Optical signatures of the Aharonov-Bohm phase in single-walled carbon nanotubes

Research areas:
  • Uncategorized
Year: 2004
Type of Publication: Article
  • S. Zaric, J. Kono G. N. Ostojic
Journal: Science Volume: 304
Number: 5674 Pages: 1129-1131
Month: MAY 21 2004
PT: J; TC: 193; UT: WOS:000221524500034
We report interband magneto-optical spectra for single-walled carbon nanotubes in high magnetic fields up to 45 tesla, confirming theoretical predictions that the band structure of a single-walled carbon nanotube is dependent on the magnetic flux phi threading the tube. We have observed field-induced optical anisotropy as well as red shifts and splittings of absorption and photoluminescence peaks. The amounts of shifts and splittings depend on the value of phi/phi(0) and are quantitatively consistent with theories based on the Aharonov-Bohm effect. These results represent evidence of the influence of the Aharonov-Bohm phase on the band gap of a solid.