Resonant Raman excitation profiles of individually dispersed single walled carbon nanotubes in solution

Research areas:
  • Uncategorized
Year: 2004
Type of Publication: Article
  • S. K. Doorn, P. W. Barone D. A. Heller
Journal: Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing Volume: 78
Number: 8
Month: MAY 2004
PT: J; TC: 93; UT: WOS:000220192300009
Raman excitation profiles were generated between 695 and 985 nm for individual carbon nanotubes dispersed in aqueous solution. We confirmed that previously published spectral assignments for semi-conducting and metallic carbon nanotubes are able to predict the location and resonant maxima of radial breathing mode features in the Raman spectrum. Three large diameter features were observed within the excitation space over the scan range and accurately predicted as metallic species. There was significant agreement between predicted and observed Raman modes. However, one discrepancy is noted with the (6,4) nanotubes. This species is not observed when excited at or near its absorption transition. We find that the Raman cross-sections in general, assuming a diameter-based distribution of nanotubes, are disproportionately smaller for mod(n-m,3)=1 semi-conducting nanotubes than their counterparts by at least an order of magnitude. These results have important implications for the use of Raman spectroscopy to effectively characterize the chirality distribution of carbon nanotube samples.