Case 14644

A Hybrid Polymer-Ceramic Carbon Free Combustor

Keywords:

Hybrid polymer-ceramic, polymer membrane, carbon-free, CO2 capture

Applications:

CO2 mitigation in combustors

Problem:

    Fossil fuels combustors have large quantity of CO2 emission.

Technology:

This invention develops a highly efficient carbon free combustor which utilizes oxyfuel combustion. The combustor comprises two basic components. The first component is a polymer membrane which produces oxygen enriched air. The second component is an ion transport membrane (ITM), and is used to produce high quality oxygen. The two components provide high purity oxygen to bum with the fuel producing carbon dioxide and water vapor. The water vapor can be separated by cooling and the CO2 can be easily captured, making the combustor carbon-free. A detailed paper design is included.

Advantages:
  • O2 enriched air increases the efficiency of fuel usage
  • With CO2 capturing, the combustor is completely CO2 neutral

Inventors:
  • Professor Ahmed F. Ghoniem (Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT)
  • Professor Yang Shao Horn (Department of Material Sciences and Engineering, MIT)
  • Khaled Mezghani (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals)
  • Mohamed A. Habib (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals)
  • Rached Ben-Mansour(King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals)

Intellectual Property:

US Utility Patent Application 13/365290, filed on February 3, 2012

Publications:

N/A

Last revised: April 9, 2012

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