Letter of the month: August 1998
Date: Tue, 18 Aug 1998 18:32:54 PDT
From: "Cooper, Krystal" <Krystal.Cooper@usa.xerox.com>
Subject: what's the difference between.....
Hi I was wondering I am trying to learn more about masons, can you
tell me what the difference us between a free and accepted mason and an
ancient free and accepted mason.
also regarding prince hall was he american or english
what was the name of the person or people
who inducted him and the other men into
To: "Cooper, Krystal" <Krystal.Cooper@usa.xerox.com>
Subject: Re: what's the difference between.....
In-reply-to: Your message of "Tue, 18 Aug 1998 18:32:54 PDT."
Thanks for writing.
The modern era of Masonry began in London England in 1717 when four
old lodges joined together and called themselves Grand Lodge of Free and
Accepted Masons, and claimed jurisdiction over all Masons. Some other
lodges (in London and elsewhere in England) joined in with this new
grand lodge plan, but others did not.
The ones who didn't said that the new idea of a grand lodge was a
"modern" invention, and against the "ancient" principles of Masonry.
But eventually, they formed their own rival organization, called
themselves "Ancient" or "Antient" Freemasons, and called their rivals
Lodges that were formed under the Ancient's grand lodge took the
initials AF&AM for "Ancient Free and Accepted Masons". Lodges that
formed under the "Moderns" took the initials F&AM, for "Free and
Accepted Masons" (without the Ancient).
Eventually (within the next 20 years) Masonry spread from England to
the USA (and to Europe). In the US, some lodges got their charters
(permission to form and work) from the Modern grand lodge, and some from
the Ancient. Eventually, each state in the US had its own grand lodge,
descended either directly or indirectly (through another state) from the
original Modern or Ancient grand lodges. So each grand lodge in the US
has the initials AF&AM or F&AM (sometimes written as FAAM) after its
name, depending on how it originated, and all the lodges under that
grand lodge have the same initials it does.
Meanwhile, back in England, there was a Grand Union of both of the
old grand lodges (1813), and they became the United Grand Lodge of
England -- so now all English lodges take the initials UGLE. And in the
US, there was a reconciliation between the ancients and moderns sometime
after the Revolutionary War, so that now, even though we use different
initials, we all recognize each other and can visit and even join each
} also regarding prince hall was he american or english
The biographic history of Prince Hall is hard to untangle. A census
of Boston from his time shows that there were at least a few people in
the city with that same name. The official biography of him as accepted
by the Prince Hall Masons states that he was a free Black tradesmen,
originally from, I think, Barbados or British West Indies. In any case,
he was definitely living in Boston when he was initiated into Masonry.
} what was the name of the person or people
} who inducted him and the other men into
I have the following from Bro. Timothy Johnson's web-site at http://www.geocities.com/TimesSquare/1914/mason.htm
Black Freemasonry began when Prince Hall and fourteen
other free black men were initiated into Lodge No. 441,
Irish Constitution, attached to the 38th Regiment of
Foot, British Army Garrisoned at Castle William (now
Fort Independence) Boston Harbor on March 6, 1775. The
Master of the Lodge was Sergeant John Batt. Along with
Prince Hall, the other newly made masons were Cyrus
Johnson, Bueston Slinger, Prince Rees, John Canton,
Peter Freeman, Benjamin Tiler, Duff Ruform, Thomas
Santerson, Prince Rayden, Cato Speain, Boston Smith,
Peter Best, Forten Howard and Richard Titley.
I hope that answers your questions. If you have others, please write
| Gary L. Dryfoos | MPS; B'hood of the Blue Forget-Me-Not;
| P.O.Box 425400, Camb, MA 02142 | PM: Ocean Lodge AF&AM, Saugus GL Mass.
| http://web.mit.edu/dryfoo/Masonry/ | & Mt. Scopus Lodge AF&AM, Malden ""
| w: 617.253-0184 f: 617.258-6875 | Internet Lodge #9659, East Lancs UGLE
| "...one sacred band, or society of Friends and Brothers, among
| whom no contention should ever exist, save that noble contention,
| or rather emulation, of who best can work and best agree."
[More information about AF&AM" vs
"F&AM" from the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon.]
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