The New Congress & US Foreign Policy:
Security, Trade, Human Rights, & the Environment
Thursdays / January 9, 16, 23, 30, 2003 / 7 p.m.
[Directions to the Seminar Room]
Michael Capuano, a Democrat, is currently serving his third term
as Representative for the Eighth Congressional District of Massachusetts
(Cambridge, Somerville, Chelsea, and most of Boston). He was first
elected to this office in November of 1998. Congressman Capuano
serves on the House Democratic Leadership team as both a Regional Whip
and a member of the House Democratic Steering and Policy Committee.
Among other things, he is a member of the House Human Rights Caucus;
the International Workers' Rights Caucus; the Missing and Exploited
Children's Caucus; and the Congressional Friends of Human Rights
Monitors. Among his legislative initiatives is an effort to assist women
who are victims of rape during times of conflict or war. Rep. Capuano
was educated at Somerville High School, Dartmouth College, and
Boston College Law School. Prior to his service in Congress, he
served the people of Somerville as Alderman and then as Mayor.
Mickey Edwards was a member of Congress for 16 years and Chair
of the House Republican Policy Committee, the fourth-ranking Republican
leadership position in the House of Representatives. He is now the John
Quincy Adams Lecturer in Legislative
Practice at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. His research
and teaching specialties are the US Congress, American election
campaigns, political leadership, and conservative political
philosophy, and he is a frequent participant in
seminars on civic virtue and the role of the press in shaping
public policy. A founding trustee of the Heritage Foundation, he
has served as Co-Chair of a joint Brookings Institution/Council on
Foreign Relations Task Force on International Affairs and has
directed several other national projects for organizations such as
the 20th Century Fund and the Soros Foundation. He is the author
of three books, writes a weekly newspaper column on public
affairs, and has been a regular political commentator on National
Daniel R. Glickman
has spent more than 25 years in public service on both the federal
and local levels, including 18 years in the United States House of
Representatives, where he served as a member of the House
Agriculture Committee, the House Judiciary Committee, and as
chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.
In 1995, President Clinton named Glickman Secretary of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture. After leaving the Cabinet in January
2001, Glickman became a partner at a law firm in Washington, where
he advised clients on matters ranging from food and agriculture to
biotechnology and international trade. He is now Director of the
Institute of Politics at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard.
Juan Esteban Orduz has just completed four years as Minister,
Deputy Chief of Mission, at the Embassy of Colombia in Washington, D.C.,
where, among other things, he worked to obtain U.S. support for
Plan Colombia and the renewal and enhancement of the Andean Trade
Preferences Act. In previous diplomatic service he was the Consul
General of Colombia in Frankfurt. An attorney and specialist in
finance, Mr. Orduz has worked in the private sector,
including a stint as Legal Vice President of Cemex Colombia. He
has also been involved in Colombian politics: he served as Chief of
Staff to the Minister of Economic Development in Bogotá; and
when Andres Pastrana sought the presidency of Colombia in 1994 and
1998, he served as a campaign advisor. Mr. Orduz has a law degree
from El Rosario University and a degree in finance from Los Andes
University. Currently at Harvard, he is pursuing research
on U.S. relations with Colombia and Latin America.
In addition to Secretary Glickman, Congressman Edwards, and Dr. Orduz,
some of our participants from academia have also served in Washington:
Professor Robert Lawrence was on
the President's Council of Economic Advisors in the Clinton White House
and before that an advisor to the Congressional Budget Office; while
Juliette Kayyem served as a legal advisor to the
Attorney General of the United States.
Kevin Batt is an attorney at Palmer & Dodge in Boston. A
former conservation manager for the city of Austin, Texas, he has
represented numerous public- and private-sector clients in cases
involving preservation of open space and conservation land, coastal
access rights, zoning disputes, and clean-up of hazardous materials.
Before he entered private practice, Mr. Batt clerked for the
Honorable Margaret H. Marshall in the 1997-1998 term of the
Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Fluent in Spanish and
holding a master's degree in anthropology, Mr. Batt is a member of
Tonantzin (the Boston Committee to Support the Native Peoples of
Mexico), a human-rights advocacy group that works primarily in the
southern Mexican state of Chiapas. He first lived in Chiapas in 1968,
where he taught elementary school in a Tzeltal-speaking village.
Together with priests, nuns, lay people and indigenous leaders, he
helped set up 23 small schools in the area, part of the social action
mission of the Catholic diocese of San Cristobal de las Casas, led by
former Bishop Samual Ruiz. He last visited Chiapas with a Tonantzin
delegation in May, 2002.
Catherine Benedict is a global justice activist whose work focuses on the
"Free Trade Area of the Americas" and related trade arrangements. She is a
member of the Boston Global Action Network FTAA Task Force, which is
working to defeat several pending trade agreements because of their
expected impact on workers, the environment, public
health, and the democratic process. Benedict formerly served as a union
steward when working as a pre-school teacher, and again when working as a
researcher on documentary film at WGBH-Boston. She currently works as a Research
Specialist for the Carpenters Labor-Management Program and is a member of
the Jobs with Justice Global Justice Committee.
is Director of the Peace and Economic Security Program and
Director of Programs for the New England Regional Office of the American
Friends Service Committee. He has been
active in U.S. justice and peace movements since the mid-1960s. He received
his undergraduate degree from Georgetown University's School of Foreign
Service and his Ph.D. in Politics and International Security Studies from
the Union Institute. His work has long focused on building opposition and
alternatives to U.S. hegemony, with concentrations on the Middle East,
nuclear weapons, and the Asia-Pacific region. After September 11, 2001, he
initiated the United for Peace With Justice coalition in the Boston area;
helped to launch United For Peace; and organized two major New England-wide
conferences for peace activists; he also helped launch a number of efforts
devoted to peace-making, including the Cordoba Dialog, the European Network
for Peace and Human Rights (in Brussels) and the Asia Peace Assembly (in
Manila). His books include: The Deadly Connection: Nuclear War and U.S.
Intervention, The Sun Never Sets: Confronting the Network of U.S. Foreign Military Bases,
and With Hiroshima Eyes: Atomic War, Nuclear Extortion and Moral Imagination.
Lisbeth Gronlund is the Co-Director of the Global Security
Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists. She holds a
Ph.D. in physics from Cornell University. Her recent
research interests include ballistic missile defense,
ballistic missile proliferation, international fissile
material controls, and nuclear arms control. She is a co-author
of Countermeasures: A Technical Analysis of the Operational Effectiveness
of the Planned US National Missile Defense System (2000). Among her other achievements,
Dr. Gronlund helped establish and is a primary organizer of
the International Summer Symposiums on Science and World
Affairs, which each year since 1989 have brought together
some 40 young scientists working on international security
issues from different countries. These meetings are designed
to help foster expertise in arms control and security issues
and to create an international community of technical
researchers working on these issues. For this work and her
research on arms control, Gronlund was a co-recipient of the
American Physical Society's 2001 Joseph A. Burton Forum Award.
Patrick Keaney is a human-rights activist whose work focuses on
the impact of corporate-led globalization, particularly its effects
on members of the working class in the United States and elsewhere. He
is a legislative coordinator for Amnesty International in Massachusetts
and a member of Massachusetts Jobs With Justice's Solidarity Committee.
An active member of the Massachusetts Green Party, Keaney served as
campaign manager for Jill Stein's recent gubernatorial bid. Last January,
he was a member of a "Witness for Peace" labor
& environment delegation to Colombia.
Daniel Moss is Development Director at Grassroots International.
He has worked for over twenty years in community organizing and
community development, both in the US and in Latin America —
from public-housing issues to the rights and welfare of refugees
after a civil war. He received a Master's degree in International
Development and Regional Planning from MIT in 2000. Most recently
Daniel served as South America Program Officer for Oxfam America,
where he campaigned with indigenous organizations to increase the
accountability of Andean governments and the global mining industry.
Micho F. Spring is Chairperson, Weber Shandwick Worldwide (U.S.
Corporate Practice and New England Region), where she helps
corporate clients use communications strategies to support
their business strategies and to take part in the making of
public policy. She is also a member of the Council on Foreign
Relations Independent Task Force on U.S.-Cuban Relations in the
21st Century. Ms. Spring has extensive experience as a senior
manager in both the public and private sectors: among other
things, she was President and CEO of Boston Telecommunications
Company; and served four years as Deputy Mayor of the City of
Boston. As a public official, civic leader, and independent
commentator, Ms. Spring has helped shape public debate. She has
managed numerous political and public-issue campaigns and was a
panelist on WCVB-TV's public affairs show, "Five on Five." Ms.
Spring has received several awards, including a Lifetime Achievement
Award in 1999 from the Women's Network of the Greater Boston Chamber
of Commerce, the Leadership Award from the Hispanic-American Chamber of
Commerce, and the Order of Isabel La Catolica presented by King
Juan Carlos of Spain.
David Wright is Co-Director and Senior Scientist in the Global
Security Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists and a Research
Scientist in the Security Studies Program at MIT. Working primarily
on technical analysis of ballistic missile defense and proliferation,
Dr. Wright helped author the recent UCS-MIT study Countermeasures,
and has testified before the US Senate on missile defense technology. In
addition, he has done extensive work to analyze and understand the
implications of the North Korean ballistic missile program. Dr. Wright
received his Ph. D. in theoretical condensed matter physics from
Cornell University in 1983. Before joining UCS, he held positions in
the Center for Science and International Affairs in the Kennedy School
of Government at Harvard, and at the Federation of American Scientists.
Since 1990 he has worked to organize an annual conference series intended
to engage scientists from the international community — especially
Russia, China, and South Asia — in technical analysis of security issues.
Michael Yogman is a pediatrician in Cambridge, Massachusetts,
where he provides general care and consultation for developmental
and behavioral concerns. He is also a professor at Harvard Medical School,
and has written and edited numerous books and articles about children's health
and development. He is a member of the Harvard Working Group on Child Health Policy and has
served as a consultant to the Congressional Select Panel on Child Health,
the NIH Advisory Committee on Physical Growth, and the Massachusetts Daycare
Committee. In the early 1980s he testified in support of paternity leave before the
House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. He returned recently
from a fact-finding mission to Cuba organized by the Boston Children's Museum,
of which he is a trustee.
Nicholas A. Ashford is the Director of the Technology and
Law Program at MIT. His research interests include
sustainability, trade & environment; environmental justice;
labor's participation in technological change; regulatory law &
economics; and the design of government policies for encouraging
technological innovation as well as improvements in health, safety
and environmental quality. Dr. Ashford holds both a Ph.D. in
chemistry and a law degree from the University of Chicago. He has
chaired the National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety & Health;
and the Committee on Technology Innovation & Economics of the EPA
National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology.
He is also a Fellow of the American Association for the
Advancement of Science and 2003 chair of its Section on Societal
Impacts of Science and Engineering. He serves as an advisor to the
United Nations Environment Programme.
Margaret Burnham (Northeastern University
Law School) began her career at the NAACP Legal Defense and
Education Fund, litigating school-desegregation cases. In 1978,
she was appointed an associate justice of the Boston Municipal
Court, and in 1989 returned to law practice as a founding partner
of Boston's first law firm headed by African-American women.
In 1992, South African President Nelson Mandela asked Burnham to
serve on a commission to investigate human-rights violations
committed by his African National Congress party. Professor
Burnham's fields of expertise include civil rights, human rights,
and employment. She has held fellowships at Harvard's DuBois
Institute and Radcliffe College's Bunting Institute. She has
taught at MIT — where, among other things, she supervised our
seminar on political
prisoners. She has also taught at Boston College Law School
and Brandeis University. At Northeastern, she now teaches
Constitutional Law, Comparative Constitutional Law, and Federal
Courts and the Federal System.
Ryan Goodman is the J. Sinclair Armstrong Assistant Professor
of International, Foreign, and Comparative Law at Harvard Law School.
He received his J.D. from Yale Law School and a Ph.D. in Sociology
from Yale University. He has worked at the U.S. Department of
State, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former
Yugoslavia, and non-governmental human rights organizations in
Geneva, India, South Africa, and Thailand. Professor Goodman's
primary research areas include public international law, human
rights law, humanitarian law, and immigration and asylum law. His
publications include "State Sovereignty and National Security in
the World Polity," 55 Stanford Law Review (forthcoming 2003)
(with Derek Jinks); "Measuring the Effects
of Human Rights Treaties," 13 European Journal of International
Law (forthcoming 2003) (with Derek Jinks); "Human Rights Treaties,
Invalid Reservations, and State Consent," 96 American Journal of
International Law 531 (2002); and "Norms and National Security: The WTO as a
Catalyst for Inquiry," 2 Chicago Journal of International Law 101
Juliette Kayyem (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard) directs
the Executive Session on Domestic Preparedness — a standing task force
of leading practitioners and academics assembled to examine America's
response to terrorism. From 1999-2001, she served as a member of the
National Commission on Terrorism, to which she was appointed by Richard
Gephardt, Minority Leader in the US Congress. Prior to serving on the
Commission, she was a legal advisor to the Attorney General and Counsel
to the Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights at the US Department
of Justice. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the
American Bar Association's committee on National Security Law. She has
served as adjunct faculty at Boston University School of Law and has
taught at the Institute of Politics at the Kennedy School of Government.
She has written and edited numerous items on counterterrorism law and
domestic preparedness, including the forthcoming First to Arrive:
State and Local Response to Terrorism (MIT Press). She is a 1991
graduate of Harvard College and a 1995 graduate of Harvard Law School.
Robert Z. Lawrence (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard) is
Albert L. Williams Professor of International Trade and Investment. His
research and writing focus on trade policy. From 1998 to 2000, he served
as a member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. He has taught
at Johns Hopkins University and at Yale; and has served on the advisory
boards of the Congressional Budget Office, the Institute for International
Economics, the Overseas Development Council, and the Presidential Commission
on United States-Pacific Trade & Investment Policy. Professor Lawrence is
the author of numerous articles and books on international trade, including
Single World, Divided Nations; A Prism on Globalization;
Globaphobia: Confronting Fears About Open Trade; and Saving
Free Trade: A Pragmatic Approach.
Julieta Lemaitre is Associate Professor of Law at Universidad
de los Andes in Bogotá, where she teaches and does research in
women's rights as well as sexual and reproductive rights. She has
served as legal counsel to the Colombian government's program against
domestic violence; as an attorney at the National Office for Women
(Bogotá); and at the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy (New
York). Among her publications are Sexual and Reproductive Rights in
the Interamerican Human Rights System (Profamilia, 2001);
"Criminalization of Abortion as a Violation of Fundamental Human Rights:
An Analysis of Decision C-647/01"; and "International Law Framework for
Sexual and Reproductive Rights: an Opportunity for Human Rights Activists,"
a paper presented to the UN Population Fund.
Allison Macfarlane (MIT) is a Senior Research Associate in
the Security Studies Program at the Center for International
Studies. After receiving her Ph. D. in geology from MIT in
1992, she taught at George Mason University. Since then she
has done research at the Belfer Center for Science and
International Affairs at Harvard University and at the Center
for International Security and Arms Control at Stanford University.
For the past two years she has served on a National Academy of
Sciences panel on the spent fuel standard and excess weapons
plutonium disposition. Her research focuses on the issues
surrounding the management and disposal of high-level nuclear
waste and fissile materials.
Jeremy Pressman (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard) is
a post-doctoral fellow at the Belfer Center, where he studies
international relations, the politics and history of the Middle
East, and U.S. foreign policy. From 1991 to 1996, he worked at the
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is
co-author of Point of No Return: The Deadly Struggle for Middle East
Peace (Brookings, 1997). He is also author of an article on the
Cuban Missile Crisis which appeared in Security Studies. His
dissertation, Leashes or Lemmings? Alliances as Restraining Devices
(2002) examined the moderating effect that allies have on their partners.
His current research focuses on Israeli-Palestinian conflict and negotiations.
Charles Stewart (MIT, Political Science) is
an expert on congressional politics and American political development.
His recent textbook, Analyzing Congress, is the first comprehensive
introduction to the subject from the perspective of rational-choice
theory. Prof. Stewart co-founded the MIT Washington Summer Internship
Program in 1994, and is a member of the Caltech/MIT Voting Technology
Project, which has suggested reforms to the electoral process in the
wake of Election 2000. He has also received numerous teaching awards,
including the Everett Moore Baker Memorial Award for Excellence
in Undergraduate Teaching.
Steve Van Evera teaches international relations at MIT, where
he is professor of political science. He received his B.A. in
government from Harvard and his Ph.D. in political science from
the University of California at Berkeley. His research interests
include the causes and prevention of war; U.S. foreign policy;
and U.S. national security policy. He is author of Causes of War:
Power and the Roots of Conflict (Cornell, 1999), and has
written articles on, inter alia, nationalism and war,
American intervention in the Third World, and American defense policy.
During the 1980s he was managing editor of the journal International Security.
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