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Professor of Physics, Emeritus
Name: Robert J. Birgeneau
Title(s): Professor of Physics, Emeritus
Phone: (617) 253-4937
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Area of Physics:
Professor Robert J. Birgeneau's research is primarily concerned with the phases and phase transition behaviour of novel states of matter. These include one- and two- dimensional magnets, liquid crystals, physisorbed and chemisorbed surface monolayers, clean metal and semi-conductor surfaces, graphite intercalates, highly disordered magnets and most recently, lamellar CuO2 superconductors. He uses both neutron and X-ray scattering techniques to probe these systems. Professor Birgeneau and his collaborators pioneered the use of X-ray synchrotron radiation for high resolution studies of condensed matter. For the pastdecade, he and collaborators have carried out a comprehensive research program aimed at elucidating the microscopic properties of the high Tc superconducting materials.
A Toronto native, Professor Robert J. Birgeneau received his B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Toronto in 1963 and his Ph.D. in Physics from Yale in 1966. He was on the faculty of Yale for one year and then spent one year at Oxford University through the National Research Council of Canada. Professor Birgeneau was a member of the technical staff at Bell Laboratories from 1968 to 1975, then joined MIT as a Professor of Physics. In 1982, he was named the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics. In 1988, he was named Head of the Department and in 1991 was appointed Dean of Science. Professor Birgeneau became the 14th president of the University of Toronto on July 1, 2000, where he served four years. On September 22, 2004, he was named the ninth chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, where he also holds a faculty appointment in the Department of Physics.
Professor Birgeneau has received many honours for his research. In 1987, he was awarded the O. E. Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society. In 2000, he received the J. E. Lilienfeld Prize of the American Physical Society, given to a physicist who both has made outstanding contributions to physics and also has exceptional talent at explaining physics to diverse audiences. Professor Birgeneau was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London in 2001, and the Royal Society of Canada in 2002. He is also a foreign associate of the National Academy of Sciences, and is one of the most cited physicists in the world for his work on the fundamental properties of materials.
- Hydrogen-Bonded Silica Gels Dispersed in a Smectic Liquid Crystal: A Novel Random Field System, Phys. Rev. Lett. (submitted), S. Park, R.L. Leheny, R.J. Birgeneau, J.-L. Gallani, C.W. Garland and G.S. Iannacchione.
- Enhancement of Long Range Magnetic Order by a Magnetic Field in Superconducting La2Cu04+y, Phys. Rev. B. (submitted), B. Khaykovich, Y.S. Lee, S. Wakimoto, K.J. Thomas, R. Erwin, S.-H. Lee, M.A. Kastner and R.J. Birgeneau.
- Ferroelectric Ordering in the Relaxor Pb(Mg1,3Nb2&03 as Evidenced by Low- Temperature Phonon Anomalies, Phys. Rev. B. (submitted), S. Wakimoto, C. Stock, R.J. Birgeneau, Z.-G. Ye, W. Chen, W.J.L. Buyers, P.M. Gehring and G. Shirane.
- Top-Seeded Melt-Growth of Yba2SCu30x Crystals for Neutron Diffraction, Journal of Superconductivity (in press), D.C. Peets, Ruixing Liang, C. Stock, W.J.L. Buyers, Z. Tun, L. Taillefer, R. J. Birgeneau, D.A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy.
- An X-Ray Scattering Study of the Incommensurate Phase in Mg-doped CuGeOs, Phys. Rev. B. (submitted) R.J. Christianson, Y.J. Wang, S.C. LaMarra, R. J. Birgeneau, V. Kiryukhin, T. Masuda, I. Tsukada, K. Uchinokura, B. Keimer.
- Anomalous temperature dependence in the photoemission spectral function of cuprates, Phys. Rev. B. C. Kim, F. Ronning, A. Damascelli, D.L. Feng, Z.-X. Shen, B.O. Wells, Y.J. Kim, R. J. Birgeneau, M.A. Kastner, L.L. Miller, H. Eisaki and S. Uchida.
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