|Type of Publication:||Article|
We describe the high-throughput screening of a library of 30 boronic acid derivatives to form complexes with sodium cholate suspended single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) to screen for their ability to reversibly report glucose binding via a change in SWNT fluorescence. The screening identifies 4-cyanophenylboronic acid which uniquely causes a reversible wavelength red shift in SWNT emission. The results also identify 4-chlorophenylboronic acid which demonstrates a turn-on fluorescence response when complexed with SWNTs upon glucose binding in the physiological range of glucose concentration. The mechanism of fluorescence modulation in both of these cases is revealed to be a photoinduced excited-state electron transfer that can be disrupted by boronate Ion formation upon glucose binding. The results allow for the elucidation of design rules for such sensors, as we find that glucose recognition and transduction is enabled by para-substituted, electron-withdrawing phenyl boronic acids that are sufficiently hydrophobic to adsorb to the nanotube surface.
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