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MIT Course Catalog 2014-2015

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Career and Professional Options

Global Education and Career Development

Global Education and Career Development (GECD) empowers MIT students and alumni to achieve lifelong success through seamless access to significant global experiences, comprehensive and holistic career services, and mutually beneficial connections with employers and graduate schools. It accomplishes this through four primary programs:

Through career planning and preparation programs students learn to make informed career decisions and find opportunities related to their professional objectives. Students are encouraged to begin their career education early, including meeting with a counselor, located in Career Services, Room 12-170, and visiting to learn about available resources. Career development is an ongoing process that includes self-assessment, competency development, research into career options, experiential learning, and preparation for the job search or for the graduate/professional school application process.

These programs help undergraduate and graduate students explore and learn about:

Freshmen can register for the Freshmen/Alumni Summer Internship Program (F/ASIP), a 6-unit graded seminar (SP.800/SP.801) that offers career development training. Students should visit for more information about the program, admissions criteria, and the registration process.

Prehealth Advising, part of GECD and located in Room 12-185, supports students interested in exploring and applying to health professional schools. There is no required major for admission to health professional schools; however, schools do require applicants to complete a number of science and writing subjects prior to admission. Students should visit for information on admissions criteria, the application process, and services provided.

Global Education (Room 12-189) is a one-stop office for information on all MIT global education opportunities, helping students to investigate and prepare for global opportunities that best fit their academic and life interests as well as to integrate the global experience into their life at MIT and career. The team also provides expertise and consultation to faculty and program directors regarding study abroad and other global opportunities. It offers comprehensive support to undergraduates interested in and preparing for study abroad, and works with partner programs such as the UROP Office, the Public Service Center, and MISTI to support other opportunities. It also provides support and guidance to students preparing applications for distinguished fellowships, including but not limited to the Rhodes, Marshall, Mitchell, Gates, and Fulbright fellowships. For further information, see the section on Study at Other Universities in this chapter.

The employment recruiting program provides students with opportunities for internships, summer jobs, and full-time positions after graduation. Hundreds of employers recruit students through a password-protected recruitment management system and on-campus recruiting visits. Many employers also host presentations and participate in career fairs, which provide the opportunity for students at any stage in their academic program to discuss employment prospects and find out about careers at different organizations.

For further information, contact Global Education and Career Development, Rooms 12-189 (Global Education), 12-170 (Career Services), or 12-185 (Prehealth Advising), or call 617-253-4733, fax 617-253-8457, or visit

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Teacher Training and Education

Options for MIT students interested in teaching elementary or secondary school range from exploratory activities such as tutoring and UROP activities to formal certification programs.

For students who wish to explore teaching as a career (in the short or long term), the MIT/Wellesley Scheller Teacher Education Program (STEP), housed in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, provides the requirements for Massachusetts State Teacher Certification in math and science at the middle and high school levels (and can be transferred to many other states). Courses offered through the STEP are also useful for students preparing to teach at the college level, as well as those who wish to apply their work to related research fields such as curriculum design or educational technology. Those going into industry find that the STEP can contribute to work in advancing educational programs, as well as work on human-computer interface and software development.

Education subjects that focus on math/science teaching at the secondary level (grades 5-12) are offered through Course 11 Urban Studies and Planning. To receive Massachusetts Teacher Certification, students must complete supervised practice teaching and additional coursework at MIT, or through Wellesley College. A HASS concentration in Urban Studies with emphasis in education is offered as part of the undergraduate curriculum.

For additional information see the STEP home page at

To explore K-12 teaching opportunities less formally, students may volunteer as tutors or teacher assistants in local schools, offer informal classes through the Educational Studies Program, or work with faculty members who conduct research in schools. (Refer to the UROP Directory for a list of faculty members interested in such research.) The Student Services Center, Room 11-120, and the Public Service Center, Room 3-123, can also provide assistance.

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ROTC Programs

Military training has existed at MIT ever since the Institute opened its doors in 1865. More than 12,000 officers have been commissioned from MIT, of whom more than 150 have reached the rank of general or admiral. Students who are United States citizens or who have applied for citizenship, are of good moral character, and are medically qualified for military service, may enroll in the programs for leadership training. Non-citizens who fulfill naturalization requirements for citizenship prior to graduation may enroll and participate in the two-year nonscholarship programs. Any full-time MIT student may participate in the programs for leadership training.

All three programs—Air Force, Army, and Naval ROTC—have the following characteristics in common:

Aerospace Studies (AS), Military Science (MS), and Naval Science (NS) subjects are not included in a student's grade point average, and the credits do not count toward a degree. These subjects can be applied toward the Physical Education Requirement. In some cases, the ROTC programs may include departmentally approved subjects that provide academic credit.

Students who accept a contract to become an officer must maintain acceptable levels of academic performance and physical fitness. ROTC academic performance requirements may exceed Institute standards. Breach or willful evasion of the contract could lead to a period of enlisted service or to repayment of scholarship funds.

Specific information concerning benefits, ROTC training programs, career opportunities, and contractual obligations can be obtained from the program offices listed in this section.

Air Force ROTC

The Air Force ROTC program provides students the opportunity to become commissioned officers in the Air Force after completing their undergraduate or, with exception, graduate degree. It is designed to develop the leadership and management skills essential for an Air Force officer while preparing the student for assignment in a career field related to his or her academic specialty.

Training Program

The program consists of classroom and leadership laboratory work during the four years of academic study and one summer training period of three weeks between the second and third years at an Air Force base. Students with three academic years remaining may enroll in the four-year program by combining the first two years.

The first two years of the four-year program are known as the General Military Course (GMC). Upon completion of the GMC and summer field training, students may compete for entry into the Professional Officer Course (POC). Selection into the POC is based on academic aptitude and performance, successful completion of the GMC and field training, and recommendation of the professor of Aerospace Studies.


Air Force ROTC scholarships are available on a competitive basis to qualified applicants. Scholarships pay up to full tuition, include $600 per year for textbooks, and a $300–500 nontaxable allowance each month. Two- to three-and-a-half year scholarships are offered on a competitive basis in addition to the four-year scholarships offered to high school seniors. The detachment commander also has three-and-a-half year full-tuition scholarships to award to outstanding freshmen (technical majors) and $18,000 per year scholarships to award to non-technical students.

Classroom Instruction

The Aerospace Studies curriculum emphasizes the history, organization, and mission of the Air Force, including its role in national defense strategy and American society. Academic classes and leadership laboratory activities provide training and practical experience in developing leadership and managerial skills.

Students enrolled in the first two years of the program attend one hour of class and two hours of Leadership Laboratory (LLAB). In the final two years of the program, the class time is three hours per week with the same LLAB requirement. LLAB has always been a highlight of the program, introducing cadets to a variety of motivational and interactive activities. Aside from standard drill practice, students participate in guest-speaker events, athletic competitions, self-defense class, marksmanship training, rock climbing, career day, and much more. Cadets must also complete three hours of physical fitness training each week.

Eligibility Requirements

To be eligible for the Air Force ROTC scholarship program and the POC, students must be citizens of the United States; physically qualified in accordance with existing Air Force regulations; and enrolled at MIT, Harvard University, Salem State University, Suffolk University, Tufts University, or Wellesley College as full-time students.

Application Procedure

Interested students can sign up for the Air Force ROTC program by visiting the Aerospace Studies Department, Room W59-114, 617-253-4475,


The Army ROTC program at MIT is designed to enhance a student's college education by integrating into the curriculum leadership and management theory with leadership practicum modules. Through coursework and in-class practical experience, students will develop decision-making, team-building, and time-management skills—leadership qualities that are essential to success in any field, including corporate or research careers. Students completing the ROTC program earn a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the US Army, Army Reserve, or Army National Guard. Nonscholarship students may participate in the first two years of Army ROTC with no commitment to military service.

The Military Science and Leadership Program is a four-year program composed of the Basic Course (freshman and sophomore years) and the Advanced Course (junior and senior years).

Four-Year Program

The four-year curriculum combines classroom and leadership laboratory work. Any MIT student is eligible to participate in the leadership development courses regardless of academic grade.

During the summer between their junior and senior years, students participate in a four-week Leadership Development and Assessment Course (LDAC) at Fort Lewis, WA (near Seattle). Upon graduation from college and successful completion of LDAC, students are commissioned as officers in the US Army, US Army Reserve, or Army National Guard.

Two-Year Program

The two-year program is designed for students who did not complete the first two years of the Army ROTC program. If students have at least four semesters remaining in their academic program at MIT or are interested in pursuing a graduate degree, they may be eligible to participate in the Advanced Course. Students must participate in a four-week training camp (Leader's Training Course) at Fort Knox, KY, in lieu of completing the Basic Course (freshman and sophomore years) or be prior service soldiers. Once students complete the Leader's Training Course, they are eligible to receive the same benefits as members in the four-year program.


Army ROTC scholarships are available on a competitive basis to qualified applicants. Two-, three-, and four-year scholarships are available each year, and are awarded on campus through the professor of military science or through a national selection board. High school seniors may apply for four-year scholarships in conjunction with their application to MIT. Scholarships pay full tuition and all mandatory fees, plus $1,200 for books and supplies each year, and a tax-free stipend ranging from $300 to $500 per month. The scholarship is flexible in that it can be used for either tuition and all mandatory fees or for room and board.

Program of Instruction

The Army ROTC curriculum is designed to enhance a student's college education by providing distinctive leadership and management training in conjunction with realistic experience. The program emphasizes leadership theory and practice, organizational management, public speaking, tactics, purpose and history of the military, and physical fitness.

Students enrolled in the first two years of the program attend one hour of class and three hours of physical fitness each week. Collegiate athletes who meet Army fitness standards are excused from physical fitness training while their sport is in season. In the final two years of the program, class and physical fitness total four to five hours per week. Students also participate in a biweekly Leadership Lab that highlights a particular military activity. Finally, students participate in a field training exercise each semester that includes small unit leadership training, military tactics, land navigation, rappelling, obstacle negotiation, and possibly a helicopter orientation ride.

Extracurricular Events

The ROTC program offers MIT students a wide spectrum of opportunities to participate in numerous challenging and rewarding extracurricular activities, such as high adventure training and field training exercises. Army Airborne, Air Assault, Mountain Warfare, and other military schooling and training programs are available on a voluntary basis to qualified cadets. Also, there are global summer internships available at national research laboratories, numerous Army bases, or the Pentagon. Finally, following graduation there are opportunities—primarily for students going on to law, medical, dental, or veterinary school—to defer the service obligation until completion of their graduate studies. Many graduate study opportunities are funded by the Army.

Opportunities in the US Army Reserve/Army National Guard

Army ROTC offers opportunities to seek a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the Army National Guard or Army Reserve. This unique option provides the flexibility for newly commissioned officers to participate in the Army part time while pursuing an advanced degree or a full-time career.

Eligibility Criteria

Enrollment in the freshman and sophomore ROTC courses is open to all MIT students. To be eligible for Army ROTC scholarships and/or enrollment in the junior- and senior-year ROTC courses, students must be citizens of the United States; physically and medically qualified in accordance with existing Army regulations; and enrolled at MIT, Harvard University, Tufts University, Wellesley College, Lesley University, Endicott College, Gordon College, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, or Salem State University as full-time students.

Application Procedure

Students normally apply for the four-year program during their freshman year, but students may enroll in the course or apply for a campus-based scholarship each semester. Interested students can inquire about the Army ROTC program by visiting the Army ROTC office in Room W59-192, 617-253-4471, or by visiting

Naval ROTC

The Navy Reserve Officers Training Program (NROTC) is a multi-year program that runs concurrently with a student’s normal college or university educational course of study. In addition to a normal academic workload leading to a Baccalaureate degree, NROTC students attend classes in Naval Science, participate in the NROTC unit for drill, physical training, and other activities. The purpose of the NROTC program is to provide instruction and training in naval science subjects which, when coupled with a bachelor's degree, qualify students for commissions in the US Navy and US Marine Corps.

The NROTC unit at MIT offers two officer development programs for which students attending Tufts and Harvard are also eligible. The Scholarship Program provides full tuition, fees, uniforms, a semester book stipend, and a monthly stipend for two, three, or four years. The length of scholarship benefits is predicated upon the student's degree plan. Students will receive scholarship benefits only for the time required to receive their Baccalaureate Degree or four years, whichever comes first. If additional benefits are necessary, students may request and, in some cases, be granted fifth-year benefits.

Students in the College Program for two or four years receive naval science books and uniforms. College Program midshipmen accepted for advanced standing receive a monthly stipend for up to 20 months during the last two academic years. Each year, College Program students compete for full-tuition scholarships for their remaining years in school.

Program of Instruction

The NROTC program of instruction includes one Naval Science course each semester which encompasses the science of nautical matters and principles of leadership, ethics, and management. Leadership principles and high ideals of a military officer are taught and practiced during weekly drill instruction periods. Concurrently, midshipmen complete all requirements for bachelor's degree under their respective university’s rules and regulations. Navy Option, Scholarship Program midshipmen must complete one year of calculus, one year of calculus-based physics and one year of English grammar and composition. Both Navy and Marine Option midshipmen complete one semester of language or culture. NROTC academic instruction is complemented by tours conducted to local naval facilities, cruises aboard active duty naval vessels, and practical navigation and piloting practice conducted aboard training craft.

Between academic years, Scholarship Program midshipmen attend approximately one month of summer training aboard active duty naval vessels and at shore bases throughout the world to become familiar with Navy and Marine Corps procedures. College Program midshipmen must complete one summer cruise after their junior year.

Graduating Midshipmen

Upon graduation, midshipmen who complete all academic requirements in the NROTC program are offered commissions as Ensigns in the Navy or Second Lieutenants in the Marine Corps. Unrestricted Navy line officers serve in the aviation, submarine, surface warfare, or special operations communities, among others. Additionally, qualified officers may be invited to become Naval Reactors Engineers in Washington, DC. Navy Option Scholarship Program midshipmen are required to serve a minimum of five years of active military service and College Program midshipmen serve a minimum of three years. Additional requirements may be required for specific assignments. Marine Corps Option midshipmen serve at least four years on active duty.

Eligibility Requirements

To be eligible for the four-year NROTC program at MIT, Harvard or Tufts University, a prospective midshipman must be accepted at one of these institutions. Additionally he or she must be a United States citizen, not less than 17 years old by September 1 of year starting college and no more than 23 on December 31 of that year. Applicants must also be found physically qualified by the Department of Defense Medical Review Board.

Application Procedure

Further detailed information is available at and at Visitors are also invited to learn more at the NROTC unit at MIT, Room W59-110, or at any US Navy Recruiting Station.

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