SEMINARS AND COLLOQUIA
Sea Trade Route Project
Fred Hiebert discusses Black Sea Archaeology -
For the past 70 years, the geopolitical situation divided the Black Sea. Was this just a Cold War phenomenon, or is it an historical fact? Some research questions and points to ponder:
Pastoral cultures from the steppes of Eurasia spread to the northeast
Agricultural cultures also spread
What were the east-west links and when did they develop?
The Indo-European language is believed to have originated on the steppes. Colin Renfrew argues that it could have originated in Anatolia. Might it have been a circum-pontic trade language?
Chronology of Black Sea coastal settlement, evident from the archaeological record:
3300 B.C. - Probably the earliest circum-pontic intensification, trade believed to have been conducted via coast-hugging small vessels.
2600 B.C. - North-south trade corridor seems to be open since similarities exist between settlement sites in the north and south. The city-state of Troy controls the trade exiting the Black Sea.
1500 B.C. - Hittite period. Elite trade carried out, relating to both Caucuses and Aegean cultures. The Ulu Burun wreck, dating to approximately 1300 B.C. held a gold chalice that may reflect styles crafted along the western coast of the Black Sea.
A steep increase in trade occurred in the 7th to 8th centuries B.C. when the region became a Greek interaction area. This trade and east-west interaction ebbed and flowed over the following centuries. Question: Why is trade cyclical?
By around 950 A.D. settlement sites around the Black Sea indicate similar culture existed throughout the region.
Why conduct investigations at Sinop?
Bob Ballard on strategies for investigating offshore at Sinop:
Archaeological and engineering research questions driving this project and future endeavors:
What would an ROV optimized for archaeological projects do? What capabilities should it have?