List of Pharaohs to Dynasty XII

Each line is the full name of one king. This list is meant as a quick reference and is assuredly not in any way a comprehensive or complete Egyptological overview.

Transliteration system employed for consonants:

Manuel de Codage

This document

Probable early pronunciation (IPA)

A

ʀ (later ʔ)

i

j

j (later sometimes ʔ)

y

jj

j

a

ʕ

w

w

w

b

b

b

p

p

p

f

f

f

m

m

m

n

n

n

r

r

r

h

h

h

H

ĥ

ħ

x

x

x

X

ç

ç

s

s

s

s/z

z

z (later s)

S

š

ʃ

q

q

q

k

k

k

g

g

g

t

t

t

T

ť

c

d

d

d

D

ď

ɟ

Vowels a, i, u have been inserted whenever I have been able to find vocalic reconstructions for Old or Middle Egyptian (mostly in LoprienoAncient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction). Vowels that are known to have been present but whose values are unknown have been written as e (Loprieno’s v). Vowel lengths are not indicated because they are not phonemic. Words lacking vowels indicate that I could not find a reconstruction of the vowels for that word.

Standard titulary:
Ĥaruw/Suwtax __ Nib.atej __ Bjk Nabaw __ Inzwi Bjatj __ Zi’ Ri‘u __
(Horus/Seth __ The Two Ladies __ Golden Falcon __ He of the Sedge and the Bee __ Son of Ra __)

Key to kings:
*King of Thinis (Ťnw) and, later, Upper Egypt (Ta’ Šm‘w)
    *Non-Thinite predynastic king
^King of Lower Egypt (Ta’ Mĥw)
<Pretender to the throne
King of Egypt (Ta’.wej/Kum.at) [in brackets, titles that were given later, mostly misreadings of earlier titles]
(Possible King)
    Dynastic regent
        Usurper/Unrecognized king

LEGENDARY KINGS

--First Dynasty of Gods--
Pitaĥ
Ri‘u
Šw
Gbb
Wsjr
Suwtax
Ĥaruw
Ďiĥawtij
Mu’‘at

--Second Dynasty of Gods--

--First Dynasty of Akhs--

--Second Dynasty of Akhs--

--Third Dynasty of Akhs--

--Followers of Horus (Šmsw Ĥaruw)--

--Last Legendary Ruler--
Nij-ĥar-rwat-ĥatip

HISTORICAL KINGS

--Amratian/Naqada I--

--Gerzean/Naqada II--

--00/Naqada IIIb1--
(*Scorpion I)
(*Falcon I)
(*Falcon II)
(*Lion)
    (*K’-Nt)
(*Double Falcon)
    (*Nj-Ĥaruw)
    (*H’tj-Ĥaruw)
    (*P-Ĥaruw)
    (*Hďw-Ĥaruw)
    (*^Tjw)
    (*^Ťš)
    (*^Hskjw)

--0/Naqada IIIb2--
(*Ĥaruw Crocodile-snjw/Snd)
    (*W’ďnď)
(*)Jrj-Ĥaruw
    (*Ĥaruw Nj-Nt)
(*)Ĥaruw-K’/Sxn
    (*Scorpion II)

--I--
Ĥaruw N‘r-mr [Nib.atej] Manij(/Scorpion II)
    Nj.at-ĥatip
Ĥaruw ‘h’ [Nib.atej Ttj]
Ĥaruw Ďr [Nib.atej Jtj]
Ĥaruw Ďt [Nib.atej Jtjwj/Jt’]
    Marij.at-Nj.at
Ĥaruw Dn Bjk Nabaw J‘r.at-nabaw-šn Inzwi Bjatj [Nib.atej] Ĥ’s.atej [/Sm.atej/Sp‘t.jw/Qnntj]
Ĥaruw ‘ď-jib Inzwi Bjatj Nib.awej Marij-bj’-p [/Marij-bj’-pn/Marij-grg-jpn]
Ĥaruw Smr-çt Inzwi Bjatj Nib.atej Jrj [/Smsm]
Ĥaruw Q’-‘ Inzwi Bjatj Nib.atej San [/Qbĥw-Xntj/Qbĥ]
        (Ĥaruw Snfr-k’)
        (Ĥaruw Bird/Sxt)
        (Ĥaruw Sxt)

-II-
Ĥaruw Ĥatip-sxm.awej Inzwi Bjatj Nib.atej Ĥatip [/Bď’-t’.aw/Bď’.aw/B’.aw-naťar]
Ĥaruw Nib-ri‘u [Inzwi Bjatj Nib.atej K’-k’.aw](/Nawab-nafir/Wng)
Ĥaruw Nj-naťar Nib.atej Nj-naťar Rin-Nabaw Inzwi Bjatj B’-(n-)naťar([/W’ď-ns])
((^)Ĥaruw Wng-sxm-awej Inzwi Bjatj Nib.atej Wng/Xt [/W’ď-ns])
(^)Inzwi Bjatj Snd(.j)
((^)Inzwi Bjatj Nawab-nafir)
(^)Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’[-ri‘u]/(Snfr-k’)
(^)Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-skr
(^)Inzwi Bjatj [Ĥw-ďf’ i.e. lacuna]
*Suwtax Paru-jib-sn Inzwi Bjatj Nib.atej Paru-jib-sn/(Snd(.j))
*Ĥaruw Sxm-jib Paru-n-mu’‘at Inzwi Bjatj Nib.atej Sxm-jib Paru-n-mu’‘at
Ĥaruw-Suwtax X’j-sxm.awej Naťar.awej-ĥatip-jm-f Nib.atej X’j-sxm.awej-nabaw-xuw.at-sn [Inzwi Bjatj Ď’ď’j/Bbtj]

--III--
(Ĥaruw Z’ Inzwi Bjatj Wr-z’-Xnwm)
(Ĥaruw S’-nxt (/Z’) (Inzwi Bjatj Nib-k’[-ri‘u]))
Ĥaruw Nuťr.ij-çuw.at Nib.atej Nuťr.ij-çuw.at Nabaw-Ĥaruw Nabaw-Ri‘u Inzwi Bjatj Nuťr.ij-çuw.at-nabaw [/Ďsr-(s’)]
Ĥaruw Sxm-çuw.at Nib.atej Ĥatip-rin Inzwi Bjatj Ĥatip-rin [/(Ďsr)-tti]
(Ĥaruw B’)
(Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-[-ri‘u])
(Ĥaruw S’-nxt (/Z’) (Inzwi Bjatj Nib-k’[-ri‘u]))
Ĥaruw X‘j-b’ Naťar-nabaw [Inzwi Bjatj Zďs]
(Ĥaruw Q’j-ĥďt) Inzwi Bjatj Ĥwj-nj-inzwi.t

--IV--
Ĥaruw Nib-mu’‘at Snfr.w Nib.atej Nib-mu’‘at Bjk Nabaw Inzwi Bjatj Snfr.w
Ĥaruw Mďd.w Mďd-r-Nib.atej Bjk.awej-Nabuw.awej Inzwi Bjatj Çnmw-Xawj-af-wej
Ĥaruw Xupraw Xupraw-m-Nib.atej Bjk.awej-Nabuw.awej Zi’ Ri‘u Ďd-f-ri‘u
Ĥaruw Wsr-jib Wsr-m-Nib.atej Naťar-Nabaw-Sxm Inzwi Bjatj Wsr-jib Zi’ Ri‘u X‘j-f-ri‘u
(Ďd-f-ĥaruw)
(B’.w-f-ri‘u/B’-k’(-ri‘u))
Ĥaruw K’-çuw.at K’-Nib.atej Bjk Nabaw Naťar Inzwi Bjatj Mn-k’.w-ri‘u
Ĥaruw Šps-çuw.at Šps-Nib.atej Inzwi Bjatj Špss-k’-f
(Inzwi Bjatj Ďd-f-pitaĥ)

--V--
Ĥaruw Jrj-mu’‘at Nib.atej Jrj-mu’‘at Nafir-Bjk Nabaw Inzwi Bjatj Wsr-k’-f Zi’ Ri‘u Wsr-k’-f
Ĥaruw Nib-x‘.aw Nib.atej Nib-x‘.aw Bjk.awej-Nabaw.awej Inzwi Bjatj S’ĥ-w-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u  S’ĥ-w-ri‘u
Ĥaruw Wsr-x‘.aw Nib.atej Wsr-x‘.aw/X‘-m Sxm.aw-Nabuw.aw Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-jr.aw-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u K’-k’-j
Ĥaruw Sxm-x‘.aw Inzwi Bjatj Špss-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Wsr-naťar
Ĥaruw Nafir-x‘.aw Nafir-m-Nib.atej Bjk Nabaw Nafir Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-f-ri‘u [/Nafir-x‘-ri‘u] Zi’ Ri‘u Jzj
Ĥaruw S.at-jib-ta’.wej S.at-jib-Nib.atej Bjk Nabaw Nuťr.ij Inzwi Bjatj Nj-wsr-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Jn.n-j
Ĥaruw Mn-x‘.aw Bjk Nabaw Ĥď Inzwi Bjatj Mn-k’.aw-Ĥaruw Zi’ Ri‘u Jk’.aw-ĥaruw/K’jw
Ĥaruw Ďd-x‘.aw Nib.atej Ďd-x‘.aw Ďd-Bjk Nabaw Inzwi Bjatj Ďd-k’-ri‘u [/Mu’‘at-k’-ri‘u] Zi’ Ri‘u Jzzj
Ĥaruw W’ď-ta’.wej W’ď-m-Nib.atej W’ď-Bjk Nabaw Inzwi Bjatj Wnjs Zi’ Ri‘u Wnjs

--VI--
Ĥaruw Sĥtp-ta’.wej Sĥtp-Nib.atej Bjk Nabaw Sm’ Zi’ Ri‘u Ttj Marjiw-n-pitaĥ
        Zi’ Ri‘u Wsr-k’-ri‘u
Ĥaruw Marjiw-ta’.wej Nib.atej Marjiw-çuw.at Bjk.aw-Nabuw.aw Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-s’-ĥaruw/Mar.jiw-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Ppj
Ĥaruw ‘anax-x‘.aw Nib.atej ‘anax-x‘.aw Bjk.awej-Nabaw.awej Mnx.awej Inzwi Bjatj Mar.jiw-n-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Nmtj-m-s’-f
Ĥaruw Naťar-x‘.aw Nib.atej Naťar-x‘.aw Sxm-Bjk Nabaw Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Ppj Nafir-k’-ri‘u
(Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’)
(Inzwi Bjatj Nafir)
(Inzwi Bjatj Jbj)
Inzwi Bjatj Marjiw-n-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Nmtj-m-s’-f/Ďf’-m-s’.f
Inzwi Bjatj Nuťr.ij-k’-ri‘u [/Nj.at-jqr.atej] Zi’ Ri‘u Sj-pitaĥ

--VII--
Inzwi Bjatj Mn-k’-ri‘u
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ri‘u (Zi’ Ri‘u Wď-k’-ri‘u)
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Nbjj
Inzwi Bjatj Ďd-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Šm’j
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Xndw
Inzwi Bjatj Mar.jiw-n-ĥaruw
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-mnw [/Snfr-k’]
Inzwi Bjatj Nj-k’-ri‘u
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Trrw
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ĥaruw

--VIII--
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ri‘u Ppj-snb.aw/Nafir-k’-ri‘u Šrj
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-mnw/Snfr-k’ Zi’ Ri‘u ‘nw
Inzwi Bjatj Q’j-k’-ri‘u/Q’j-k’.aw-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Jbj
(Ĥaruw X‘.j...) Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’.aw-ri‘u
Ĥaruw Nuťr.ij-b’.aw Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-k’-ĥaruw Zi’ Ri‘u Xwj-wj-ĥujpew
Inzwi Bjatj Nafir-jrj-k’-ri‘u
(Inzwi Bjatj Sxm-k’-ri‘u)
(Ĥaruw Dmď-jib-ta’.wej Inzwi Bjatj W’ď-k’-ri‘u)
(Zi’ Ri‘u Jtj)
(Zi’ Ri‘u Jj-m-ĥatip)
(Inzwi Bjatj ...-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Ĥatip)
(Zi’ Ri‘u Xwj)
(Zi’ Ri‘u Jsw)
(Zi’ Ri‘u Jjjťnw)

--IX--
^W’ĥ-k’-ri‘u Çtj
(^Mar.jiw-jib-ri‘u Çtj)
^Nafir-k’-ri‘u
^Çtj
^Snn...
^Çtj S’ Nafir-k’-ri‘u
(^Mar.jiw-jib-ri‘u Çtj)
(^Šd...)
(^Ĥ...)

--X--
^W’ĥ-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Çtj
(^Mar.ij...)
(^S...ri‘u Çtj)
^Nib-k’.aw-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Çtj
^Ĥaruw Mar.jiw-jib-ta’.wej Nib.atej Mar.jiw-jib-ta’.wej Bjk Nabaw Mar.ij Inzwi Bjatj Mar.jiw-jib-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Çtj
^Mar.jiw-k’-ri‘u

--XI--
*Jnt-f Zi’ Jkw
*[Ĥaruw Tpj-‘] [Zi’ Ri‘u] Mnťw-ĥatip-‘a’
*Ĥaruw Shrw-ta’.wej Zi’ Ri‘u Jnt-f
*Ĥaruw W’ĥ-‘anax Zi’ Ri‘u Jnt-f-‘a’
*Ĥaruw Nxtj-nib-xt-nafir Zi’ Ri‘u Jnt-f
Ĥaruw S.‘anax-jib-ta’.wej/Šm’-ta’.wej Nib.atej Nuťr.ij-Ĥďt/Šm’-ta’.wej Bjk Nabaw Q’j-šw.atej Inzwi Bjatj Nib-ĥp.at-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Mnťw-ĥatip
Ĥaruw S.‘anax-ta’.wej-f Nib.atej S.‘anax-ta’.wej-f Bjk-Nabaw Mnx/Ĥatip Inzwi Bjatj S.‘anax-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Mnťw-ĥatip
Ĥaruw Nib-ta’.wej Nib.atej Nib-ta’.wej Naťur.aw-Nabuw.aw Inzwi Bjatj Nib-ta’.wej-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Mnťw-ĥatip
<Ĥaruw Snfr-ta’.wej-fj Nib.atej Snfr-ta’.wej-fj Bjk Nabaw Nafir Inzwi Bjatj Q’j-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Jnt-f
<Ĥaruw Grg-ta’.wej-fj Zi’ Ri‘u Jib-xnt-ri‘u
<Bjk Nabaw ‘anax Inzwi Bjatj Mnx-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Sgr-snj

--XII--
Ĥaruw S.ĥatip-jib-ta’.wej/Wĥm-ms.wt Nib.atej S.ĥatip-jib-ta’.wej/Wĥm-ms.wt Bjk Nabaw Wĥm-ms.wt/Ms Inzwi Bjatj S.ĥatip-jib-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Jaman-m-ĥu’.it
Ĥaruw ‘anax-ms.wt Nib.atej ‘anax-ms.wt Bjk Nabaw ‘anax-ms.wt Inzwi Bjatj Xapr.aw-k’-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Sj-n-wsr.at
Ĥaruw Ĥkn-m-mu’‘at Nib.atej Ĥkn-m-mu’‘at Bjk Nabaw M’‘-xiraw Inzwi Bjatj Nabaw-k’.aw-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Jaman-m-ĥu’.it
Ĥaruw Sšm.w-ta’.wej Nib.atej Sx‘.j-mu’‘at Bjk Nabaw Ĥatip-naťur.aw Inzwi Bjatj X‘j-xpr-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Sj-n-wsr.at
Ĥaruw Nuťr.ij-xupr.aw Nib.atej Nuťr.ij-ms.wt Bjk Nabaw Xapr.aw Inzwi Bjatj X‘j-k’.aw-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Sj-n-wsr.at
Ĥaruw ‘a’-b’.aw Nib.atej Jťj-jw‘.at-ta’.wej Bjk Nabaw W’ĥ-‘anax Inzwi Bjatj Nj-mu’‘at-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Jaman-m-ĥu’.it
Ĥaruw Xupraw-xupruw.aw Nib.atej S.ĥ’b-ta’.wej Bjk Nabaw Sxm-Naťur.aw Inzwi Bjatj M’‘-xiraw-ri‘u Zi’ Ri‘u Jaman-m-ĥu’.it
Ĥaruw Marj.it-Ri‘u Nib.atej Zi’.at-sxm-nib.at-ta’.wej Bjk.at Nabaw.at Ďdt-x‘w Inzwi Bjatj K’-Sbk-Ri‘u Zi’.at Ri‘u Nafir.aw-sbk