MIT Center for International Studies


In this issue:

Subscribe now to précis
Home :: précis :: FALL 2010 :: End Notes




End Notes


People

Barton L. Weller Professor of Development Economics Alice Amsden gave the keynote speech at McKinsey-Seoul Broadcasting Company seminar on Korea and the Financial Crisis, a prologue to the G20 meeting in Seoul in November.

Bakyt Beshimov
Bakyt Beshimov
Baktybek (Bakyt) Beshimov, a visiting researcher at CIS, was the keynote speaker at the Social Science Research Council dissertation development workshop at Harvard University on October 6. His talk was "Case Study—Kyrgyzstan: Violent Regime Changes and the Role of External Parties."

Nazli Choucri, Professor of Political Science, led The Minerva Project—Explorations on Cyber International Relations—in its first annual conference at MIT last month. As a collaborative project of MIT and Harvard, the agenda and discussion focused on diverse threats to cyber security and potentials for threat reduction, as well as prospects and possibilities for enhancing cyber cooperation.

Ph.D. candidate Keren Fraiman presented her paper "Not in Your Backyard: Coercion and Violent Non-state Actors" at the Program on International Security Policy at the University or Chicago and at the ISSS/ISAC conference in Providence, RI, in Spring and Fall 2010, respectively.

M. Taylor Fravel, Cecil and Ida Green Career Development Associate Professor of Political Science, was named a Research Associate for the National Asia Research Program, which is sponsored by the National Bureau of Asian Research and the Woodrow Wilson International Center. He presented a talk on "Economic Growth, Regime Security, and Military Strategy in China" at several locations: the University of California, Berkeley, September 2010; the China Foundation for International Strategic Studies, Beijing, China, July 2010; the Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA, June 2010; and Lincoln Laboratory, Lincoln, MA, May 2010. Additional presentations include "Chinese Military Capabilities and Doctrine," National Asia Policy Assembly, Washington, DC. June 2010; and "Major Change in Military Strategy: The PLA’s Adoption of the 1956 Strategic Guidelines," National Security Studies Program, Harvard University, April 2010.

Jeanne Guillemin, CIS affiliate with the Security Studies Program, as a member of the World Economic Forum’s Council on Weapons of Mass Destruction, attended the "WEF Summit on the Global Agenda" in Dubai.

Ph.D. candidate Peter Krause was selected to present at the Triangle Institute for Security Studies "New Faces Conference" at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill in October, 2010. He also chaired a panel "Advances in Terrorism and Insurgency Theory" on which he presented a paper, "Understanding Violence: Integrating Analysis of Terrorism and Insurgency," (with Paul Staniland) at the ISSS/ISAC Conference in Providence, RI, in October 2010.

Ph.D. candidate Jon Lindsay was appointed postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, San Diego, at the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, Program for the Study of Innovation and Technology in China.

Gautum Mukunda was appointed a National Science Foundation Synthetic Biology ERC Postdoctoral Fellow at CIS. He also spoke at the World Health Summit in Berlin in October on "The Security Implications of Synthetic Biology."

Ph.D. candidate Tara Maller presented her dissertation research on U.S. economic and diplomatic sanctions at the International Security Program Brown Bag Seminar at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government on December 2, 2010.

Arthur and Ruth Sloan Professor of Political Science Melissa Nobles delivered a lecture, "Transitional Justice in the American South: Preliminary Thoughts" at the University of Virginia Miller Center of Public Affairs, April 23, 2010. She also was a presenter at a forum for state legislators from the U.S. South on "the U.S. Department of Justice's Cold Case Initiative on Civil Rights-era Murders," sponsored by Northeastern University's Civil Rights and Restorative Justice Project and hosted by the University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service, November 10, 2010.

Arthur and Ruth Sloan Professor of Political Science Roger Petersen presented a talk on "Ethnic Status Hierarchy in Macedonia: A Comparative Perspective," at Columbia University for the Harriman Institute Conference "Macedonia Matters: Conflict, Coexistence, and Euro-Atlantic Integration in the South Balkans," October 15, 2010. He also spoke on "Understanding Western Intervention," at the London School of Economics’ Conflict Studies Lecture Series, October 26, 2010.

Ford International Professor of Political Science and director of the Center’s Security Studies Program Barry Posen was the keynote speaker at the ISSS/ISAC Conference in Providence, RI, in October 2010.

Ford International Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Studies Richard Samuels presented a conference paper (with Narushige Michishita) "Hugging and Hedging: Japanese Grand Strategy in the 21st Century," for a conference on "Worldviews of Major and Aspiring Powers: Exploring Foreign Policy Debates Abroad" at the Sigur Center, The George Washington University. He also made presentations based on the paper in Beijing (May 2010) and Moscow (November 2010). Other recent presentations include: "Kidnapping Politics" at the Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya, Israel, July 2010 and New York University November 2010; "Japanese Foreign and Security Policy" for an FPRI conference on "Regional Security in East Asia: Sustaining Stability, Coping with Conflict, Building Cooperation?"

Schenck
Erin Schenck
Erin Schenck, the MIT-Germany Program Coordinator, negotiated a grant from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research in order to establish an MIT-Germany Seed Fund. The new fund will offer research initiation grants to MIT faculty and their counterparts in Germany, and will encourage students to be actively involved in the collaborations. Priority will be given to proposals that address complex global issues, including health, the environment, energy and technological innovation. Support for the MIT-Germany Seed Fund—in the amount of 500,000 Euro—will be spread over five years beginning in 2011.

Ford International Professor of Political Science Ben Ross Schneider spoke on "Beyond the Institutional Consensus," at a roundtable presentation during the meetings of the Latin American Studies Association, Toronto, October 2010. He also gave a talk on "State Capitalism in Brazil?" at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, September 2010.

CIS Research Affiliate, Senior Research Scholar Sharon Stanton Russell, continues working on International Migration, and is an Associate Editor of the journal International Migration Review. She attended the Oxford University’s Global Migration Futures Project’s Stakeholders’ Workshop in The Hague at the end of June 2010.

Bish Sanyal and Larry Vale, both Ford International Professors of Urban Development and Planning, are leading an Institute-wide effort to create the graduate curriculum for a new University—the Indian Institute of Human Settlement in Bangalore, India. This project is being supported by the Rockefeller Foundation. Sanyal is also advising the Indian Planning Commission on national housing policy issues, particularly regarding the housing of low income urban residents. Sanyal has a third project with the Lincoln Land Institute in Cambridge, Mass, on land readjustment strategies for cities in developing countries. He also continues to head the program for mid-career planners from developing countries at MIT.

Talmadge
Caitlin Talmadge
Ph.D. candidate Caitlin Talmadge has accepted a tenure-track position as Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University. Her appointment begins in July 2011. She traveled to Iraqi Kurdistan as part of a delegation from the Center for a New American Security during March and April 2010. She presented a conference paper, "War Unending: Political-Military Relations and Battlefield Effectiveness in Iran and Iraq, 1980-1988," at the London School of Economics, September 23, 2010. She appeared on al-Jazeera's program "Empire" to discuss the U.S. defense budget in October 2010.

A year-long project involving case studies in Liberia, Aceh, Uganda, Colombia, Sri Lanka, and Israel/Palestine to evaluate the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, which promotes the inclusion of women in peace processes, was completed and presented at a series of public events. John Tirman, CIS executive director, and Sanam Anderlini, CIS research affiliate, co-directed the project, which was funded by the Norwegian and Irish governments and other donors. The study team presented to an overflow audience at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations and to a conference cosponsored by the U.S. Institute of Peace in Washington. The group also briefed staff at the National Security Council; Tirman and Anderlini presented at a conference at Harvard Law School; and Anderlini addressed a gender and conflict conference in Bogota. The project report, "What the Women Say: Participation and UNSCR 1325," is available on the CIS Web site.

Security Studies Program Research Associate Jim Walsh organized a working group on the regime transition in North Korea. He gave a paper at the ISSS/ISAC Conference in Providence, RI in October 2010, on the topic of Iran. He made numerous media appearances on such topics as nuclear proliferation, terrorism, North Korea, and Iran, on Fox, CNN, and NPR.

Weinberg
David Weinberg
Ph.D. Candidate David Weinberg presented a paper on "Hypotheses on Leadership Selection Intervention: How Great Powers Pick Sides Abroad" at the ISSS/ISAC Conference in Providence, RI, in October 2010.

Principal Research Scientists Cindy Williams and Owen Cote, Jr. ran the simulation "Complex Crisis in Southeast Asia," for the Senior Executives Course of the Department of Defense National Security Studies Program at the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, August 18-19, 2010 and September 24-25, 2010. Williams also presented a conference paper entitled "Who Will Serve: Personnel Needs for Future U.S. Forces," at an international conference on all volunteer forces organized by the Centre for International Studies and Research of Sciences (CERI) and sponsored by the French Ministry of Defense, Paris, France, June 25, 2010. She spoke on a panel entitled "Reassessing Our National Security Goals and Budget," at Conference, "The Nation’s Fiscal Choices," sponsored by Demos, the Economic Policy Institute, and the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities, in Washington, DC, October 5, 2010.

Published

Barton L. Weller Professor of Development Economics Alice Amsden, "Property Rights and Elites," WIDER (United Nations University) working paper #109.

Robert Art, Christian A. Herter Professor of International Relations at Brandeis University, "The United States and China: Implications for the Long Haul," Political Science Quarterly, Fall 2010.

Baktybek Beshimov, a visiting researcher at CIS, "Kyrgyzstan’s Hopes, and Fears," The Wall Street Journal, October 4, 2010 (with Sam Patten).

The Washington Consensus Reconsidered
Taylor Fravel in International Security
_______,"Kyrgyz Democracy’s Narrowing Window of Opportunity," Transitions Online, October 8, 2010.

Ph.D. Candidate Nathan Black, "Change We Can Fight Over: The Relationship between Arable Land Supply and Substate Conflict," Strategic Insights, Vol. IX, No. 1 (2010): 30-64.

M. Taylor Fravel, Cecil and Ida Green Career Development Associate Professor of Political Science, "China's Search for Assured Retaliation: Explaining the Evolution of China's Nuclear Strategy," International Security, Vol. 35, No. 2 (Fall 2010) (with Evan S. Medeiros.)

_______"The Limits of Diversion: Rethinking Internal and External Conflict," Security Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2 (May 2010), pp. 307-341

Ph.D. Candidate Benjamin Friedman, ed., Terrorizing Ourselves: Why U.S. Counterterrorism Policy Is Failing and How to Fix It (Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute Press) (with Christopher Preble and Jim Harper).

_______"Budgetary Savings from Military Restraint," Cato Policy Analysis no. 667, September 21, 2010. (with Christopher Preble).

_______"Drop Pretension to Supremacy," Politico.com, September 21, 2010. (with Christopher Preble).

_______"Frank Deserves Credit for Push to Cut Defense Spending," SouthCoastToday.com, July 1, 2010. 

_______"Defense Cuts: Start Overseas," Los Angeles Times, June 14, 2010. (with Christopher Preble).

Jeanne Guillemin, CIS affiliate with the Security Studies Program, "German Flooding of the Pontine Marshes: Bioterrorism or Environmental Crime?," cover story for Politics and the Life Sciences, Fall 2010. (with Erhard Geissler).

Technology and Culture
Jon Lindsay in Technology and Culture
Ph.D. Candidate Jon Lindsay, "War Upon the Map: User Innovation in American Military Software," Technology and Culture, Vol. 51, No. 3 (2010): 619-651.

Ph.D. Candidate Tara Maller, "Diplomacy Derailed: The Consequences of Diplomatic Sanctions," Washington Quarterly, Volume 33, No. 3.

_______"Diplomatic Sanctions as a U.S. Foreign Policy Tool: Helpful or Harmful?," PS: Political Science and Politics, Volume 43, No. 4.

Arthur and Ruth Sloan Professor of Political Science Melissa Nobles, "The Prosecution of Human Rights Violations," in the Annual Review of Political Science, Volume 13, 2010.

Ford International Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Studies Richard Samuels, "Kidnapping Politics in East Asia," Journal of East Asian Studies, Volume 10, No. 3 (November 2010).

_______"Japan, LLP," The National Interest, No. 107, May/June 2010 (with Robert Madsen.)

The Oxford Handbook of Business and Government
Ben Ross Schneider in The Oxford Handbook of Business and Government
Ford International Professor of Political Science Ben Ross Schneider, "Complementarities and Continuities in the Political Economy of Labor Markets in Latin America," Socio-Economic Review, 8, no. 4 (October 2010), pp. 623-51 (with Sebastian Karcher).

_______Business Politics in Latin America: Patterns of Fragmentation and Centralization," in The Oxford Handbook of Business and Government, David Coen, Wyn Grant, and Graham Wilson, eds. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

_______"Business Groups and the State: The Politics of Expansion, Restructuring, and Collapse," in The Oxford Handbook of Business Groups, Asli Colpan, Takashi Hikino, and James Lincoln, eds. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

_______"Crises and Institutional Origins: Business Associations in Latin America," in Explaining Institutional Innovation, Richard Doner, ed. (New York: SSRC, 2010).

David Andrew Singer, Associate Professor of Political Science, "Migrant Remittances and Exchange Rate Regimes in the Developing World," American Political Science Review, Vol. 104, No. 2 (May 2010): 307-323.

_______"Exchange Rate Proclamations and Inflation-Fighting Credibility," International Organization, Vol. 64 (Spring 2010): 313-337 (with Alexandra Guisinger).

_______"International Institutions and Domestic Compensation: The IMF and the Politics of Capital Account Liberalization," American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 54 (Jan. 2010) (with Bumba Mukherjee).

Ph.D. Candidate Caitlin Talmadge, "Under the Radar Rapprochement: Turkey and Iraqi Kurds," Foreignpolicy.com, June 24, 2010 (with Mara Karlin.)

Security Studies Program Research Associate Jim Walsh, "Pyongyang Policy Options: Instruments and Principles for Dealing with North Korea," Paper for The Tobin Project, pp. 1-28.



 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology