System Labor Expense per Equivalent Seat Mile (ex Management and Other)
STAGE LENGTH ADJUSTED
Cents per Equivalent Seat Mile
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
American              3.60              3.36              3.63              3.82              3.78              4.15              4.38              4.62              4.45              3.87              3.68              3.67              3.64              3.79              4.16              4.12              4.22
Continental              2.31              2.49              2.77              3.18              3.06              3.33              3.45              3.63              3.80              3.54              3.21              3.17              3.27              3.10              3.45              3.61              3.72
Delta              2.82              2.96              2.79              2.81              2.93              2.82              3.23              3.56              4.04              3.78              2.93              2.73              2.50              2.67              3.09              3.09              3.17
Northwest              3.05              2.88              2.82              3.24              3.06              3.13              3.59              3.68              3.77              3.57              3.55              2.69              2.36              2.47              3.13                   -                     -  
United              3.26              3.40              3.60              3.67              3.74              3.98              4.56              4.99              4.07              3.52              2.97              2.91              2.98              3.20              3.20              3.30              3.42
US Airways              3.52              3.85              3.90              3.84              4.00              3.89              4.13              4.05              3.74              3.24              2.09              3.24              3.27              2.48              2.50              2.55              2.64
America West              1.41              1.36              1.39              1.47              1.57              1.75              1.92              1.96              2.03              1.94              1.97                   -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -  
 --sub Network           3.11           3.13           3.21           3.36           3.37           3.51           3.89           4.11           3.98           3.58           3.12           2.96           2.93           3.04           3.34           3.37           3.48
Southwest              1.61              1.66              1.73              1.84              1.89              1.98              2.01              2.06              2.18              2.25              2.29              2.38              2.35              2.35              2.55              2.70              2.79
jetBlue                   -                     -                     -                     -                     -                1.61              1.70              2.03              2.07              1.88              1.84              1.83              1.85              1.95              2.11              2.23              2.20
AirTran                   -                     -                0.86              1.38              1.34              1.56              1.65              1.65              1.61              1.63              1.56              1.50              1.49              1.54              1.59              1.66              1.81
Frontier              0.85              0.88              0.96              1.07              1.26              1.56              1.66              1.88              1.79              1.94              2.06              1.88              1.82              1.77              1.73              1.71              1.86
Virgin America                   -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                1.29              1.43              1.59              1.61
 -- sub LCC           1.60           1.64           1.70           1.80           1.83           1.93           1.96           2.01           2.11           2.14           2.15           2.17           2.14           2.17           2.29           2.41           2.47
Alaska              2.15              2.23              2.36              2.48              2.55              2.82              3.01              3.08              3.20              3.15              2.77              2.69              2.62              2.63              3.11              2.75              2.72
Hawaiian              1.27              1.17              1.23              1.22              2.12              1.32              1.57              2.00              2.04              2.11              2.02              1.88              1.68              1.69              1.80              1.92              1.90
Allegiant                   -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                     -                1.37              1.39              1.21              1.32              1.42              1.43              1.52              1.62
 -- sub Other           1.96           1.97           2.07           2.16           2.46           2.35           2.59           2.82           2.85           2.86           2.55           2.41           2.27           2.28           2.56           2.39           2.36
Base Length of Haul                839                869                887                910                931                935                955                966            1,005            1,039            1,061            1,087            1,093            1,115            1,126            1,154            1,170
Note:   Stage Length Adjustment formula:  ((observed length of haul/base length of haul [15 carrier average])^.5) times respective carrier unit cost.
Data Source:  US DOT Form 41 via BTS, Schedules P6 & T2.