Control of Vision
Extrastriate Cortical Areas
One of the earliest ideas about the specificity of brain areas comes from
the work of Francis Gall, the father of phrenology. He postulated not
only that different brain areas perform different jobs, but that qualities
in which an individual excels are a product of a greater than average
amount of brain tissue devoted to that quality is reflected in the protrusions
of the skull. Gall and John Spurzheim, in 1809, came up with a list of
"mental faculties" depicted in Figure 15.
Of the 35 areas delineated, 21 were devoted to such propensities and sentiments
as amativeness, cautiousness, benevolence, veneration, wonder and ideality.
Qualities that in today's world brain scientists would allocate only limited
space in the brain at best.