A detailed exposition of the principles involved in designing and optimizing analog and mixed-signal circuits in CMOS technologies. Small-signal and large-signal models. Systemic methodology for device sizing and biasing. Basic circuit building blocks. Operational amplifier design. Large signal considerations. Principles of switched capacitor networks including switched-capacitor and continuous-time integrated filters. Basic and advanced A/D and D/A converters, delta-sigma modulators, RF and other signal processing circuits. Design projects on op amps and subsystems are a required part of the subject. 4 Engineering Design Points.
Introduces basic economic analysis for planning students including the functioning of markets, the allocation of scarce resources among competing uses, profit maximizing behavior in different market structures. Course illustrates theory with contemporary economic issues.
Subject combines economic theory, econometric studies, workplace case studies, and pieces of cognitive psychology to examine the impact of computerization on US employment and wages. Topics include: recent trends in wages and employment; the role of computers in demands for particular labor force skill; computers' impact on the functioning of markets and the economy's productivity; and the extent to which computers can help teach new skills to children and adults.
Discusses the economic aspects of current issues in education, using both economic theory and econometric and institutional readings. Topics include discussion of basic human capital theory; the growing impact of education on earnings and earnings inequality; statistical issues in determining the true rate of return to education; the labor market for teachers, implications of the impact of computers on the demand for worker skills; the effectiveness of mid-career training for adult workers; the roles of school choice, charter schools, state standards and educational technology in improving K-12 education, and the issue of college financial aid.
The development and evolution of labor market structures and institutions. Particular focus on competing explanations of recent developments in the distribution of wage and salary income and in key institutions and organizational structures. Special attention to theories of worker motivation and behavior, the determination of wages, technology, and social stratification.
Addresses the evolution of the modern capitalist economy and evaluates its current structure and performance. Various paradigms of economics are contrasted and compared (neoclassical, Marxist, socioeconomic, and neocorporate) in order to understand how modern capitalism has been shaped and how it functions in today's economy. Readings include classics in economic thought as well as contemporary analyses. Stresses general analytic reasoning and problem formulation rather than specific analytic techniques. May not be used for economics concentration. One economics HASS-D subject may be used as an economics elective for the economics major and minor.
Critical analysis of liberal, neoclassical, and Marxist perspectives on modern society. Alternative theories of economic growth, historical change, the state, classes, and ideology.
Analyzes the impact of trade and financial flows and regional integration on the domestic politics of advanced industrial states. Pressures for harmonization and convergence of domestic institutions and practices and the sources of national resistance to these are examined. Cases are drawn from both the advanced economies and developing countries.
Considers how institutions have been incorporated theoretically into explorations of growth and development. Four sets of institutions are examined in detail: the corporate sector, to study how ownership, strategy, and structure affect growth-related policies; financial institutions, to analyze how they condition savings and investment; labor market institutions, to investigate their impact on the determination of wage and production-related productivity; and the institutions associated with technology, such as universities, research laboratories, and corporate training centers, to consider how skill formulation is accomplished.
Analyzes changes in the international economy and their effects in the politics, economy, and society of advanced and emerging countries. Topics include the independence of national governments; wage inequality; unemployment; industrial production outside national borders and its consequences for innovation, efficiency, and jobs; fairness in trade; and mass culture versus local values. 17.195 fulfills undergraduate public policy requirement in the major and minor. Graduate students are expected to explore the subject in greater depth.
For students who have already experienced work and research in today's global economy. Offers an introduction to core concepts used to understand developments and interdependencies in the new global economy through a combination of conceptual approaches and practical case studies. Combines a broad range of interactive classroom experiences including student presentations and guest speakers from business and academia with first-hand knowledge of how the global economy operates. Explores issues such as global entrepreneurship, the rise of global challengers like India and China, and crosscultural communication in multinational organizations. Enrollment limited.
Examines role of European states in postwar period of rapid economic growth and current crisis. Includes analysis of different state traditions ("etatist," liberal, authoritarian); government's role in decline of some economies and rise of others; why and where Keynesianism, indicative planning, and state enterprises were introduced; alternative conceptions of contemporary economic problems (new international division of labor, too few producers, oil shock); and of policies to deal with them (industrial policy, monetarism, protectionism).
Designed for PhD students embarking on dissertation research in the fields of comparative politics and comparative political economy. Aimed particularly at those students who have already passed their general exams, although others admitted with permission of instructor. Focuses on issues associated with designing and undertaking a substantive piece of research. Begins by examining a number of examples of successful research with a view to examining how they were designed, what research problems they confronted, and how they were surmounted. The second part reviews alternative methodologies for carrying out the research. In the final part, participants' research proposals are discussed with an eye to both their substantive and methodological dimensions.
Compares politics and society in France, Great Britain, Germany, and Italy. Analyzes cases of the integration of feudal remnants and the problem of controlling the economy. Open to qualified undergraduates with permission from instructor.
Seminar has two main goals: explores the main theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of contemporary Chinese politics; and relates those approches to broader trends in the field of comparative politics. What has the study of China contributed to the field of comparative politics, and vice versa? What are the most effective ways to integrate area studies, broader comparative approaches, and theory? Seminar presumes a basic understanding of the history and politics of contemporary China.
Examines the causes and consequences of China's emergence as a global economic and political force. Employing perspectives from comparative politics and international relations, subject examines the connections between China's domestic transformation and its foreign policy. Topics include the historical process of China's rise, contemporary challenges facing the Chinese system, and the impact of China's rise on issues of regional and global concern, including military security, economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability, and political stability.
Preparatory subject for MIT students who go to China on internships with the International Science and Technology Initiative (MISTI). Subject explores some critical issues in China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong today. Eight sessions are taught by different MIT professors or outside experts, covering important aspects of Chinese life and/or China's current relationship with the outside world. Topics include health issues, Sino-US relations, economic transformation, and human rights. One weekend session on the skills needed to successfully navigate Chinese society. Restricted to students accepted to MISTI internships to China.
Focuses on China's transition from plan to market. What has the trajectory of institutional change in China been, and how has growth been achieved? Is that growth sustainable? Subject examines specific aspects of reform (enterprise, fiscal, financial, social welfare), and the systemic consequences of interaction between various reform measusres. Additional topics include the interaction between political and economic change, the transformation of state-society relations, and the generalizability of China's reform experience. Graduate students are expected to explore the subject in greater depth.
Examines theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding the process of late development. Topics include the role of the state in alleviating or exacerbating poverty, the politics of industrial policy and planning, and the relationship between institutional change and growth. How over the past century have some of the world's poorest nations achieved wealth? How have others remained mired in poverty? What are the social consequences for alternative strategies of development?
Independent research for students who would like to pursue a research project during their stay abroad. Initiated with faculty advisor during the term prior to leaving, students are expected to conduct research during stay abroad and complete project after return to campus. The academic component involves close contact between the student and a faculty advisor, written work, and oral presentation.
Introduces scientific and engineering aspects of the management of spent fuel, reprocessed high-level waste, low-level wastes, and decommissioning wastes. Characteristics and classification of nuclear wastes and waste forms. Fundamental processes and governing equations of radionuclide transport in the environment. Discussion of performance assessment for repositories. Design principles and evaluation methods for geologic waste disposal systems. Final team project.
Examines current economic, management, and policy issues concerning nuclear power and its fuel cycle. Introduces methods for analyzing private and public policy alternatives, including discounted cash flow methods and other techniques in engineering economics. Application to specific problem areas, including nuclear waste management, weapons proliferation, and the economic competitiveness of nuclear power. Other topics include deregulation and restructuring in the electric power industry.
Introduces advanced undergraduates or graduate students in the Schools of Engineering and Science to the integration of technical, economic, political, and environmental consideration required for the successful implementation of new technology. Case studies are drawn from the energy and environment sectors with some emphasis on analytic techniques that serve as a "tool box" for students. Technologies considered include fossil, nuclear, solar, wind, fuel cell and energy conservation. International aspects, such as weapons proliferation and global climate effects, also discussed.