Templated pyrolytic carbon: the effect of poly(ethylene glycol) molecular weight on the pore size distribution of poly(furfuryl alcohol)-derived carbon

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Year: 2003
Type of Publication: Article
  • M. S. Strano, J. Pedrick H. Agarwal
Journal: Carbon Volume: 41
Number: 13 Pages: 2501-2508
Month: 2003
PT: J; TC: 13; UT: WOS:000185878100007
Poly(ethylene glycol), which has a negligible carbon yield upon pyrolysis, was used as a template to study the controlled formation of mesoporosity in pyrolytic carbons. A series of carbons was produced from mixtures of poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(furfuryl alcohol) with 25, 50 and 75% composition by weight and an M-n of 300 to 18500 g/mol of template. Polydisperse dextran adsorption reveals a maximum in uptake for 8000 g/mol and 50% templated carbons, while materials from 75% mixtures or those from less than 2000 g/mol template yielded negligible dextran uptake. These results correlated well with the intensity ratio of a broad peak between 7 and 11degrees 2theta in the X-ray diffraction spectrum and the 002 diffraction peak and also qualitatively with micrographs of the internal microstructure of the carbons. The results suggest a templating process dominated by both the molecular size of the template and the rate of expulsion of decomposed template material during the formation of the solid. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.