Boronic Acid Library for Selective, Reversible Near-Infrared Fluorescence Quenching of Surfactant Suspended Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Response to Glucose

Research areas:
  • Uncategorized
Year: 2012
Type of Publication: Article
  • Kyungsuk Yum, Thomas P. McNicholas Jin-Ho Ahn
Journal: Acs Nano Volume: 6
Number: 1 Pages: 819-830
Month: JAN 2012
PT: J; TC: 4; UT: WOS:000299368300096
We describe the high-throughput screening of a library of 30 boronic acid derivatives to form complexes with sodium cholate suspended single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) to screen for their ability to reversibly report glucose binding via a change in SWNT fluorescence. The screening identifies 4-cyanophenylboronic acid which uniquely causes a reversible wavelength red shift in SWNT emission. The results also identify 4-chlorophenylboronic acid which demonstrates a turn-on fluorescence response when complexed with SWNTs upon glucose binding in the physiological range of glucose concentration. The mechanism of fluorescence modulation in both of these cases is revealed to be a photoinduced excited-state electron transfer that can be disrupted by boronate Ion formation upon glucose binding. The results allow for the elucidation of design rules for such sensors, as we find that glucose recognition and transduction is enabled by para-substituted, electron-withdrawing phenyl boronic acids that are sufficiently hydrophobic to adsorb to the nanotube surface.