|Reguation and Governance Papers
We have completed a series of papers and theses concerning regulation
and governance. Below are links to the full text of these papers,
which cross the boundaries of multiple projects.
with Accountability: An Experiment in Environmental Governance - Matthew Amengual
a More Deliberative Port Planning: The “Vision and Daring” of
Environmental NGOs in Negotiations on the Second Maasvlakte,
Port of Rotterdam, the Netherlands - Sarah
and Organizational Learning: Towards a New Orientation for Environmental
Steven M. Lanou
Casting Environmental Governance:
The Evolution of Regulatory Relationships in the Wisconsin foundry
Emily C. Rubenstein
realization of the magnitude of change that sustainability
requires of modern society and of the inadequacy of present-day command-and-control
regulatory mechanisms makes clear the need for a new approach to environmental
management and innovation. Public entrepreneurship responds to this need.
It acknowledges shifts in institutional resources among private sector
and citizens groups that have moved the locus of initiative and change
outside the state. Policy development increasingly occurs in an intermediate
arena that is neither governmental nor private but is encompassed by networks
of public entrepreneurs from both public and private organizations. These
networks can drive innovation by creating an environment of trust and competence
that turn the need to ascertain what is known into the initiative to realize
what is possible. It is this initiative that produces new environmentally
friendly technologies and effectively delpoys existing technologies.
The Public Entrepreneruship
Network (PEN) framework was developed through collaboration between
scholars at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and University
of Tokyo, and officials at the Strategic Planning Division of
the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spacial Planning and the Environment.
The framework is currently being used by the Wisconsin Department
of Natural Resources for designing new regulatory arrangements
to promote innovation. Our work seeks to characterize these networks
through case studies to help stimulate their formation and success.
These cases include accounts of innovation and growth in public
transportation, carsharing, and solar power.
Click here to read more about Public Entrepreneurship
ETP is closely involved with the Wisconsin Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) on developing innovative strategies for a wide range
of environmental issues including regulatory compliance, corporate
environmental stewardship, urban infill development, building strong
regional transit bases, and sustainable agriculture. We are building
on the relationship formed through the collaboration on PEN research
to create a program of comparative research on practice through
partnerships with The Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific
Research (TNO) and Erasmus University in the Netherlands that creates
ties with the Dutch institutions National Institute for Sustainable
Development (NIDO) and the National Expertise Bureau for Innovative
Policy Making (XPIN). Framing and analyzing the research in collaboration
with these partners will ensure that the results connect with the
experience of practitioners.
Click here to read more about the
Wisconsin Partnership Projects
the Rotterdamse Ruit
Randstad (the collection of Dutch"Ring Cities" that include
Amsterdam,Rotterdam, and the Hague) is one of the most fertile grounds
in the world for research into land use planning and sustainable
development. The Ranstad has the combination of knowledge infrastructure,
cultural resources, and environmental quality necessary to thrive
in changing economic conditions. Yet the infrastructure that should
tie these resources together and enhance their value increasingly
threatens to overshadow the underlying strengths of the region.
The Rotterdamse Ruit provides a tangible example of this spiral
of decline as it incrementally turns from a majory artery of the
urban economy into a divisive barrier. The congestion, fragmentation,
and sprawl that the Ruit currently disrupts ties among cities, the
port, and the countryside and contributes to ethnic tensions and
social conflict. The combined effect is a gradual disuption of the
professional, technical, and social networks that drive economic
vitality and the Ruit's image as an attractive home for new firms.
This research looks to contribute to reversing these trends by
organizing a societal process of communication, reflection, analysis
and design that will generate a long term perspective and a program
practical steps that are both supported by government, the business
community, and civil society. Our focus is the Rotterdamse Ruit,
building on the 1999 Rotterdam Mobility Conference which identified
identified the 'Rotterdamse Ruit' as a priority. This work involves
the collaboration of scholars from the the Technical University
Delft, Erasmus University, and the Dutch Laboratory for Applied
Science, the Netherlands Institute of Housing and Planning, and
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Origins of the European Food Safety Authority
project focuses on institutional development and the social management
of uncertainty in policy decision making, using the specific case
of the genesis and development of the British Food Standards Agency
(FSA) to demonstrate its findings. The FSA was borne of the highly
public food scandals of the late 1990s (salmonella in eggs, Belgian
chickens, mad cow disease, GMOs in food, hoof-and-mouth disease).
An exceptionally wide array of groups weigh in on these types of
issues leading to a new form of public discourse on policy areas
that have formerly been managed primarily by scientific experts
from within government agencies.
However, according to Dutch officials in the Ministry of Housing,
Spatial Planning and Environment, "these days a not-interactive
policy process is no longer a viable option. Society can and will
go ahead and organize an interactive debate by itself. If public
authorities do not choose to play a leading role... chances are
they‘ll end up with a role they do not want.” The professionals
and public officials who work on environmental protection are struggling
to figure out how to respond to new sustained critiques of practice.
They find themselves needing to interact with groups that are organized
in new ways and that raise problems (e.g. urban environmental health,
ecosystem health, environmental justice) that do not comport with
established categories of practice.
These trends converge to produce awareness of the limits of knowledge
and the uncertainties that set the context for action, or in plainer
terms, an “awareness of our unawareness.” The combination
of radical uncertainty, moral complexity, and social explosiveness
creates the tensions and pressures that are reshaping the context
of administrative action. It contributes to a deeply felt unease
among citizens about the possibilities of effective and responsible
state power that has practical implications for public institutions.
It is forcing policy makers rethink the way in which uncertainties
are dealt with socially and institutionally. The FSA is a bureaucratic
response to these developments from which many lessons can be learned
that are relevant to all public decision making involving risk and