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Pipe, Entrance

Figure 80: Entrance
\begin{figure}\epsfig{file=Entrance.eps,width=8cm}\end{figure}

A entrance (Figure 80) is characterized by head losses $ \Delta_1^2 F$ of the form:

$\displaystyle \Delta_1^2 F = \zeta \frac{\dot{m}^2}{2 g \rho^2 A^2 },$ (32)

where $ \zeta$ is a head loss coefficient depending on the ratio $ A_0/A$, $ \dot{m}$ is the mass flow, g is the gravity acceleration and $ \rho$ is the liquid density. $ A_0$ and $ A$ are the cross section of the entrance and of the pipe, respectively. Values for $ \zeta$ can be found in file ``liquidpipe.f''.

The following constants have to be specified on the line beneath the *FLUID SECTION, TYPE=PIPE ENTRANCE card:

The gravity acceleration must be specified by a gravity type *DLOAD card defined for the elements at stake. The material characteristic $ \rho$ can be defined by a *DENSITY card.


Example files: pipe, piperestrictor.



guido dhondt 2011-12-05