Tribology: Friction, Wear, and Lubrication
Date: June 16-20, 2014 | Tuition: $3,500 | Continuing Education Units (CEUs): 2.8
*This course has limited enrollment. Apply early to guarantee your spot.
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The study of friction, wear, and lubrication has long been of enormous practical importance, since the functioning of many mechanical, electromechanical and biological systems depends on the appropriate friction and wear values. In recent decades, this field, termed tribology, has received increasing attention as it has become evident that the wastage of resources resulting from high friction and wear is greater than 6% of the Gross National Product. The potential savings offered by improved tribological knowledge, too, are great.
The background of most engineers in this important technological area, however, is seriously deficient. For example, an undergraduate engineering student receives less than an hour of instruction in tribology. Moreover, most reference works of tribology provide little guidance to solving real-world problems.
Accordingly, this program presents current insights into tribology in a pedagogical form, focusing on such fundamental concepts as surface energy, elastic and elastoplastic deformation, microfracture, and surface interactions at the micro- and nano-scale. Additionally, special considerations are given to the application of fundamental knowledge to control friction and wear behavior through lubrication and the selection of materials and coatings in practical situations. Furthermore, modern experimental methods are discussed and several case studies are used to indicate how fundamental tribology knowledge can be applied in the design of tribological components and systems.
- Describe surface topography, physico-chemical aspects of solid surfaces, and surface interactions.
- Analyze the mechanics of solid elastic and elastoplastic contacts.
- Recognize the laws of friction, mechanisms of friction, friction space, stiction, stick slip, and surface temperature.
- Appreciate the various modes of wear: adhesive, delamination, fretting, abrasive, erosive, corrosive, oxidational (mild and severe), melt, and the wear-mechanism maps.
- Identify types of lubrication: boundary, solid-film, hydrodynamic, and hydrostatic lubrication.
- Examine applications/case studies: sliding contacts, rolling contacts, bearing design, coating selection, and lubrication.
- Explore the design of tribological surfaces and how to troubleshoot tribology problems.
- Survey tribological testing devices and testing design.
Who Should Participate
The program is intended for two kinds of participants: those who are active or intend to be active in research on some aspect of tribology, and those who have encountered practical friction and wear problems and wish to learn novel methods of solving them.
The course requires at least a first-year college course in mathematics, applied mechanics, and materials. Some lectures introduce more advanced concepts in these areas and in physical chemistry and thermodynamics. These will be reviewed where necessary to provide the required background.
Each participant receives the course lectures both in hard copy and in digital CD.
Outline of the Program
Overview and preliminaries
Course Overview, Surface Topography, Physico-Chemical Aspects of Solid Surfaces, Surface Interactions
Mechanics of solid contacts
Elastic Contacts, Elastoplastic Contacts, Fracture
Laws of Friction, Mechanisms of Friction, Friction Space, Stiction, Stick Slip, Surface Temperature
Adhesive Wear, Delamination Wear, Fretting Wear, Abrasive Wear, Erosive Wear, Corrosive Wear, Mild and Severe Oxidational Wear, Melt Wear, Wear-Mechanism Maps
Boundary Lubrication, Solid-Film Lubrication, Mixed Lubrication, Hydrodynamic Lubrication, Hydrostatic Lubrication
Interatomic Interactions, Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), Challenges of Tribological Testing at Small Scales
Common Geometries, Instrumentation and Methods Used for Testing, Influences of Test Parameters
Sliding Contacts, Rolling Contacts, Bearing Design, Coating Selection. Optional topics include: Electric Contacts, Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS), Design of Tribological Surfaces, and Troubleshooting.
Course schedule, registration times, Special Events
Class runs 8:30 am - 5:00 pm every day except Friday when it ends at 12:00 noon.
Registration is on Monday morning from 7:45 - 8:15 am.
Special events include: a networking reception Monday evening; a program dinner for course participants, their families, and faculty on Wednesday night; and a farewell lunch on Friday at noon. Evening activities and the lunch are included in tuition.
Laptops are encouraged for this course.
Lubrication Engineer, Eaton Corporation
"Very effective. I came to the class with a problem I needed to start on without knowing where to begin. By day 2 of the class, I had a feasible idea and by day 4 I believe I have a solution to the problem. Now, I just need to prove my theory. My management will understand that this class was very valuable."
Sr. Coating Specialist, Rolls-Royce
"Excellent program. Exceptional opportunity to learn from word-wide known tribologists."
Engineering Specialist, Caterpillar Inc.
"Not only learned theories of tribology, but also the way of solving engineering problems. The instructors delivered very nice and well prepared talks. I would recommend this class to any of my colleagues in the tribological area."
Senior Engineer, Sasol Synfuels
"As a metallurgist, the chosen subject matter was applicable. I will be directly applying what I learned and use the handouts and textbooks as references for years to come."
Staff Engineer, Goodrich Aerostructures
"This type of information and presentation is simply not available in the working world."
Assistant Professor, University of Toledo
"The experience was extremely positive, mostly because Drs. Saka and Suh are very good instructors. They know how to extract the essence, how to structure, and how to make sense of the multitude of information from a complex field."
Engineer, SatCon Technology Corporation
"Useful in understanding widely varying results obtained in practical wear applications and ways to avoid them."
ABOUT THE PRESENTERS
Dr. Nannaji Saka
Nannaji Saka is a Research Affiliate (formerly a Principal Research Scientist) in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity at MIT. He holds a Bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering (First class Honors), a Master's degree in Metallurgical Engineering, and a Doctoral degree in Materials Science and Engineering. Over the past three decades he has collaborated with Professors Ernest Rabinowicz and Nam P. Suh in research on a variety of tribological problems and phenomena.
Dr. Saka has co-authored over a hundred technical papers in tribology, mechanical behavior of materials, and manufacturing processes. He has co-edited, with Professor Suh, the proceedings of an international conference on the Fundamentals of Tribology held at MIT. He holds seven US patents on electrical contacts and chemical-mechanical polishing, and has several patents pending. Over the years he has supervised thirty bachelor's, master's and doctoral theses, and has been a committee member of a dozen doctoral theses. He has been the principal or co-principal investigator of numerous projects sponsored by several government agencies (DARPA, NSF, ONR) and by many industrial firms (Control Data, DEC, Draper Laboratory, Hoya Electronics, Intel, New England Instruments, NGK, Omron, Pratt & Whitney, Semiconductor Research Corporation, SVG, Teradyne, and others).
He has been a member of ASME, ASM-International, STLE, AAAS, and Sigma Xi, and has been an associate editor of the journal STLE Tribology Transactions and of the ASME press Series monographs Advances in Information Storage Systems. He has been a frequent reviewer of technical papers for STLE Tribology Transactions, Journal of Tribology/ ASME, Wear, and the Journal of Engineering for Industry/ASME.
Dr. Said Jahanmir
Said Jahanmir is President and CEO of the MiTiHeart Corporation, a subsidiary of Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc. (MiTi), where he serves as Vice President for Biotechnology and leads efforts on implantable blood pumps. Prior to joining MiTi he was associated with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (1987-2002) where he served in several capacities including Leader of the Ceramic Manufacturing Group. He directed research activities that ranged from characterization of ceramic powders to assessment of mechanical properties of advanced materials. He also coordinated several international collaborations on standards activities. He served as chair of the Ceramic Machining Consortium that he established as a joint research program between NIST, industry, and academic organizations (1992-2001). Previous affiliations include the National Science Foundation (1985-1987), Director of Tribology Program; Exxon Research and Engineering Company (1980-1985), senior research engineer; Cornell University (1977-1980), Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering; University of California at Berkeley (1976-1977), Lecturer; and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1975-1976), Instructor.
His research in tribology and machining of advanced materials is widely recognized in the scientific and engineering communities. He has published over two hundred forty papers and reports related to machining of ceramics, mechanisms and mechanics of interfaces, wear and friction, boundary lubrication, and biotribology; and has given more than three hundred lectures on these subjects. He has edited several books and conference proceedings on machining and tribology of advanced materials.
He has been active in technical and administrative committees and boards in several engineering societies and has served in several advisory groups in the federal government and universities. He was elected to chair the Gordon Research Conference on Tribology (1998). He is serving as founding Executive Editor for the Machining Science and Technology Journal. He is also active in local educational policy issues and served as President of Partnership for Educational Policy (2002-2003), a new organization formed to inform the public and policy makers on educational issues that have a wide reaching impact on K-12 education. He is an Adjunct Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University Delaware and Honorary Research Professor at Hanyang University in South Korea.
He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and has served in various capacities including Chair of the Research Committee on Tribology (1988-1990), Associate Editor of the Journal of Tribology (1990-1993), and Chair of the Tribology Division’s Executive Committee (1997-1999). He served as ASME’s Vice President for Research and Chair of the Board on Research and Technology Development (2001-2004). He also served as Technical Program Chair for the 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, and General Chair for 2005. He is presently serving as Chair of the ASME Congress.
He was elected Fellow (1992) and Honorary Member (1997) of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) and served in various positions that included founding Chair of the Ceramics Committee (1988-1989) and Chair of the Fellows Nomination Committee (1997-1998). He is a member of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs (ASAIO) and serves on the Industrial Liaison Committee, and is a member of the International Society for Rotary Blood Pumps (ISRBP).
His awards include the ASME Mayo D. Hersey Award (2001), the Federal Laboratory Consortium Technology Transfer Award (2000), the STLE International Award (1997), and the ASME Dedicated Service Award (1995). He was honored as the Community Hero by the Montgomery County Civic Federation (1999) for his contribution to local educational issues. He is listed in Who’s Who in America, Who’s Who in Science and Engineering and American Men and Women of Science.
He received his bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering, magna cum laude, at the University of Washington (1971); and his master’s and doctoral degrees in Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1973 and 1976, respectively). He holds three U.S. and Canadian Patents.
Dr. Nicholas X. Randall
Nicholas X. Randall is a Chartered Engineer (CEng MIM) and holds a BSc. in Materials Science from Brunel University (London, UK) 1994 and a PhD from Neuchatel University (Neuchatel, Switzerland) 1997. His PhD Thesis entitled, “Development & Application of a Multi-functional Nanotribological Tool” consisted of developing the first combined system for nanoindentation and Scanning Force Microscopy (SFM). This system has now been commercially available since 1997.
From 1997 to 2002 he served as the Customer Services Manager with CSM Instruments in Switzerland. He was responsible for after-sales service, technical documentation, installations, training, and contract testing laboratory service. Currently he is the Vice-President of Business Development at CSM Instruments and was responsible for setting-up the U.S. subsidiary of CSM Instruments in Boston, MA. This office provides sales, support, and contract testing for North America, Canada, and Mexico.
Dr. Randall has published extensively in the field of surface mechanical properties testing, especially related to scratch (adhesion) testing, nanoindentation, and tribology testing. He is chairman of ASTM committee G02.40, responsible for developing tribological test standards for non-abrasive wear. He is currently writing a chapter on tribological testing of biomaterials for the forthcoming "ASM Handbook of Materials for Medical Devices", and is a member of MRS, ASM, ASTM, STLE, and The Institute of Materials (UK). He is a frequent reviewer of technical papers for Surface & Coatings Technology, Thin Solid Films, and Journal of Materials Research. He also runs a biannual course on Reliability and Test of MEMS and Microsystems as part of FSRM (Swiss Federation for Research in Microtechnology).
Dr. Nam Pyo Suh
Dr. Nam Pyo Suh was the 13th and 14th President of the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). He is also the Ralph E. & Eloise F. Cross Professor, Emeritus, MIT. He was also the Head of Mechanical Engineering (1991-2001), Director of the Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity (1976-1984), and Director of the MIT-Industry Polymer Processing Program (1973-1984) at MIT. He was the presidential appointee in charge of engineering at NSF (1984-1988). He is the author of over 300 papers and seven books, and holds more than 70 patents, including those related to tribology, MuCell, the on-line electric vehicle (OLEV), and the Mobile Harbor (MH). He is the author of papers on the delamination theory of wear, genesis of friction, solution wear, and undulated surfaces. He is also the author of Tribophysics, The Principles of Design, Axiomatic Design: Advances and Applications, and Complexity: Theory and Applications. During his tenure at KAIST (from July 2006 to March 2013), its worldwide reputation has increased from 198th to 63rd overall and to 24th in engineering and IT. He received nine honorary doctoral degrees from four continents. He is the recipient of the 2009 ASME Medal, the 2006 General Pierre Nicolau Award, the National Science Foundation’s Distinguished Service Award, and many other distinguished awards. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and a member of the International Advisory Board of the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), and the Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research (KUSTAR). He is a member of the Board of Directors of Axiomatic Design Software, Inc., OLEV Technology, Inc., and Parker Vision, Inc.
Dr. Jung-Hoon Chun
Dr. Jung-Hoon Chun is director of the Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity, a professor of mechanical engineering, and director of the MISTI-Korea Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has also been a Faculty Fellow of the Singapore-MIT Alliance. He received a BS from Seoul National University, an MASc from the University of Ottawa, and a PhD from MIT, all in mechanical engineering. His research focuses on the development of innovative manufacturing processes, particularly in droplet-based manufacturing, microelectronics manufacturing, automotive manufacturing, polymer-based microfluidic devices manufacturing, fuel cell manufacturing, and pharmaceutical manufacturing. One of his inventions (US Patent No. 5,266,098) has commercially been adopted worldwide in producing solder balls for electronics packaging. His recent paper, “Breaking-In a Pad for Scratch-Free Cu Chemical-Mechanical Polishing,” which appeared in the Journal of the Electro Chemical Society in 2010, illustrates how semiconductor fabs can perform defects-free CMP operations for higher yield. Dr. Chun has also been instrumental in forming numerous industry-MIT research consortia and international collaborative research programs.
Before joining MIT, Dr. Chun commercialized the Mixalloy process at Sutek Corporation producing dispersion hardened copper alloys for the automotive industry. Dr. Chun’s recent engagements as technical consultant for numerous domestic and international corporations have been with Hyundai Motor America; Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.; Johnson & Johnson; CIBA Vision Corporation; Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., Ltd.; Iljin Copper Foil Company; and Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. He has also contributed to non-profit and governmental organizations such as the Volkswagen Foundation, the US National Science Foundation, Korean Ministry of Knowledge Economy, and the Daegu-Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology as advisor, reviewer, or international advisory board member. Dr. Chun is a Fellow of the International Academy for Production Engineering (CIRP: College International pour la Recherche en Productique).
Dr. Krishnamoorthy Subramanian
Dr. Krishnamoorthy (Subbu) Subramanian is the President of STIMS Institute Inc., a Knowledge Integration company. He has worked for more than 34 years in various positions in the industrial sector. While serving at Saint- Gobain, he conceived and implemented a network of technology centers in the U.S., Germany, China, and India, as well as other facilities across the globe. These applications technology centers for abrasive finishing processes promote innovation and knowledge integration through R&D and technology-based alliances with worldwide customers, suppliers, universities, and all other sources of knowledge. These alliances have been used for new product development and technology-driven market development, as well as education and mentoring of technical professionals. Dr. Subramanian has published extensively on technical and management-related topics. He holds several patents, many of which have been commercialized. He has presented talks worldwide on various topics, including surface engineering, innovation, technology-driven market development, and career development strategies for professionals in the global economy. He obtained his BS (ME) degree from Osmania University, India, and Doctor of Science degree (ME) from MIT. He founded his company, STIMS Institute Inc., in 2011, to develop and implement new business models based on knowledge integration, science-based industrial process solutions, and education and mentoring of technical professionals, as well as to build alliances with technical, academic, and business professionals worldwide. Dr. Subramanian is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME). He has published a book titled The System Approach—A Strategy to Survive and Succeed in the Global Economy, Hanser Gardner, 2000. His second book, Thriving in the 21st Century Economy: Transformational Skills for Technical Professionals, has just been released by the ASME Press. In this course, Dr. Subramanian will cover the principles of tribology as they pertain to abrasive finishing processes used for a wide variety of surface generation requirements.
Dr. Lavern (Vern) D. Wedeven
Dr. Vern Wedeven is the founder and President of Wedeven Associates, Inc. He received his BS degree from Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, and holds BS and MSME degrees from the University of Michigan. He received a PhD from Imperial College, London. Dr. Wedeven continued his research activities in tribology at the NASA Lewis (Glenn) Research Center for 14 years with a focus on gas turbine lubricant evaluation and performance mechanisms. His career at NASA includes one year of aeropropulsion program planning and advocacy at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC. Dr. Wedeven holds two patents on vapor lubrication and a tribology test machine and process patent. Dr. Wedeven is an active member of ASME, ASM, and SAE. He is a Fellow of STLE and recipient of the STLE International Award and Walter D. Hodson Award. Dr. Wedeven has written three book chapters on tribology. He is author of over 90 technical publications and teaches tribology classes for ABMA.
This course takes place on the MIT campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts. We can also offer this course for groups of employees at your location. Please contact the Short Programs office for further details.
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