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Invention Assembly Workshop

November 2003



Executive Director
Leadership for Environment and Development International (LEAD)

Julia Marton-Lefèvre is vice chair of the World Resources Institute and a member of several boards and commissions, such as the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED); the InterAcademy Council’s Panel on Promoting Worldwide Science and Technology Capacities for the 21st Century; the Dow Chemical Company’s Corporate Environmental Advisory Council; and the Environmental Advisory Board of the Coca-Cola Company. She is also a trustee of the St. Andrew’s Prize and a member of the Editorial Board of the New Academy Review. From 1992 to 2002, Marton-Lefèvre was a member of the China Council for International Cooperation in Environment and Development. She has also served on the Oxford Commission on Sustainable Consumption and the Committee on Science and Technology in Developing Countries.

Before joining LEAD in September 1997, Marton-Lefèvre was executive director of the International Council for Science, based in Paris. Other prior positions include program specialist in environmental education under a joint UNESCO-UNEP Program, university teacher in Thailand as a Peace Corps volunteer, and a staff member of the Fund for Education and Peace in New York. Marton-Lefèvre has studied history, ecology and environmental planning in the United States and France, plus co-authored numerous books and papers. In 1999, she received the AAAS Award for International Cooperation in Science. She is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society of the United Kingdom.


Science and Business Correspondent
The Economist

Shereen El Feki has been a science and business correspondent for The Economist since 1998. She writes about biomedical research, the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, international healthcare policy, biomedical ethics, intellectual property rights, and agribusiness. She also regularly comments on these issues for both radio and television. El Feki holds a B.Sc. from the University of Toronto, as well as an M.Phil. in biochemistry and a Ph.D. in molecular immunology from the University of Cambridge.


Director, Lemelson-MIT Program
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Merton C. Flemings is Toyota Professor of Materials Processing emeritus at M.I.T., where he has been a member of the faculty since 1958. Flemings established the Materials Processing Center at M.I.T. in 1979 and was its first director. He served as Head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering from 1982 to 1995, and from 1998 to 2001 as M.I.T. director of the Singapore-MIT Alliance, a major collaboration between M.I.T. and Singapore in distance engineering education and research. He is author or co-author of 300 papers, 26 patents and two books in the fields of solidification science and engineering, foundry technology, and materials processing. Flemings has received numerous awards and honors, including election to the National Academy of Engineering and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has worked closely with industry and industrial problems throughout his professional career. Flemings is Chairman of the Silk Road Project, a not-for-profit corporation devoted to fostering creativity and celebrating local cultures and global connections.


International Team Leader, New Technologies
Intermediate Technology Development Group

David Grimshaw currently leads a team whose mission is to enable poor women and men to assess and respond to the challenges of new technologies, and to adopt applications that improve their livelihoods. Recently funded research projects include the use of geographical knowledge by business, knowledge exploitation and the business benefits of e-business (sponsored by Microsoft). Grimshaw is currently working with ITDG on a DTI funded project to develop a knowledge sharing strategy. He is the author of Bringing Geographical Information Systems into Business, second edition (John Wiley Inc., 2000) and joint editor of IT in Business: A Manager's Casebook (1999).

Currently, a visiting fellow at Cranfield School of Management, Grimshaw launched an e-commerce elective in the Cranfield MBA in 1998, and ran an executive program on e-business strategies. He also has been a visiting fellow at Curtin University, Australia; the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, New York State University at Buffalo; the International Management School, St.Petersburg; and the Graduate School, Universiti Utara Malaysia. He is currently a visiting professor at the Universiti Technologi Malaysia.

Grimshaw served as chair of the Education Committee on the Council of the Association for Geographic Information from 1999 to 2002. He was on the judging panel for the Digital Britain 2000 Awards and the e-Business Excellence Awards in 2000 and 2001, and has served as external examiner at University of Bath and University College Dublin. Grimshaw has also advised many companies on strategic information systems planning, geographical information systems, and e-business strategies.


Managing Director
Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship

Pamela Hartigan holds positions with academic, community-based, and multilateral organizations. Before joining the Schwab Foundation, Hartigan was executive director of the Department of Health Promotion at World Health Organization. In July 2000, Klaus Schwab, Founder and President of the World Economic Forum, invited her to spearhead the Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship. The Foundation is dedicated to globally advancing the field of social entrepreneurship, through building and supporting its practitioners whose efforts have achieved transformational social change. In addition to her leadership position at the foundation, she teaches a graduate course in social entrepreneurship at the School of Business and Social Science of the University of Geneva. She earned a Masters in economics and education, plus a Ph.D. in cognitive psychology.


Development Alternatives

In addition to his role at Development Alternatives, Khosla is also president of Technology and Action for Rural Advancement (TARA); TARAhaat and Managing Trustee; and People First. He is chairman of DESI Power Pvt Ltd. and secretary general of the People’s Commission on Environment and Development.

Khosla was previously director of the Office of Environment for the Government of India, where he set up the first national environmental agency in the developing world. Subsequently, he was director of INFOTERRA in the United Nations Environment Program, and was in charge of the design and implementation of the global environment information system.

Khosla has been a consultant to various organizations such as the World Bank, United Nations, GEF, the MacArthur Foundation, IDRC, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was also special advisor to the Brundtland Commission, vice president of the Club of Rome, chairman of WETV (the global access TV network), and cofounder of the Factor 10 Club. He has served on several international agency boards, including the Worldwide Fund for Nature, World Conservation Union, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Stockholm Environment Institute, and the Earth Council. He was chairman of the ’92 Global Forum, in Rio de Janeiro, and he has served as a board member of several government, industry and NGO bodies in India, including the National Environment Council and the Science Advisory Committee to the Cabinet.

Khosla has authored more than 350 papers and articles and is editor of the monthly journal, Development Alternatives. He received the 2002 United Nations Sasakawa Environment Prize, the Karl Schwab Outstanding Social Entrepreneur Award, UN Global 500 Award, Stockholm Challenge Award, and others.

A graduate of Cambridge University, he received his doctorate in experimental physics from Harvard University, where he has lectured on physics, astronomy and environment.



Ehsan Masood is a London-based journalist specializing in science and international development. His work mostly appears in Nature, New Scientist and Science and Development Network (www.scidev.net)—a news web site reporting on science, technology, and the developing world. He has also written for The Guardian, Le Monde and El Pais.

Masood is a consultant to Leadership for Environment and Development (LEAD); he was previously director of communications at LEAD from 2001 to 2003.

Prior to LEAD, Masood was the opinion editor at New Scientist. He also worked as a science reporter for Nature, covering environmental sciences, UN environment conventions and international science and technology policy. In the early nineties, Masood was a freelance writer. Masood studied physics at Portsmouth Polytechnic and science communication at Birkbeck College, London. He speaks passable Urdu and less-passable Arabic.


Director of Communications
Leadership for Environment and Development International

Penelope Mawson’s responsibilities as director of Communications include designing and producing communication projects to promote sustainable development, and managing internal and external communications by the LEAD Network.

Mawson has a 12-year career as a green communications specialist in both the private sector and the non-profit world. She manages her own communications consultancy, Future Attractions. Her clients have included the British Council, the Commonwealth Institute, UK; the Eden Project, UK; Grameen Bank, Bangladesh; and the Australian Museum, Sydney. She currently has an exhibition, which promotes a poverty-free world, touring museums around the UK.

Mawson was Interpretation and Communications manager at the Earth Centre in England from 1995 to 1999—the world’s largest visitor attraction for sustainable futures. She started her career as a graduate trainee in the communications department for Friends of the Earth. Mawson has an Honors degree in English from the University of Leeds and a Master’s degree in environmental and developmental education from South Bank University.


Co-founder, Managing Director
Appropriate Technologies for Enterprise Creation

Nick Moon co-founded Appropriate Technologies for Enterprise Creation (ApproTEC), a not-for-profit agency that specializes in the development and promotion of technologies and related business development services for Micro & Small Enterprise Growth in sub-Saharan Africa.

Proir to ApproTEC, Moon was head of the Appropriate Technology Unit at ACTIONAID-Kenya, which is part of ACTIONAID—a British International NGO that works with disadvantaged communities in developing countries. Moon has also spent time working with Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO), in Kakamega, Kenya as deputy manager/technical instructor of the Shamberere Rural Education Program. VSO is a British International NGO that places specialist/professional volunteers at community development and education projects in developing countries.

Moon also co-founded and was managing partner of Buckingham Moon in London, which specialized in woodwork and construction, engaged in high-class joinery and cabinetwork, and restored housing/listed buildings of the Georgian period.

Moon won the AGFUND International Prize for Pioneering Development Projects (with ApproTec co-founder Martin Fisher), the 2003 Beacon Prize—in recognition of his achievements in social enterprise, the 2003 Schwab Outstanding Social Entrepreneurs (with Martin Fisher), and the 2003 TIME Europe’s: European Hero award (with Martin Fisher).


Associate Professor of International Negotiation and Diplomacy
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

Adil Najam has a Ph.D., two Masters degrees from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a specialization in negotiation from the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School. His research focuses on sustainable development, environment and development policy, nongovernmental organizations, and negotiation—all with a particular focus on developing countries.

Najam’s recent books include Civic Entrepreneurship: Civil Society Perspectives on Sustainable Development (co-authored) and Environment, Development and Human Security (editor). He serves on the boards of the Pakistan Institute of Environment-Development Action Research, the Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future (Boston University), and the Center for Global Studies (University of Victoria).

Najam is a visiting fellow at the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (Pakistan) and an associate at the International Institute for Sustainable Development (Canada). He also serves on the editorial boards of Ecological Economics, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Yearbook of Environment and Development Cooperation, and Annual Editions: Environment.

Najam was awarded the Emerging Scholars Award of the Association for Research on Nonprofit and Voluntary Association, the Stein Rokan Award of the International Political Science Association, and the MIT Goodwin Medal for Excellence in Teaching.


Executive Director
The Lemelson Foundation

Julia Novy-Hildesley is executive director of The Lemelson Foundation, a private family philanthropy founded by Jerome Lemelson, one of the most prolific inventors in U.S. history, and his family. The foundation cultivates and promotes invention and innovation to strengthen and sustain social and economic life in the U.S. and developing countries. Novy-Hildesley was formerly the director of the World Wildlife Fund's California office. She has consulted to the World Bank, USAID and the UK Department for International Development. Additionally, she has conducted research in Tanzania, Bolivia, French Polynesia and Madgascar—as a Fulbright Scholar. She earned a Master's of philosophy degree in international development from Sussex University—funded by a Marshall Scholarship, and graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Stanford University with a Bachelor's degree in human biology and a Minor in African studies. She speaks French, Spanish and Kiswahili.


Designer and strategist
Design Council

Anna Richell is a designer and strategist who joined the Design Council in April 2003 as a design and innovation manager. The two projects she works on are: Integrating and embedding sustainable thinking in the Design Council, their learning, their projects, and the messages they communicate; also, raising the profile and encouraging the effective use of design in SME's in the UK in order to improve and sustain their business successes. Prior to this Anna worked for Businesslink Wessex as an innovation and technology advisor. She worked closely with inventors and innovators to help them secure funding and commercially exploit ideas in response to market needs. She was also helped to establish a voice for inventors by setting up inventors clubs, and helping plan a National Invention strategy that looked at a process for successfully taking ideas to market. Richell has worked as a product designer on projects for the NHS, the Police, and Dyson. Her degrees are in product design and sustainable design.


Research Fellow, Innovation Studies Centre
The Business School, Imperial College London

Ammon Salter is a Research Fellow in the Innovation Studies Centre of The Business School, Imperial College London. He completed his doctorate in science and technology policy research (SPRU) at the University of Sussex in 1998. From 1998 to 2002, he worked at SPRU on several government science and technology policy studies, including a review of the economic benefits of basic research for the UK Treasury. He joined Imperial College London in 2003, where he is currently working on a project exploring the management of dispersed project teams in multinational organizations. His research interests include the management of innovation, science and technology policy, and university-industry interaction. He has acted as a consultant for a number of leading industrial organizations such as the European Commission, Universities UK, and the Department of Trade and Industry. He was co-editor of Science and Innovation, published by Edward Elgar in 2003, and he has published a number of articles in academic journals, including Research Policy, Cambridge Journal of Economics and International Journal of Innovation Management.


Author and Independent Journalist

Evan I. Schwartz received his B.S. in computer science from Union College in 1986. He is an author and journalist who writes about innovation and the impact of technology on business and society. He is currently a contributing writer for MIT’s Technology Review. A former editor at Business Week, he covered software and digital media for the magazine and was part of teams that produced 12 cover stories and won a National Magazine Award and a Computer Press Award. He has also published articles in The New York Times and Wired.

Schwartz’ most recent book, The Last Lone Inventor: A Tale of Genius, Deceit, and the Birth of Television (HarperCollins, 2002) tells the story of television inventor Philo T. Farnsworth and his epic battle against RCA tycoon and NBC founder David Sarnoff. His first book, Webonomics (Broadway Books, 1997), anticipated the emergence of the Internet economy. His second book, Digital Darwinism (Broadway Books, 1999), anticipated the Darwinian shakeout among the dotcom species. Each was translated into nine languages and named as a finalist for a Computer Press Award for non-fiction book of the year. He is currently working on a book about the culture of invention, for the Harvard Business School Press. He has recently served as an adjunct lecturer at Boston University’s College of Communication.


ERM Brasil

Eugenio Singer is a board member of ERM Brasil, a world leading environmental consulting company, where he has been the president for more than 10 yrs. Singer is a member of the Semco Group, where he is engaged in the development of new ventures with his partner Ricardo Semler.

A graduate of the UNICAMP School of Civil Engineering, Singer later became an assistant professor there. He is an international consultant on environmental management for the PAHO, CEPAL, and IDB. He has taught courses on environmental assessment in over 20 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Singer is also a LEAD Fellow and scientific advisor of FAPESP, FAPEAL, and FINEP. He received his Ph.D. in environmental and water resources engineering from Vanderbilt University, U.S., and his M.Sc. in nuclear engineering from the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Singer founded the Pharos Institute, a non-governmental organization that protects Brazil’s coastal region and promotes human development there.


Founder and Chief Executive Officer
Freeplay Energy Group

Rory Stear began forming his own businesses at 18 years old. Early in his entrepreneurial career, he founded and was managing director of Seeff Corporate Finance, which specialized in mergers and acquisitions in his native South Africa.

In collaboration with Chris Staines, Stear gained control of a wind-up radio technology and founded the international company, Freeplay Energy Group to develop, market and distribute self-sufficient technology products.

Stear was one of the first South Africans invited to join the African Business Roundtable in 1995. In 1996, he was a member of President Nelson Mandela’s business delegation to the UK and also traveled with the president during his 1998 visit to the United States.

Stear was a delegate for the Birthing of Giants program for the ongoing development of chief executives, sponsored by Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Young Entrepreneurs Organization, which he completed in 2000. He is also a member of the Young Presidents Organization’s London chapter; the London branch of the Institute of Directors; and the RAC Club in London. Stear sits on the London board of South Africa’s National Business Initiative and is a patron of Emmaus, an organization that provides shelter to the homeless.

In 2000, Business Week named him one of the global “Top Entrepreneurs”. In August 2000, Stear received the Theodor Herzl award in Jerusalem in recognition of his “impressive vision and tremendous accomplishments.” In 2002, he was elected a fellow of the Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurs.


Professor and Deputy Director-General
Institute of Agricultural Economics of CAAS, China

Lubiao’s interests include water policy and institutions; environment and trade; community development; sustainable agriculture; and poverty alleviation. From 1994 to 1999, Lubiao served as visiting professor at the Resource For the Future of USA and Wageningen University of the Netherlands. Lubiao is a consultant of the World Bank, FAO, UNDP, UNEP, WFP, IFAD, WWF, and AFDB. He is an advisor for the MOA and the Ministry of Science & Technology.

Lubiao won the Robert S. McNamara Fellowships of the World Bank Institute. To date, he has published more than 100 papers and reports, plus four books on water policy, institutions, and sustainable rural development in China. Lubiao received his Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics at Nanjing Agricultural University, and received extensive overseas trainings by the World Bank Institute, EEPSEA, and Winrock International. Lubiao is a LEAD Fellow. Concurrently, Lubiao is a consultant and coordinator of the World Bank for the Shanghai Conference on Scaling Up Poverty Reduction in May 2004.

Lubiao is also a founder of Center for Chinese Farmer Participation (CCFP), which is an independent and non-profit organization to promote the participation of the farmers in the process of decision-making.