Invention Assembly Workshop
"HOW DOES INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SUPPORT THE CREATIVE PROCESS OF INVENTION?"
MARK B. MYERS (Chair)
Visiting Executive Professor
The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
Mark B. Myers' research interests include identifying emerging markets and technologies to enable growth in new and existing companies with special emphases on research, technology identification and selection, product development and technology competencies. Myers serves on the Science, Technology and Economic Policy Board of the National Research Council and currently co-chairs the National Research Council's study of "A Patent System for the 21st Century."
Myers retired from the Xerox Corporation at the beginning of 2000, after a 37-year career in its research and development organizations. Myers was the senior vice president in charge of corporate research, advanced development, systems architecture, and corporate engineering from 1992 to 2000. His responsibilities included the corporate research centers: PARC in Palo Alto, CA; Webster Center for Research & Technology near Rochester, NY; Xerox Research Centre of Canada in Mississauga and Ontario; and the Xerox Research Centre of Europe in Cambridge, UK and Grenoble, France. During this period he was a member of the senior management committee in charge of the strategic direction setting of the company.
Myers is chairman of the Board of Trustees of Earlham College and the Earlham School of Religion and has held adjunct and visiting faculty positions at the University of Rochester and at Stanford University. He received a Ph.D. degree in materials science from Pennsylvania State University in 1964 and was named an alumni fellow there in 1997.
Vice President and Chief Technology Officer
CHI Research, Inc.
Anthony Breitzman has a B.S. in mathematics from Stockton State College; an M.A. in mathematics from Temple University; and an M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from Drexel University. He joined CHI Research, Inc. as an associate analyst in 1993, and in 1996, became the youngest vice president in the company's 30-year history. Breitzman has three major responsibilities at CHI-working as a competitive intelligence consultant for commercial clients, generating new business for the company, and steering the technical direction of the company.
Breitzman has worked extensively with Fortune 500 companies. He is an expert in constructing quantitative evaluations of clients' technological strengths and weaknesses, and identifying potential competitors on the technological horizon. A mathematician and computer scientist by training, with teaching experience at Temple University, he has also developed many of CHI's quantitative patent indicators. These indicators form the basis for a great deal of the company's consulting work. He is a leading figure in the company's software development, which involves developing toolsets and querying capabilities to handle CHI's extensive in-house patent databases.
As primary inventor of CHI's landmark patent for choosing stock portfolios based on patent indicators, Breitzman was one of the pioneering figures in CHI's introduction of products aimed at the financial community. He is currently CHI's Project Manager for the Patent Quality Select Trust, a unit trust sold through First Trust Portfolios L.P. (formerly Nike Securities L.P.).
Q. TODD DICKINSON
Howrey Simon Arnold & White
Q. Todd Dickinson helps lead the Intellectual Property Practice Group at Howrey Simon &White, where he is a partner. He has more than 25 years of experience in all aspects of intellectual property law and public policy, including patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets.
Prior to joining Howrey, Dickinson was under secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), nominated by President Clinton and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. At the USPTO, Dickinson was principal policy advisor to the President on all intellectual property matters, as well as representing the U.S. government internationally in IP matters.
Dickinson earned a B.S. degree in chemistry from Allegheny College in 1974 and a J.D. from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law in 1977. He is a member of the bars of Pennsylvania, California, Illinois, the District of Columbia, and is registered to practice before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
Prior to joining the Commerce Department, he was with the Philadelphia-based law firm of Dechert Price & Rhoads, where his practice included all aspects of intellectual property law and management. From 1990 to 1995, Dickinson was chief counsel for Intellectual Property and Technology at Sun Company, Inc., where he had legal and managerial responsibility for all intellectual property matters worldwide. From 1981 to 1990, he served as counsel to Chevron Corporation in San Francisco, CA, focusing on domestic and international intellectual property matters. Prior to 1981, he was a patent and trademark practitioner with Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc., Deerfield, IL, and the Pittsburgh, PA law firm of Blenko, Buell, Ziesenheim and Beck.
Dickinson is an active member of a number of intellectual property organizations and
has written and spoken extensively on intellectual property issues, especially those affecting emerging technologies. He has testified before Congress, the Federal Trade Commission and the National Academy of Sciences on the impact of IP policies. He has also taught or lectured at various universities including Stanford, Yale, Berkeley, MIT, Georgetown, George Washington and Tokyo University.
ROCHELLE COOPER DREYFUSS
Pauline Newman Professor of Law
New York University School of Law
Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss' research and teaching interests include intellectual property, civil procedure, privacy, and the relationship between science and law. She holds a B.A. and M.S. degrees in chemistry and spent several years as a research chemist before entering Columbia University School of Law, where she served as articles and book review editor of the Law Review. After graduating, Dreyfuss was a law clerk to Chief Judge Wilfred Feinberg of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and to Chief Justice Warren E. Burger of the U.S. Supreme Court. During her time at N.Y.U., she served as the director of the Engelberg Center on Innovation Law and Policy at N.Y.U., and as a member of the New York City Bar Association, the American Law Institute, and BNA's Advisory Board to USPQ. She was a consultant to the Federal Courts Study Committee, to the Presidential Commission on Catastrophic Nuclear Accidents, and to the Federal Trade Commission. She is a past-chair of the Intellectual Property Committee of the American Association of Law Schools. Dreyfuss is currently a member of the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on Intellectual Property Rights in the Knowledge-Based Economy and one of the reporters on the American Law Institute's Project on Intellectual Property: Principles Governing Jurisdiction, Choice of Law, and Judgments in Transnational Disputes. She has visited at the University of Chicago Law School, University of Washington Law School, and Santa Clara School of Law. In addition to articles in her specialty areas, she has co-authored casebooks on civil procedure and intellectual property law.
MERTON C. FLEMINGS
Director, Lemelson-MIT Program
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Merton C. Flemings is Toyota Professor of Materials Processing emeritus at M.I.T., where he has been a member of the faculty since 1958. Flemings established the Materials Processing Center at M.I.T. in 1979 and was its first director. He served as Head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering from 1982 to 1995, and from 1998 to 2001 as M.I.T. director of the Singapore-MIT Alliance, a major collaboration between M.I.T. and Singapore in distance engineering education and research. He is author or co-author of 300 papers, 26 patents and two books in the fields of solidification science and engineering, foundry technology, and materials processing. Flemings has received numerous awards and honors, including election to the National Academy of Engineering and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has worked closely with industry and industrial problems throughout his professional career. Flemings is Chairman of the Silk Road Project, a not-for-profit corporation devoted to fostering creativity and celebrating local cultures and global connections.
Senior Research Fellow (Retired)
Robert Gundlach retired from Xerox Corporation Research Laboratories in 1995 after a career of 43 years. He was one of the most productive inventors in the history of Xerox, with 163 U.S. patents (as of Nov. 2002). Gundlach was one of the early pioneer researchers into the science and art of xerography, joining the Halide Corporation in 1952, which latter became Xerox. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has received many awards including the Chas. E. Ives award of the PS&E Journal, Inventor of the Year Award of the Rochester Patent Law Association, Carlson Memorial Award of the SPSE, Johan Gutenberg Prize of the Society For Information Display and the Xerox President's Award for Outstanding Career Achievement. Gundlach is the former President of the Electrostatics Society of America. He received a B.A. in physics from the University of Buffalo in 1949.
BRONWYN H. HALL
Professor of Economics
University of California, Berkeley
Along with her professorship at University of California at Berkeley, Bronwyn H. Hall is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London. She is also the founder and partner of TSP International, an econometric software firm. Hall received a B.A. in physics from Wellesley College in 1966 and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University in 1988. She is currently a member of the Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) Board of the National Research Council, where she has served on the Intellectual Property and R&D statistics committees.
During the past 15 years, Hall has published numerous articles on the economics and econometrics of technical change in journals such as Econometrica, American Economic Review, Rand Journal of Economics, and Research Policy. Her current research includes comparative analysis of the U.S. and European patent systems, the use of patent citation data for the valuation of intangible (knowledge) assets, comparative firm-level investment and innovation studies (the G-7 economies), measuring the returns to R&D and innovation at the firm level, analysis of technology policies such as R&D subsidies and tax incentives, and of recent changes in patenting behavior in the semiconductor and computer industries.
KARL F. JORDA
David Rines Professor of Intellectual Property Law
Director, Germeshausen Center for the Law of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Franklin Pierce Law Center
Karl F. Jorda teaches primarily IP Licensing, IP Management and International IP Law at Franklin Pierce Law Center and at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, where he is adjunct professor.
Before joining Franklin Pierce in 1989, Jorda was Chief IP Counsel for 26 years at Ciba-Geigy Corporation (now Novartis). He was president of the Pacific Intellectual Property Association (PIPA) and the New York Intellectual Property Law Association. He has served on the Boards of Directors of AIPLA, ABA-IPL Section, INTA, IPO, ACPC, and AIPPI-American Group.
Jorda is the recipient of the 1989 PIPA Medal for "Outstanding Contributions to International Cooperation in the Intellectual Property Field," the 1996 Jefferson Medal of the NJIPLA for "extraordinary contributions to the U.S. intellectual property law system" and the 1998 Distinguished Alumni Award of the University of Great Falls.
Jorda is a frequent speaker in IP programs in foreign countries under e.g. WIPO, USAID, USIA, etc. auspices and has served as a consultant to the Indonesian and Bulgarian IP offices. In 1999, the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency appointed him as the U.S. representative to the Commission on the Settlement of Disputes Relating to Confidentiality of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, located in The Hague, Holland.
Jorda received his undergraduate degree (summa cum laude) from the University of Great Falls, and his M.A. and J.D. from Notre Dame University. He is admitted to the bars of Illinois, Indiana and New York as well as to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals for Federal Circuit and the USPTO.
STEPHEN A. MERRILL
Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
Stephen Merrill has led the National Academies' Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) since its formation in 1991. In this capacity, Merrill has directed several STEP projects and publications, including Investing for Productivity and Prosperity (1994); Improving America's Schools (1995); Industrial Research and Innovation Indicators (1997); U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance and Securing America's Industrial Strength (1999); and Trends in Federal Support of Research and Graduate Education (2001). He is currently managing a three-year study of intellectual property policies. With Wesley Cohen, he has edited a volume of papers commissioned for that project, Patents in the Knowledge-Based Economy (2003).
Merrill was principal consultant on the National Academies' report, Balancing the National Interest: National Security Export Controls and Global Economic Competition, in 1985. As a consultant, he also contributed to Academy studies in the areas of science policy, manufacturing and competitiveness. In 1987, he was appointed to direct the Academies' first government and congressional liaison office.
Previously, Merrill was a Fellow in International Business at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where he specialized in technology trade issues. He served on various congressional staffs, most recently that of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, where he organized the first congressional hearings on international competition in biotechnology and microelectronics. He was additionally responsible for legislation on technological innovation and the allocation of intellectual property rights arising from government-sponsored research.
Merrill holds degrees in political science from Columbia (B.A., summa cum laude), Oxford (M. Phil.), and Yale (M.A. and Ph.D.) Universities. From 1989 to 1996, he was an adjunct professor of international affairs at Georgetown University.
LITA L. NELSEN
Director, Technology Licensing Office
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Lita L. Nelsen earned a B.S. (1964) and M.S. (1966) in chemical engineering from M.I.T., and an M.S. in management (1979) from M.I.T. as a Sloan Fellow. In her role as director of the Technology Licensing Office, Nelsen manages over 450 new inventions per year from M.I.T., the Whitehead Institute and Lincoln Laboratory. Typically, her office negotiates over 100 licenses and over 20 start-up companies per year.
Prior to joining the M.I.T. Technology Licensing Office, Nelsen spent 20 years in industry, primarily in the fields of membrane separations, medical devices and biotechnology, at such companies as Amicon, Millipore, Arthur D. Little, Inc., and Applied Biotechnology.
Nelsen was the 1992 President of the Association of University Technology Managers. She has served on the boards of the State of Massachusetts Technology Development Corporation, Massachusetts Biotechnology Corporation, M.I.T. Enterprise Forum, Cornell Research Foundation and others. Nelson served as advisor to the NIH, the National Academy of Sciences and the Office of Technology Assessment, and was elected a fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. She is widely published in the field of technology transfer and university/industry collaborations.
Nelsen is also the Intellectual Property advisor to the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, and a (founding) board member of the Center for the Management of Intellectual Property in Health Research and Development for developing countries. Additionally, she is a fellow of the Cambridge MIT Institute, working with UK university technology transfer organizations.
EVAN I. SCHWARTZ
Author and Independent Journalist
Evan I. Schwartz received his B.S. in computer science from Union College in 1986. He is an author and journalist who writes about innovation and the impact of technology on business and society. He is currently a contributing writer for MIT's Technology Review. A former editor at Business Week, he covered software and digital media for the magazine and was part of teams that produced 12 cover stories and won a National Magazine Award and a Computer Press Award. He has also published articles in The New York Times and Wired.
Schwartz' most recent book, The Last Lone Inventor: A Tale of Genius, Deceit, and the Birth of Television (HarperCollins, 2002) tells the story of television inventor Philo T. Farnsworth and his epic battle against RCA tycoon and NBC founder David Sarnoff. His first book, Webonomics (Broadway Books, 1997), anticipated the emergence of the Internet economy. His second book, Digital Darwinism (Broadway Books, 1999), anticipated the Darwinian shakeout among the dotcom species. Each was translated into nine languages and named as a finalist for a Computer Press Award for non-fiction book of the year. He is currently working on a book about the culture of invention, for the Harvard Business School Press. He has recently served as an adjunct lecturer at Boston University's College of Communication.
DAVID H. STAELIN
Professor of Electrical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
David H. Staelin's work is concentrated in the areas of remote sensing, estimation and telecommunications. He was assistant director of the M.I.T. Lincoln Laboratory from 1990 to 2001. He co-founded PictureTel Corporation, where he served as Chairman from 1984 to 1987 and also the M.I.T. Venture Mentoring Service, dedicated to assisting technology-based start-up companies. Staelin has served as chair of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Radio Frequency Requirements for Research, and has been nominated by the White House for the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee. He is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His S.B., S.M., and Sc.D. degrees in electrical engineering were earned at M.I.T.
SIDNEY G. WINTER
Deloitte and Touche Professor of Management
Co-Director, R. H. Jones Center for Management Policy, Strategy,
The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
Sidney G. Winter received his B.A. from Swarthmore College (1956), his M.A. from Yale University (1957), and his Ph.D. from Yale University (1964)-all in economics. He had held previous appointments at Yale University, the University of Michigan, and the University of California, Berkeley. He also worked in policy research, as research economist at the RAND Corporation (1959-61, 1966-68). Winter was also a staff member at the Council of Economic Advisors, and more recently chief economist of the U.S. General Accounting Office (1989-93). He has been a consultant to various publicized private organizations and an expert witness in antitrust, regulatory and contract litigation.
Winter is co-author of An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change and has published articles in organization theory, management and microeconomic theory. His current research areas include organizational learning and knowledge, technological change, and competitive advantage. He is a fellow of the Econometric Society and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a member of other scholarly organizations. He serves as vice president of the International J.A. Schumpeter Society and as associate editor of Industrial & Corporate Change.