Publications of Jack B. Howard


1. Howard, J.B. and Essenhigh, R.H.: "The Mechanisms of Ignition of Pulverized Coal," Combust. Flame, 9, 337-339, 1965.

2. Essenhigh, R.H., Froberg, R., and Howard, J.B.: "Combustion Behavior of Small Particles," Ind. Eng. Chem., 57, 33-43, 1965. Correspondence, ibid., 58, 62, 1966.

3. Essenhigh, R.H. and Howard, J.B.: "Towards a Unified Combustion Theory," Ind. Eng. Chem., 58, 14-23, 1966. Correspondence, ibid., 58, 76, 1966.

4. Howard, J.B. and Essenhigh, R.H.: "Combustion Mechanism in Pulverized Coal Flames," Combust. Flame, 10, 92-93, 1966.

5. Howard, J.B. and Essenhigh, R.H.: "Mechanisms of Solid Particle Combustion with Simultaneous Gas-Phase Volatiles Combustion," Eleventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 399-408, 1967.

6 Howard, J.B. and Essenhigh, R.H.: "Pyrolysis of Coal Particles in Pulverized Fuel Flames," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. Dev. 6, 74-84, 1967.

7. Howard, J.B.: "On the Mechanism of Carbon Formation in Flames," Twelfth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 877-887, 1969.

8. Ball, R.T. and Howard, J.B.: "Electric Charge of Carbon Particles in Flames," Thirteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 353-362, 1971.

9. Hottel, H.C. and Howard, J.B.: New Energy Technology - Some Facts and Assessments, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 364 pp., 1971.

10. Essenhigh, R.H. and Howard, J.B.: Combustion Phenomena in Coal Dust and the Two-Component Hypothesis of Coal Constitution, Penn State Studies No. 31, Administrative Committee on Research, The Pennsylvania State University, 54 pp. 1971.

11. Rogers, J.E.L., Sarofim, A.F., and Howard, J.B.: "Effect of Underfire Air Rate on a Burning Simulated Refuse Bed," Proceedings of the 1972 National Incinerator Conference, 135-144, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, 1972.

12. Hottel, H.C. and Howard, J.B.: "An Agenda for Energy," Technology Review, January, 38-48, 1972.

13. Wersborg, B. L., Howard, J. B., and Williams, G. C.: "Physical Mechanisms in Carbon Formation in Flames," Fourteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 929-940, 1973.

14. Howard, J. B., Williams, G. C., and Fine, D. H.: "Kinetics of Carbon Monoxide Oxidation in Post Flame Gases," Fourteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 975-986, 1973.

15. Howard, J. B., Wersborg, B. L., and Williams, G. C.: "Coagulation of Carbon Particles in Premixed Flame," Faraday Symposium of the Chemical Society, No. 7, 109-119, 1973.

16. Howard, J.B.: "Air Pollution from Fossil Fuels," Zeitschrift der Technischen Universität Berlin, No. 6, 304-311, 1974.

17. Trindade, S.C., Howard, J.B., Kolm, H.H., and Powers, G.J.: "Magnetic Desulfurization of Coal," Fuel, 53, 178-181, 1974.

18. Anthony, D.B., Howard, J.B., Meissner, H.P., and Hottel, H.C.: "Apparatus for Determining High Pressure Coal-Hydrogen Reaction Kinetics," Rev. Sci. Instrum., 45, 992-995, 1974.

19. Howard, J.B.: "Electrostatics and Its Application, Edited by A.D. Moore," Book Review, AIChE J., 20, 413, 1974.

20. Wersborg, B.L., Fox, L.K., and Howard, J.B.: "Soot Concentration and Absorption Coefficient in a Low-Pressure Flame," Combust. Flame, 24, 1-10, 1975.

21. Rogers, J.E.L., Sarofim, A.F., Howard, J.B., Williams, G.C., and Fine, D.H.: "Combustion of Simulated and Shredded Refuse," Fifteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1137-1148, 1975.

22. Wersborg, B.L., Yeung, A.C., and Howard, J.B.: "Concentration and Mass Distribution of Charged Species in Sooting Flames," Fifteenth Symposium (International on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1439-1448, 1975.

23. Anthony, D.B., Howard, J.B., Hottel, H.C., and Meissner, H.P.: "Rapid Devolatilization of Pulverized Coal," Fifteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1303-1317, 1975.

24. Howard, J.B.: "Combustion of Solid Refuse," Incinerator and Solid Waste Technology 1962-1975, 85-98, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, 1975.

25. Sarofim, A.F., Howard, J.B., Padia, A., and Kobayashi, H.: "Heat Transfer and Kinetic Limitations in the Design of a Single-Stage Coal-Fired Combustor for an Open-Cycle MHD Generator," Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Mangetohydrodynamic Electrical Power Generation, 2, 305-320, 1975.

26. Anthony, D.B., Howard, J.B., Hottel, H.C., and Meissner, H.P.: "Devolatilization and Hydrogasification of Bituminous Coal," Fuel, 55, 121-128, 1976.

27. Anthony, D.B., and Howard, J.B.: "Coal Devolatilization and Hydrogasification," AIChE J., 22, 625-656, 1976.

28. Senkan, S.M., Evans, L.B., and Howard, J.B.: "An Analysis of the Tube-Wall Reactor under Diffusion Limiting Conditions," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Design and Dev., 15, 184-187, 1976.

29. Lewellen, P.C., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Cellulose Pyrolysis Kinetics and Char Formation Mechanism," Sixteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1471-1480, 1977.

30. Kobayashi, H., Howard, J.B., and Sarofim, A.F.: "Coal Devolatilization at High Temperatures," Sixteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 411-425, 1977.

31. Prado, G.P., Lee, M.L., Hites, R.A., Hoult, D.P., and Howard, J.B.: "Soot and Hydrocarbon Formation in a Turbulent Diffusion Flame," Sixteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 649-661, 1977.

32. Lee, M.L., Prado, G.P., Howard, J.B., and Hites, R.A.: "Source Identification of Urban Airborne Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by GC/MS and HRMS," Biomedical Mass Spectrometry, 4, 182-186, 1977.

33. Carlson, A., Howard, J.B., and Reid, R.C.: "Freezing Point Depression; Binary Alkali Halides," Ind. Eng. Chem., Fund., 16, 157-159, 1977.

34. Sarofim, A.F., Howard, J.B., and Padia, A.S.: "The Physical Transformations of the Mineral Matter in Pulverized Coal Under Simulated Combustion Conditions," Combustion Science and Technology, 16, 187-204, 1977.

35. Suuberg, E.M., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Product Composition and Kinetics of Lignite Pyrolysis," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. and Dev. 17, 37-46, 1978.

36. Prado, G.P. and Howard, J.B.: "Formation of Large Ions in Sooting Flames," Evaporation-Combustion of Fuels, J.T. Zung, ed., Advances in Chemistry Series, No. 166, 153-166, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1978.

37. Bittner, J.D. and Howard, J.B.: "Role of Aromatics in Soot Formation," Alternative Hydrocarbon Fuels: Combustion and Chemical Kinetics, C.T. Bowman and J. Birkeland, Eds., Progress in Astronautics and Astronautics, Vol. 62, 335-358, Am. Inst. Aero. and Astro., New York, N.Y. 1978.

38. Senkan, S.M., Evans, L.B., and Howard, J.B.: "An Analysis of Wall-Supported Catalyst Structures," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. and Dev., 18, 125-130, 1979.

39. Suuberg, E.M., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "A Comparison of the Rapid Pyrolysis of a Lignite and a Bituminous Coal," Thermal Hydrocarbon Chemistry, A.G. Oblad, H.G. David, R.T. Eddinger, Eds., Advanced in Chemistry Series, No. 183, 239-257, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1979.

40. Kim, C.S., Baddour, R.F., Howard, J.B., and Meissner, H.P.: "CaC2 Production from CaO and Coal or Hydrocarbons in a Rotating-Arc Reactor," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. and Dev., 18, 323-328, 1979.

41. Suuberg, E.M., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Product Compositions and Formation Kinetics in Rapid Pyrolysis of Pulverized Coal," Seventeenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 117-120, 1979.

42. Howard, J.B.: Comments on "The Effect of Metal Additives on the Formation of Soot in Premixed Flames," Seventeenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1372-1373, 1979.

43. Hottel, H.C., Beér, J.M., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., Sarofim, A.F., and Williams, G.C.: "MIT's Fossil Fuels Program," Chem. Eng. Ed., Spring, 80-83, 1979.

44. Howard, J.B. and Prado, G.P.: Comments on "Formation of Small and Large Positive Ions in Rich and Sooting Low-Pressure Ethylene and Acetylene Premixed Flames," Comb. Sci. Tech., 22, 189-190 and 193, 1980.

45. Suuberg, E.M., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Product Compositions in Rapid Hydropyrolysis of Coal," Fuel, 59, 405-412, 1980.

46. Howard, J.B. and Kausch, W.J., Jr.: "Soot Control by Fuel Additives," Prog. Energy and Combust. Sci., 6, 263-276, 1980.

47. Yeboah, Y.D., Longwell, J.P., Howard, J.B., and Peters, W.A.: "Effect of Calcined Dolomite on the Fluidized Bed Pyrolysis of Coal," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. and Dev., 19, 646-653, 1980.

48. Bittner, J.D. and Howard, J.B.: "Composition Profiles and Reaction Mechanisms in a Near-Sooting Premixed Benzene/Oxygen/Argon Flame," Eighteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1105-1116, 1981.

49. Kausch, W.J., Jr., Clampitt, C.M., Prado, G., Hites, R.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Nitrogen-Containing Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds in Sooting Flames," Eighteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1097-1104, 1981.

50. Prado, G., Westmoreland, P.R., Andon, B.M., Leary, J.A., Biemann, K., Thilly, W.G., Longwell, J.P., and Howard, J.B.: "Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Premixed Flames. Chemical Analysis and Mutagenicity," Chem. Anal. and Biol. Fate: Polynucl. Aromat. Hydrocarbons, Int. Symp., 5th, Battelle Press, Columbus, Ohio, 189-198, 1981.

51. Neoh, K.G., Howard, J.B., Sarofim, A.F.: "Soot Oxidation in Flames," Particulate Carbon Formation during Combustion, D.C. Siegla and G.W. Smith, eds., 162-282, Plenum, 1981.

52. Bittner, J.D. and Howard, J.B.: "Pre-Particle Chemistry in Soot Formation," Particulate Carbon--Formation during Combustion, D.C. Siegla and G.W. Smith, eds., 109-142, Plenum, 1981.

53. Franklin, H.D., Peters, W.A., Cariello, F., and Howard, J.B.: "Effects of Calcium Minerals on the Rapid Pyrolysis of a Bituminous Coal," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. Dev., 20, 670-674, 1981.

54. Schaub, G., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "A Mass Transfer Model for the Rapid Hydrogasification of Softening Coal," Proceedings-Internationale Kohlenwissenschaftliche Tagung, 1981, 229-234, Verlag Glückauf, Essen, W. Germany, 1981.

55. Howard, J.B.: "Fundamentals of Coal Pyrolysis and Hydropyrolysis," Chemistry of Coal Utilization, Second Supplementary Volume, M.A. Elliott, ed., 665-784, John Wiley & Sons, 1981.

56. Franklin, H.D., Cosway, R.G., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Effects of Cations on the Rapid Pyrolysis of a Wyodak Subbituminous Coal," Proceedings-Internationale Kohlenwissenschaftliche Tagung, 1981, 725-729, Verlag Glückauf, Essen, W. Germany, 1981.

57. Howard, J.B., Hajaligol, M.R., Longwell, J.P., Nunn, T.R., and Peters, W.A.: "Pyrolysis of Biomass," Proceedings - Joint Meeting of Chemical Engineering, Chem. Ind. and Engr. Soc. of China and Am. Inst. of Chem. Engrs., Chemical Industry Press, Beijing, China, Vol. II, 638-652, 1982.

58. Franklin, H.D., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Mineral Matter Effects on the Rapid Pyrolysis and Hydropyrolysis of a Bituminous Coal. 1. Effects on Yields of Char, Tar, and Light Gaseous Volatiles,"Fuel, 6, 155-160, 1982.

59. Yeboah, Y.D., Longwell, J.P., Howard, J.B., and Peters, W.A.: "Pyrolytic Desulfurization of Coal in Fluidized Beds of Calcined Dolomite," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. Dev., 21, 324-330, 1982.

60. Hajaligol, M.R., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Peters, W.A.: "Product Composition and Kinetics for Rapid Pyrolysis of Cellulose," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. Dev., 21, 457-465, 1982.

61. Franklin, H.D., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Mineral Matter Effects on the Rapid Pyrolysis and Hydropyrolysis of a Bituminous Coal. 2. Effects on Yields of C3 - C8 Hydrocarbons," Fuel, 61, 1213-1217, 1982.

62. Bittner, J.D. and Howard, J.B.: "Mechanism of Hydrocarbon Decay in Fuel-Rich Secondary Reaction Zones," Nineteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 211-221, 1983.

63. Howard, J.B.: "Formation of High Molecular Weight Aromatics in Fuel-Rich Flames," A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints, 28 (4), 241-250, 1983.

64. Franklin, H.D., Cosway, R.G., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Effects of Cations on the Rapid Pyrolysis of a Wyodak Subbituminous Coal," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. Dev., 22, 39-42, 1983.

65. Howard, J.B. and Bittner, J.D.: "Structure of Sooting Flames," Soot Formation in Combustion Systems and Its Toxic Properties, J. Lahaye and G. Prado, eds., 57-91, Plenum, 1983.

66. Bittner, J.D., Howard, J.B., and Palmer, H.B.: "Chemistry of Intermediate Species in the Rich Combustion of Benzene," Soot Formation in Combustion Systems and Its Toxic Properties, J. Lahaye and G. Prado, eds., 95-125, Plenum, 1983.

67. Howard, J.B. and Longwell, J.P.: "Formation Mechanisms of PAH and Soot in Flames," 7th Int. Symp. Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Formation, Metabolism, and Measurement, Battelle Press, Columbus, Ohio, 27-62, 1983.

68. Toqan, M., Beér, J.M., Howard, J.B., Farmayan, W., and Rovesti, W.: "Soot and PAH in Coal Liquid Furnace Flame," 7th Int. Symp. Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Formation, Metabolism, and Measurement, Battelle Press, Columbus, Ohio, 1205-1219, 1983.

69. Oh, M., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Modeling Mass Transport and Plasticity in Bituminous Coal Pyrolysis," Proceedings 1983 International Conference on Coal Science, Pittsburgh, International Energy Agency, 483-486, 1983.

70. Nenniger, R.D., Howard, J.B., and Sarofim, A.F.: "Sooting Potential of Coals," Proceedings 1983 International Conference on Coal Science, Pittsburgh, International Energy Agency, 521-524, 1983.

71. Serio, M.A., Peters, W.A., Sawada, K., and Howard, J.B.: "Secondary Reactions of Nascent Coal Pyrolysis Tars," Proceedings 1983 International Conference on Coal Science, Pittsburgh, International Energy Agency, 533-536, 1983.

72. Cole, J.A., Bittner, J.D., Longwell, J.P., and Howard, J.B.: "Formation of Aromatic Compounds in Aliphatic Flame," Combust. Flame, 56, 5170, 1984.

73. Serio, M.A., Peters, W.A., Sawada, K., and Howard, J.B.: "Global Kinetics of Primary and Secondary Reactions in Hydrocarbon Gas Evolution from Coal Pyrolysis," A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints, 29 (2), 65-76, 1984.

74. Cole, J.A., Bittner, J.D., Longwell, J.P., and Howard, J.B.: "The Role of C-4 Hydrocarbons in Aromatics Species Formation in Aliphatic Flames," The Chemistry of Combustion Processes, T.M. Sloane, ed., ACS Symposium Series, No. 249, 3-21, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1984.

75. Nunn, T.R., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Peters, W.A.: "Studies of the Rapid Pyrolysis of Sweet Gum Hardwood," Fundamentals of Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, R.P. Overrend, T.A. Milne, and L.K. Mudge, eds., 293-314, Elsevier, New York, 1985.

76. Nunn, T.R., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Peters, W.A.: "Product Compositions and Kinetics in the Rapid Pyrolysis of Sweet Gum Hardwood," Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev., 24, 836-844, 1985.

77. Nunn, T.R., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Peters, W.A.: "Product Compositions and Kinetics in the Rapid Pyrolysis of Milled Wood Lignin," Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev. 24, 844-852, 1985.

78. Toqan, M., Farmayan, W.F., Beér, J.M., Howard, J.B., and Teare, J.D.: "PAH and Soot Formation in Fuel-Rich Turbulent Coal Liquid and Natural Gas Diffusion Flames," Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsubrgh, 1075-1081, 1985.

79. Neoh, K.G., Howard, J.B., Sarofim, A.F.: "Effect of Oxidation on the Physical Structure of Soot," Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 951-957, 1985.

80. Schaub, G., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Rapid Hydropyrolysis of Softening Coal Particles--A Modeling Study. Part I; Model Formulation and Parameter Values," AIChE J. 31, 903-911, 1985.

81. Schaub, G., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Rapid Hydropyrolysis of Softening Coal Particles--A Modeling Study. Part II: Model Predictions and Comparison with Experimental Results," AIChE J., 31, 912-917, 1985.

82. Fong, W.S., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Apparatus for Determining High-Temperature, High-Pressure Coal Plastic Behavior under Rapid Heating Conditions," Rev. Sci. Instrum., 56, 586-591, 1985.

83. Bittner, J.D., Faist, S.M., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "Deposit Formation by Diffusion of Flame Intermediates to a Cold Surface," Chemistry of Engine Combustion Deposits, L.B. Ebert, ed., 227-246, Plenum Press, 1985.

84. Westmoreland, P.R., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Dean, A.M.: "Prediction of Rate Constants for Combustion and Pyrolysis Reactions by Bimolecular QRRK," AIChE J., 32, 1971-1979, 1986.

85. Fong, W.S.,Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Kinetics of Generation and Destruction of Pyridine Extractables in a Rapidly Pyrolyzing Bituminous Coal," Fuel, 65, 251-254, 1986.

86. Fong, W.S., Khalil, Y., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Plastic Behavior of Coal Under Rapid-Heating High Temperature Conditions," Fuel, 65, 195-201, 1986.

87. Howard, J.B.: "Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics," Edited by C.H. Bamford, C.F.H. Tipper, and R.G. Compton, Book Review, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108 (21), 6839, 1986.

88. Hajaligol, M.R., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Intra-Particle Heat Transfer Effects in Coal Pyrolysis," A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints, 32 (3), 8-23, 1987.

89. Howard, J.B.: "The Chemistry of Coal, by N. Berkowitz," Book Review, AIChE J., 33, 171, 1987.

90. Shandross, R.A. and Howard, J.B.: "Modifications to Falloff," QCPE Bulletin, 7, 73-75 and 90-91, 1987.

91. Ko, G.H., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Correlation of Tar Yields from Rapid Pyrolysis with Coal Type and Pressure," Fuel, 66, 1118-1122, 1987.

92. Serio, M.A., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Kinetics of Vapor-Phase Secondary Reactions of Prompt Coal Pyrolysis Tars," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 26, 1831-1838, 1987.

93. Boroson, M.L. Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., Peters, W.A.: "Effects of Extra-Particle Secondary Reactions of Fresh Tars on Liquids Yields in Hardwood Pyrolysis," A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints, 32 (2), 51-58, 1987.

94. Westmoreland, P.R., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "Tests of Published Mechanisms by Comparison with Measured Laminar Flame Structure in Fuel-Rich Acetylene Combustion," Twenty-First Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 773-782, 1987.

95. Howard, J.B., Fong, W.S., and Peters, W.A.: "Kinetics of Devolatilization," in Fundamentals of the Physical-Chemistry of Pulverized Coal Combustion, J. Lahaye and G. Prado, Eds., 77-103, Martinus Nijhoff, 1987.

96. Garo, A., Westmoreland, P.R., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "Analysis of Fuel-Lean Combustion Using Chemical Mechanisms," Combust. Flame, 72, 271-286, 1988.

97. Ko, G.H., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Comparison of Tar Evolution Rate Predictions in Coal Pyrolysis from Multiple Independent Parallel Reaction Model and Functional Group Model Over a Wide Range of Heating Rates," Energy and Fuels, 2, 567-573, 1988.

98. Hajaligol, M.R., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Intra-Particle Non-Isothermalities in Coal Pyrolysis," Energy and Fuels, 2, 430-437, 1988.

99. Ko, G.H., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Application of First-Order Single-Reaction Model for Coal Devolatilization Over a Wide Range of Heating Rates," A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints, 32 (2), 112-119, 1988.

100. Boroson, M.L., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Peters, W.A.: "Product Yields and Kinetics from Vapor Phase Cracking of Wood Pyrolysis Tars," AIChE J., 35, 120-128, 1989.

101. McKinnon, J.T. and Howard, J.B.: "Critical Testing of Soot Nucleation Mechanisms," Nineteenth Biennial Conference on Carbon, The American Carbon Society, 390-391, 1989.

102. Oh, M.S., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "An Experimental and Modeling Study of Softening Coal Pyrolysis," AIChE J., 35, 775-792, 1989.

103. Ko, G.H., Sanchez, D.M., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Correlations for Effects of Coal Type and Pressure on Tar Yields from Rapid Devolatilization," Twenty-Second Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 115-124, 1989.

104. Lam, F.W., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "The Behavior of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons during the Early Stages of Soot Formation," Twenty-Second Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 323-332, 1989.

105. Westmoreland, P.R., Dean, A.M., Howard, J.B. and Longwell, J.P.: "Forming Benzene in Flames by Chemically Activated Isomerization," J. Phys. Chem., 93, 8171-8180, 1989.

106. Boroson, M.L., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Peters, W.A.: "Heterogeneous Cracking of Wood Pyrolysis Tars over Fresh Wood Char Surfaces," Energy and Fuels, 3, 735-740, 1989.

107. Howard, J.B.: "Oxidation of Soot Particles," Nachrichten der Akademic der Wissenschaften in Göttingen II. Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse, Nr. 3, 18-40, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen, W. Germany, 1989.

108. Darivakis, G.S., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Rationalization for the Molecular Weight Distributions of Coal Pyrolysis Liquids," AIChE J., 36, 1189-1199, 1990.

109. Peters, W.A., Darivakis, G.S., and Howard, J.B.: "Solids Pyrolysis and Volatiles Secondary Reactions in Hazardous Waste Incineration-Implications for Toxicants Destruction and PIC's Generation," Hazardous Waste & Hazardous Materials, 7, 89-102, 1990.

110. Darivakis, G.S., Howard, J.B., and Peters, W.A.: "Release Rates of Condensables and Total Volatiles from Rapid Devolatilization of Polyethylene and Polystyrene," Combustion Science and Technology, 74, 267-281, 1990.

111. McKinnon, J.T., and Howard, J.B.: "Application of Soot Formation Model: Effects of Chlorine," Combustion Science and Technology, 74, 175-197, 1990.

112. Howard, J.B., McKinnon, J.T., Makarovsky, Y., Lafleur, A.L., and Johnson, M.E.: "Fullerenes C60 and C70 in Flames," Nature, 352, 139-141, 1991.

113. Pope, C.J. and Howard, J.B.: "Fluxes and Net Reaction Rates of Flame Species Pertinent to Fullerenes," A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints, 36 (4), 1541-1546, 1991.

114. Vaughn, C.B., Sun, W.H., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "Measurements and Modeling of Light Hydrocarbons in Rich C2H4 Combustion in a Jet-Stirred Reactor," Combust. Flame, 84, 38-46, 1991.

115. Lam, F.W., Longwell, J.P., and Howard, J.B.: "The Effect of Ethylene and Benzene Addition on the Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Soot in a Jet-Stirred/Plug-Flow Combustor," Twenty-Third Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1477-1484, 1991.

116. Howard, J.B.: "Radical Sites as Active Sites in Carbon Addition and Oxidation Reactions at High Temperatures," Fundamental Issues in Control of Carbon Gasification Reactivity, J. Lahaye and P. Ehrburger, Eds., 377-382, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991.

117. Howard, J.B.: "Carbon Addition and Oxidation Reactions in Heterogeneous Combustion and Soot Formation," Twenty-Third Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1107-1127, 1991.

118. Shandross, R.A., Longwell, J.P. and Howard, J.B.: "Noncatalytic Thermocouple Coating for Low-Pressure Flames," Combust. Flame, 85, 282-284, 1991.

119. Vaughn, C.B., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "Benzene Destruction in Fuel-Rich Jet-Stirred Reactor Combustion," Combust. Flame, 87, 278-288, 1991.

120. Howard, J.B., McKinnon, J.T., Makarovsky, Y., Lafleur, A.L., and Johnson, M.E.: "Production and Characterization of Fullerenes in Flames," A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints, 36 (3), 1022-1025, 1991.

121. Beér, J.M., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., and Sarofim, A.F.: "The Role of Chemical Engineering in Fuel Manufacture and Use of Fuels," Perspectives in Chemical Engineering, C.K. Colton, Ed., Advances in Chemical Engineering, Vol. 16, 303-312, Academic Press, 1991.

122. Marr, J.A., Allison, D.M., Giovane, L.M., Yerkey, L.A., Monchamp, P., Longwell, J.P., and Howard, J.B.: "The Effect of Chlorine on PAH, Soot, and Tar Yields from a Jet Stirred/Plug Flow Reactor System," Combustion Science and Technology, 85, 65-76, 1992.

123. Anacleto, J.F., Perreault, H., Boyd, R.K., Pleasance S., Quilliam, M.A., Sim, P.G., Howard, J.B., Makarovsky, Y., and Lafleur, A.L.: "C60 and C70 Fullerene Isomers Generated in Flames. Detection and Verification by Liquid/Mass Spectrometry Analyses," Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 6, 214-220, 1992.

124. Howard, J.B., McKinnon, J.T., Johnson, M.E., Makarovsky, Y. and Lafleur, A.L.: "Production of C60 and C70 Fullerenes in Benzene-Oxygen Flames," J. Phys. Chem., 96, 6657-6662, 1992.

125. Howard, J.B., Lafleur, A.L., Makarovsky, Y., Mitra, S., Pope, C.J., and Yadav, T.: "Fullerenes Synthesis in Combustion," Carbon, 30, 1183-1201, 1992.

126. Mitra, S., Pope, C.J., Gleason, K.K., Makarovsky, Y., Lafleur, A.L., and Howard, J.B.: "Synthesis of Fullerenes (C60 and C70) by Combustion of Hydrocarbons in a Flat Flame Burner," Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 270, 149-154, 1992.

127. Anacleto, J.F., Boyd, R.K., Pleasance, S., Quilliam, M.A., Howard, J.B., Lafleur, A.L., and Makarovsky, Y.: "Analysis of Minor Constituents in Fullerene Soots by LC-MS using a Heated Pneumatic Nebuliser. Interface with Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization," Canad. J. Chem., 70, 2558-2568, 1992.

128. McKinnon, J.T. and Howard, J.B.: "The Roles of PAH and Acetylene in Soot Nucleation and Growth," Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 965-971, 1992.

129. Howard, J.B.: "Fullerenes Formation in Flames," Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 933-946, 1992.

130. Hottel, H.C., Howard, J.B., and Shipman, C.W.: "Glenn Carber Williams (1914-1991)," Combust. Flame, 89, 1-4, 1992.

131. Rotello, V.M., Howard, J.B., Yadav, T., Conn, M.M., Viani, E., Giovane, L.M., and Lafleur, A.L.: "Isolation of Fullerene Products from Flames: Structure and Synthesis of the C60-Cyclopentadiene Adduct," Tetrahedron Letters, 34, 1561-1562, 1993.

132. Anacleto, J.F., Quilliam, M.A., Boyd, R.K., Howard, J.B., Lafleur, A.L., and Yadav, T.: "Charge-Transfer Ionspray LC-MS Analyses of Fullerenes and Related Compounds from Flame-Generated Materials," Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 7, 229-234, 1993.

133. Griffin, T.P., Howard, J.B., Peters, W.A.: "An Experimental and Modeling Study of Heating Rate and Particle Size Effects in Bituminous Coal Pyrolysis," Energy & Fuels, 7, 297-305, 1993.

134. Giovane, L.M., Barco, J.W., Yadav, T., Lafleur, A.L., Marr, J.A., Howard, J.B., Rotello, V.M.: "Kinetic Stability of the C60-Cyclopentadiene Diels-Alder Adduct," J. Phys. Chem. 97, 8560-8561, 1993.

135. Hajaligol, M.R., Howard, J.B., and Peter, W.A.: "An Experimental and Modeling Study of Pressure Effects on Tar Release by Rapid Pyrolysis of Cellulose Sheets in a Screen Heater," Combust. Flame, 95, 47-60, 1993.

136. Pope, C.J., Marr, J.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Chemistry of Fullerenes C60 and C70 Formation in Flames," J. Phys. Chem., 97, 11001-11013, 1993.

137. Lafleur, A.L., Howard, J.B., Marr, J.A., and Yadav, T.: "Proposed Fullerene Precursor Corannulene Identified in Flames Both in the Presence and Absence of Fullerenes Production," J. Phys. Chem., 97, 13539-13543, 1993.

138. Wolden, C., Gleason, K.K., and Howard, J.B.: "A Reduced Reaction Mechanism for Diamond Deposition Modeling," Combust. Flame, 96, 75-79, 1994.

139. Griffin, T.P., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Pressure and Temperature Effects in Bituminous Coal Pyrolysis: Experimental Observations and a Transient Lumped-Parameter Model," Fuel, 73, 591-601, 1994.

140. Howard, J.B., Chowdhury, D.K., and Vander Sande, J.B.: "Carbon Shells in Flames," Nature, 370, 603, 1994.

141. Bucalá, V., Saito, H., Howard, J.B., and Peters, W.A.: "Thermal Treatment of Fuel Oil Contaminated Soils Under Rapid Heating Conditions," Environmental Science and Technology, 28, 1801-1807, 1994.

142. Marr, J.A., Giovane, L.M., Longwell, J.P., and Howard, J.B.: "Soot and Tar Production in a Jet-Stirred/Plug-Flow Reactor System: High and Low C2H2 Concentration Environments," Combustion Science and Technology, 101, 301-309, 1994.

143. Pope, C.J., and Howard, J.B.: "Further Testing of the Fullerene Formation Mechanism with Predictions of Temperature and Pressure Effects," Twenty-Fifth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 671-678, 1994.

144. Darivakis, G.S., Howard, J.B., and Peters, W.A.: "A Rationale for Heating Rate and Coal Type Effects on Liquid Yields and Substrate Morphology Changes during Rapid Pyrolysis," Energy & Fuels, 8, 1024-1032, 1994.

145. Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P., Marr, J.A., Pope, C.J., Busby, W.F., Jr., Lafleur, A.L., and Taghizadeh, K.: "Effects of PAH Isomerizations on Mutagenicity of Combustion Products," Combust. Flame, 101, 262-270, 1995.

146. Pope, C.J. and Howard, J.B.: "Thermochemical Properties of Curved PAH and Fullerenes: A Group Additivity Method Compared with MM3(92) and MOPAC Predictions," J. Phys. Chem., 99, 4306-4316, 1995.

147. Bucalá, V., Saito, H., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Thermal Treatment of Contaminated and Neat Soil," Geo-Environmental Issues Facing the Americas, 99-104, Geotechnical Div./American Society of Civil Engineers, Washington, DC, 1995.

148. Das Chowdhury, K., Howard, J.B., and Vander Sande, J.B.: "Fullerenic Nanostructures in Flames," J. Materials Research, 11, 341-347, 1996.

149. McKinnon, J.T., Meyer, E., and Howard, J.B.: "Infrared Analysis of Flame-Generated PAH Samples," Combust. Flame, 105, 161-166, 1996.

150. Lafleur, A.L. Taghizadeh, K., Howard, J.B., Anacleto, J.F., and Quilliam, M.A.: "Characterization of Flame-Generated C10 to C160 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Atmospheric-Pressure Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry with Liquid Introduction via Nebulizer Interface," J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrometry, 7, 276-286, 1996.

151. Pope, C.J., and Howard, J.B.: "Thermodynamic Limitations for Fullerene Formation in Flames," Tetrahedron, 52, 5161-5178, 1996.

152. Bucalá, V., Saito, H., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Products Compositions and Release Rates from Intense Thermal Treatment of Soil," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35, 2725-2734, 1996.

153. Shandross, R.A., Longwell, J.P. and Howard, J.B.: "Destruction of Benzene in High Temperature Flames: Chemistry of Benzene and Phenol," Twenty-Sixth Symp. (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 711-719, 1996.

154. Benish, T.G., Lafleur, A.L., Taghizadeh, K., and Howard, J.B.: "C2H2 and PAH as Soot Growth Reactants in Premixed C2H4-Air Flames," Twenty-Sixth Symp. (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 2319-2325, 1996.

155. Richter, H., Taghizadeh, K., Grieco, W.J., Lafleur, A.L. and Howard, J.B.: "Preparative-Scale Liquid Chromatography and Characterization of Large Fullerenes Generated in Low Pressure Benzene Flames," J. Phys. Chem., 100, 19603-19610, 1996.

156. Gilot, P., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Evaporation Phenomena During Thermal Decontamination of Soils," Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, 461-466, 1997.

157. Lafleur, A.L., Howard, J.B., Taghizadeh, K., Plummer, E., Scott, L.T., Necula, A., and Swallow, K.C.: "Identification of C20H10 Dicyclopentapyrenes in Flames: Correlation with Corannulene and Fullerenes Formation," J. Phys. Chem., 100, 17421-17428, 1996.

158. Pope, C.J. and Howard, J.B.: "Simultaneous Particle and Molecule Modeling (SPAMM): An Approach for Combining Sectional Aerosol Equations and Elementary Gas-Phase Reactions," Aerosol Sci .Technol., 27, 73-94, 1997.

159. Richter, H., Labrocca, A.J., Grieco, W.J., Taghizadeh, K., Lafleur, A L. and Howard, J.B.: "Generation of Higher Fullerenes in Flames," J. Phys. Chem. B, 101, 1556-1560, 1997.

160. Phenix, B.D., DiNaro, J.L., Tatang, M.A., Tester, J.W., Howard, J.B. and McRae, G.J.: "Incorporation of Parametric Uncertainty into Complex Kinetic Mechanisms: Applications to Hydrogen Oxidation in Supercritical Water," Combust. Flame, 112, 132-146, 1998.

161. Saito, H., Howard, J.B., Peters, W.A. and Bucalá, V.: "Thermal Removal of Organic Contaminants from Soil&endash;Engineering Fundamentals," The Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, R. A. Meyers, ed., pp. 4554-4589, John Wiley & Sons, 1998.

162. Lafleur, A. L., Howard, J.B., Plummer, E., Taghizadeh, K., Scott, L.C., Necula, A. and Swallow, K.C.: "Identification of Some Novel Cyclopenta-Fused Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Ethylene Flames," Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 12, 223-237, 1998.

163. Shandross, R.A., Longwell, J.P. and Howard, J.B.: "Net Rate Analysis Method for Assessment and Improvement of Flame Models," Combust. Flame, 112, 371-386, 1998.

164. Grieco, W.J., Lafleur, A.L., Swallow, K.C., Richter, H., Taghizadeh, K. and Howard, J.B.: "Fullerenes and PAH in Low Pressure Premixed Benzene/Oxygen Flames," Twenty-Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1669-1675, 1998.

165. Saito, H., Bucalá, V., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Thermal Removal of Pyrene Contamination from Soil: Basic Studies and Environmental Health Implications," Environmental Health Perspectives, 106, (Supplement 4), 1097-1107, 1998.

166. Pope, C.J., Shandross, R.A. and Howard, J.B.: "Variation of Equivalence Ratio and Element Ratios with Distance from Burner in Premixed One-Dimensional Flames," Combust. Flame, 116, 605-614, 1999.

167. Beér, J.M., Howard, J.B., Longwell, J.P. and Sarofim, A.F.: "Hoyt Clarke Hottel (1903-1998), Combust. Flame, 117, 1-3, 1999.

168. Richter, H., Grieco, W.J. and Howard, J.B.: "Formation Mechanism of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Fullerenes in Premixed Benzene Flames," Combust. Flame 119, 1-22, 1999.

169. Swallow, K.C., Howard, J.B., Grieco, W., Benish, T., Taghizadeh, K., Plummer, E.F. and Lafleur, A.L.: "Correlation of PAH Structure and Fullerenes Formation in Premixed Flames," Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds,14 and 15, 201-208(1999).

170. Richter, H. Benish, T.G., Ayala, F. and Howard, J.B.: "Kinetic Modeling of the Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons", A.C.S. Fuel Chem. Div. Preprints 45(2), 273-277, 2000.

171. Grieco, W.J., Howard, J.B., Rainey, L.C. and Vander Sande, J.B.: "Fullerenic Carbon in Combustion-Generated Soot," Carbon 38, 597-614, 2000.

172. Richter, H., Risoul, V., Lafleur, A.L., Plummer, E.F., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Chemical Characterization and Bioactivity of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) from Non-Oxidative Thermal Treatment of Pyrene-Contaminated Soil at 250-1000oC," Environmental Health Perspectives 108, 709-717, 2000.

173. Pope, C.J., Peters, W.A. and Howard, J.B.: "Thermodynamic Driving Forces for PAH Isomerization and Growth during Thermal Treatment of Polluted Soils," The Journal of Hazardous Materials B79, 189-208 (2000).

174. Kronholm, D.F. and Howard, J.B.: "Analysis of Soot Surface Growth Pathways using Published Plug-Flow Reactor Data with New Particle Size Distribution Measurements and Published Premixed Flame Data", Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute Pittsburgh (in press).

175. Richter, H., Benish, T.G., Mazyar, O.A, Green, W.H. and Howard, J.B.: "Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Radicals in a Nearly Sooting Premixed Benzene Flame", Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute Pittsburgh (in press).

176. Hebgen, P., Goel, A., Howard, J.B., Rainey, L.C. and VanderSande, J.B.: "Synthesis of Fullerenes and Fullerenic Nanostructures in a Low Pressure Benzene/Oxygen Diffusion Flame", Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute Pittsburgh (in press).

177. DiNaro, J.L., Howard, J.B., Green, W.H., Tester, J.W. and Bozzelli, J.W.: "Analysis of Elementary Reaction Mechanism for Benzene Oxidation in Supercritical Water", Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute Pittsburgh (in press).

178. Richter, H. and Howard, J.B.: "Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and their Growth to Soot &endash; A Review of Chemical Reaction Pathways", Prog. Energy and Combust. Sci. 26, 367-380 (2000).

179. DiNaro, J.L., Tester, J.W., Swallow, K.C. and Howard, J.B.: "Experimental Measurements of Benzene Oxidation in Supercritical Water", AIChE Journal 46, 2274-2284 (2000).

180. DiNaro, J.L., Howard, J.B., Green, W.H., Tester, J.W. and Bozzelli, J.W.: "Elementary Reaction Mechanism for Benzene Oxidation in Supercritical Water", J. Phys. Chem. A, 104, 10576-10586, 2000.

181. Richter, H., Mazyar, O.A., Green, W.H., Howard, J.B. and Bozzelli, J.W.: "A Detailed Kinetic Study of the Growth of Small Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons", J.Phys Chem. A (in press).

182. Wang, J., Levendis, Y.A., Richter, H., Howard, J.B. and Carlson, J.: "PAH and Soot Emissions from Two-Stage Combustion of Polystyrene&emdash;The Effect of the Primary Furnace Temperature", Env. Sci. Tech. (submitted).

 

 


Appendix A. Patents


A1. Peters, W.A. and Howard, J.B.: "Method for Methane Conversion," United States Patent No. 4,921,685 (May 1, 1990). Assigned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

A2. Peters, W.A. and Howard, J.B.: "Method for Methane Conversion," United States Patent No. 5,246,550 (September 21, 1993). Assigned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

A3. Howard, J.B. and McKinnon, J.T.: "Combustion Method for Producing Fullerenes," United States Patent No. 5,273,729 (December 28, 1993). Assigned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

A4. Diaz, A.F., Modestino, A.J., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Method for Production of Magnesium," United States Patent No. 5,782,952 (July 21, 1998). Assigned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

A5. Howard, J.B., VanderSande, J.B. and Das Chowdhury, K.: "Production of Fullerenic Nanostructures in Flames". United States Patent No. 5,985,232 (November 16, 1999). Assigned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

A6. Howard, J.B., VanderSande, J.B. and Das Chowdhury, K.: "Production of Fullerenic Soot in Flames". United States Patent No. 6,162,411 (December 19, 2000). Assigned to Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

A7. Plathe, S., Lillebuen, B., Diaz, A.F., Howard, J.B., Modestino, A.J. and Peters, W.A.: "Method for Production of Aluminium". (pending)

 


Appendix B. Other Contributions


B1. Howard, J.B.: "A Carbonization Study of Some Kentucky Coals," M.S. Thesis, Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 79 pp., 1961.

B2. Howard, J.B.: "Mechanisms of Ignition and Combustion in Flames of Pulverized Bituminous Coal," Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Fuel Technology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA., 309 pp., 1965.

B3. Howard, J.B., Williams, G.C. and Ghazal, F.P.H.: "Mathematical Model of the Reaction Between Sulfur Dioxide and Lime Particles," Dry Limestone Injection Process Symposium, 21 pp., National Air Pollution Control Administration, 1970.

B4. Howard, J.B.: "Synthetic Pipeline Gas from Coal," Compendium of University Forums of the National Commission on Materials Policy, May-June, 1972, A Background document, pp. 151-159, N.T.I.S. No. PB-223 679, National Commission on Materials Policy, Washington, D.C., 1973.

B5. Draffin, C.W. and Howard, J.B.: "Coal Gasification and Processing: Low-Btu Gas," Position Paper No. S-4, 47 pp., Task Force on Technical Aspects, Technical Advisory Committee on Conservation of Energy, Federal Power Commission, Washington, D.C., 1973.

B6. Sarofim, A.F., Padia, A., and Howard, J.B.: "The Behavior of Ash in Pulverized Coal Under Simulated Combustion Conditions," 44 pp., Central States Section, The Combustion Institute, 1976.

B7. Bittner, J.D., Prado, G.P., Howard, J.B., and Hites, R.A.: "The Formation of Soot and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PCAH) in Combustion Systems," Proceedings of the Stationary Source Combustion Symposium Vol. 1 (Fundamental Research), pp. 1-18 to I-26, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Report No. EPA-600/2-786-152a, 1976.

B8. Bush, T.W., Dershowitz, M.S., Hastings, T.W., Howard, J.B., Sarofim, A.F., and Serio, M.A.: "High Temperature Oxidation of Coal Char in Carbon Dioxide and Steam," Paper No. 59b, 26 pp., AIChE Annual Meeting, Chicago, 1980.

B9. Howard, J.B., Peters, W.A., and Serio, M.A.: Coal Devolatilization Information for Reactor Modeling, 306 pp., AP-1803, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, Calif., 1981.

B10. Yeboah, Y.D., Longwell, J.P., Howard, J.B., and Peters, W.A.: "Distribution of Coal Heating Value During the Fluidized-Bed Pyrolysis of Coal in the Presence of Dolomitic Stones," Proceedings, 2nd World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Montreal, Canada, Vol. II, pp. 95-99, 1981.

B11. Howard, J.B.: "Coal Pyrolysis--Product Yields and Products Survey," Proceedings of the EPRI Conference on Coal Pyrolysis, Section 14, pp. 1-61, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, Calif., 1981.

B12. Howard, J.B.: "Formation and Oxidation of Aromatics in Flames," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, Paper A, 4 pp., 1983.

B13. Bittner, J.D. .and Howard, J.B.: "Benzene Decomposition in Flames," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, Paper 89, 4 pp., 1984.

B14. Fong, W.A., Peters, W.A., and Howard, J.B.: "Basic Studies of Coal Plasticity Kinetics," Proceedings Second Annual Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Univ. Pittsburgh and U.S. Dept. of Energy, pp. 626-637, 1985.

B15. Shandross, R.A., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "A Comparison of QRRK, RRKM, and RRK Methods for Calculating Unimolecular Rate Constant Falloff," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, Paper 43, 4 pp., 1987.

B16. McKinnon, J.T. and Howard, J.B.: "Analysis of High Molecular Weight Compounds in Sooting Flames," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, 4 pp., 1988.

B17. Pope, C.J., Howard, J.B., and Longwell, J.P.: "Modeling of the Stability for Well-Stirred H2/CO/Air Combustion," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, Paper 23, 4 pp., 1988.

B18. Howard, J.B.: "Fullerenes Formation in Flames," Second International Microgravity Combustion Workshop, NASA Conference Publication 10113, pp. 73-78, 1992.

B19. Howard, J.B.: "Combustion Synthesis of Fullerenes," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Central States and Eastern Sections of The Combustion Institute, pp. 10-19, 1993.

B20. Saito, H., Bucalá, V., Howard, J.B. and Peters, W.A.: "Effects of Temperature-Time History on Pyrene Removal from a Synthetic Soil Matrix," Symposium on Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management V, American Chemical Society, Atlanta, 19 pp., 1993.

B21. Pope, C.J. and Howard, J.B.: "Preliminary Evaluation of Rate-Limiting Steps in Fullerene Formation in Flames," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, Paper 64, 4 pp., 1993.

B22. Peters, W.A., Griffith, P., Harris, J.G., Herzog, H.J., Howard, J.B., Latanision, R.M., Smith, K.A., and Tester, J.W.: "Cleanups: Enabling Research for Practical Applications," Proceedings First International Conference on Solvo-Thermal Reactions, Paper S-6, pp. 1-6, High Pressure Technology Research Committee of Shikoku and Shikoku National Industrial Research Institute, 2217-14 Hayashi-machi, Takamatsu, Kagawa 761-03, Japan, December 5-7, 1994.

B23. Shandross, R.A., Longwell, J.P. and Howard, J.B.: "Hydrogen-Oxygen Chemistry Problems at Temperatures Above about 1500 K," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, pp. 123-126, 1995.

B24. Benish, T.G., Howard, J.B. and Lafleur, A.L.: "Soot Surface Growth by Acetylene and PAH in a Premixed Ethylene Flame," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, pp. 427-430, 1995.

B25. Taghizadeh, K., Grieco, W.J., Lafleur, A.L. and Howard, J.B.: "Identification of Fullerenes in Natural Flames by APCI/LCMS," American Society of Mass Spectrometry Meeting, Atlanta, 2 pp., 1995.

B26. Smith, K.A., Griffith, P., Harris, J.G., Herzog, H.J., Howard, J.B., Latanision, R., Peters, W.A., Tester, J.W.: "Supercritical Water Oxidation: Principles and Prospects," Proceedings of the International Water Conference, Pittsburgh, 4 pp., 1995.

B27. Richter, H., Taghizadeh, K., Grieco, W.J., Lafleur, A.L., Howard, J.B.: "Isolation and Characterization of Higher Fullerenes Produced in Low Pressure Benzene-Oxygen Flames," Fullerenes '96 - Frontiers in Materials Physics and Chemistry Conference, Oxford, England, 1 pp., 1996.

B28. Howard, J.B.: "Fundamentals of Particle Formation in Combustion," Workshop on Particle Characterization, Health Effects Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 34 pp., 1996.

B29. Pope, C.J., Shandross, R.A. and Howard, J.B.: "Variation of Equivalence Ratio and Element Ratios with Distance from Burner in Premixed 1-D Flames," Combustion Fundamentals and Applications, Central States Section of the Combustion Institute, 6 pp., 1997.

B30. Howard, J.B., Das Chowdhury, K. and Vander Sande, J.B.: "Fullerenic Carbon in Combustion Soot," Twenty-Third Biennial Conference on Carbon, Extended Abstracts, Vol. II, The American Carbon Society, pp. 382-383, 1997.

B31. Grieco, W.J., Lafleur, A.L., Rainey, L., Taghizadeh, K., Vander Sande, J.B. and Howard, J.B.: "Fullerenes, PAH, Carbon Nanostructures and Soot in Low Pressure Diffusion Flames," Fourth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop, NASA Conference Publication, 6 pp., 1997.

B32. Kronholm, D.H., Pope, C.J. and Howard, J.B.: "Effect of PAH-Soot Reactions on PAH Production in Flames," Fifth International Congress on Toxic Combustion Byproducts, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, June 25-27, 1 p., 1997.

B33. Richter, H., Grieco, W.J., Lafleur and Howard, J.B.: "Modeling of PAH and Fullerene Formation in Premixed Benzene Flames," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, 4 pp., 1997.

B34. Grieco, W.J., Lafleur, A.L., Richter, H., Swallow, K.C., Taghizadeh, K. and Howard, J.B.: "Fullerenes and PAH in Low Pressure Premixed Benzene/Oxygen Flames," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, 4 pp., 1997.

B35. Benish, T., Lafleur, A.L., Taghizadeh, K., Necula, A., Scott, L. T. and Howard, J.B.: "Scavenging Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Radicals in Flames," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, United States Sections of the Combustion Institute, 4 pp., 1999.

B36. Kronholm, D.F. and Howard, J.B.: "Molecular Weight Growth Pathways in Fuel Rich Combustion -- Analysis by Coupled Data Functions and Kinetics Modeling," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, United States Sections of the Combustion Institute, 4 pp., 1999.

B37. Grieco, W.J., Howard, J.B., Rainey, L.C. and Vander Sande, J.B.: "Fullerenic Carbon in Combustion-Generated Soot," Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, United States Sections of the Combustion Institute, 4 pp., 1999.

B38. Hebgen, P. and Howard, J.B,: "Synthesis of Fullerenes in Low Pressure Benzene/Oxygen Diffusion Flames," Fifth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop, NASA/CP-1999-208917, pp. 137-140, 1999.

B39. Hebgen, P. and Howard, J.B.: "Fullerenes in Low Pressure Benzene/Oxygen Diffusion Flames", Joint Meeting of the British, German and French Sections of the Combustion Institute, Nancy, France, 3pp., 1999

B40. Richter, H., Green, W.H., Benish, T.G., and Howard, J.B.: "Temperature and Pressure Dependence of the Growth of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons.", Joint Meeting of the British, German and French Sections of the Combustion Institute, Nancy, France, 3pp., 1999

B41. Tester, J.W., Taylor, J., Reagan, M., DiNaro-Blanchard, J., Steinfeld, J. and Howard, J.B.: "Modeling Phase Equilibria and Chemical Kinetic in Supercritical Water", Fifth International Symposium on Supercritical Fluids (ISSF 2000), Atlanta, Georgia, April 9-11, 2000.


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