In preparation for the Just Jerusalem Competition a number of academic
initiatives were organized at MIT including a graduate course entitled "City
Visions: Past and Future," and a seminar series. They are listed below:
I. CITIES AGAINST NATIONALISM: URBANISM AS VISIONARY POLITICS
The Cities Against Nationalism: Urbanism as Visionary Politics speaker
series was held in the Spring of 2004. This weekly seminar series brought a
variety of different speakers to MIT to discuss issues relating to the
politics of modern life in contested urban spaces.
"Urban Governance and the Production of New State Spaces:
Western Europe, 1960-2000"
Presentation by Neil Brenner, New York University
Professor Brenner is Associate Professor of Sociology, Social and Cultural
Analysis at New York University. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science
in 1999 from the University of Chicago. His research interests include:
Urban sociology, urban political economy and urban theory; political
sociology, state theory and political geography; comparative European and
North American urban, suburban and regional development; comparative
capitalisms; critical social/spatial theory; globalization studies.
Presentation by David Harvey, CUNY Graduate Center
David Harvey, is a leading theorist in the field of urban studies whom
Library Journal called "one of the most influential geographers of the later
twentieth century," earned his Ph.D. from Cambridge University, was formerly
professor of geography at Johns Hopkins, a Miliband Fellow at the London
School of Economics, and Halford Mackinder Professor of Geography at Oxford.
His reflections on the importance of space and place (and more recently "nature") have attracted considerable attention across the humanities and
social sciences. His highly influential books include The New Imperialism;
Paris, Capital of Modernity; Social Justice and the City; Limits to Capital;
The Urbanization of Capital; The Condition of Postmodernity; Justice,
Nature, and the Geography of Difference; Spaces of Hope; and Spaces of
Capital: Towards a Critical Geography. His numerous awards include the
Outstanding Contributor Award of the Association of American Geographers and
the 2002 Centenary Medal of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society for his "outstanding contribution to the field of geographical enquiry and to
anthropology." He holds honorary degrees from the universities of Buenos
Aires, Roskilde in Denmark, Uppsala in Sweden, and Ohio State University.
"Contested Cities: Conflict and Co-existence in Bosnia, Kashmir, and
Presentation by Professor Sumantra Bose, London School of Economics
Sumantra Bose is a specialist in the politics of sovereignty and
self-determination conflicts and the daunting challenge of devising
solutions to such intractable disputes. His expertise spans South Asia and
Southeastern Europe, and he has published acclaimed books on Kashmir, Sri
Lanka and Bosnia. He has a particular interest in peace processes and in the
role of international intervention in the negotiation and implementation of
peace settlements. His next book (forthcoming, late 2006, Harvard University
Press), is Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus and
Sri Lanka. Bose is also interested in a wide range of issues and debates in
comparative politics and international relations, and in politics in
"Uniting a Divided City: Post-apartheid Johannesburg"
Presentation by Professor Jo Beall, London School of Economics
Professor Jo Beall is a specialist on development policy and management,
with expertise on urban social development and urban governance. Other
interests include gender, social policy and international development,
social exclusion and local responses to crisis and conflict. She has
conducted extensive research in Southern Africa and South Asia and has
advised and consulted for a range of international development agencies,
national governments and non-governmental organizations.
"Iconic Architecture and Global Cities"
Presentation by Leslie Sklair, London School of Economics
Leslie Sklair is Professor Emeritus in Sociology at LSE. He received his
PhD from LSE, and his thesis, Sociology of Progress, was published by
Routledge in 1970 and was then translated into German. In 1973 he published
Organized Knowledge: Sociological View of Science and Technology (which was
translated into Spanish). In the 1980s he carried out field research on the
developmental impacts of foreign investment in Ireland, Egypt and (more
intensively) China and Mexico. He published Assembling for Development: the
Maquila Industry in Mexico and the United States in 1989, with a second
updated edition in 1993. These works provided the material basis for
Sociology of the Global System (published 1991, second updated edition in
1995, translated into Portuguese, Japanese, Persian and Chinese). A third
edition completely revised and updated, of this book, Globalization:
capitalism and its alternatives, was published by OUP in 2002, and
Portuguese and Chinese translation are forthcoming. His book The
Transnational Capitalist Class (2001) is now in Chinese.
"Cities as Spaces for Democracy"
Presentation by Professor Richard Sennett, London School of Economics
Richard Sennett is Professor of Sociology at the LSE and Bemis Professor of
Social Sciences at MIT. In the school, he teaches in the Cities Programme
and trains doctoral students in the sociology of culture. His three most
recent books are studies of modern capitalism: The Culture of the New
Capitalism, (Yale, 2006), Respect in an Age of Inequality, (Penguin, 2003)
and The Corrosion of Character, (Norton 1998). He is currently writing a
book on craftmanship. Professor Sennett has been awarded the Amalfi and the
Ebert prizes for sociology. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences, the Royal Society of Literature, the Royal Society of the
Arts, and the Academia Europea. He is past president of the American
Council on Work and the former Director of the New York Institute for the
"Identity and National Conflict"
Presentation by Professor Jonathan Glover, Kings College London
Professor of ethics at King's College, University of London, Jonathan Glover
also serves as the director of the Center for Medical Law and Ethics. In
that role, he guides the center's teaching, research, and discussion of law
and ethics in relation to medicine and health care. He currently is working
on ethical issues in psychiatry and questions raised by the Human Genome
Dr. Glover is the author of several books on ethics, including Causing Death
and Saving Lives and an investigation of evil, entitled Humanity: A Moral
History of the Twentieth Century. He chaired a European Commission Working
Party on Assisted Reproduction, which produced Ethics of New Reproductive
Technologies: the Glover Report to the European Commission. For many years,
he was a Fellow of New College at Oxford University.
"The Global and the Local in Jerusalem"
Presentation by Professor Bruce Mazlish, MIT
Bruce Mazlish, Professor of History, received his Ph.D. from Columbia
University. Professor Mazlish's areas of interest and expertise are Western
intellectual and cultural history, with a special nod to history of science
and technology, the culture of capitalism, and history of the social
sciences. He is also an authority in the interdisciplinary field of
psychohistory as well as historical methodology; most recently he has
spearheaded an effort to conceptualize global history (editing a volume by
that name which appeared in 1993). His most recent publications are:
Leviathans: Multinational Corporations and The New Global History, co-edited
with Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., The Uncertain Sciences, The Fourth
Discontinuity. The Co-Evolution of Humans and Machines, and A New Science:
The Breakdown of Connections and the Birth of Sociology. He is a Fellow of
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1986 he was awarded the
Toynbee Prize, an international award in social science.
"Cities as Agents of Peace"
Presentation by Johan Galtung, University of Oslo
JOHAN GALTUNG is founder and Director of TRANSCEND - A Peace and Development
Network for Conflict Transformation by Peaceful Means, with more than 300
members from over 80 countries around the world and Rector of TRANSCEND
Peace University (TPU). An experienced peace worker and Professor of Peace
Studies, he is widely regarded as the founder of the academic discipline of
peace research and one of the leading pioneers of peace and conflict
transformation in theory and practice. He has played an active role in
helping mediate and prevent violence in 45 major conflicts around the world
over the past four decades, and is author of the United Nations' first ever
manual for trainers and participants on "Conflict Transformation by Peaceful
Means: The TRANSCEND Approach" (UNDP 2000). He has taught Peace Studies at
the Universities of Hawai'i, Witten/Herdecke, Tromsoe, Alicante, Ritsumeikan
and the European Peace University, among many others. Galtung established
the Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) in 1959, the Journal of Peace
Research in 1964, and co-launched the Nordic Institute for Peace Research
(NIFF) in 2000.
II. 11.949 CITY VISIONS: PAST AND FUTURE, SPRING 2004
This class introduces students to understandings of the city
generated from both social science literature and the field of urban design.
The first part of the course examines literature on the history and theory
of the city. Among other factors, it pays special attention to the larger
territorial settings in which cities emerged and developed (ranging from the
global to the national to the regional context) and how these affected the
nature, character, and functioning of cities and the lives of their
inhabitants. The remaining weeks focus more explicitly on the theory and
practice of design visions for the city, the latter in both utopian and
realized form. One of our aims will be to assess the conditions under which
a variety of design visions were conceived, and to assess them in terms of
the varying patterns of territorial "nestedness" (local, regional, national,
imperial, and global) examined in the first part of the course. Another will
be to encourage students to think about the future prospects of cities (in
terms of territorial context or other political functions and social aims)
and to offer design visions that might reflect these new dynamics.