MIN CHEN, Professor of Physics

Professor of Physics

EMAIL: chenm@mit.edu

PHONE: (617) 253-8379

OFFICE: 24-504

Area of Physics:

Experimental Nuclear and Particle Physics >> Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics

Research Interests

Particle Physics, Meta Material, Backward Cherenkov Radiation, Testing Babinet Principle in electron induced radiations.

Biographical Sketch

Professor Chen has pioneered the field of reverse Cherenkov Radiation (RCR) in left-handed material since 2003, after working on Particles Physics for 30 years highlighted with the discovery of the J-Particle in 1974 and the Gluons, the carrier of the Nuclear Forces, in 1979 and the study of the properties of the Weak Bosons over the period 1985 to 1995:

  • 1970: personally, designed to build a precision vertical bending double arm mass spectrometer, later leading to the discovery of the J-particle, not predicted by theory.
  • 1974: first eliminates the background to find the sharp J-particle peak, showing the composite properties of a new heavy (Charm) quark-antiquark composite system, establishing the quark model that quarks are the basic building block of everything in the universe.
  • 1976: invited to participate in the Nobel Prize ceremony for the experimental group leader Prof. S. C. C. Ting due to the discovery of J-particle.
  • 1979: developed a new mathematical method to calculate the energy distribution of the hadrons produced by high energy positive and negative electron collisions, leading to the discovery of 3-jets and the carrier of the Nuclear forces, the Gluons.
  • 1983: Fellow of Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.
  • 1995: European Institute of Physics Nuclear Force carrier – Group Gluon Discovery Award.
  • 2003: Launching the study of the backward Cherenkov radiation using man-made left-hand material.
  • 2010: The backward Cherenkov radiation paper won the best paper award from the IEEE International Electromagnetism Application Conference.
  • 2012: Invited by the President of Taiwan University to participate in the assessment of university academic courses.
  • 2013: Awarded Outstanding Contribution Award for Academic Course Evaluation of Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao tong University.
  • 2013: Introduced the MIT-edX course to Taiwan and invited 14 well-known Taiwanese educators to MIT to learn MIT's MOOCS.
  • 2014: Phi-Tau-Phi Academic Honors Award.
  • 2013-2014-2015-2016, lectured at the University of Macau, Tunghai University, Electronic Science and Technology University, Zhejiang University on 1. Science and Humanities; 2. Methods of Major Scientific Discoveries; 3. Method of Developing the Standard Theory, and 4. Network teaching Methods.
  • 2017 First Direct Observation of Backward Cherenkov Radiation in Electron Beams.

He did both the theoretical prediction and computation, designed the first meta-material for RCR, which is transverse magnetic field, versus all the previous meta material being for transverse electric waves only, and he made the first convincing experimental demonstration of RCR. In 1995, he got European Physics Society Prize for the discovery of the Gluon, the carrier of the Nuclear Forces. In 2010, he got the "Best Paper Award" granted by 2010 International Conference EEE on Application of Electromagnetism for his experimental verification of reversed Cherenkov radiation in left-handed material, which was also in the discovery story for the January 2010 issue of Photonics Spectra (www.photonics.com). Recently he has developed a new method and obtained a patent in China and in the USA, to generate enhanced terahertz (THz) surface wave (SW) via its coupling with reversed Cherenkov radiation (RCR), excited by a sheet beam bunch which travels in a vacuum above an isotropic double negative metamaterial (DNM). The physical mechanism for the enhancement is that this DNM can support a RCR which can resonantly interact with a sheet electron beam bunch, resulting in an enhanced SW, formed due to its coupling with the enhanced RCR. Numerical results show strong enhancement for the SW and RCR in the THz band. This enhanced THz radiation has potential applications to high-power THz radiation sources and Cherenkov detectors which require large signals. He has made the theoretical computation and is now testing the Babinet principle which relates the polarization of the radiation emitted by a meta material with that emitted by its meta complementary surface.

Selected Publications

  • "Determination of Strong Interaction Nuclear Radii", Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 792 (1970) (with H. Alvensleben etal).
  • "Observation of Coherent Interference Patterns Between rho, omega Decays", Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 1373 (1970) (with H. Alvensleben etal).
  • "Determination of the Photoproduction Phase of rho^o Mesons", Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 1377 (1970) (with H. Alvensleben etal).
  • "Determination of the Photoproduction Phase of phi Mesons", Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 444 (1971) (with H. Alvensleben etal).
  • "Observation of Coherent Interference Patterns Between rho, omega Decays", Nuclear Phys. B25, 333 (1971) (with H. Alvensleben etal).
  • "Design of a Tagged Photon-Electron Beam Facility for FNAL" Nuclear Instruments & Methods 102, 51 (1972).                                  
  • "Application of Synchrotron Radiation for the Identification of Electrons in High Energy Beam", with W. Busza and D. Luckey), Nuclear instruments & Methods 105, 613 (1972).
  • "University of California, Berkeley, Physics Problems with Solutions", Prentice-Hall, Inc., 356 pages (1974).                                
  • "Experimental Observation of a Heavy Particle J", Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 404 (1974)  1404 (with J.J. Aubert, U. Becker, P.J. Biggs, J. Burger, G. Everhart, P. Goldhagen, J. Leong, T.P. McCorriston, T.G. Rhoades, M. Rohde, S.C.C. Ting and S.L. Wu).
  • "Discovery of the J Particle and Search for Similar Particles in Hadron Interaction, and in Photoproduction and Neutrino Production", International Summer institute in Cargese on "Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions at High Energies" June 1975. Plenum Press.
  • "New Particle Production in Hadronic Interactions", Proceedings of  the 1977 International School of Subnuclear Physics at Erice, Plenum Press (1979).
  • "Discovery of Three-Jet Events and a Test of Quantum Chromodynamics at PETRA", Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 830 (1979) (with D.P. Barber et al.).
  • "Unique Solution for the Weak Neutral Current Coupling Constants in Purely Leptonic Interactions", Phys. Lett. 95B, 149 (1980) (with D.P. Barber et al.).
  • "Model Independent Second Order Determination of the Strong Coupling Constant  alpha_s”, B. Adeva et al. Phys. Rev. Lett, 50, 2051 (1983).
  • A Short History of Measuring the Strong Coupling Constant alpha_s " to Complete Second Order QCD", Proceedings of XVI Intern. Symposium on Multiple Particle Dynamics, P.661, (1985); Int. Jour. of Modern Physics A, 1 (1988) 669. 
  • "Measuring the Strength of Fundamental Forces", Invited talk at Moriond Conf. March, 1986 and MIT-LNS Report 149.
  • "Measurement of g_A and g_V, the Neutral Current Coupling Constants to Leptons", with L3 collaboration, B. Adeva etal, Phys. Lett.  B236 (1990) 109.
  • "Measurement of Z^0 Decays to Hadrons, and a Precise Determination of the Number of Neutrino Species",  with L3 collaboration, B. Adeva et al, Phys. Lett.  B237 (1990) 136.                
  • "Measurement of the Z^0  Leptonic Widths and the Vector and Axial Vector Coupling Constants", with L3 collaboration, B. Adeva etal, Phys. Lett.  B238 (1990) 122.    
  • "A Determination of Electroweak Parameters from Z^0 ---> mu^+ mu^- (gamma)", with L3 collaboration, B. Adeva etal, Physics Letters B 247 (1990) 473.
  • "A Precise Measurement of the Number of Neutrino Species", with L3 collaboration, B. Adeva etal, Phys. Lett. B 249 (1990) 341.  
  • "Cerenkov Radiation in Materials with Negative Permittivity and Permeability" J. Lu, T. Grzegorczyk, Y. Zhang, J. Pacheco Jr., B.-I. Wu, J. A. Kong, and M. Chen, Optics Express 11, 723-734 (2003).
  • “Left-handed Metamaterial Design for Čerenkov Radiation”, B.-I. Wu, J. Lu, J. Kong, and M. Chen, Journal of Applied Physics 102, 114907, (2007).
  • Polarized Electron-induced Radiation (SPE) Based on Babinet principle, PRL 117, 157401 (Oct., 2016).
  • Observation of the reversed Cherenkov radiation, http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14901. 2017

Last updated on September 18, 2017 10:29 AM