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The Robert J. Collier Trophy, awarded annually for significant achievements in aeronautics or astronautics in America, has been awarded to the Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) public and private-sector team, which includes MIT Lincoln Laboratory.
ADS-B is a system in which each aircraft broadcasts its aircraft-determined position, intent and status information on the order of once each second. This broadcast position information can be received by other aircraft and by ground stations, providing robust air-to-ground and air-to-air surveillance.Â
Lincoln Laboratory played a critical role in the conception, development and testing of ADS-B, and continues to support the Federal Aviation Administration's national implementation program.Â In 1992, Lincoln Laboratory proposed to the FAA the use of an expanded Mode-S squitter for the transmission of aircraft-derived position.Â This concept has evolved into the current ADS-B that allows aircraft to broadcast and receive ADS-B information using existing transponder equipment.Â It has been adopted worldwide as the commercial fleet's standard for ADS-B implementation.