publications

 

Selected publications are available in PDF format for academic purposes only.

 

journal articles

  1. Overduin SA, d'Avella A, Carmena JM, Bizzi E (2014) Muscle synergies evoked by microstimulation are preferentially encoded during behavior. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 8:20. PDF

  2. Ajemian R, D'Ausilio A, Moorman H, Bizzi E (2013) A theory for how sensorimotor skills are learned and retained in noisy and nonstationary neural circuits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 110(52): E5078-87. PDF Suppl. Info. PDF

  3. Bizzi E, Cheung VCK (2013) The neural origin of muscle synergies. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 7: 51. PDF

  4. Overduin SA, d'Avella A, Carmena JM, Bizzi E (2012) Microstimulation activates a handful of muscle synergies. Neuron, 76(6): 1071-1077. PDF

  5. Cheung VCK, Turolla A, Agostini M, Silvoni S, Bennis C, Kasi P, Paganoni S, Bonato P, Bizzi E (2012) Muscle synergy patterns as physiological markers of motor cortical damage. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 109(36): 14652-14656. PDF

  6. Richardson AG, Borghi T, Bizzi E (2012) Activity of the same motor cortex neurons during repeated experience with perturbed movement dynamics. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107:3144-3154. PDF

  7. Cheung VCK, Bizzi E (2011) Neuroscience at MIT. IEEE Pulse, 2(4):47-50. PDF

  8. Roh J, Cheung VCK, Bizzi E (2011) Modules in the brain stem and spinal cord underlying motor behaviors. Journal of Neurophysiology, 106:1363-1378. PDF

  9. Ajemian R, D'Ausilio A, Moorman H, Bizzi E (2010) Why professional athletes need a prolonged period of warm-up and other peculiarities of human motor learning. Journal of Motor Behavior, 42(6):381-388. PDF

  10. Overduin SA, Zaheer F, Bizzi E, d'Avella A (2010) An instrumented glove for small primates. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 187(1):100-104. PDF

  11. Cheung VCK, Piron L, Agostini M, Silvoni S, Turolla A, Bizzi E (2009) Stability of muscle synergies for voluntary actions after cortical stroke in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 106(46):19563-19568. PDF

  12. Cingolani R, Bizzi E (2009) News story on Italy's MIT disappoints. Science 326(5950):227-228. PDF

  13. Berniker M, Jarc A, Bizzi E, Tresch MC (2009) Simplified and effective motor control based on muscle synergies to exploit musculoskeletal dynamics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 106(18): 7601-7606. PDF

  14. Overduin SA, Richardson AG, Bizzi E (2009) Cortical processing during dynamic motor adaptation. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 629: 423-438. PDF

  15. Cheung VCK, d'Avella A, Bizzi E (2009) Adjustments of motor pattern for load compensation via modulated activations of muscle syenrgies during natural behaviors. Journal of Neurophysiology 101: 1235-1257. PDF

  16. Richardson AG, Lassi-Tucci G, Padoa-Schioppa C, Bizzi E (2008) Neuronal activity in the cingulate motor areas during adaptation to a new dynamic environment. Journal of Neurophysiology 99:1253-1266. PDF

  17. Overduin SA, d'Avella A, Roh J, Bizzi E (2008) Modulation of muscle synergy recruitment in primate grasping. Journal of Neuroscience 28(4):880-892. PDF

  18. Overduin SA, Richardson AG, Bizzi E, Press DZ (2008) Simultaneous sensorimotor adaptation and sequence learning. Experimental Brain Research 184:451-456. PDF

  19. Bizzi E, Cheung VCK, d'Avella A, Saltiel P, Tresch MC (2008) Combining modules for movement. Brain Research Reviews 57:125-133. PDF

  20. Rokni U, Richardson AG, Bizzi E, Seung HS (2007) Motor learning with unstable neural representations. Neuron 54:653-666. PDF

  21. Richardson AG, Overduin SA, Valero-Cabre A, Padoa-Schioppa C, Pascual-Leone A, Bizzi E, Press DZ (2006) Disruption of primary motor cortex prior to learning impairs memory of movement dynamics. Journal of Neuroscience 26(48):12466-12470. PDF

  22. Overduin SA, Richardson AG, Lane CE, Bizzi E, Press DZ (2006) Intermittent practice facilitates stable motor memories. Journal of Neuroscience 26(46):11888-11892. PDF

  23. Xiao J, Padoa-Schioppa C, Bizzi E (2006) Neuronal correlates of movement dynamics in the dorsal and ventral premotor area in the monkey. Experimental Brain Research 168(1-2):106-119. PDF

  24. Saltiel P, Wyler-Duda K, d'Avella A, Ajemian RJ, Bizzi E (2005) Localization and connectivity in spinal interneuronal networks: the adduction-caudal extension-flexion rhythm in the frog. Journal of Neurophysiology 94:2120-2138. PDF

  25. Cheung VCK, d'Avella A, Tresch MC, Bizzi E (2005) Central and sensory contributions to the activation and organization of muscle synergies during natural motor behaviors. Journal of Neuroscience 25(27):6419-6434. PDF

  26. Holden MK, Dyar TA, Schwamm L, Bizzi E (2005) Virtual-environment-based telerehabilitation in patients with stroke. Presence-Teleoperators and Virtual Environments 14 (2):214-233. PDF

  27. Richardson AG, Slotine J-JE, Bizzi E, Tresch MC (2005) Intrinsic musculoskeletal properties stabilize wiping movements in the spinalized frog. Journal of Neuroscience 25(12):3181-3191. PDF

  28. d'Avella A, Bizzi E (2005) Shared and specific muscle synergies in natural motor behaviors.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(8):3076-3081. PDF

  29. Poggio T, Bizzi E (2004) Generalization in vision and motor control. Insight Review Article, Nature 431:768-774. PDF

  30. Padoa-Schioppa C, Li C-SR, Bizzi E (2004) Neuronal activity in the supplementary motor area of monkeys adapting to a new dynamic environment. Journal of Neurophysiology 91(1):449-473. PDF

  31. d’Avella A, Saltiel P, Bizzi E (2003) Combinations of muscle synergies in the construction of a natural motor behavior. Nature Neuroscience 6(3):300-308. PDF

  32. Bizzi E, d'Avella A, Saltiel P, Tresch MC (2002) Modular organization of spinal motors systems. The Neuroscientist 8(5):437-442. PDF

  33. Padoa-Schioppa C, Li C-SR, Bizzi E (2002) Neuronal correlates of kinematics-to-dynamics transformation in the supplementary motor area. Neuron 36:751-765. PDF

  34. Tresch MC, Saltiel P, d'Avella A, Bizzi E (2002) Coordination and localization in spinal motor systems. Brain Research Reviews 40:66-79. PDF

  35. Holden MK, Dettwiler A, Dyar T, Niemann G, Bizzi E (2001) Retraining movement in patients with acquired brain injury using a virtual environment. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 81:192-198.

  36. Lemay MA, Galagan JE, Hogan N, Bizzi E (2001) Modulation and vectorial summation of the spinalized frog's hindlimb end-point force produced by intraspinal electrical stimulation of the cord. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering 9(1):12-23. PDF

  37. Li C-SR, Padoa-Schioppa C, Bizzi E (2001) Neuronal correlates of motor performance and motor learning in the primary motor cortex of monkeys adapting to an external force field. Neuron 30:593-607. PDF

  38. Saltiel P, Wyler-Duda K, d'Avella A, Tresch MC, Bizzi E (2001) Muscle synergies encoded within the spinal cord: evidence from focal intraspinal NMDA iontophoresis in the frog. Journal of Neurophysiology 85:605-619. PDF

  39. Bizzi E, Tresch MC, Saltiel P, d'Avella A (2000) New perspectives on spinal motor systems. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 1:101-108. PDF

  40. Gandolfo F, Li C-SR, Benda BJ, Padoa-Schioppa C, Bizzi E (2000) Cortical correlates of learning in monkeys adapting to a new dynamical environment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(5):2259-2263. PDF

  41. Giszter SF, Loeb E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (2000) Repeatable spatial maps of a few force and joint torque patterns elicited by microstimulation applied throughout the lumbar spinal cord of the spinal frog. Human Movement Science 19:597-626. PDF

  42. Loeb E, Giszter SF, Satiel P, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (2000) Output units of motor behavior: An experimental and modeling study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12(1):78-97. PDF

  43. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (2000) Motor learning through the combination of primitives. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 355:1755-1769. PDF

  44. Bizzi E, Clarac F (1999) Motor Systems. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 9(6):659-662. PDF

  45. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1999) Apprendimento e controllo degli atti motori, Estratto Dal Volvme III, 137-153.

  46. Holden M, Todorov E, Callahan J, Bizzi E (1999) Virtual environment training improves motor performance with stroke: case report. Neurology Report 23(2):57-67. PDF

  47. Tresch MC, Bizzi E (1999) Responses to microstimulation in the chronically spinalized rat and their relationship to spinal systems activated by low threshold cutaneous systems. Experimental Brain Research 129:401-416. PDF

  48. Tresch MC, Saltiel P, Bizzi E (1999) The construction of movement by the spinal cord. Nature Neuroscience 2(2):162-167. PDF

  49. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1998) Neural basis of motor control and its cognitive implications. Trends in Cognitive Science 2(3):97-102. PDF

  50. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1998) The acquisition of motor behavior. Daedalus 127:217-232. PDF

  51. Bizzi E, Saltiel P, Tresch MC (1998) Modular organization of motor behavior. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 53c:510-517.

  52. d'Avella A, Bizzi E (1998) Low dimensionality of supraspinally induced force fields. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(13):7711-7714. PDF

  53. Saltiel P, Tresch MC, Bizzi E (1998) Spinal cord modular organization and rhythm generation: an NMDA iontophoretic study in the frog. Journal of Neurophysiology 80:2323-2339. PDF

  54. Todorov E, Shadmehr R, Bizzi E (1997) Augmented feedback presented in a virtual environment accelerated learning of a difficult motor task. Journal of Motor Behavior 29(2):147-158.

  55. McIntyre J, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1996) The control of stable postures in the multi-joint arm. Experimental Brain Research 110:248-264.

  56. Brashers-Krug T, Shadmehr R, Bizzi E (1996) Consolidation in human motor learning. Nature 382:252-255. PDF

  57. Gandolfo F, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1996) Motor learning by field approximation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93:3843-3846. PDF

  58. Bizzi E, Giszter SF, Loeb E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Saltiel P (1995) Modular organization of motor behavior in the frog's spinal cord. Trends in Neurosciences 18:442-445. PDF

  59. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Giszter SF, Bizzi E (1994) Linear combinations of primitives in vertebrate motor control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91:7534-7538. PDF

  60. Bizzi E (1993) Intermediate representations in the formation of arm trajectories. Current Opinion on Neurobiology 3:925-931.

  61. Dornay M, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, McIntyre J, Bizzi E (1993) Stability constraints for the distributed control of motor behavior. Neural Networks 6(8):1045-1059. PDF

  62. Giszter SF, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1993) Convergent force fields organized in the frog's spinal cord. Journal of Neuroscience 13:467-491. PDF

  63. Loeb EP, Giszter SF, Borghesani P, Bizzi E (1993) Effects of dorsal root cut on the forces evoked by spinal microstimulation in the spinalized frog. Somatosensory and Motor Research 10:81-95. PDF

  64. McIntyre J, Bizzi E (1993) Servo models for the biological control of movement. Journal of Motor Behavior 25:193-202. PDF

  65. Shadmehr R, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1993) Postural force fields of the human arm and their role in generating multi-joint movements. Journal of Neuroscience 13:45-62. PDF

  66. Bizzi E, Hogan N, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Giszter SF (1992) Does the nervous system use equilibrium-point control to guide single and multiple joint movements? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15:603-613.

  67. Bizzi E, Hogan N, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Giszter SF (1992) The equilibrium-point framework: A point of departure. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15:808-815.

  68. Bizzi E, Giszter SF, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1991) Computations underlying the execution of movement: a biological perspective. Science 253:287-291. PDF

  69. Bizzi E (1990) Motor control in biological and artificial systems. Sfera 10:65-66.

  70. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1990) Intelligenza motoria: vincoli fisici e problemi computazionali. Sistemi Intelligenti 2:37-55.

  71. Giszter SF, McIntyre J, Bizzi E (1989) Kinematic strategies and sensorimotor transformations in the wiping movements of frogs. Journal of Neurophysiology 62:750-767. PDF

  72. Massone L, Bizzi E (1989) A neural network model for limb trajectory formation. Biological Cybernetics 61:417-425.

  73. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Hogan N (1986) Regulation of multi-joint arm posture and movement. Progress in Brain Research 64:345-351.

  74. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Hogan N, Bizzi E (1985) Neural, mechanical and geometric factors subserving arm posture in humans. Journal of Neuroscience 5:2732-2743. PDF

  75. Bizzi E, Accornero N, Chapple W, Hogan N (1984) Posture control and trajectory formation during arm movement. Journal of Neuroscience 4:2738-2744. PDF

  76. Whittington D, Lestienne F, Bizzi E (1984) Behavior of preoculomotor burst neurons during eye-head coordination. Experimental Brain Research 55:215-222.

  77. Abend WK, Bizzi E, Morasso P (1982) Human arm trajectory formation. Brain 105:331-348.

  78. Bizzi E, Accornero N, Chapple W, Hogan N (1982) Arm trajectory formation. Experimental Brain Research 46:139-143.

  79. Bizzi E, Chapple W, Hogan N (1982) Muscles as springs: implications for motor control. Trends in Neuroscience 5:395-398.

  80. Lestienne F, Polit A, Bizzi E (1981) Functional organization of the motor process underlying the transition from movement to posture. Brain Research 230:121-131.

  81. Bizzi E (1979) Strategies of eye-head coordination. Progress in Brain Research 50:795-803.

  82. Bizzi E, Polit A (1979) Processes controlling visually evoked movements. Neuropsychologia 17:203-213.

  83. Polit A, Bizzi E (1979) Characteristics of the motor programs underlying arm movements in monkeys. Journal of Neurophysiology 42:183-194. PDF

  84. Bizzi E, Dev P, Morasso P, Polit A (1978) The effect of load disturbances during centrally initiated movements. Journal of Neurophysiology 41:542-556. PDF

  85. Lanman J, Bizzi E, Allum JHJ (1978) The coordination of eye and head movements during smooth pursuit. Brain Research 153:39-53.

  86. Lestienne F, Polit A, Bizzi E (1978) Processus de transition entre le mouvement et la posture: etude electromyographique chez l'homme. Journal of Physiology (Paris) 74:72P.

  87. Polit A, Bizzi E (1978) Processes controlling arm movements. Science 201:1235-1237. PDF

  88. Bizzi E, Polit A, Morasso P (1976) Mechanisms underlying achievement of final position. Journal of Neurophysiology 39:435-444. PDF

  89. Polit A, Bizzi E, Morasso P (1975) Mechanisms of head movement termination during orientation. Brain Theory Newsletter 1:7-9.

  90. Bizzi E (1974) Common problems confronting eye movement physiologists and investigators of somatic motor functions. Brain Research 71:191-194.

  91. Bizzi E (1974) The coordination of eye-head movements. Scientific American 231:100-106.

  92. Dichgans J, Bizzi E, Morasso P, Tagliasco V (1974) The role of vestibular and neck afferents during eye-head coordination in the monkey. Brain Research 71:225-232.

  93. Dichgans J, Bizzi E, Morasso P, Tagliasco V (1973) Mechanisms underlying recovery of eye-head coordination following bilateral labyrinthectomy in monkeys. Experimental Brain Research 18:548-562.

  94. Morasso P, Bizzi E, Dichgans J (1973) Adjustment of saccade characteristics during head movements. Experimental Brain Research 16:492-500.

  95. Bizzi E, Kalil RE, Morasso P (1972) Two modes of active eye-head coordination in monkeys. Brain Research 40:45-48.

  96. Bizzi E and Evarts EV (1971) Translational mechanisms between input and output. Neurosciences Research Program Bulletin 9:31-59.

  97. Bizzi E, Kalil RE, Tagliasco V (1971) Eye-head coordination in monkeys: evidence for centrally patterned organization. Science 173:452-454. PDF

  98. Bizzi E, Schiller P (1970) Single unit activity in the frontal eye fields of unanesthetized monkeys during eye and head movements. Experimental Brain Research 10:151-158.

  99. Bizzi E (1968) Discharge of frontal eye field neurons during saccadic and following eye movements in unanesthetized monkeys. Experimental Brain Research 6:69-80.

  100. Bizzi E (1967) Discharge of frontal eye field neurons during eye movements in awake monkeys. Science 157:1588-1590. PDF

  101. Bizzi E (1966) Changes in the orthodromic and antidromic response of optic tract during the eye movements of sleep. Journal of Neurophysiology 29:861-870. PDF

  102. Bizzi E (1966) Discharge patterns of single geniculate neurons during the rapid eye movements of sleep. Journal of Neurophysiology 29:1087-1095. PDF

  103. Bizzi E, Pompeiano O, Somogyi I (1964) Spontaneous activity of single vestibular neurons of unrestrained cats during sleep and wakefulness. Archives Italiennes de Biologie 102:308-330.

  104. Bizzi E, Pompeiano O, Somogyi I (1964) Vestibular nuclei: activity of single neurons during natural sleep and wakefulness. Science 145:414-415. PDF

  105. Bizzi E, Brooks DC (1963) Functional connections between pontine reticular formation and lateral geniculate nucleus during deep sleep. Archives Italiennes de Biologie 101:666-680.

  106. Bizzi E, Brooks DC (1963) Pontine reticular formation: relation to lateral geniculate nucleus during deep sleep. Science 171:270-272. PDF

  107. Bizzi E, Malliani A, Apelbaum J, Zanchetti A (1963) Excitation and inhibition of sham rage behavior in lower brain stem stimulation. Archives Italiennes de Biologie 101:614-631.

  108. Brooks DC, Bizzi E (1963) Brain stem electrical activity during deep sleep. Archives Italiennes de Biologie 101:648-665.

  109. Malliani A, Bizzi E, Apelbaum J, Zanchetti A (1963) Ascending afferent mechanisms maintaining sham rage behavior in the acute thalamic cat. Archives Italiennes de Biologie 101:632-647.

  110. Bizzi E, Spencer WA (1962) Enhancement of EEG synchrony in the acute "cerveau isole". Archives Italiennes de Biologie 100:234-247.

  111. Bizzi E, Libretti A, Malliani A, Zanchetti A (1961) Reflex chemoceptive excitation of diencephalic sham rage behavior. American Journal of Physiology 200:923-926. PDF

  112. Bartorelli C, Bizzi E, Libretti A, Zanchetti A (1960) Inhibitory control of sinocarotid pressoceptive afferents on hypothalamic autonomic activity and sham rage behavior. Archives Italiennes de Biologie 98:308-326.

  113. Apelbaum J, Bizzi E, Malliani A, Zanchetti A (1960) Effetti Della Stimolazione Del Tegmento Bulbo-Pontino Nel Gatto Talamico Acuto (Electrical Stimulation of Bulbo-Pontine Tegmentum in the Acute Thalamic Cat). Del Bollettino della Societa' Italiana di Biologia Sperimentale 36(24):1537-1539.


book chapters

  1. Bizzi E (2009) Emilio Bizzi. In: The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography, Volume 6 (Squire LR, ed), pp 33-62. Oxford UP, USA.

  2. Overduin SA, Richardson AG, Bizzi E (2009) Neural correlates and psychophysics of dynamic motor adaptation.  In: Progress in Motor Control  – A multidisciplinary perspective (Sternad D ed.), pp 423-438. New York: Springer.

  3. Padoa-Schioppa C, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (2005) Cortical Control of Motor Learning. In: Motor Cortex in Voluntary Movements: A Distributed System for Distributed Function (Riehle A, Vaadia E, eds), pp 329-348. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

  4. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (2004) Toward a neurobiology of coordinate transformations. In: The Cognitive Neurosciences III (Gazzaniga MS, ed), pp 413-474. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  5. Padoa-Schioppa C, Bizzi E (2003) Neuronal Plasticity in the Motor Cortex of Monkeys Acquiring a New Internal Model. In: Taking action: cognitive neuroscience perspectives on intentional acts (Johnson-Frey SH, ed), pp 341-360. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  6. Holden MK, Dettwiler A, Dyar T, Niemann G, Bizzi E (2001) Retraining movement in patients with acquired brain injury using a virtual environment. In: Proceedings of Medicine Meets Virtual Reality (Westwood JD, Hoffman HM, Mogel GT, Stredney D, Robb RA, eds), pp 192-198. Amsterdam: IOS Press. PDF

  7. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1999) Toward a neurobiology of coordinate transformations. In: The New Cognitive Neurosciences (Gazzaniga MS, ed), pp 489-500. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  8. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1997) Learning Newtonian mechanics. In: Self-Organization, Computational Maps and Motor Control (Morasso P, Sanguineti V, eds), pp 191-238. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

  9. Bizzi E (1994) Overview of sensory motor integration. In: The Cognitive Neurosciences II (Gazzaniga MS, ed), pp 491-493. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  10. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1994) Toward a neurobiology of coordinate transformation. In: The Cognitive Neurosciences II (Gazzaniga MS, ed), pp 495-506. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  11. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1993) Structural constraints and computational problems in motor control. In: Robots and Biological Systems: Towards a New Bionics? (Dario P, Sandini G, Aebischer P, eds), pp 339-360. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

  12. Giszter SF, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1992) Equilibrium point mechanisms in the spinal frog. In: Visual Structures and Integrated Functions (Arbib M, Ewert JP, eds), pp 223-237. New York: Springer-Verlag.

  13. Giszter SF, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1992) The organization of limb motor space in the spinal cord. In: Control of Arm Movement in Space: Neurophysiological and Computational Approaches (Caminiti R, Johnson PB, Burnod Y, eds), pp 321-331. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

  14. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Morasso P, Hogan N, Bizzi E (1991) Network models of motor systems with many degrees of freedom. In: Advances in Control Networks and Large-Scale Parallel-Distributed Processing Models (Fraser MD, ed), pp 171-220. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Co.

  15. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1990) Muscle properties and the control of arm movements. In: Visual Cognition and Action: An Invitation to Cognitive Science, Vol. 2 (Osherson D, Kosslyn S, Hollerbach J, eds), pp 213-242. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  16. Bizzi E (1989) Brain and motor control. In: Les Enigmes du Cerveau (Christen Y, Klivington K, eds), pp 142-143. Paris: Editions Hologramme.

  17. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1989) Emergent issues in the control of multi-joint movements. In: From Neuron to Action (Deecke L, ed), pp 19-28. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

  18. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1989) Geometrical and mechanical issues in movement planning and control. In: Foundations of Cognitive Science (Posner MI, ed), pp 769-792. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  19. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1989) Motor Control. In: Handbook of Neuropsychology, Vol. 2 (Bollar F, Grafman F, eds), pp 229-244. The Netherlands: Elsevier.

  20. Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1989) Theoretical and experimental approaches to biological motor control. In: From Luigi Galvani to Contemporary Neurobiology (Baruzzi A, Franzini C, Lugaresi E, Parmeggiani PL, eds), pp 39-57. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

  21. Bizzi E (1988) Arm trajectory planning and execution: the problem of coordinate transformation. In: Neurobiology of Neocortex (Rakic P, Singer W, eds), pp 371-381. Berlin: John Wiley & Sons Limited.

  22. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, McIntyre J, Bizzi E (1988) Theoretical and experimental perspectives on arm trajectory formation: A distributed model of motor redundancy. In: Biological and Artificial Intelligence Systems (Clementi E, Chin S, eds), pp 563-577. Leiden: Escom.

  23. Bizzi E (1987) Eye-head coordination. In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (Adelman G, ed), pp 1362-1366. Cambridge, MA: Birkhauser Boston Inc.

  24. Bizzi E (1987) Motor control mechanisms: an overview. In: Neurological Clinics (Scheinberg L, Shahani B, eds), pp 523-528. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Co.

  25. Bizzi E (1987) Multi-joint arm posture. New perspectives on the control of arm posture and movement. In: Sensory Motor Integration - Implications for Neurological Disease (Struppler A, Weindl A, eds), pp 291-296. New York: Springer-Verlag.

  26. Hogan N, Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Flash T (1987) Controlling multi-joint motor behavior. In: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews (Pandolf KB, ed), pp 153-190. New York: Macmillan.

  27. Hocherman S, Bizzi E, Hogan N, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1986) Target acquisition and maintenance in two joint arm movements. In: Sensorimotor Plasticity, Theoretical and Clinical Aspects (Schmidt RS, Jeannerod M, eds), pp 433-446. Paris: Les Editions Inserm.

  28. Bizzi E, Abend WK (1985) Control of multi-joint movement. In: Comparative Neurobiology: Modes of Communication in the Nervous System (Strumwasser F, Cohen M, eds), pp 255-277. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

  29. Bizzi E (1983) Central processes involved in arm movement control. In: The Production of Speech (MacNeilage PF, ed), pp 3-10. New York: Springer-Verlag.

  30. Bizzi E, Abend WK (1983) Posture control and trajectory formation in single- and multi-joint arm movements. In: Motor Control Mechanisms in Health and Disease (Desmedt J, ed), pp 31-45. New York: Raven Press.

  31. Lestienne F, Whittington DA, Bizzi E (1983) The coordination of eye-head movements in alert monkeys: behaviour of eye-related neurons in the brainstem. In: Spatially Oriented Behavior (Hein A, Jeannerod M, eds), pp 105-118. New York: Springer-Verlag.

  32. Bizzi E, Accornero N, Chapple W, Hogan N (1982) Central and peripheral mechanisms in motor control. In: New Perspectives in Cerebral Localization (Thompson RA, Green JR, eds), pp 23-34. New York: Raven Press.

  33. Lestienne F, Bizzi E (1982) Processus du controle du mouvement et de sa position finale au cours d'une tache de pointage. In: Neurobiologie des Comportements Moteurs (Ripoll H, Azemar G, eds), pp 101-122. Paris: I.N.S.E.P. Publs.

  34. Lestienne F, Whittington D, Bizzi E (1982) Behavior of pontine cells during eye-head coordination: evidence of gaze shift coding by preoculomotor bursters. In: Physiological and Pathological Aspects of Eye Movements (Roucoux A, Crommelinck M, eds), pp 399-410. The Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk Publs.

  35. Lestienne F, Whittington DA, Bizzi E (1982) Single cell recording from the pontine reticular formation in monkeys: behaviour of preoculomotor neurons during eye-head coordination. In: Progress in Oculomotor Research (Fuchs A, Becker W, eds), pp 325-333. New York: Elsevier.

  36. Bizzi E (1981) Eye-head coordination. In: Handbook of Physiology, 3 (Brooks VB, ed), pp 1321-1336. Bethesda, MD: American Physiological Society.

  37. Bizzi E (1981) Visuomotor control as a computational problem. In: Theoretical Approaches in Neurobiology (Reichard WE, Poggio T, eds), pp 177-183. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  38. Bizzi E, Accornero N, Chapple W, Hogan N (1981) Processes underlying arm trajectory formation. In: Brain Mechanisms of Perceptual Awareness and Purposeful Behavior (Ajmone-Marsden C, Pompeiano O, eds), pp 311-318. New York: Raven Press.

  39. Bizzi E (1980) Central and peripheral mechanisms in motor control. In: Tutorials in Motor Behavior (Stelmach GE, Requin J, eds), pp 131-143. The Netherlands: North-Holland Publ. Co.

  40. Lestienne F, Polit A, Bizzi E (1980) From movement to posture. In: Psychology of Motor Behavior and Sport (Nadeau CH, Newell KM, Roberts GC, Halliwell W, eds), pp 390-399. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

  41. Bizzi E, Polit A (1979) Characteristics of the motor programs underlying visually evoked movements. In: Posture and Movement: Perspective for Integrating Sensory and Motor Research on the Mammalian Nervous System (Talbott RE, Humphrey D, eds), pp 169-176. New York: Raven Press.

  42. Bizzi E, Dev P, Morasso P, Polit A (1978) Role of neck proprioceptors during visually triggered head movements. In: Cerebral Motor Control in Man: Long Loop Mechanisms (Desmedt JE, ed), pp 141-152. Basel: S. Karger.

  43. Bizzi E (1976) Coordination of movement. In: Neural Control of Locomotion (Herman RM, Grillner S, Stein PSG, Stuart DG, eds), pp 798-804. New York: Plenum Press.

  44. Bizzi E (1975) Central control of eye and head movements in monkeys. In: Basic Mechanisms of Ocular Motility and Their Clinical Implications (Lennerstrand G, Bach-y-Rita P, eds), pp 469-471. New York: Pergamon Press.

  45. Bizzi E (1975) Motor coordination: central and peripheral control during eye-head movement. In: Handbook of Psychobiology (Gazzaniga MS, Blakemore C, eds), pp 427-437. New York: Academic Press.

  46. Bizzi E, Kalil RE, Morasso P (1972) Central programming and peripheral feedback during eye-head coordination in monkeys. In: Cerebral Control of Eye Movements and Motion Perception (Dichgans J, Bizzi E, eds), pp 220-232. Basel: S. Karger.


conference proceedings

  1. Bae WJ, Ruddy BP, Richardson AG, Hunter IW, Bizzi E (2008) Cortical recording with polypyrrole microwire electrodes. Proceedings of the 30th Annual IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, 5794-5797. PDF

  2. Bizzi E (2007) Motor primitives and rehabilitation. Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Virtual Rehabilitation, 20-22. PDF

  3. Richardson AG, Tresch MC, Bizzi E, Slotine J-JE (2005) Stability analysis of nonlinear muscle dynamics using contraction theory. Proceedings of the 27th Annual IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, 4986-4989. PDF

  4. Lemay MA, Hogan N, Bizzi E (1996) Recruitment modulation of force fields organized in the frog's spinal cord. Proceedings of the 18th Annual IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, 591-592. PDF

  5. Bizzi E (1995) Biological computations for the control of movement. International Neural Network Society Annual Meeting, World Congress on Neural Networks vol. 2, 908.

  6. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1995) The modular organization of motor control: what frogs can teach us about adaptive learning. Sixth IFAC/IFIP/IFORS/IEA Symposium vol. 2: Analysis, Design and, 413-418.

  7. Bizzi E (1994). Computations underlying the execution of movement: a biological perspective. Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks vol. 2, 1470-1476.

  8. Giszter SF, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1993) Movement primitives in the frog spinal cord. In F.H. Eeckman (Ed.), Symposium on Neural Systems Analysis and Modeling, II. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 431-446.

  9. Giszter SF, Bizzi E, Mussa-Ivaldi FA (1992) Motor organization in the frog's spinal cord. In F.H. Eckman (Ed.), Conference on Analysis and Modeling of Neural Systems. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 377-392.

  10. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E, Giszter SF (1991) Transforming plans into actions by tuning passive behavior: a field-approximation approach. Proc. IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control (ISIC 91), 101-109. PDF

  11. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E, Giszter SF (1991) A field-approximation approach to the execution of motor plans. Fifth International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR) 1200-1204.

  12. Massone L, Bizzi E (1990) On the role of input representations in sensorimotor mapping. Proc. IJCNN, 1: 173-176.

  13. Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Giszter SF, Bizzi E (1990) Motor-space coding in the central nervous system. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. on Quantitative Biology, 55. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, N.Y., 827-835.

  14. Massone L, Bizzi E (1989) Generation of limb trajectories with a sequential network. IJCNN International Joint Conference on Neural Networks 2, 345-349. PDF

  15. McIntyre J, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Bizzi E (1989) Modeling of multi-joint motor systems. Proceedings of the 11th Annual IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, 242-243. PDF

  16. Bizzi E (1994) Computations underlying the execution of movement. A biological perspective. Proc. Int. Conf. Artif. Neural Networks 2, 1470.

  17. Morasso P, Bizzi E (1973). Eye head coordination in monkeys: What kind of model? Proceedings of the 1st Convention Exhibition in Bioengineering, 11.