Graduate students may pursue work leading to any of the following degrees: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Doctor of Science (ScD), Engineer's degrees, Master of Science (SM), Master of Engineering (MEng), Master of Architecture (MArch), Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master in City Planning (MCP), and Master of Finance (MFin). Graduate programs are described in individual department statements in Part 2, and in the Interdisciplinary Graduate Programs section in Part 3.
Each graduate student is officially enrolled in a degree program. The programs are not limited, however, to subjects offered in a single department. Subjects and research programs may be chosen from several departments, given the approval of the departmental faculty advisor to ensure that the overall program is integrated and well balanced with respect to a major field of study.
A student who expects to come to MIT for an advanced degree after earning an undergraduate degree elsewhere should give careful attention to undergraduate prerequisites as outlined by each department or program elsewhere in this catalog. For more specific information, a student should consult the department or program in which he or she wishes to enroll.
MIT degrees are "residence" degrees in the sense that a major portion of the work must be done on campus in association with the faculty, other graduate students, and the Institute community. The amount of time required to attain any one degree varies.
Graduate subjects at MIT are classified as one of two types: G-level and H-level. A G-level subject indicates a subject approved for graduate credit. An H-level subject is a higher-level graduate subject that is an approved subject for a graduate degree. All master's programs require a minimum number of H-level units. (See Section 2.85 of Rules and Regulations of the Faculty.)
The credit classification for each subject should be based on whether a subject qualifies for high-level credit in one or more graduate degree programs. This determination is typically left to the department's graduate program committee or council, as they are in the best position to assess this for their graduate programs.
For the degree of Master of Science, the student must have satisfactorily completed a program of study of at least 66 units of G- or H-level subjects, of which at least 42 units must be H-level, and a thesis, approved by the department in which he or she is enrolled. If 34 units of H-level subjects and the thesis are in a single approved program, as determined by a departmental committee on graduate students, the degree will be recommended with specification in this program; otherwise, the degree will be recommended without specification. The same high standard of academic performance in a program approved by a departmental committee on graduate students is required for either degree.
The choice of area of specialization must be approved by the committee on graduate students of the department in which the student is enrolled. Approval of the entire program must be obtained from this committee and from the student's faculty advisor. A special interdepartmental committee, approved by the dean for graduate education, may be appointed to supervise a program in an interdepartmental field.
The satisfactory completion of the master's degree requires the student to be in residence as a full-time regular graduate student for a minimum of one regular academic term (not the summer session). Every degree candidate working on a thesis must register for thesis in all terms during which his or her thesis research or writing is actually in progress and during the term his or her name appears on the degree list.
The graduate degree Master of Architecture is awarded upon the satisfactory completion of a program of study of at least 312 units of G- or H-level subjects approved by the Department of Architecture, of which 96 units must be in H-level subjects, and the completion of a thesis acceptable to the Department of Architecture. The program requires three and one-half academic years of residence to fulfill the requirements. Advanced entry may be possible for students who have majored in architecture design at a “4 plus 2” architecture school. These students may complete the program in as little as two and one-half years depending on their academic experience and accomplishments.
To be awarded the degree of Master of Business Administration through the two-year MBA program, the student must satisfactorily complete the first-term core classes and at least 144 units of G- or H-level elective subjects, of which 42 units must be H-level. One of these elective classes must be from a list of approved leadership courses. The student must also complete the Sloan Innovation Period (SIP) requirement. A B (4.0/5.0) grade point average is required at the time of graduation. The candidate must also have been in residence for four consecutive regular academic terms.
To be awarded the MBA degree through the Sloan Fellows Program in Innovation and Global Leadership, the student must satisfactorily complete a program of study that includes a slate of core subjects, plus at least 48 units of G- or H-level subjects (of which 42 units must be H-level). A B (4.0/5.0) grade point average is required at the time of graduation.
To be awarded the degree of Master in City Planning, the student must satisfactorily complete a minimum of 126 units, of which at least 42 units must be H-level subjects. The student must also complete a thesis acceptable to the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, and have been in residence for a minimum of two regular academic terms.
To be awarded the graduate degree of Master of Engineering, the student must have satisfactorily completed a structured program of at least 90 units, consisting of 66 units of G- or H-level subjects, of which at least 42 units must be H-level, and a thesis approved by the department of the School of Engineering in which he or she is enrolled. The candidate must also have been in residence for a minimum of one regular term.
To be awarded the Master of Finance degree, the student must satisfactorily complete a minimum of 66 units of graduate subjects (of which at least 42 units must be H-level) from within a program of study that includes a slate of required courses, restricted and general electives, and a proseminar. The student must also complete the Sloan Innovation Period (SIP) requirement. A B (4.0/5.0) grade point average is required at the time of graduation. The candidate must also have been in residence as a graduate student for at least two consecutive regular academic terms. In most cases, a summer term is also required.
To be awarded the degree of Master of Science in Management Studies through the one-year Master of Science in Management Studies Program, the student must satisfactorily complete a program of study that includes 66 units of G- or H-level subjects acceptable to the Sloan School of Management (of which 42 units must be H-level) and a 24-unit thesis. If the student chooses the 12-unit thesis option, then 78 units of G- or H-level subjects acceptable to the Sloan School of Management (of which 42 units must be H-level) must be completed. A B (4.0/5.0) grade point average is required at the time of graduation. Candidates must be in residence for two consecutive regular academic terms.
Single thesis. This degree plan is intended for qualified graduate students who seek academic recognition in two professional fields that, although distinct, have a substantial intellectual connection. The degree plan requires a balanced choice of academic subjects, made with the advice of each of two departments, and by selection of the thesis topic.
To satisfy the minimum requirements for the program, the student must complete (in addition to thesis units) at least 132 units of G- or H-level subjects, of which 66 units are unique to each department. At least 42 of each group of 66 units must be graduate H-level subjects. In those instances where, for a single regular master's degree or program, a department or program has established unit requirements in excess of the foregoing minimums, the department or program requirements prevail. Such excess of units in one department may not be applied to the program in the other department.
A student pursuing a Master in City Planning in addition to a second master's degree must have both programs approved in the usual way, but the subject units for the Master in City Planning can be lowered at the discretion of the Department of Urban Studies and Planning.
Individuals who wish to qualify for a Master of Science degree in Real Estate Development, in addition to a Master of Architecture or Master in City Planning degree, will be required to satisfy all the subject requirements of each program. Specifically, candidates for the Master of Architecture degree must take 164 subject units (of which 96 units must be H-level subjects), and Master in City Planning degree candidates must take 126 subject units (of which 42 units must be H-level subjects). Individuals who wish to qualify for the master's degree in Real Estate Development also must take at least 66 subject units unique to this program, of which at least 42 units must be H-level subjects. Students may submit a single thesis provided it is acceptable to the graduate committees of each program. It is expected that such dual degree candidates will be in residence at least one term longer than expected if enrolled in a single degree program.
Participation in a dual degree program is limited to students who are already registered in one department and who meet the admissions criteria of the second department. At least two regular terms prior to completion of the program, the student must submit to each department a statement of educational objectives along with a detailed program plan that includes a description of the proposed thesis topic. The total program must meet with the approval of each department, and a petition approved by the dean for graduate education describing the program must be filed with the Registrar's Office.
The thesis research must be conducted under the supervision of an approved member of one of the two participating departments, with the other department providing a thesis reader. The thesis must be of superior quality. The single thesis cannot be used to satisfy the thesis requirements of any additional graduate degree programs.
In special cases, the standing committee of an approved interdisciplinary program may act in lieu of one of the two participating departments.
Two theses. Occasionally an individual, already admitted for graduate study, may wish to pursue simultaneously two distinct master's programs, fulfilling the thesis requirement with a separate thesis for each degree program. In such cases, the usual unit requirements for each program apply separately. Registration for two degrees is contingent upon approval by the second department of a request for admission. Such a request can be initiated by a petition approved by both departments and approved by the dean for graduate education.
An undergraduate student of the Institute who is enrolled as a candidate for the bachelor's degree may be admitted by a department as a candidate for the master's degree. Students must register as graduate students for at least one regular academic term (not the summer session) to be recommended for the simultaneous award of the bachelor's and master's degrees. The thesis submitted for the master's degree may also be accepted by the department in fulfillment of the undergraduate thesis requirement, if any. A student wishing to pursue this type of academic program must apply for graduate admission in the usual way.
The program for an engineer's degree requires more advanced and broader competence in engineering and science subjects than for the master's degree, but with less emphasis on original research than a doctoral program. In general, the engineer's degree requires two academic years beyond an undergraduate degree.
The following engineer's degrees are awarded:
Civil Engineer (CE)
Electrical Engineer (EE)
Engineer in Aeronautics and Astronautics (EAA)
Engineer in Computer Science (ECS)
Environmental Engineer (EnvE)
Materials Engineer (MatE)
Mechanical Engineer (MechE)
Naval Engineer (NavE)
Nuclear Engineer (NuclE)
The requirement for such a degree is the satisfactory completion of a program of advanced study and research approved by the appropriate department or interdepartmental committee of the School of Engineering. The minimum program consists of at least 162 subject units (exclusive of thesis units) and the completion of an acceptable thesis. The candidate must also have been in residence for a minimum of two regular academic terms. Every degree candidate working on a thesis is expected to register for thesis in all periods during which the thesis research or writing is actually in progress and during the term his or her name appears on the degree list. A department may accept a master's thesis of superior quality for the engineer's degree only if the student intends to use that document to fulfill the requirements of a single master's degree.
Doctoral degrees are offered by various departments and programs within each of MIT's five schools; see each school's chapter in Part 2, Schools and Courses, for the lists of degrees. A list of the interdisciplinary graduate degrees offered at MIT, including those offered by the MIT-Harvard Division of Health Sciences and Technology and the Joint Program with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, is available in the section on Interdisciplinary Graduate Programs. MIT offers the degrees of Doctor of Science and Doctor of Philosophy interchangeably in the engineering and science departments (except biology and brain and cognitive sciences) and from the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. These degrees certify creditable completion of an approved program of advanced study in addition to a research dissertation of high quality based on original research.
The two Institute requirements for a doctorate are completion of a program of advanced study, including a general examination, and completion and oral defense of a thesis on original research.
The course of advanced study and research leading to the doctorate must be pursued under the direction of the departmental committee on graduate students for at least four academic terms. In some cases, the required period of residence may be reduced, but in no instance can it be reduced to less than two regular academic terms and one summer session.
A student is enrolled in a program of advanced study and research approved by the department. The thesis research is in this same area, but the program often includes subjects reaching into several departments. If the field requires substantial participation by two or more departments, an interdepartmental faculty committee, approved by the dean for graduate education, should be appointed to supervise the student's program.
Each doctoral candidate must take a general examination in his or her program of study at such time and in such manner as the departmental or interdepartmental committee approves. This examination consists of both oral and written parts.
Nonresident status is intended for doctoral students who have completed all requirements other than the thesis. These students have limited access to the facilities and academic life of the Institute and pay a substantially reduced tuition. They may receive payments from MIT for up to 5 percent of tuition for their first three nonresident terms; after that, they may not receive any graduate awards through MIT. Permission to become a nonresident doctoral candidate must be obtained from the dean for graduate education at least one month prior to Registration Day of the term during which the student wishes to register in this category. There is a $100 charge for late requests. Consult the Office of the Dean for Graduate Education or see Graduate Policies and Procedures ( http://odge.mit.edu/gpp/degrees/thesis/#7) for additional information on nonresident status.
Although there is no Institute requirement of a minor for the doctoral degree, certain departments require that candidates take a number of subjects outside their major field.
There is no Institute language requirement; however, several departments require that a candidate be able to read or speak one or two foreign languages with intermediate competence. A student may satisfy the requirement in one of three ways: by fulfilling the requirement before entrance by passing one or more intermediate or advanced subjects with a grade of C or better; through examination by the Foreign Languages and Literatures Section; or by taking a two-term subject in a language or languages offered by the Foreign Languages and Literatures Section. Depending on student demand, the section offers a choice of two-term language subjects, stressing the ability to read or speak in Chinese, French, German, Japanese, or Spanish. For the purpose of the second alternative, the section gives written examinations in Chinese, French, German, Japanese, and Spanish twice a year at the end of each term. Examinations in other approved languages are arranged individually upon request.