# GPA Calculation and Unit Conversion

## How the Grade Point Average (GPA) Is Calculated

The MIT grade point average is calculated on a 5.0 scale. Separate grade point averages are calculated for a student's undergraduate and graduate records. Subjects with level U are included in the undergraduate grade point average. Subjects with levels H, G and N are included in the graduate grade point average.

The following are not included in the calculation:

• Subjects with a grade of P, S, URN, SA, T
• Subjects, if not completed, with a grade of I, OX, J, U
• ROTC subjects

Other considerations:

• When an ongoing subject, such as thesis, is completed sum the units of J grade received in prior terms and apply the final grade to the total.
• For a Masters level thesis a maximum of 24 units is used in the calculation; doctoral level thesis units are not included in the calculation.
• A repeated subject counts in your GPA each time you take it.
• Freshmen do not have a GPA for their first semester (including IAP) since none of the grades received (P, DN, FN) is included in the calculation.

Grades used in the calculation are weighted as follows: A=5, B=4, C=3, D=2, F=0, O=0. To calculate a GPA, total all the units of "A" level work and multiply this number by 5. Total all units of "B" level work and multiply by 4 and so on. Add the results and divide by the total number of units. If the hundredth place is 6 or above, the tenth place rounds up (for example, 4.76 becomes 4.8). If the hundredth place is 5 or below, the tenth place does not round up (for example, 4.75 becomes 4.7).

## Conversion to a 4.0 Scale

Substitute the following values in the calculation above: A=4, B=3, C=2, D=1, F=0, O=0.

Note: Conversion to a 4.0 scale is not valid for students who attended MIT prior to 1970.