this          is          the          homepage          of

Amanda Sickafoose (formerly Gulbis)

at      MIT



"For the Oneida, one of the original six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, a traditional oral poem describes an ancient time when, due to overcrowding, their people decided to move. The decision was made quickly and without regard to the fact that the place they chose was inhabited by a large number of wolves. At first they were content with the new location until wolves began to appear more frequently at the edge of the village, and people began to fear for the lives of their children. Soon wolves became so bold that the men of the village spent all their time and energy driving them off, leaving no time for hunting. They knew that with great effort over a period of years they could kill the wolves, but they feared that such an endeavor would leave them a changed people, more concerned with altering life to suit their purposes than regarding themselves as but another member of earth's natural order. As a result, they chose to move away and leave the land to the wolves. From that time forth, whenever a critical decision had to be made concerning the future, the Oneida considered 'how much was enough and how much was too much.' Someone would rise and pose the question: 'Tell me now my brothers! Tell me now my sisters! Who speaks for the Wolf?'"

from The Great American Wolf by Bruce Hampton



Denali National Park, AK. Photo courtesy of J.L. Sickafoose, 2003.