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Steering Group Members

Jacqueline Bhabha, Executive Director, Harvard University Committee on Human Rights Studies

Nazli Choucri, Political Science, MIT

Luise Druke, Visiting Professor, Suffolk University

Mari Fitzduff , Brandeis University, Program on Coexistence and Conflict

Anna Hardman, Committee Co-Chair, Economics, Tufts and MIT Affiliate

John Harris, Economics, Boston University

Karen Jacobsen, The Fletcher School and the Feinstein International Famine Center

Jennifer Leaning, Harvard School of Public Health

Peggy Levitt, Sociology, Wellesley College and Harvard

Robert Lucas, Economics, Boston University

Melissa Nobles, Political Science, MIT

Jerome Rothenberg, Economics, MIT

Sharon Stanton Russell, Center for International Studies, MIT

John Tirman, Executive Director, Center for International Studies, MIT

Reed Ueda, Committee Co-Chair, History, Tufts



 

Jacqueline Bhabha

Jacqueline Bhabha is the Jeremiah Smith Jr. lecturer in law at Harvard Law School, the executive director of the Harvard University Committee on Human Rights Studies and a lecturer on public policy at the Kennedy School of Government. From 1997 to 2001, she directed the Human Rights Program at the University of Chicago. Prior to 1997, she was a practicing human rights lawyer in London, and at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. She received a first class honours degree and an M.Sc from Oxford University, and a J.D. from the College of Law in London. She has just published a series of international research reports, entitled Seeking Asylum Alone (2006), on unaccompanied and separated child asylum seekers. Her writing on issues of migration and asylum in Europe and the U.S. include a co-authored book, Women’s Movement: Women Under Immigration, Nationality and Refugee Law (1994), an edited volume, Asylum Law And Practice in Europe and North America (1992), several book chapters including Border Rights and Rites in an edited volume on women and immigration law and many articles including Get Back to Where You Once Belonged: Identity, Citizenship and Exclusion in Europe (1998), Inconsistent State Intervention and Separated Child Asylum Seekers (2001), Internationalist Gatekeepers? The tension between asylum advocacy and human rights (2002), and The Citizenship Deficit: On Being a Citizen Child (2003). She is currently working on issues of transnational child migration, trafficking, adoption and citizenship. She teaches international human rights and refugee law. She serves on the board of the US section of International Social Services and the Journal of Refugee Studies. [Back to top]

 

Nazli Choucri

Nazli Choucri, Professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is Director of the Global System for Sustainable Development (GSSD), a multi-lingual knowledge networking system to facilitate the provision and uses of knowledge for the management of dynamic strategic challenges. To date, GSSD is mirrored (i.e. synchronized and replicated) in China, Europe, and the Middle East in Chinese, Arabic, French, and English. A member of the MIT faculty for over thirty years, Professor Choucri's area of expertise is on modalities of conflict and violence in international relations, focusing particularly on the role that population and migration may play in transforming competition into conflict and violence. She served as General Editor of the International Political Science Review and is the founding Editor of the MIT Press Series on Global Environmental Accord. The author of nine books and numerous articles, Professor Choucri's present research focus is on 'connectivity for sustainability', including e-learning, e-commerce, and e-development strategies. She is currently Associate Director of MIT's Technology and Development Program, and Head of the Middle East Program. She has been involved in research, consulting, and advisory work for national and international agencies, and in many countries, including: Abu Dhabi, Algeria, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Japan, Kuwait, Mexico, North Yemen, Pakistan, Qatar, Sudan, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey. [Back to top]

Luise Druke

Luise Druke is Visiting Professor and Co-Chair of the UN Senior Lecturer Program at Suffolk University. Professor Druke who is also a faculty member at Leibniz University Hannover focuses on IR, UN and humanitarian governance studies, interdisciplinary analyses of international and European law, public policy, humanitarian issues, international migration and refugee policy. She headed UNHCR offices and operations in Europe, South East Asia and Central Asia, Latin America, Africa, since 1977 for nearly thirty years, after which she joined the MIT’s Program on Human Rights and Justice (PHRJ) as fellow and completed her last UNHCR project. Professor Druke holds a doctoral degree, completed as Fellow at Harvard University, and graduate degrees from Harvard’s KSG, Webster University and Brussels. She remains involved in lectures, conferences and research at Paris X, Harvard and MIT and continues to participate in several research initiatives, including the Scientific Board of the Centre for European Refugees, Migration and Ethnic Studies (CERMES); the Academic Council of the United Nations System (ACUNS); the German United Nations Association; the American Association of International Law (ASIL), the Intl. Political Science Association (IPSA) and the UN Studies Working Group. Her publications include Preventive Action for Refugee Producing Situations, 1993, Housing and Property Restitution for Returnees in Tajikistan", in: RSQ, 2000, Oxford University Press; "International Protection of Refugees and European Judicial Control of Asylum?" Institute of Public Int’l. Law and Int’l. Relations, Thessaloniki, 2000 and “Refugee Policy in EURASIA”, 2006. [Back to top]

 

Mari Fitzduff

Mari Fitzduff is Professor and Director of the MA program on Coexistence and Conflict at Brandeis. From 1990-1997 she was the first chief executive of the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council, which was at the forefront in developing governmental policies and local community programs to tackle many decades of violent conflict. More recently she served as director of UNU/INCORE, a United Nations University center and one of the worlds leading organizations for research on conflict. The center was based at the University of Ulster, where she was chair of conflict studies. She has served as a consultant and trainer on conflict programs in the Middle East, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Basque country, and the CIS states. She is frequently utilized as an international expert by governments and international organizations on issues of conflict and diversity. Her many publications include Community Conflict Skills, Beyond Violence: Conflict Resolution Processes in Northern Ireland, a UNU/Brookings book which has won an American Library Associations Notable Book award; and coauthor, with Cheyanne Church of NGOs at the Table with Cheyanne Church; and she is coeditor of a 3 vol. series on The Psychology of Resolving Global Conflicts: From War to Peace due for publication in 2005.  From 1990-1997 she was the first Chief Executive of the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council, which was at the forefront in developing governmental policies and local community programs to tackle many decades of violent conflict. More recently she served as Director of UNU/INCORE, which was a United Nations University center, and one of the worlds leading organizations for research on conflict. The center was based at the University of Ulster, where she was Chair of Conflict Studies. She has also served as a consultant and trainer on conflict program in the Middle East, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Basque country, and the CIS states. She is frequently utilized as an international expert by many governments, and by international organizations on issues of conflict and diversity. [Back to top]

 

Anna Hardman

Anna Hardman, Co-Chair of the Inter-University Committee on International Migration is an urban economist and a Research Affiliate at the Center for International Studies at MIT. She is a Lecturer at Tufts University in the Department of Economics where she teaches undergraduate courses on the economics of international migration and on urban economics. Her current research addresses first, linkages between housing tenure, housing investment, and migration among Mexican and Dominican migrants to the United States, (using micro-data from the Mexican and Latin American Migration Projects) and second, the application of economics to understanding forced migration flows. She is co-author of a book and a report for the Minority Rights Group on migrant workers in Europe and has worked on consulting projects for the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, the World Bank, and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat). [Back to top]

 

John Harris

John Harris is a founding member and participant in the Inter-University Committee on International Migration since its inception in 1974. He has published on both theoretical and empirical aspects of rural-urban migration in developing economies and is co-author of the well- known "Harris-Todaro" model of migration. His research and advisory work on migration have included activities in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Nigeria, Botswana, Somalia, Sudan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. In recent years his research has focused on adjustment processes, including the role of informal (parallel) markets and of migrant remittances. He has also been working on labor market adjustment and financial reforms in Indonesia. Professor Harris was a member of the Economics Department at MIT from 1966-1975 and served as Associate Director of MIT's Special Program for Urban and Regional Studies of Developing Areas (SPURS) from 1972-1975. Since 1975, he has been a Professor of Economics at Boston University and served as Director of its African Studies Program from 1975-1988. He has also held research positions in Nigeria, Kenya, and Indonesia. [Back to top]

 

Karen Jacobsen

Karen Jacobsen is Visiting Associate Professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and the Director of the Refugees and Forced Migration Program, a joint program of the Fletcher School and the Feinstein International Famine Center at Tufts University. Professor Jacobsen's work focuses on the livelihoods of refugees and other forced migrants, with a particular interest in how microfinance can support people's livelihoods in conflict situations. She is also working on a book about the history, politics, and economics of refugee camps. This research explores how refugee camps have evolved as the main institutional response to refugees and considers the successes and failures of this response. Professor Jacobsen recently completed a study for UNHCR that focused on self-settled refugees and whether local integration can be a solution for refugees in protracted situations. Professor Jacobsen's earlier research has addressed issues of security and protection issues for refugees and relief workers in refugee camps, and ways to improve protection. Her past research has explored the environmental impact of refugees in asylum countries, particularly the effect of patterns of refugee settlement on environmental outcomes. [Back to top]

 

Jennifer Leaning

Jennifer Leaning, M.D., S.M.H., is Professor of the Practice of International Health at the Harvard School of Public Health and Senior Advisor for International and Policy Studies at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. She directs the Program on Humanitarian Crises and Human Rights, based at the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights. Dr. Leaning is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and an attending physician in the Emergency Department of Brigham and Women's Hospital. She holds degrees from Radcliffe College, the Harvard School of Public Health, and the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, and is board certified in both internal medicine and emergency medicine. Her research and policy interests include problems of international human rights and humanitarian law; humanitarian crises; human security; public health preparedness; and medical ethics in practical settings of disasters and emergencies. Dr. Leaning has field experience in and has written widely on problems of disaster response and human rights (particularly in the Middle East, former USSR, Somalia, the African Great Lakes area, Albania, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Sudan). She serves on the board of directors of Physicians for Human Rights, Physicians for Social Responsibility, The Humane Society of the United States, and the Massachusetts Bay Chapter of the American Red Cross.[Back to top]

 

Peggy Levitt

Peggy Levitt is associate Professor of Sociology at Wellesley College and a Research Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and the Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations at Harvard University. She is currently directing a comparative, historical study of transnational migration to the Boston metropolitan area funded by the Ford Foundation. Her book, The Transnational Villagers, was published by the University of California Press in 2001. Her next book, The Changing Face of Home: The Transnational Lives of the Second Generation (edited with Mary Waters), is forthcoming from the Russell Sage Foundation. [Back to top]

 

Robert E.B. Lucas

Robert E.B. Lucas is a citizen of the UK, educated at the London School of Economics and MIT. He is currently Professor of Economics at Boston University, a Research Affiliate at the Center for International Studies, MIT. Professor Lucas's research interests include internal and international migration, labor and human resources, industry, environment, and international trade, primarily in developing economies. This research has encompassed several countries in Asia and Africa, including India, Malaysia, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Egypt. Professor Lucas has served as a consultant to the World Bank, USAID, and ILO, and as Chief Technical Adviser to the Malaysia Human Resources Development Program. Professor Lucas's recent works on migration include a book entitled "International Migration and Economic Development", which is forthcoming with Elgar Press in August 2005, and a paper on African migration presented at a conference in Nairobi in May 2005, which will appear in the Journal of African Economies. [Back to top]

 

Melissa Nobles

Melissa Nobles is Associate Professor of Political Science at MIT. Her research and teaching interests include the comparative study of racial and ethnic politics in the United States, Latin America, Europe, and Africa. Her book, Shades of Citizenship: Race and the Census in Modern Politics (Stanford University Press, 2000) examines the political origins and consequences of racial categorization in demographic censuses in the United States and Brazil. Both countries have long histories of immigration, both voluntary and involuntary, that are reflected in the politically contentious battles over census categories and the uses of census data. She is currently working on a book-length manuscript that examines the political uses of official apologies in comparative perspective. [Back to top]

 

Jerome Rothenberg

Jerome Rothenberg is Professor Emeritus in the MIT Department of Economics. He conducts research in urban and environmental economics, socioeconomic sustainability, migration, public sector economics (especially cost-benefit analysis), welfare economics, and public choice and decision theory. In addition to many professional articles, some of his books are The Maze of Urban Housing, The Measurement of Social Welfare, and The Economics of Urban Renewal. Professor Rothenberg is currently developing two models. The first is a highly disaggregated model of international and intra-national migration, emphasizing the specific circumstances of individuals (personal, labor market, family, social institutions, and setting) as the perspective from which to evaluate alternative long-run opportunities, where information is important but inadequate and biased. The second is a large computer simulation model of international long-term growth and welfare, in which international migration is a response to substantial differences in per capita national welfare. Such migration tends to generate origin-destination clustering. Accumulation of such clustering configurations over time generates governmental defensive actions against migration in host countries and can provoke international stress between nations. [Back to top]

 

Sharon Stanton Russell

Sharon Stanton Russell, a political scientist and Senior Research Scholar at the Center for International Studies, MIT, served as Director of the Mellon-MIT Inter-University Program on Non-Governmental Organizations and Forced Migration from 1997 to 2005 and Chair of the Steering Group of the Inter-University Committee on International Migration from 1999 to 2005. Her research and publications focus on global migration trends and policies, the relationship of migration to development, and forced migration. Her publications include “International Migration: Global Trends and National Responses;” “Migration Patterns of US Foreign Policy Interest;” “Migrant Remittances and Development;” International Migration and International Trade; International Migration and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa, and Demography and National Security, co-edited with the late Myron Weiner. Dr. Russell has been a member of two United Nations Expert Groups on international migration and has consulted extensively on migration policy issues with private foundations and UN organizations. She is a member of the Centre Advisory & Review Group (CARG) of the Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalization and Poverty, University of Sussex. Dr. Russell served on the Expert Panel on Global Population Projections (1998-2000) and the Roundtable on the Demography of Forced Migration (1999-2004), both convened by the Committee on Population of the US National Academy of Sciences.[Back to top]

 

John Tirman

John Tirman is Executive Director of MIT's Center for International Studies. Tirman is author, or coauthor and editor, of nine books on international security issues, including the The Maze of Fear: Security and Migration After 9/11 (The New Press, 2004), and Spoils of War: The Human Cost of America's Arms Trade (1997).  In addition, he has published more than 100 articles in periodicals such as the New York Times, Washington Post, World Policy Journal, Esquire, Wall Street Journal, Boston Review, and International Herald Tribune. Before coming to MIT in 2004, he was a program director at the Social Science Research Council. From 1986 to 1999, Tirman was executive director of the Winston Foundation for World Peace, a leading funder of work to prevent nuclear war and promote non-violent resolution of conflict. He is recipient of the U.N. Association's Human Rights Award, and serves as a trustee of several NGOs. In 1999-2000, Tirman was Fulbright Senior Scholar in Cyprus and produced an educational Web site on the conflict (http://www.cyprus-conflict.net).  His doctorate is in political science from Boston University (1981).[Back to top]

 

Reed Ueda

Reed Ueda, Co-Chair of the Inter-University Committee on International Migration is Professor of History at Tufts University and a former Visiting Professor at Harvard and Brandeis. He is an Associate of the Center for American Political Studies at Harvard and a member of the Immigration Fellows Cluster of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Professor Ueda was Research Editor of the Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups (1980), and he has explored migration, acculturation, and social mobility in numerous books and articles. He is editing (with Mary C. Waters and Helen Marrow) The New Americans (Harvard University Press) and The Companion to American Immigration (Blackwell). Professor Ueda has been awarded fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Woodrow Wilson International Center, and the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History at Harvard University. He is also Associate Editor of the Journal of Interdisciplinary History (MIT Press).[Back to top]

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