------ unshar usage -----------------------------------
Unshar has no usage built in.  It has default actions when invoked
with no arguments (read from stdin).

Usage:     unshar [ -d directory ] [ -c ] [ -e | -E exit_line ] [ files ... ]

      The -c flag is passed through to the shell as a parameter to the script
      It can unshar shar files concatenated in one file, with the
      the "-e" command, which separates files by recognizing the
      "exit 0" string at the beginning of a line

      (The -E string option allows you to specify this string, thus
      -e is equivalent to -E "exit 0")

      The -d flag tells unshar to change directory before unsharing


--------------------- history -----------------------------------------
Changes since 3.11: kudos to rhg@CPS.COM (Richard H. Gumpertz)

1.  The -l switch still specifies a maximum size for the generated
    shar files, but now it prevents files from spanning shar parts.
    Shars generated using this method may be unpacked in any order.

2.  The old -l switch functionality is precisely emulated by using the
    the -L switch.  That is, archived files may be split across parts.
    Shars generated using this method must still be unpacked in order.

3.  The -C switch causes files to be compressed, then uuencoded.
    Unpacking reverses the process.

4.  The -P causes the shar to use temp files instead of pipes in
    the unshar process.

5.  The -f causes files to be resotred by name only (i.e., strip
    directory portion of input filenames before placing the name
    into the shar.


Changes since 3.20: kudos to colas@avahi.inria.fr (Colas Nahaboo)

1.  The Archived-name: header no longer uses "/part" if there is
    a "/" in the -n name.  Thus
        -n xyzzy                     procduces:
                                     xyzzy/part01
                                     xyzzy/part02

        -n xyzzy/patch               procduces:
                                     xyzzy/patch01
                                     xyzzy/patch02

        -n xyzzy/patch01.            procduces:
                                     xyzzy/patch01.01
                                     xyzzy/patch01.02
2.  The Archive-name part number other than part01 had no leading zero
    in the number.

3.  The "Submitted-by:" header was missing the hyphen (minus for olde
    UNIX hackres).

4.  The unshar program may now unshar a whole mailbox or concatenation
    of shar files.

    -C "string" looks for "string" at the beginning of the line to
       break the file into individual shar files
    -c is equivalent to -C "exit 0"

    This of course will only work if there is something in the shar
    file recognizable to terminate the shar.  Some shars dont have
    "exit 0" at the end.  However, a clue: most/many .signatures have
    "--" on a line right before them.

5.  Unshar -d (change directory) no longer makes argv files unreachable.
    I had never used the feature until the other day.  I guess the
    author has used in only for unsharing from stdin.

Changes since 3.21: thanks to Adri Verhoef, <a3@rivm.UUCP>

1.  Some vaxen do not run BSD.  I guess I knew this, but -er-
    here is Adri's note:
> Hi Warren,
> 
>   I encountered a problem trying to get 'shar3.21' to compile on System V
> on a vax.  Yes, can you believe it?  We run System V Release 3.0 on VAXen!
> The shar3.21 code assumes that you are BSD if you're on a vax.  This is not
> always true!  What I did to get the code compiled on System V, was:
> (+) edit the Makefile and add -DSYS5 to CFLAGS.
> (+) edit all the C-source files to circumcise compiler warnings
>     ("SYS5 redefined").
> 

He made a suggestion about having a localize.sh edit a distribution
Makefile, but for now, I'll just suggest you add -DSYS5 to CFLAGS 
manually.

2.  jhd@irfu.se (Jan Dj{rv, sorry about the screwed up character
    translation, Jan) wrote man pages.  Thanks!

Changes since 3.22: thanks to Dennis Boylan <dennis@nanovx>

1.  The new -S option allows the list of files to be packed
    to be read from the standard input rather than from the
    command line.

2.  A few purist checks were made to ensure fork() or malloc()
    doesn't fail and excite the "if 20 hours of your time is
    free then why isn't 200?" crowd (who probably will never see
    this revision anyway :-))

Changes since 3.23:

1.  The -V mode was added.

2.  Altos doesn't like the '@' in filenames.  The filename format
    was changed.  Thanks to rhg@cps.com.

Changes since 3.24:

1.  Man pages were revised by gam@netcom (Gordon Moffet). Thanks.

2.  When -L was specified, the "Starting ..." message was not
produced on standard error (with or without -v).

3.  When using -X, the 'not for net' warning was printed on standard
output rather thsn standard error.

4.  marks@rex.cs.tulane.edu reccommends adding -F 5000 to the load
    line of unshar when using on XENIX 286 to avoid stack overflow
    core dumps.  I added this information to an excellkent remake
    of the Makefile by bill@netagw.com.

Changes since 3.25:

1.  Fixed one minor bug with -a/-n.  The period supplied when a
    slash appears in the -n name was omitted.  This is a hatefully
    small bug to fix and reissue a whole release, but
    a) several new names are on the sharlist now and they have
       only 3.24 to work with,
    b) this will surely sync us all up, and
    c) I think it will put shar to bed for a while ("no known bugs
       at this ti ... bus error core dumped").

Changes since 3.27:

1.  The unshar-time test for a touch -m facility now greps for
    'mmdd', not '[-amc]', making it more universally successful.

2.  NOTE:  there is still a problem with -n arguments using
    a 'x/y' construct, but I don't know how to properly generalize
    it so you'll have to edit shars made with some uses of -a
    with -n x/y.

3.  This is surely my last work on this.  It does everything
    I needed and more.  Thanks for all the help and suggestions.
    It seems as though we didn't precipitate 'death of the shar'
    after all :-) :-) :-).

Changes since 3.32:

1.  Several bug fixes.

2.  Inverted the meaning of '-x'; the new default is to NOT overwrite.

3.  Added '-c' checking when unpacking so the recipient can force overwrites.

4.  Made '-L' work even with files not being overwritten.

5.  Added '-m' and changed the default behavior to not generate TOUCH commands.

6.  Added '-F'; the default is to suppress the extra 'X' at the beginning of
    each line unless it is needed (i.e., the first character of the line is
    already 'X' or is a non-graphic).

7.  Renamed '-b' and '-t' to '-B' and '-T', respectively.

8.  Added '-bn' for use with compression (calls compress with -bn).

9.  Renamed the temporary files used in unpacking from shar3_???_.tmp to
    _shar_???_.tmp.

10. Directories may now be passed to shar; a recursive directory walk is
    performed.  This feature may be disabled by compiling with -DNO_WALKTREE.

Changes since 3.43:

1.  Several more minor bug fixes.

2.  Added support for BSD-style <sys/dir.h> and -ldir.

3.  Added more usage directions to the shar header.