JUAN COLE is the Richard P. Mitchell Professor of Middle East and South Asian History at the University of Michigan and directs its Center for South Asian Studies. He grew up in a military family, with two tours in France and one in Ethiopia. He lived about 10 years in the Muslim World. His Ph.D. is in Islamic Studies from UCLA. His recent books include Engaging the Muslim World (2009) and Napoleon's Egypt: Invading the Middle East (2007). His Sacred Space and Holy War (2002) is a history of Shiite Islamic responses to Modernity that includes substantial attention to Iraq. Since September 11 he has become a public intellectual, writing widely on issues in the War on Terror, al-Qaeda, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, with opinion pieces in major newspapers and many television and radio appearances.