|1,1,1-trinitro-2-propyl acrylate||molecular mass
I have not listed any volumes for the reactants involved in this substance because I do not have any. I suggest using a few milliliters or grams of each in equal proportions and an excess of water for the hydrolyzing step. 1,1,1-trinitro-2-propyl acrylate will detonate from shock and deflagrates (explodes but with less power) when heated. This material has the appearance of a pale yellow liquid. Note that the boiling temperature is in a near vacuum, not in standard atmospheric pressure. This lab was published anonymously in 1952.
|acrylyl chloride||500-mL Erlenmeyer flask|
|aluminum chloride||graduated cylinder|
|carbon tetrachloride||separatory funnel|
Preparation is by refluxing for 30 minutes a mixture of trinitromethane, paraldehyde, and acrylyl chloride all dissolved in 50 mL of carbon tetrachloride with a little aluminum chloride added in. The reacted mixture is then hydrolyzed by adding water. The mixture will separate into two layers, the top is water and the bottom is carbon tetrachloride. Transfer the mixture to a separatory funnel and collect the bottom layer in a 500-mL Erlenmeyer flask. This carbon tetrachloride layer is neutralized with sodium bicarbonate solution, check with litmus to be sure. The neutral solution needs to be dried by pouring it into a clean separatory funnel then shaking with a saturated sodium chloride solution. Collect the bottom layer and vacuum distill the solution, the fraction that boils over is the explosive. The yield is about 25%. You will need a graduated cylinder for measuring liquids.
Lab Skills|Lab Equipment|Safety|Rogue Science|Links|What’s New|Contact Me|Disclaimer