Dr. Bizzi has published over 300 articles in refereed journals, book chapters and abstracts. Selected publications are available in PDF format for academic purposes only. Key publications associated with segments of his research include:


Key Publications related to Sleep

  1. Bizzi E, Brooks DC (1963) Pontine reticular formation: relation to lateral geniculate nucleus during deep sleep. Science 171:270-272. PDF

  2. Bizzi E, Brooks DC (1963) Functional connections between pontine reticular formation and lateral geniculate nucleus during deep sleep. Archives Italiennes de Biologie 101:666-680.

Key Publications relating to Movement Coordination

  1. Bizzi E (1968) Discharge of frontal eye field neurons during saccadic and following eye movements in unanesthetized monkeys. Experimental Brain Research 6:69-80.

  2. Bizzi E (1967) Discharge of frontal eye field neurons during eye movements in awake monkeys. Science 157:1588-1590. PDF

  3. Bizzi E, Schiller P (1970) Single unit activity in the frontal eye fields of unanesthetized monkeys during eye and head movements. Experimental Brain Research 10:151-158.

  4. Bizzi E, Kalil RE, Tagliasco V (1971) Eye-head coordination in monkeys: evidence for centrally patterned organization. Science 173:452-454. PDF

Key Publications related to Movement in Vertebrates

  1. Abend WK, Bizzi E, Morasso P (1982) Human arm trajectory formation. Brain 105:331-348.

  2. Bizzi E, Chapple W, Hogan N (1982) Muscles as springs: implications for motor control. Trends in Neuroscience 5:395-398.

  3. Whittington D, Lestienne F, Bizzi E (1984) Behavior of preoculomotor burst neurons during eye-head coordination. Experimental Brain Research 55:215-222.

  4. Bizzi E, Accornero N, Chapple W, Hogan N (1984) Posture control and trajectory formation during arm movement. Journal of Neuroscience 4:2738-2744. PDF

  5. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Hogan N, Bizzi E (1985) Neural, mechanical and geometric factors subserving arm posture in humans. Journal of Neuroscience 5:2732-2743. PDF

  6. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E, Giszter SF (1991) A field-approximation approach to the execution of motor plans. Fifth International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR) 1200-1204.

  7. Bizzi E, Hogan N, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Giszter SF (1992) Does the nervous system use equilibrium-point control to guide single and multiple joint movements? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15:603-613.

  8. Bizzi E, Hogan N, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Giszter SF (1992) The equilibrium-point framework: A point of departure. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15:808-815.

  9. Shadmehr R, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1993) Postural force fields of the human arm and their role in generating multi-joint movements. Journal of Neuroscience 13:45-62. PDF

  10. McIntyre J, Bizzi E (1993) Servo models for the biological control of movement. Journal of Motor Behavior 25:193-202. PDF

Key Publications related to Motor Learning

  1. Bizzi E, Giszter SF, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1991) Computations underlying the execution of movement: a biological perspective. Science 253:287-291. PDF

  2. Gandolfo F, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1996) Motor learning by field approximation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93:3843-3846. PDF

  3. Brashers-Krug T, Shadmehr R, Bizzi E (1996) Consolidation in human motor learning. Nature 382:252-255. PDF

  4. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (2000) Motor learning through the combination of primitives. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 355:1755-1769. PDF

  5. Li C-SR, Padoa-Schioppa C, Bizzi E (2001) Neuronal correlates of motor performance and motor learning in the primary motor cortex of monkeys adapting to an external force field. Neuron 30:593-607. PDF

Key Publications related to Modularity and Rehabilitation

  1. Tresch MC, Saltiel P, Bizzi E (1999) The construction of movement by the spinal cord. Nature Neuroscience 2(2):162-167. PDF

  2. Bizzi E, Tresch MC, Saltiel P, d'Avella A (2000) New perspectives on spinal motor systems. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 1:101-108. PDF

  3. Ajemian R, D'Ausilio A, Moorman H, Bizzi E (2010) Why professional athletes need a prolonged period of warm-up and other peculiarities of human motor learning. Journal of Motor Behavior 42(6):381-388. PDF

  4. Roh J, Cheung VCK, Bizzi E (2011) Modules in the brain stem and spinal cord underlying motor behaviors. Journal of Neurophysiology, 106:1363-1378. PDF

  5. Overduin SA, d'Avella A, Carmena JM, Bizzi E (2012) Microstimulation activates a handful of muscle synergies. Neuron 76(6):1071-1077. PDF

  6. Richardson AG, Borghi T, Bizzi E (2012) Activity of the same motor cortex neurons during repeated experience with perturbed movement dynamics. Journal of Neurophysiology 107:3144-3154. PDF

  7. Cheung VCK, Turolla A, Agostini M, Silvoni S, Bennis C, Kasi P, Paganoni S, Bonato P, Bizzi E (2012) Muscle synergy patterns as physiological markers of motor cortical damage. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 109(36):14652-14656. PDF

  8. Bizzi E, Cheung VCK (2013) The neural origin of muscle synergies. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 7:51. PDF

  9. Ajemian R, D'Ausilio A, Moorman H, Bizzi E (2013) A theory for how sensorimotor skills are learned and retained in noisy and nonstationary neural circuits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 110(52):E5078-87. PDF Suppl. Info. PDF

  10. Overduin SA, d'Avella A, Carmena JM, Bizzi E (2014) Muscle synergies evoked by microstimulation are preferentially encoded during behavior. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 8:20. PDF

  11. Caggiano V, Sur M, Bizzi E (2014) Rostro-caudal inhibition of hindlimb movements in the spinal cord of mice. PLoS ONE 9(6):e100865. PDF

  12. Lu C, Froriep UP, Koppes RA, Canales A, Caggiano V, Selvidge J, Bizzi E, Anikeeva P (2014) Flexible fibers: Polymer fiber probes enable optical control of spinal cord and muscle function in vivo. Advanced Functional Materials 24(42):6732. PDF

  13. Overduin SA, d'Avella A, Roh J, Carmena JM, Bizzi E (2015) Representation of muscle synergies in the primate brain. Journal of Neuroscience 35:12615-24. PDF

  14. Bizzi E, Ajemian R (2015) A hard scientific quest: Understanding voluntary movements. Daedalus 144(1):83-95. PDF

  15. Saltiel P, d'Avella A, Wyler-Duda K, Bizzi E (2016) Synergy temporal sequences and topography in the spinal cord: Evidence for a traveling wave in frog locomotion. Brain Structure and Function 221(8):3869-3890. PDF

  16. Flash T, Bizzi E (2016) Cortical circuits and modules in movement generation: Experiments and theories. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 41:174-178. PDF

  17. Caggiano V, Cheung VC, Bizzi E (2016) An optogenetic demonstration of motor modularity in the mammalian spinal cord. Scientific Reports 6:35185. PDF

  18. Lencioni T, Jonsdottir J, Cattaneo D, Crippa A, Gervasoni E, Rovaris M, Bizzi E, Ferrarin M (2016) Are modular activations altered in lower limb muscles of persons with multiple sclerosis during walking? Evidence from muscle synergies and biomechanical analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10:620. PDF

  19. Bizzi E (2017) Motor control revisited: A novel view. Current Trends in Neurology 10:75-80.

  20. Saltiel P, d'Avella A, Tresch M, Wyler K, Bizzi E (2017) Critical points and traveling wave in locomotion: Experimental evidence and some theoretical considerations. Frontiers in Neural Circuits 11:98. PDF