NSE - Nuclear Science & Engineering at MIT


News Archives : 2008

Otto Harling receives Hatanaka Memorial Award

Otto Harling

NSE Professor Otto Harling received the Hatanaka Memorial Award and presented the Hatanaka Memorial Lecture at the 13th Congress of the International Society for Neutron Capture Therapy in Florence, Italy on Nov. 2, 2008.

The first clinical studies of neutron capture therapy were carried out at Brookhaven and at MIT in the 1950s. NSE faculty member Gordon Brownell was involved in those at MIT. The MITR was designed with neutron capture therapy in mind. A medical irradiation was incorporated into the initial design of MITR. More recently, the departmnent has designed and built a new epithermal neutron irradiation facility. Known as the FCB, this facility uses a unique approach not used elsewhere, a fission converter source, and it is considered the best irradiation facility for neutron capture therapy in the world. The first international meeting or congress of what was to become the International Society for Neutron Capture Therapy took place at MIT in 1983.

Professor Emeritus Gordon Brownell passes away

Gordon BrownellA 7-year-old daughter of a Rhode Island farmer traveled to Boston in 1953 when doctors couldn't diagnose a neurological malady that left her unable to read and looking around with a vacant stare. Even her neurosurgeon at Massachusetts General Hospital was perplexed, so he enlisted the help of a colleague Dr. Gordon L. Brownell, who proceeded to write a chapter in the history of nuclear medicine.

As Time magazine reported the following year, Dr. Brownell developed a scanning machine that isolated, within a third of an inch, the location of a tumor that the neurosurgeon successfully removed from the girl's brain. The technology Dr. Brownell invented evolved into positron emission tomography, commonly known as a PET scan, which uses radioactive tracers to pinpoint the location of diseased tissue. He died Nov. 11 in his Salem home. Dr. Brownell was 86 and had been suffering from pneumonia and complications from throat cancer.

>> Read full Boston Globe obituary

Boston Globe photo/Bryan Marquard

BETTER TECHNOLOGY: Accelerating new energy technologies

“We have to figure out how to accelerate the introduction of new energy technologies in different sectors,” says Lester, who has led studies of national and regional productivity, competitiveness, and innovation for governments and industrial groups around the world. “The common debate is about which technology is better, but what we have paid less attention to as a country is the ways in which new technologies find their way into the marketplace.”

>> Read full interview with Prof. Lester in Spectrum

Sow-Hsin Chen receives 2008 Clifford G. Shull Prize from Neutron Scattering Society of America

“For seminal contributions to understanding the dynamical properties of supercooled and interfacial water using neutron scattering techniques, and for an exceptional record of training young scientists in the use of scattering techniques to solve topical interdisciplinary problems in complex fluids and soft matter.”

Read Press release

Read Science Online article (Jan 08): "Why water is so utterly weird"

Nanofluids group receive Best Paper award at MNHTI-08 Conference

The article, "Experimental Study of Flow Critical Heat Flux in Low Concentration Water-Based Nanofluids," written by Sung Joong Kim, Tom McKrell, Jacopo Buongiorno and Lin-wen Hu was selected for the Best Paper Award at the 1st ASME Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer International Conference, held January 6-9, 2008 in Tainan, Taiwan.

Department of Nuclear Science & Engineering

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