Shawn K. Kelly
Patents / Publications / Press

skkelly at cmu.edu

(updated 1/27/2012)
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US Patents

"System for and Method of Power Efficient Electrical Tissue Stimulation."
S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt, and J.F. Rizzo. United States Patent Number 7,295,872, issued 2007.

Journal Articles

S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J. Chen, P. Doyle, M.D. Gingerich, S.F. Cogan, W. Drohan, S. Behan, L. Theogarajan, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"A Hermetic Wireless Subretinal Neurostimulator for Vision Prostheses."
IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 58, No. 11, 2011, pp. 3197-3205. Journal cover.

S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J. Chen, P. Doyle, M.D. Gingerich, S.F. Cogan, W. Drohan, L. Theogarajan, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Communication and Control System for a 15-Channel Hermetic Retinal Prosthesis."
Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2011, pp. 356-363.

D.K. Freeman, J.S. Jeng, S.K. Kelly, E. Hartveit, S.I.Fried.
"Calcium Channel Dynamics Limit Synaptic Release in Resonse to Prosthetic Stimulation with Sinusoidal Waveforms."
Journal of Neural Engineering, Vol. 8, 2011, pp. 046005-1 - 046005-19.

S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt.
"A Power-Efficient Neural Tissue Stimulator with Energy Recovery."
IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2011, pp. 20-29.

D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly, J. Chen, P. Doyle, M.D. Gingerich, S.F. Cogan, W. Drohan, O. Mendoza, L. Theogarajan, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Development and Implantation of a Minimally-Invasive, Wireless Sub-Retinal Neurostimulator."
IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 56, No. 10, 2009, pp. 2502-2511. Journal cover.

J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, J. Loewenstein, S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire.
"Methods and Perceptual Thresholds for Short-Term Electrical Stimulation of Human Retina with Microelectrode Arrays."
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 44, No. 12, 2003, pp. 5355-5361.

J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, J. Loewenstein, S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire.
"Perceptual Efficacy of Electrical Stimulation of Human Retina with a Microelectrode Array During Short-Term Surgical Trials."
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 44, No. 12, 2003, pp. 5362-5369.

S.B. Baumann, D.R. Wozny, S.K. Kelly, F.M. Meno.
"The Electrical Conductivity of Human Cerebrospinal Fluid at Body Temperature."
IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 44, No. 3, 1997, pp. 220-223.

Peer-Reviewed Published Conference Papers

J.F. Rizzo, D. Shire, S. Kelly, P. Troyk, M. Gingerich, B. McKee, A. Priplata, J. Chen, W. Drohan, P. Doyle, O. Mendoza, L. Theogarajan, S. Cogan, J. Wyatt.
"Development of the Boston Retinal Prosthesis."
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, 2011, pp. 3135-3138.

J.F. Rizzo, D. Shire, S. Kelly, P. Troyk, M. Gingerich, B. McKee, A. Priplata, J. Chen, W. Drohan, P. Doyle, O. Mendoza, L. Theogarajan, S. Cogan, J. Wyatt.
"Overview of the Boston Retinal Prosthesis: Challenges and Opportunities to Restore Useful Vision to the Blind."
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, 2011, pp. 7492-7495.

S.K. Kelly, P. Doyle, A. Priplata, O. Mendoza, J.L. Wyatt.
"Optimal Primary Coil Size for Wireless Power Telemetry to Medical Implants."
IEEE ISABEL Int'l Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Tech. Invited paper, 2010.

S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J. Chen, P. Doyle, M.D. Gingerich, W.A. Drohan, L.S. Theogarajan, S.F. Cogan, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo III.
"The Boston Retinal Prosthesis: A 15-Channel Hermetic Wireless Neural Stimulator."
IEEE ISABEL Int'l Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Tech. Invited paper, 2009. Best Paper Award.

S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J. Chen, P. Doyle, M.D. Gingerich, W.A. Drohan, L.S. Theogarajan, S.F. Cogan, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo III.
"Realization of a 15-Channel, Hermetically-Encased Wireless Subretinal Prosthesis for the Blind."
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, 2009, pp. 200-203.

L.S. Theogarajan, D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Visual Prostheses: Current Progress and Challenges."
VLSI - Design and Test Conference, Taiwan, 2009.

L. Theogarajan, J. Wyatt, J. Rizzo, B. Drohan, M. Markova, S. Kelly, G. Swider, M. Raj, D. Shire, M. Gingerich, J. Loewenstein, B. Yomtov.
"Minimally Invasive Retinal Prosthesis."
IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2006.

S. Kelly, J. Wyatt.
"A Power-Efficient Voltage-Based Neural Tissue Stimulator with Energy Recovery."
Proc. IEEE Intl. Solid-State Circuits Conference, Vol. 1, pp. 228-229,524, 2004.

Conference Talk Abstracts

J.F. Rizzo, J. Chen, D.B. Shire, S.K Kelly, W.D. Eldred, W.K. Jones, P.R. Troyk, P. Doyle, M.D. Gingerich, J.L. Wyatt.
"Overview of Progress on the Boston Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 52: 2593, 2011.

J.F. Rizzo, S.K. Kelly.
"The Status of the Boston Retinal Implant Project."
The Eye and the Chip, World Congress on Artificial Vision, 2010.

J.F. Rizzo, J. Chen, P.R. Troyk, P. Doyle, J. Dumser, R. Akhmechet, M.D. Gingerich, S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire.
"Surgical Implantation in a Pig Eye of a Hermetic Retinal Prosthesis with Back Telemetry."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 51: 4317, 2010.

S.K. Kelly.
"The Boston Retinal Implant Project: Progress on the Development and Testing of a Hermetic Retinal Prosthesis."
The German Retina Implant Foundation, Second Symposium on Artificial Vision, 2009.

J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo, L. Theogarajan, D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly, M.D. Gingerich, S. Cogan, M. Markova, O. Ziv.
"Engineering Development of a Prototype Wireless Subretinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 46: 1146, 2005.

J. Wyatt, B. Drohan, B. Yomtov, O. Ziv, S. Kelly.
"Engineering Development of a Wireless Subretinal Prosthesis."
Journal of Vision, Vol. 5, No. 12, 2005, p. 3a.

J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, J. Loewenstein, S. Montezuma, D.B. Shire, L. Theogarajan, S.K. Kelly.
"Development of a Wireless, ab Externo Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 45: 3399, 2004.

J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, J. Loewenstein, S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire.
"Accuracy and Reproducibility of Percepts Elicited by Electrical Stimulation of the Retinas of Blind and Normal Subjects."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 42: 5045, 2001.

J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, J. Loewenstein, S.K. Kelly.
"Acute Intraocular Retinal Stimulation in Normal and Blind Humans."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 41: 532, 2000.

J. Loewenstein J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, S.K. Kelly.
"Acute Intraocular Electrical Stimulation of the Human Retina."
XIV Int'l Congress of Eye Research, 2000.

J.F. Rizzo, J. Loewenstein, S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, T. Herndon, J.L. Wyatt.
"Electrical Stimulation of Human Retina with a Microfabricated Electrode Array."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 40: 4124, 1999.

Conference Poster Abstracts

S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J. Chen, M.D. Gingerich, W.P. Doyle, W.A. Drohan, A.A. Priplata, D.K. Freeman, S.F. Cogan, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"A 200+ Channel Retinal Prosthesis."
Massachusetts Life Sciences Initiative, 2011. Second Place, Big Undiscovered Idea poster competition.

S.K. Kelly, W.F. Ellersick, P. Doyle, A.A. Priplata, D.B. Shire, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Current Driver Circuits and Safety Features for a Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 52: 4941, 2011.

P. Doyle, S.K. Kelly, W.F. Ellersick, D.B. Shire, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Verilog Modeling of Electrode Interfaces in the Boston Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 52: 4957, 2011.

W.A. Drohan, D.B. Shire, J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, S.K. Kelly.
"Stimulation Effectiveness of Various Retinal Implant Designs."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 52: 4940, 2011.

J. Chen, P. Doyle, J. Dumser, A. Marvasti, O. Mendoza, S.K. Kelly, D. Shire, J.F. Rizzo.
"Surgical Implantation of Newly Designed Subretinal Implant in Minipig Eyes."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 52: 4929, 2011.

J.S. Jeng, D.K. Freeman, S.K.Kelly, S.I. Fried.
"Ca Channel Kinetics Underlie the Low Frequency Sensitivity of Bipolar Cells."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 52: 1169, 2011.

S.K. Kelly, W.F. Ellersick, P. Doyle, A. Priplata, J.L. Wyatt, Jr.
"A 200+-Channel Neurostimulator Chip for the Boston Retinal Implant Project."
MTL Microsystems Annual Research Conference, Cambridge, MA, 2011.

D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly, P. Doyle, W. Drohan, P.R. Troyk, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"In Vivo Monitoring of Electrode Voltage Waveforms using the Boston Retinal Prosthesis."
The Eye and the Chip World Congress on Artificial Vision, Detroit, MI, 2010.

S.K. Kelly, W.F. Ellersick, P. Doyle, S.F. Cogan, W.A. Drohan, D.B. Shire, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Electrical System and Circuit Considerations for a Chronic Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 51: 3025, 2010.

P. Doyle, P.R. Troyk, S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Operation of a Wireless Retinal Implant Device with Reverse Telemetry."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 51: 3032, 2010.

J. Chen, P. Doyle, C. Cai, J. Dumser, R. Akhmechet, M.D. Gingerich, S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J.F. Rizzo.
"Surgical Implantation of 1.5 Generation Retinal Implant in Minipig Eyes."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 51: 3052, 2010.

S.K. Kelly, D.B. Shire, J. Chen, P. Doyle, M.D. Gingerich, W.A. Drohan, L.S. Theogarajan, S.F. Cogan, J.F. Rizzo III, J.L. Wyatt.
"The Boston Retinal Implant: Progress on a Wireless Hermetic Retinal Prosthesis."
MIT MTL Workshop on Next-Generation Medical Electronic Systems, 2009.

S.K. Kelly, P. Doyle, O. Mendoza, W.A. Drohan, G.W. Swider, D.B. Shire, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo, III.
"Improved Class A Based Transmitter System for Wireless Retinal Implant Data Telemetry."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 50: 4578, 2009.

W.A. Drohan, S.K. Kelly, J.F. Rizzo, III, J.L. Wyatt.
"Electrode and Axon Models."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 50: 4574, 2009.

P. Doyle, S.K. Kelly, O.D. Mendoza, W.A. Drohan, D.B. Shire, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo, III.
"A System for Developing Feature Extraction Algorithms for Retinal Implant Devices."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 50: 4591, 2009.

D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly, M.D. Gingerich, O. Mendoza, W. Drohan, J. Chen, J.F. Rizzo, III, J.L. Wyatt.
"Long-Term in vivo Operation of the Wireless Boston Retinal Neuroprosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 50: 4596, 2009.

D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly.
"Chronic Implantation of a Wireless Subretinal Neurostimulator in Yucatan Minipigs."
The Eye and the Chip World Congress on Artificial Vision, Detroit, MI, 2008.

G. Swider, W. Drohan, S.J. Kim, J.F. Rizzo, S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt.
"Development of a Wireless Neural Recording System."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 49: 1772, 2008.

J.F. Rizzo, J. Chen, D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly, M.D. Gingerich, G. Swider, W. Drohan, J.L. Wyatt.
"Implantation of a Wirelessly Powered Subretinal Prosthesis Using an ab externo Surgical Technique."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 49: 3027, 2008.

D.B. Shire, S.K. Kelly, M.D. Gingerich, O. Mendoza, G. Swider, W. Drohan, J. Chen, J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt.
"Operation of a Wirelessly Powered Subretinal Neurostimulator."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 49: 3031, 2008.

W.A. Drohan, S.K. Kelly, J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt.
"External Field Firing Thresholds for Neurons."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 49: 3032, 2008.

S.K. Kelly, G.W. Swider, W.A. Drohan, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Exploration of Optimal Coil Designs for Retinal Implant Power and Data Telemetry."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 48: 674, 2007.

G.W. Swider, W.A. Drohan, O.R. Ziv, S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Development of Stimulation/Recording System for Evaluation of Retinal Implants."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 48: 2563, 2007.

W.A. Drohan, S.K. Kelly, J.F. Rizzo, J.L. Wyatt, S.I. Fried.
"Development of Retinal Ganglion Cell Model to Assess Optimal Stimulation Parameters."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 48: 2574, 2007.

S.K. Kelly, M. Markova, L. Theogarajan, W.A. Drohan, G.W.Swider, B. Yomtov, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Development of a Telemetry System for the Boston Retinal Implant."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 47: 3168, 2006.

W.A. Drohan, L. Theogarajan, S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt, B.M. Yomtov, J.F. Rizzo.
"Development of Retinal Implant Driver Software for Retinal Implant Project."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 47: 3167, 2006.

G. Swider, L. Theogarajan, W.A. Drohan, S.K. Kelly, B.M. Yomtov, J.L. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Testing and Qualification of the Boston Retinal Implant Chip."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 47: 3187, 2006.

S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt.
"Low-Power Neural Stimulator for a Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 45: 4174, 2004.

D.B. Shire, M. Gingerich, S. Retterer, L. Theogarajan, S. Kelly, M. Markova, M. Raj, S. Cogan, J. Wyatt, J.F. Rizzo.
"Design and Fabrication of an Ab Externo Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 45: 4177, 2004.

S.K. Kelly, J.L. Wyatt.
"Low-Power Techniques for a Retinal Prosthesis."
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., Vol. 44: 5064, 2003.

Invited Seminar Lectures

S.K. Kelly.
"Advancements in the Development of a Retinal Prosthesis for the Blind."
CCNY/GA Tech Joint Workshop on Man, Machine, and Motor Control for the Blind, January 27, 2012.

S.K. Kelly.
"Development of a Retinal Prosthesis for the Blind."
Carnegie Mellon University Institute for Complex Engineered Systems Seminar Series, October 15, 2010.

S.K. Kelly.
"Functional Vision for the Blind: The Boston Retinal Implant."
Boston Chapter of the IEEE Society on Social Implications of Technology, September 22, 2008.

S.K. Kelly.
"Explanation of the Boston Retinal Implant Project."
Classroom lecture for ages 4-13, Portmagee Gaelic School, Portmagee, Co. Kerry, Ireland, October 12, 2006.

S.K. Kelly.
"The Boston Retinal Implant Project: Overview and Current VLSI Research."
Tufts University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Seminar Series, March 7, 2006.

Selected Press

"Shawn Kelly, Carnegie Mellon University, and Bionic Eye Technologies" Malia Spencer, Pittsburgh Business Times, 2011.
Part of a series on professionals moving to Pittsburgh.

"Implant developer has visions of restoring sight for some" Malia Spencer, Pittsburgh Business Times, 2011.

"Being Bionic: The New Prosthetics" Shawn Kelly
Contemporary Science Issues and Innovations, Science for the Public, community television program, 2011.

"The Electric Eye: A Visual Prosthesis for the Blind" Shawn Kelly
Contemporary Science Issues and Innovations, Science for the Public, community television program, 2010.

"Second Sight: Glimpsing the Future of Bionic Vision" Nick D'Also, Odyssey Magazine, 2010.

"Better Living Through Implants" Narasu Rebbapragada, PC World, 2010.

"Next Big Things: 25 Ideas, Inventions, and Gadgets That Will Improve Your Life" Reader's Digest, 2010.

"Soy totalmente bionica" Maria Teresa Hernandez Reyes, Conozca mas, 2010.

"Hitech fur das Auge" Dr. Luitgard Marschall, Apotheken Umschau, 2010.

"The 50 Best Inventions of 2009: The Electric Eye" Time Magazine, 2009.

"Plugging into the Eye, With a New Design" Anne Eisenberg, New York Times, 2009.

"Stimulating Sight: Retinal Implant Could Help Restore Useful Level Of Vision To Certain Groups Of Blind People" Science Daily, 2009.

"MIT creating microchip that could restore vision" Computerworld.com, 2009.

"Implant Stimulates Sight" Photonics.com, 2009.

"Stimulating Sight" Anne Trafton, MIT News Office, 2009.

"Medical Grants a Boon for Mass." Carolyn Johnson, Boston Globe, 2009.

"Longer-Lasting Artificial Eyes" Katherine Bourzac, Technology Review, 2008.

Interview on the Boston Retinal Implant Project, Jon MacLean, WBZ Radio, Technology News, 2008.

"Researchers Create Bionic Eye Prototype, Render Guide Dogs Obsolete" Adrian Covert, Gizmodo.com, 2008.

"Eyes on Prize: Visionary Device Gives Hope" Eva Wolchover, Boston Herald, 2008.

"Artificial Retina" Erika Jonietz, Technology Review, 2004.