This class has a new webpage, with links to the readings, at You will need a password to get into the site, which you can get from Norvin Richards.

Feb. 11 What are phases?
Chomsky, Noam. 2000. Derivation by Phase. Step by step: essays on Minimalist syntax in honor of Howard Lasnik, edited by Roger Martin, David Michaels, and Juan Uriagereka. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Legate, Julie. 2001. Some interface properties of the phase. ms., MIT.

Svenonius, Peter. 2000. Impersonal Passives: a phase-based analysis. ms., University of Tromsø.

Svenonius, Peter. 2001. On Object Shift, Scrambling, and the PIC. A Few from Building E39: Papers in syntax, semantics, and their interface (MITWPL 39), edited by Elena Guerzoni and Ora Matushansky. MITWPL, Cambridge, MA.

Bresnan, Joan. 1972. On sentence stress and syntactic transformations. Contributions to Generative Phonology, edited by Michael Brame. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Simpson and Wu. 2001. Understanding cyclic spell-out. To appear in Proceedings of NELS 32.

Feb. 19 Phases and checking
[NB: Tuesday, but Monday schedule]

Frampton, John, Sam Gutmann, Julie Legate, and Charles Yang. 2000. Remarks on "Derivation by Phase": feature valuation, agreement, and intervention. ms., Northeastern, MIT, and Yale.

Hiraiwa, Ken. 2001. Multiple Agree and the Defective Intervention Constraint in Japanese. The Proceedings of a MIT-Harvard Joint Student Conference (HUMIT2000), MIT Working Papers in Linguistics #40, edited by Ora Matushansky, et al. MITWPL, Cambridge, MA.

Pesetsky, David, and Esther Torrego. 2000. T-to-C movement: causes and consequences. Ken Hale: a life in language, edited by Michael Kenstowicz. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Feb. 25 Phases and linearization: Distinctness

Richards, Norvin. 2001. "A Distinctness condition on linearization." ms., MIT.

March 4 What are phases? part 2: applicatives

Bruening, Benjamin. 2001. QR Obeys Superiority: ACD and Frozen Scope. Linguistic Inquiry 32(2):233-273.

McGinnis, Martha. 2001. Object asymmetries in a phase theory of syntax. ms., University of Calgary.

Pylkkänen, Liina. 2000. What Applicative Heads Apply To. In Minnick, M., A. Williams and E. Kaiser (eds.), Proceedings of the 24th Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium, UPenn Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 7.1.

Seidl, Amanda. 2000. Minimal indirect reference: a theory of the syntax-phonology interface. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.

Soh, Hooi Ling. 1998. Object Scrambling in Chinese. Doctoral dissertation, MIT.

March 11 Successive-cyclic movement

Adger, David, and Gillian Ramchand. 2001. Phases and interpretability. Proceedings of WCCFL 20, edited by K. Megerdoomian and Leona Bar-el. Cascadilla Press, Somerville.

Bruening, Benjamin. 2001. Syntax at the Edge: Cross-Clausal Phenomena and the Syntax of Passamaquoddy. Doctoral dissertation, MIT.

Heck, Fabian, & Gereon Müller. 2001. Successive cyclicity, long-distance superiority, and local optimization. Proceedings of WCCFL 19, edited by Roger Billerey and Brook Danielle Lillehaugen. Cascadilla Press, Somerville.

McCloskey, James. To appear. Resumption, successive cyclicity, and the locality of operations. To appear in Derivation and explanation in the Minimalist Program, edited by Samuel Epstein and Daniel Seeley. Blackwell.

Müller, Gereon. 2000. Shape conservation and remnant movement. Proceedings of NELS 30.

Nissenbaum, Jon. 2000. Investigations of Covert Phrase Movement. Doctoral dissertation, MIT.

Sauerland, Uli. 2001. Intermediate adjunction with A-movement. ms., Universität Tübingen.

Uchibori, Asako. 2000. The syntax of subjunctive complements: evidence from Japanese. Doctoral dissertation, University of Connecticut.

March 18 Successive-cyclic movement, continued
March 25 Spring Break
April 1 Guest Lecture: David Pesetsky
April 8 islands

Ceplova, Marketa. 2001. Minimalist islands--restricting P-features. ms., MIT.

Rackowski, Andrea. To appear. Subjects and specificity: the case of Tagalog. Proceedings of NELS 32.

Richards, Norvin. To appear. Lowering and Cyclicity: Attraction by X from Spec XP. Proceedings of NELS 32.

April 15 Patriots’ Day vacation

April 22 Guest Lecture: Danny Fox and David Pesetsky
April 29 Phases, linearization, and the EPP

Alexiadou, Artemis, and Elena Anagnostopoulou. 1998. Parametrizing Agr: word order, verb movement, and EPP-checking. Natural Langauge and Linguistic Theory 16.491-539.

Lobeck, Anne. 1995. Ellipsis: functional heads, licensing, and identification. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

McCloskey, James. To appear. The Distribution of Subject Properties in Irish. In Subjects and other objects, edited by Bill Davies and Stan Dubinsky. Academic Press.

Merchant, Jason. To appear. Subject-Auxiliary Inversion in comparatives and PF output constraints. To appear in The interfaces: deriving and interpreting (omitted) structures, edited by Kerstin Schwabe and Susanne Winkler. John Benjamins, Amsterdam.

May 6 Student Presentations
May 13 Student Presentations