Virtual Guide to the History of Russian Science and Technology









Russian Studies

Science Studies


Special topics

  1. Science policy
  2. Organization of science and technology
  3. Scientific and engineering education
  4. Science, technology, and political ideology
  5. International contacts and comparisons
  6. Science, technology, and gender
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Science Policy

Sources in English:

  1. Amann, Ronald. "The Soviet Research and Development System: The Pressures of Academic Tradition and Rapid Industrialization," Minerva 8 (April 1970): 217-41.
  2. Balzer, Harley. Soviet Science on the Edge of Reform (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1989).
  3. Berliner, Joseph S. The Innovation Decision in Soviet Industry (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1976).
  4. Cocks, Paul. "Science Policy and the Soviet Development Strategy," in Alexander Dallin, ed., The Twenty-Fifth Congress of the CPSU: Assessment and Context (Stanford, 1977), pp. 39-52.
  5. Cocks, Paul. Science Policy, USA-USSR. Vol. II: Science Policy in the Soviet Union (Washington: NSF, 1980).
  6. Davies, R.W. "Research, Development, and Innovation in the Soviet Economy, 1968-1970," in D.O. Edge and J.W. Wolfe, eds., Meaning and Control: Essays in Social Aspects of Science and Technology (London: Tavistock Publications, 1973).
  7. Fortescue, Stephen. Science Policy in the Soviet Union (London: Routledge, 1990).
  8. Graham, Loren R. "The Development of Science Policy in the Soviet Union," in T. Dixon Long and Christopher Wright, eds., Science Policies of Industrial Nations (New York: Praeger, 1975), pp. 12-58.
  9. Graham, Loren R. "Science and Technology Trends in the Soviet Union," in Herbert Fusfeld, ed., Framework for Interaction: Technical Structures in Selected Countries outside the European Community (Troy, N.Y.: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1987), pp. II-D-1 to II-D-44.
  10. Graham, Loren R., and Irina Dezhina, Science in the New Russia: Crisis, Aid, Reform (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2008).
  11. Gustafson, Thane. "Why Doesn't Soviet Science Do Better Than It Does?" in Linda Lubrano and Susan Gross Solomon, eds., The Social Context of Soviet Science (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1980), pp. 31-68.
  12. Josephson, Paul. "Science Policy in the Soviet Union, 1917-1927," Minerva 26:3 (Autumn 1988): 342-69.
  13. Kneen, Peter. Soviet Scientists and the State (Albany: SUNY Press, 1984).
  14. Lewis, Robert A. "Some Aspects of the Research and Development Effort in the Soviet Union, 1924-1935," Science Studies 2 (1972): 153-79.
  15. Lubrano, Linda. "Policy-Making in the USSR Academy of Sciences," Journal of Contemporary History 8:4 (October 1973).
  16. Lubrano, Linda. "New Initiatives and Old Bureaucrats," Technology in Society 13 (1991): 91-108.
  17. Lubrano, Linda, and Susan Gross Solomon, eds. The Social Context of Soviet Science (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1980).
  18. Lubrano, Linda. "Soviet Science Policy and the Scientific Establishment," Survey 17:4 (Autumn 1971): 51-63.
  19. Nolting, Louvan E. The Planning of Research, Development, and Innovation in the USSR. Foreign Economic Report No. 14 (Washington, D.C.: Department of Commerce, 1978).
  20. Nolting, Louvan E. The Structure and Functions of the USSR State Committee for Science and Technology. Foreign Economic Report No. 16 (Washington, D.C.: Department of Commerce, 1979).
  21. Parrott, Bruce. Information Transfer in Soviet Science and Engineering: A Study of documentary Channels. Report R-2667-ARPA (Santa Monica: Rand, 1981).
  22. The Status of Soviet Civil Science: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Soviet Scientific Research, NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Belguim, September 24-26, 1986 (Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1987).
  23. Sagdeev, Roald. "Science and Perestroika: A Long way to Go," Issues in Science and Technology 4:4 (1988): 48-52.
  24. Sheynin, Ju.M. Science Policy: Problems and Trends (Moscow: Progress, 1978).
  25. Thomas, John R., and Ursula Kruse­Vaucienne, eds. Soviet Science and Technology: Domestic and Foreign Perspectives (Washington, D.C.: 1976).
  26. Zaleski, E., et al. Science Policy in the USSR (Paris: OECD, 1969).

Sources in Russian:

  1. Esakov, V.D. Sovetskaia nauka v gody pervoi piatiletki: Osnovnye napravleniia gosudarstvennogo rukovodstva naukoi (Moscow: Nauka, 1971).
  2. Gorodetskii, E.N. "K istorii leninskogo plana nauchno-tekhnicheskikh rabot." In Iz istorii revoliutsionnoi i gosudarstvennoi deiatel'nosti V.I. Lenina (Moscow: MGU, 1960).
  3. Lebedeva, N.V., and A.V. Losik. "Nauchno-tekhnicheskaia revoliutsiia i politika partii," Voprosy istorii KPSS 2 (1991): 53-64.
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Organization of Science and Technology

Sources in English:

  1. Adams, Mark. "Science, Ideology, and Structure: The Kol'tsov Institute, 1900-1970," in Linda Lubrano and Susan Gross Solomon, eds., The Social Context of Soviet Science (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1980), pp. 173-204.
  2. Graham, Loren R. "The Formation of Soviet Research Institutes: A Combination of Revolutionary Innovation and International Borrowing," in Don Karl Rowney and G. Edward Orchard, eds., Russian and Slavic History (Columbus, Ohio: Slavica, 1977), pp. 49-75.
  3. Graham, Loren R. "The Place of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in the Overall Organization of Soviet Science," in Thomas, John R., and Ursula Kruse­Vaucienne, eds., Soviet Science and Technology: Domestic and Foreign Perspectives (Washington, D.C.: 1976).
  4. Graham, Loren R. "Reorganization of the USSR Academy of Sciences," in Peter Juviler and Henry Morton, eds., Soviet Policy-Making (New York: Praeger, 1967), pp. 133-62.
  5. Gvishiani, D.M., et al., eds. The Scientific Intelligentsiia in the USSR: Structure and Dynamics of personnel (Moscow: Progress, 1976).
  6. Korol, Alexander. Soviet Research and Development: Its Organization, Personnel and Funds (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1965).
  7. Lewis, Robert A. "Government and the Technological Sciences in the Soviet Union: The Rise of the Academy of Sciences," Minerva 14:2 (Summer 1977): 174-99.
  8. Lubrano, Linda. "The Hidden Structure of Soviet Science," Science, Technology, and Human Values 18 (Spring 1993): 147-75.
  9. Nolting, Louvan E. The 1968 Reform of Scientific Research, Development, and Innovation in the USSR. Foreign Economic Report No. 11 (Washington, D.C.: Department of Commerce, 1976).
  10. Swanson, James M. "The Bolshevization of Scientific Societies in the Soviet Union: An Historical Analysis of the Character, Function, and Legal Position of Scientific and Scientific-Technical Societies in the USSR, 1929-1936." Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 1968.
  11. Urban, Paul K., and Andrew I. Lebed, eds. Soviet Science, 1917-1970 (Mentuchen, N.J: Scarecrow Press, 1971).

Sources in Russian:

  1. Bastrakova, M.S. Stanovlenie sovetskoi sistemy organizatsii nauki, 1917-1922 (Moscow: Nauka, 1973).
  2. Beliaev, E.A., and N.S. Pashkova. Formirovanie i razvitie seti nauchnykh uchrezhdenii SSSR (Moscow: Nauka, 1979).
  3. Bol'shakova, K.G., ed. Problemy organizatsii nauki v trudakh sovetskikh uchenykh, 1917-1930-e gody: Sbornik materialov i dokumentov (Leningrad: Nauka, 1990).
  4. Bukharin, N.I. Izbrannye trudy: istoriia i organizatsiia nauki i tekhniki (Leningrad: Nauka, 1988).
  5. Bykhovskii, B.E., ed. Organizatsiia sovetskoi nauki v 1926-1932 gg.: Sbornik dokumentov (Leningrad: Nauka, 1974).
  6. Ivanova, L.V. "Professional'noe ob"edinenie uchenykh v 1917-1923 gg.," in Iu.A. Poliakov, ed., Velikii Oktiabr': Istoriia, istoriografiia, istochnikovedenie (Moscow: Nauka, 1978).
  7. Kol'tsov, A.V. Lenin i stanovlenie Akademii nauk kak tsentra sovetskoi nauki (Leningrad: Nauka, 1969).
  8. Kol'tsov, A.V. Razvitie Akademii Nauk kak vysshego nauchnogo uchrezhdeniia SSSR, 1926-1932 (Leningrad: Nauka, 1982).
  9. Kol'tsov, A.V. Rol' Akademii Nauk v organizatsii regional'nykh tsentrov SSSR, 1917-1961 (Leningrad: Nauka, 1988).
  10. Kozlov, B.I. Organizatsiia i razvitie otraslevykh nauchno-issledovatel'skikh institutov Leningrada, 1917-1977 (Leningrad: Nauka, 1979).
  11. Lakhtin, G.A. Organizatsiia sovetskoi nauki: Istoriia i sovremennost' (Moscow: Nauka, 1990).
  12. Lebin, B.D., ed. Ocherki organizatsii nauki v Leningrade: 1703-1977 (Leningrad: Nauka, 1980).
  13. Levshin, B.V., ed. Dokumenty po istorii Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1917-1925 (Leningrad: Nauka, 1986).
  14. Levshin, B.V., ed. Dokumenty po istorii Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1926-1934 (Leningrad: Nauka, 1988).
  15. Mitriakova, N.M. "Struktura, nauchnye uchrezhdeniia i kadry AN SSSR, 1917-1925," in Organizatsiia nauchnoi deiatel'nosti (Moscow: Nauka, 1968).
  16. Ostrovitianov, K.V., ed. Organizatsiia nauki v pervye gody Sovetskoi vlasti, 1917-1925: Sbornik dokumentov (Leningrad: Nauka, 1968).
  17. Shul'gina I.V. Infrastruktura nauki v SSSR (Moscow: Nauka, 1988).
  18. Soboleva, E.V. Bor'ba za reorganizatsiiu Peterburgskoi akademii nauk v seredine XIX veka (Leningrad: Nauka, 1971).
  19. Soboleva, E.V. Organizatsiia nauki v poreformennoi Rossii (Leningrad: Nauka, 1983).
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Scientific and Engineering Education

Sources in English:

  1. Ailes, Catherine P., and Francis W. Rushing. The Science Race: Training and Utilization of Scientists and Engineers, US and USSR (New York: Crane, Russak & Co., 1982).
  2. Balzer, Harley. "Educating Engineers: Economic Politics and Technical Training in Tsarist Russia." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1980.
  3. Brower, Daniel R. Training the Nihilists: Education and Radicalism in Tsarist Russia (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1975).
  4. DeWitt, Nicholas. Education and Professional Employment in the USSR (Washington, D.C., 1961).
  5. Fitzpatrick, Anne Lincoln. The Great Russian Fair: Nizhnii Novgorod, 1840-1890 (New York: St. Martin's, 1990).
  6. Flynn, James T. The University Reform of Tsar Alexander I, 1802-1835 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1988).
  7. Kassow, Samuel D. Students, Professors, and the State in Tsarist Russia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989).
  8. Kassow, Samuel D. "The University Statute of 1863," in Ben Eklof et al., eds., Russia's Great Reforms, 1855-1881 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994), pp. 247-63.
  9. Korol, Alexander. Soviet Education for Science and Technology (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Technology Press, 1958).
  10. Mathes, William L. "The Origins of Confrontation Politics in Russian Universitites: Student Activism, 1855-1861," Canadian Slavic Studies 2 (1968): 28-45.
  11. McClelland, James. Autocrats and Academics: Education, Culture and Society in Tsarist Russia (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979).
  12. McClelland, James. "Bolshevik Approaches to Higher Education, 1917-1921," Slavic Review 30 (1971): 818-31.
  13. Nolting, Louvan, and Murray Feshbach. "Research and Development Employment in the USSR," Science 207 (February 1980): 493-503.
  14. Okenfuss, Max J. "The Jesuit Origins of Petrine Education: Russian Students in Europe in the Age of Peter the Great," in J.G. Garrard, ed., The Eighteenth Century in Russia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973).
  15. Okenfuss, Max J. "Technical Training in Russia under Peter the Great," History of Education Quarterly 13 (1973): 325-45.
  16. Whittaker, Cynthia. The Origins of Modern Russian Education: An Intellectual Biography of Count Sergei Uvarov, 1786-1855 (DeKalb, Ill.: Northern Illinois University Press, 1984).

Sources in Russian:

  1. A.Iu. Andreev. Moskovskii universitet v obshchestvennoi i kul'turnoi zhizni Rossii nachala XIX veka (Moscow: Iazyki russkoi kul'tury, 2000).
  2. Eroshkin, N.P., ed. Gosudarstvennoe rukovodstvo vysshei shkoloi v dorevoliutsionnoi Rossii i SSSR (Moscow: MGIAI, 1979).
  3. Galkin, K.T. Vysshee obrazovanie i podgotovka nauchnykh kadrov v SSSR (Moscow: Sovetskaia nauka, 1958).
  4. Doroshenko, V.A., et al., comps. Letopis' Moskovskogo universiteta, 1755-1979 (Moscow: MGU, 1979).
  5. Ivanov, A.E. Vysshaia shkola Rossii v kontse XIX-nachale XX veka (Moscow: AN SSSR, Institut istorii SSSR, 1991).
  6. Ivanova, L.V. "Problema formirovaniia nauchnoi intelligentsii SSSR v sovetskoi istoriografii," in Problemy istorii obshchestvennoi mysli i istoriografii (Moscow, 1971).
  7. Kizevetter, A. "Moskovskii Universitet," in V.B. El'iashevich et al., eds., Moskovskii Universitet, 1755-1930 (Paris, 1930), pp. 9-118.
  8. Kupaigorodskaia, A.P. Sovetskaia vyshsaia shkola, 1917-1927 (Nauka, 1991).
  9. Kupaigorodskaia, A.P. Vysshaia shkola Leningrada v pervye gody Sovetskoi vlasi, 1917-1925 (Leningrad: Nauka, 1984).
  10. Moskovskii universitet za 50 let Sovetskoi vlasti (Moscow: MGU, 1967).
  11. Penchko, N.A. Dokumenty i materialy po istorii Moskovskogo universiteta vtoroi poloviny XVIII veka, 3 vols. (Moscow: MGU, 1960-1963).
  12. Sukhomlinov, M. Materialy k istorii narodnogo obrazovaniia pri Aleksandre I. 10 vols. (Sankt-Peterburg: Tip. Imp. akademii nauk, 10 vols. 1885-1900).
  13. Tikhomirov, M.N., et al., eds. Istoriia Moskovskogo universiteta, 1755-1955 (Moscow: MGU, 1955).
  14. Ul'ianovskaia, V.A. Formirovanie nauchnoi intelligentsii v SSSR, 1917-1937 (Moscow: Nauka, 1966).

Other bibliographies:

  1. History of Moscow University.
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Science, Technology, and Political Ideology

Sources in English:

  1. Azbel, Mark. Refusenik: Trapped in the Soviet Union (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981).
  2. Fediukin, S.A. The Great October Revolution and the Intelligentsia (Moscow: Progress, 1975).
  3. Fortescue, Stephen. The Communist Party and Soviet Science (London: Macmillan, 1987).
  4. Fortescue, Stephen. "Party Membership in Soviet Research Institutes," Soviet Union 11:2 (1984): 129-56.
  5. Gol'danskii, Vitalii I. Essays of a Soviet Scientist (New York: American Institute of Physics, 1997).
  6. Graham, Loren R. "Science and Values: The Eugenics Movement in Germany and Russia in the 1920s," American Historical Review 82 (1977): 1135-64.
  7. Graham, Loren R. Science, Philosophy, and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union (New York: Columbia University Press, 1987).
  8. Hahn, Werner G. Postwar Soviet Politics: The fall of Zhdanov and the Defeat of Moderation, 1946-53 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982).
  9. Heywood, Anthony J. ‘Liberalism, Socialism and ‘Bourgeois Specialists’: The Political Identity of Iu.V. Lomonosov to 1917’, Revolutionary Russia, vol.17, no.1 (June 2004), pp.1-30.
  10. Joravsky, David. Soviet Marxism and Natural Science, 1917-1932 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1961).
  11. Josephson, Paul. "Science and Ideology in the Soviet Union: The Transformation of Science into a Direct Productive Force," Soviet Union 8:2 (1981): 159-85.
  12. Josephson, Paul. "Soviet Scientists and the State: Politics, Ideology, and Fundamental Research from Stalin to Gorbachev," Social Research 59:3 (Fall 1992): 589-614.
  13. Kojevnikov, Alexei. "Rituals of Stalinist Culture at Work: Science and the Games of Intraparty Democracy circa 1948," The Russian Review 57 (January 1998): 25-52.
  14. Krementsov, Nikolai. Stalinist Science (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997).
  15. Marot, John E. "Marxism, Science, Materialism: Toward a Deeper Appreciation of the 1908-1909 Philosophical Debate in Russian Social Democracy," Studies in East European Thought 45 (1993): 147-67.
  16. Marsh, Rosalind J. Soviet Fiction Since Stalin: Science, Politics, and Literature (London: Croom Helm, 1986).
  17. Miller, Robert F. "The Role of the Communist Party in Soviet Research and Development," Soviet Studies 37 (January 1985): 31-59.
  18. Popovsky, Mark. Manipulated Science (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979).
  19. Roberg, Jeffrey L. Soviet Science under Control: The Struggle for Influence (London: Macmillan Press, 1998).
  20. Roll-Hansen, Nils. The Lysenko Effect: The Politics of Science (Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books, 2005).
  21. Sheehan, Helena. Marxism and the Philosophy of Science: A Critical History (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1985, 1993).
  22. Vucinich, Alexander. "Soviet Physicists and Philosophers in the 1930s: Dynamics of a Conflict," Isis 71 (1980): 236-50.

Sources in Russian:

  1. Akhundov, M.D. "Spasla li atomnaia bomba sovetskuiu fiziku?" Priroda, no.1 (1991): 90-97.
  2. Fediukin, S.A. Bor'ba s burzhuaznoi ideologiei v usloviiakh perekhoda k NEPu (Moscow: Nauka, 1977).
  3. Fediukin, S.A. Privlechenie burzhuaznoi tekhnicheskoi intelligentsii k sotsialisticheskomu stroitel'stvu v SSSR (Moscow: VPSh, 1960).
  4. Fediukin, S.A. Sovetskaia vlast' i burzhuaznye spetsialisty (Moscow: Mysl', 1965).
  5. Fediukin, S.A. Velikii Oktiabr' i intelligentsiia: Iz istorii vovlecheniia staroi intelligentsii v stroitel'stvo sotsialisma (Moscow: Nauka, 1972).
  6. Gorelik, G.E. "Moskva, fizika, 1937 god," VIET, no. 1 (1992): 15-32.
  7. Gorelik, G.E. "Obsuzhdenie 'naturfilosofskikh ustanovok sovremennoi fiziki' v Akademii nauk SSSR v 1937-1938 godakh," VIET, no. 4 (1990): 17-31.
  8. Iaroshevskii, M.G, ed. Repressirovannaia nauka, 2 vols. (Leningrad-St. Petersburg: Nauka, 1991-1994).
  9. Markova, Elena V., et al. "Uchenye-uzniki Pechorskikh lagerei GULAGa," Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, no. 1 (1998).
  10. Shragin, Boris. "Oppozitsionnye nastroeniia v nauchnykh gorodakh," in Valerii Chalidze, ed., SSSR: Vnutrennie protivorechiia, vol. 1 (New York: Chalidze Publications, 1981).
  11. Sonin, A.S. "Fizicheskii idealizm": Istoriia odnoi ideologicheskoi kampanii (Moscow: Fizmatlit, 1994).
  12. Vizgin, V.P. "Martovskaia (1936 g.) sessiia AN SSSR: sovetskaia fizika v fokuse," VIET, no. 1 (1990): 63-84; 3 (1991): 36-55.
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International Contacts and Comparisons

Sources in English:

  1. Bailes, Kendall. "The American Connection: Ideology and the Transfer of American Technology to the Soviet Union, 1917-1941," Comparative Studies in Society and History 23 (July 1981): 421-48.
  2. Byrnes, Robert F. Soviet-American Academic Exchanges, 1958-1975 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1976).
  3. Cohen, Yves. "Politics and the Passion for Production: France and the USSR in the 1930s," in Robert Fox, ed., Technological Change: Methods and Themes in the History of Technology (Amsterdam: Harwood, 1996), pp. 215-27.
  4. Coopersmith, Jonathan. "Technology Transfer in Russian Electrification, 1870-1925," History of Technology 13 (1991): 214-33.
  5. Gouzevitch, Irina. Le transfert du savoir technique et scientifique et la construction de l''Etat russe (fin du XVХ-debut du XIXХ siecles). Paris, These, Doctorat, 3 avril 2001, Universite Paris 8.
  6. Graham, Loren R. "How Valuable Are Scientific Exchanges with the Soviet Union?" Science 202 (October 1978): 383-90.
  7. Hanson, Philip. "International Technology Transfer from the West to the USSR," in Soviet Economy in a New Perspective (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Congress, 1976).
  8. Harvey, Dodd L., and Linda C. Ciccoritti. U.S.-Soviet Cooperation in Space (Miami: Center for Advanced International Studies, University of Miami, 1974).
  9. Heywood, Anthony J. Modernising Lenin’s Russia: Economic Reconstruction, Foreign Trade and the Railways (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
  10. Heywood, Anthony J. ‘Russia’s Foreign Supply Policy in World War I: Imports of Railway Equipment’, The Journal of European Economic History, vol.32, no.1 (spring 2003), pp.77-108.
  11. Hughes, Thomas Parke. "How America Helped Build the Soviet Machine," American Heritage 39 (1988): 56-69.
  12. Inkster, Ian. "Technology Transfer and Industrial Transformation: An Interpretation of the Pattern of Economic Development Circa 1870-1914," in Robert Fox, ed., Technological Change: Methods and Themes in the History of Technology (Amsterdam: Harwood, 1996), pp. 177-200.
  13. Josephson, Paul. "Physics and Soviet-Western Relations in the 1920s and 1930s," Physics Today 41:9 (September 1988): 55-56.
  14. Klein, Olivier. Un voyage scientifique au XVIIIХ siecle: le voyage dans le nord de la Russie de Louis Delisle de la Croyere (1727-1730). Paris, Paris, septembre 2001, Memoire de maitrise de l'universite Paris 7.
  15. Lubrano, Linda. "National and International Politics in US-USSR Scientific Cooperation," Social Studies of Science 11 (1981): 451-80.
  16. Mikulinskii, S.R., et al., eds. USSR Academy of Sciences: Scientific Relations with Great Britain (Moscow: Nauka, 1977).
  17. Neering, Rosemary. Continental Dash: The Russian-American Telegraph (Gauges, B.C.: Horsdal and Shubart, 1989).
  18. Newton, David E. US and Soviet Space Programs: A Comparison (New York: Franklin Watts, 1988).
  19. Rabkin, Yakov M. Science Between the Superpowers (New York: Priority Press, 1988).
  20. Review of US-USSR Interacademy Exchanges and Relations (The Kaysen Report) (Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1977).
  21. Review of the US-USSR Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Science and Technology (The Garwin Report) (Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1977).
  22. Richmond, Yale. US-Soviet Cultural Exchanges, 1958-1986: Who Wins? (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1987).
  23. Robinson, E. "The Transference of British Technology to Russia, 1760-1820: A Preliminary Inquiry," in Barrie M. Ratcliffe, ed., Great Britain and Her World, 1750-1914 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1975).
  24. Rogger, Hans. "Amerikanizm and the Economic Development of Russia," Comparative Studies in Society and History 23 (July 1981): 382-420.
  25. Schauer, William H. The Politics of Space: A Comparison of the Soviet and American Space Programs (New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1976).
  26. Schweitzer, Glenn E. Techno-diplomacy: US-Soviet Confrontation in Science and Technology (New York: Plenum Press, 1989).
  27. Schweitzer, Glenn E. "US-Soviet Scientific Cooperation: The Interacademy Program," Technology in Society 14 (1992): 173-85.
  28. Siegel, Katherine A. "Technology and Trade: Russia's Pursuit of American Investment, 1917-1929," Diplomatic History 17 (1993): 375-98.
  29. Sutton, Antony. Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development. 3 vols. (Stanford: Hoover Inst. Press, 1968-1973).
  30. Timberlake, Charles. "Russian-American Contacts, 1917-1937," Pacific Northwest Quarterly 15:3 (July 1956): 173-85.
  31. Turner, Frederick C. "Technology Transfer and the Soviet Union: Part I," Journal of Soviet Military Studies 1 (1988): 514-34.
  32. Von Bencke, Matthew J. The Politics of Space: A History of U.S.-Soviet/Russian Competition and Cooperation in Space (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1997).
  33. USSR Academy of Sciences, Scientific Relations with Great Britain (Moscow: Nauka, 1977).

Sources in Russian:

  1. Grigorian, A.T., and A.P. Iushkevich, eds. Russko-frantsuzskie nauchnye sviazi (Leningrad: Nauka, 1968).
  2. Konovalov, B.P. SSSR-Frantsiia: Kosmicheskoe sotrudnichestvo (Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1990).
  3. Kozhevnikov, A.B. "Filantropiia Rokfellera i sovetskaia nauka.," VIET 2 (1993): 80-111.
  4. Lebedkina, E.D. Nauka i mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo: Deiatel'nost' uchenykh v mezhdunarodnykh organizatsiiakh (Moscow: Nauka, 1983).
  5. Mezhdunarodnye nauchnye sviazi Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1917-1941 (Moscow: Nauka, 1992).
  6. Orbity sotrudnichestva: Mezhdunarodnye sviazi SSSR v issledovanii kosmicheskogo prostranstva. 2nd ed. (Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1983).
  7. Radovskii, M.I. Iz istorii anglo-russkikh nauchnykh sviazei (Leningrad: AN SSSR, 1961).
  8. Vodichev, E.G. Formirovanie i razvitie mezhdunarodnukh sviazei akademicheskoi nauki v Sibiri (Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1990).
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Science, Technology, and Gender

Sources in English:

  1. Koblitz, Ann H. A Convergence of Lives: Sofia Kovalevskaia: Scientist, Writer, Revolutionary (Boston: Birkha:user, 1983).
  2. Koblitz, Ann H. Science, Women and Revolution in Russia (Harwood Academic Publishers, 2000).
  3. Koblitz, Ann H. "Science, Women, and the Russian Intelligentsia: The Generation of the 1860s," Isis 79 (1988): 208-26.
  4. Kochina, P.Ia. Love and Mathematics: Sofya Kovalevskaya (Moscow: Mir, 1985).
  5. Tuve, Jeanette E. The First Russian Women Physicians (Newtonville, Mass.: Oriental Research Partners, 1984).

Sources in Russian:

  1. Dionesov, S.M. Kashevarova-Rudneva - pervaia ruskaia zhenshchina - doktor meditsiny (Moscow: Nauka, 1965).
  2. Laman, N.K. Vera Il'inichna Glebova (Moscow: Nauka, 1987).
  3. Likhacheva, E. Materialy dlia istorii zhenskago obrazovaniia v Rossii. 2 vols. (St. Petersburg, 1899-1901).
  4. Masevich, A.G., and A.K. Terent'eva. "Zhenshchiny-astronomy," Istoriko-astronomicheskie issledovaniia 23 (1991): 90-111.
  5. Musabekov, Iu.S. Iuliia Vsevolodovna Lermontova (Moscow: Nauka, 1967).
  6. Rosin, Ia.A., and V.B. Malkin. Lina Solomonovna Shtern (Moscow: Nauka, 1987).

Other Bibliographies:

  1. Bibliography of Russian women's history
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© 1997-2002 Slava Gerovitch