Temperature and time dependence study of single-walled carbon nanotube growth by catalytic chemical vapor deposition

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Year: 2010
Type of Publication: Article
  • Charlotte T. M. Kwok, Daniel E. Agnew Brandon J. Reizman
Journal: Carbon Volume: 48
Number: 4 Pages: 1279-1288
Month: APR 2010
PT: J; TC: 9; UT: WOS:000274829500040
The temperature and time dependence of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) growth by chemical vapor deposition of ethanol on Fe(2)O(3)/MgO catalyst are compared at both low (similar to 27 Pa) and atmospheric pressure limits. SWCNTs are synthesized in two reactors with different geometries and operating pressures and are characterized by Raman spectroscopy. Both reactors show SWCNT growth within a relatively narrow temperature window of 700-850 degrees C, with an optimum growth time of 35 min for the cold wall reactor and 75 min for the quartz tube reactor. A kinetic model comprising of ethanol decomposition, SWCNT formation, and water etching is developed to better understand the growth mechanism. The existence of a temperature window and an optimum growth time in both reactors can be well described by the kinetic model. Simulation results suggest that the temperature and time dependence can be explained by the competition between the growth of SWCNTs and that of amorphous carbon. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.