Studying these cells could lead to new treatments for diseases ranging from gastrointestinal disease to diabetes.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--The MIT Department of Linguistics and Philosophy plans to unveil today a recently installed $2-to-3 million magnetoencephalography system (MEG) constructed at MIT by the Kanazawa Institute of Technology (KIT).
The MEG system is housed in the KIT/MIT MEG Joint Research Laboratory in Building E10 at 79 Amherst Street, where dedication ceremonies will be held on Wednesday, December 17.
MIT and KIT established the joint operation last July. Professor Alec Marantz of Linguistics and Philosophy is the laboratory's research director.
The system, which was developed at the MATTO Laboratory for Human Information Systems at KIT in Nonoichi, Ishikawa, Japan, was shipped here from Japan and erected on site by KIT. In order to provide the 500 square feet needed to accommodate the magnetically shielded system, MIT broke through a wall and consolidated Rooms 043 and 044 in Building E10. The space was provided by the Department of Brain and Cognitive Science.
The MEG system employs superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) toï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½create extremely sensitive magnetometers that make possible the fine-tuned monitoring of neuronal activity in the brain.
MIT initially will use the equipment in experiments that involve speech perception and visual word recognition, according to Professor Marantz, who noted that faculty and students from Brain and Cognitive Science will work alongside Linguistics researchers in the lab. "The establishment of this human brain imaging lab at MIT within the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy reflects the department's vision of the close relationship between linguistics and cognitive neuroscience," Professor Marantz said.
The first MEG system using a shielded room was operated at the Francis Bitter Magnetic Laboratory for many years, under the direction of group leader David Cohen, a pioneer in the field of magnetoencephalography. Dr. Cohen, who is considered the inventor of the MEG system, started phasing out the operation three years ago and the room was dismantled recently.