Excitons in carbon nanotubes

Research areas:
  • Uncategorized
Year: 2006
Type of Publication: Article
  • J. Maultzsch, S. Reich R. Pomraenke
Journal: Physica Status Solidi B-Basic Solid State Physics Volume: 243
Number: 13 Pages: 3204-3208
Month: NOV 2006
PT: J; CT: 20th International Winterschool/Euroconference on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials; CY: MAR 04-11, 2006; CL: Kirchberg, AUSTRIA; TC: 4; UT: WOS:000242187000051
We present two-photon excitation luminescence experiments on carbon nanotubes which show the excitonic origin of the optical excitations. The two-photon allowed exciton state, which has even parity under rotation about the U-axis, is roughly 300 meV above the one-photon active, odd-parity state. This indicates exciton binding energies on the order of 400 meV for nanotubes with diameters around 8 A. Ab-initio calculations of the exciton wavefunctions and energies are in good agreement with our experimental results, confirming the predictions on the symmetry of the exciton states. (c) 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.