Copied below is the Hungary Section from Volume Two of
"Freemasonry Universal - A new Guide to the Masonic
World", published January 2000. Full details http://www.netlink.com.au/~kent/
Regards to all,
Kent Henderson, PGSwdB
Global Masonic Publications: http://www.netlink.com.au/~kent/
European Concept Lodges Home Pages: http://central.austasia.net/masonic/
Aust. & NZ Masonic Research Council: http://www.freeyellow.com/members6/anzmrc/
The Symbolic Grand Lodge of Hungary
(Magyarorsz=E1gi Szimb=F3likus Nagyp=E1holy)
Founded: 1989. Descent: Germany, Austria.
Address: Masonic Centre, L=F6v=F6lde t=E9r 2, H - 1071 Budapest.
Postal Address: P. O. Box 395, H - 1446 Budapest, Hungary.
Telephone & FAX: (36 1) 322 7339.
Lodges: 7. Membership: 170.
As part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the history of Freemasonry in
this area parallels that of all Central Europe. The first Hungarian
Lodge is claimed for Brasso, Transylvania, in 1749, although little is
known of it. There were certainly military-type lodges working in
Hungary by the 1770's, notably to the twin cities of Buda and Pest, and
a lodge is documented in Pozsony in 1775. Hungarian lodges were united
with those of Austria in 1781 under a Provincial Grand Lodge, which
functioned until 1786. The Hungarian Emperor started to suppress
Masonry about 1780, and in 1795 lodges were dissolved by Imperial Edict.
Hungary became a separate kingdom in 1867, enabling Freemasonry to
re-establish. Seven lodges were erected under the Grand Lodge Zur Sonne
of Bayreuth, Germany, and in 1870 they formed a National Grand Lodge
(often called The Grand Lodge of St. John). A Grand Orient was erected
separately in 1872 by several lodges chartered by the Grand Orient of
France. These two bodies united in March 1886 to create The Symbolic
Grand Lodge of Hungary, then comprising twenty-six lodges.
By the First World War, the Grand Lodge possessed thirty-two lodges
in Budapest and fifty-one in wider Hungary, with over 7000 members. The
Grand Lodge was widely recognized as regular throughout the Masonic
world. Sadly, the Grand Lodge was dissolved by decree in 1920, and by
the end of the Second World War there were only about 300 Masons left in
the country. The Grand Lodge was revived in 1946, and made very rapid
progress, and by 1950 membership had recovered to 1500, although the
communist takeover in 1948 saw a large increase in Masonic emigration.
On 12 June 1950, the secret police occupied and confiscated the Grand
Lodge building in Budapest, and the Grand Lodge was forcibly dissolved.
Thereafter, a Masonic Aid Fund for Hungary was set up under the
sponsorship of the Austrian and German Grand lodges, which cared for
Masons in Hungary. Hungarian Masonic refugees set up lodges in Canada,
Argentina, Brazil, France, and Austria.
The perestroika of the mid-1980s enabled Hungarian Masons to travel
again, and more importantly; it enabled younger Hungarian to join
Freemasonry overseas, thus adding considerable strength to Masonic
membership in the country. Upon the legalization of Freemasonry in
September 1989 following the fall of the communist regime, plans were
made to resuscitate the Grand Lodge. Four lodges were chartered just
over the border in Austria, and these were transferred to Budapest on 27
December 1989, and the Symbolic Grand Lodge of Hungary reconsecrated
under the sponsorship of the Grand Lodge of Austria. Fraternal
recognition has followed from many Grand Lodges, and this process
continues. The United Grand Lodge of England recognized the revived
Grand Lodge in September 1990. The Grand Lodge celebrated 250 years of
masonry in Hungary in 1999.
Notes for Visitors
Hungarian Lodges use a form of the Schroeder Ritual, and with two
exceptions, work in the Hungarian language. All lodges work from
September to mid June, recessing in July and August. Lodge De=ABk
presently meets weekly (except immediately before and after Christmas),
while other lodges meet formally twice per month. The two most recent
lodges in Hungary are Lodge Liszt, consecrated on 15 May 1999 to work in
German, and St. Stephen's Lodge, consecrated on 18 June 1999, to work in
English, using the English Oxford Ritual. As with Austria, Hungarian
lodges are named, but are not numbered.
All lodges usually open at 6.00 pm, except Lodge Egyenl=F4s=E9g and
Lodge Galilei which normally commence at 5.30 pm. Dress is a dark
lounge suit, and visitors are encouraged to bring and wear their own
regalia. A light meal, with wine, often follows a meeting, with the
repast lasting about one to one and a half hours.
List of Lodges
Listed below are the common meeting days of the Hungarian lodges.
However, these should be taken as a guide only, as meeting days can
vary. For example, a lodge meeting fortnightly, depending on the
calendar, may convene three times in a month. Lodges in Budapest meet
at the Masonic Centre, L=F6v=F6lde t=E9r 2, H - 1071 BudapeSt. Lodge
=C1rp=E1d currently meets at 42 Temesvari Court, Szeged (on the Hungary
- Serbia border).
Education sessions and masonic lectures comprise most meetings, with
degree ceremonies in Hungarian-speaking lodges being held no more than
once per month, if that frequently. St. Stephen's lodge regularly holds
a degree ceremony monthly (usually at its first meeting of the month),
and normally holds a Lodge of Instruction two or three times per month.
The Grand Lodge of Hungary does publish a calendar of lodge work at
intervals, which sets out the meeting dates and work of each lodge.
Visitors to Budapest can readily obtain a copy from the Grand Secretary.
- Lodge De=E1k Ferenc -- Meets at Budapest, every Thursday
- Lodge Egyenl=F4s=E9g -- Meets at Budapest, 1st and 3rd Mondays
- Lodge Galilei -- Meets at Budapest, 2nd and 4th Tuesdays
- Lodge Sas -- Meets at Budapest, 2nd and 4th Wednesdays
- Lodge =C1rp=E1d a Testv=E9ris=E9ghez -- Meets at Szeged, 1st and
- Lodge Liszt -- Meets at Budapest, 2nd Mondays, and 3rd or 4th
- St. Stephen's Lodge -- Meets at Budapest, 2nd and 4th Tuesdays
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