Chien Wang 王謙


About Myself


B.S., Atmospheric Physics, Peking University, 1982

M.S., Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, 1985

Ph.D., Atmospheric Sciences, State University of New York at Albany, 1992

Postdoc, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 1992-1994


Center for Global Change Science, MIT


Senior Research Scientist of Atmospheric Chemistry


Beijing, China


Hua Ren (wife) and Naixing (Natalie) (daughter)

Current Residence:

Dover, New Hampshire



Telephone:  1-617-253-5432

Fax:  1-617-253-9845

Skype:  aercldchem

Postal:  MIT, E19-439K;

77 Massachusetts Avenue;

Cambridge, MA 02139; U.S.A.


I am a Senior Research Scientist of Atmospheric Chemistry in MIT’s Center for Global Change Science. I am also with MIT’s Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, Program in Atmospheres, Oceans and Climate (PAOC), and Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences (EAPS).

My research interests include atmospheric aerosols and clouds, tropospheric chemical processes, and the roles of aerosol-cloud interaction in atmospheric chemistry, precipitation, and climate dynamics. I also study climate impacts of anthropogenic activities that alter atmospheric compositions or change the Earth’s surface properties or energy budget. My researches have been generously supported by NSF, NASA, EPA, NOAA, Ford Motor Company, the Singapore National Research Foundation through the Center of Environmental Sensing and Modeling (CENSAM) of the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART), and by many other government agencies including US DOE as well as many industrial sponsors through the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change.

Selected Peer Reviewed Publications

Snider, G., C. L. Weagle, K. K. Murdymootoo, A. Ring, Y. Ritchie, E. Stone, A. Walsh, C. Akoshile, N. X. Anh, R. Balasubramanian, J. Brook, F. D. Qonitan, J. Dong, D. Griffith, K. He, B. N. Holben, R. Kahn, N. Lagrosas, P. Lestari, Z. Ma, A. Misra, L. K. Norford, E. J. Quel, A. Salam, B. Schichtel, L. Segev, S. Tripathi, C. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhang, Y. Zhang, M. Brauer, A. Cohen, M. D. Gibson, Y. Liu, J. V. Martins, Y. Rudich, and R. V Martin, 2916: Variation in global chemical composition of PM2.5: emerging results from SPARTAN, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9629-9653, doi:10.5194/acp-16-9629-2016.

Alvarado, M. J,. C. R. Lonsdale, H. L. Macintyre, H. Bian M. Chin, D. A. Ridley, C. L. Heald, K. L. Thornhill, B. E. Anderson, M. J. Cubison, J. L. Jimenez, Y. Kondo, L. K. Sahu, J. E. Dibb, and C. Wang, 2016: Evaluating model parameterizations of submicron aerosol scattering and absorption with in situ data from ARCTAS 2008, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9435-9455, doi:10.5194/acp-2015-935.

Grandey, B., H. Cheng, and C. Wang, 2016: Transient climate impacts for scenarios of aerosol emissions from Asia: a story of coal versus gas. J. Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0555.1, in press.

Rothenberg, D., and C. Wang, 2016: Metamodeling of droplet activation for global climate models. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 1255-1272, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0223.1.

Wang, C., 2015: Anthropogenic aerosols and the distribution of past large-scale precipitation change, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 10,876–10,884, doi: 10.1002/2015GL066416.

Lee, S.-Y., and C. Wang, 2015: The response of the South Asian summer monsoon to temporal and spatial variations in absorbing aerosol radiative forcing, J. Climate, 28, 6626-6646, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00609.1.

Grandey, B. S., and C. Wang, 2015: Enhanced marine sulphur emissions offset global warming and impact rainfall, Nature: Scientific Reports, 5, Article number: 13055 (2015), doi:10.1038/srep13055.

Kim, D., C. Wang, A. M. L. Ekman, M. C. Barth, and D.-I. Lee, 2014: The responses of cloudiness to the direct radiative effect of sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1172-1185, doi:10.1002/2013JD020529.

Cohen, J. B., and C. Wang, 2013: Estimating global black carbon emissions using a top-down Kalman filter approach, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 307-323, doi:10.1002/2013JD019912.

Lee, S.-Y., H.-J. Shin, and C. Wang, 2013: Nonlinear effects of coexisting surface and atmospheric forcing by anthropogenic absorbing aerosols: Impact on the South Asian monsoon onset, J. Climate, 26, 5594–5607. [Journal Link]

Wang, C., 2013: Impact of anthropogenic absorbing aerosols on clouds and precipitation: A review of recent progresses, Atmos. Res., 122, 237-249. [Journal Link]

Ekman, A. M. L., M. Hermann, P. Groß, J. Heintzenberg, D. Kim, and C. Wang, 2012: Sub-micrometer aerosol particles in the upper troposphere/lowermost stratosphere as measured by CARIBIC and modeled using the MIT-CAM3 global climate model, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D11202, doi:10.1029/2011JD016777.

Tao, W.-K., J.-P. Chen, Z.-Q. Li, C. Wang, and C.-D. Zhang, 2012: The Impact of Aerosol on convective cloud and precipitation. Rev. Geophys., 50, RG2001, doi:10.1029/2011RG000369.

Wang, C., and R. G. Prinn, 2011: Potential climatic impacts and reliability of large-scale offshore wind farms, Environ. Res. Lett., 6, 025101, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/2/025101. [Journal Link]

Cohen, J. B., R. G. Prinn, and C. Wang, 2011: The impact of detailed urban-scale processing on the composition, distribution, and radiative forcing of anthropogenic aerosols, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L20808, doi:10.1029/2011GL047417. [Journal Link]

Jeong, G.-R. and C. Wang, 2010: Climate effects of seasonally varying Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 8373-8389, doi:10.5194/acp-10-8373-2010. [Journal Link]

Wang, C., and R. G. Prinn, 2010: Potential climatic impacts and reliability of very large-scale wind farms, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 2053-2061, doi:10.5194/acp-10-2053-2010. [Journal Link]

Wang, C., D. Kim, A. M. L. Ekman, M. C. Barth, and P. Rasch, 2009: The impact of anthropogenic aerosols on Indian summer monsoon, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L21704, doi:10.1029/2009GL040114. [Journal Link]

Huang, J., A. Adams, C. Wang, and C. Zhang, 2009: Black Carbon and West African Monsoon precipitation: observations and simulations, Ann. Geophys., 27, 4171-4181. [Journal Link]

Wang, C., 2009: The sensitivity of tropical convective precipitation to the direct radiative forcings of black carbon aerosols emitted from major regions, Ann. Geophys, 27, 3705-3711. [Journal Link]

Wang, C., G.-R. Jeong, and N. Mahowald, 2009: Particulate absorption of solar radiation: anthropogenic aerosols vs. dust, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3935–3945. [Journal Link]

Alvarado, M. J., C. Wang, and R. G. Prinn, 2009: Formation of Ozone and Growth of Aerosols in Young Smoke Plumes from Biomass Burning, Part 2: 3D Eulerian Studies, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D09307, doi:10.1029/2008JD011186. [Journal Link]

Sokolov, A.P, P.H. Stone, C.E. Forest, R. Prinn, M.C. Sarofim, M. Webster, S. Paltsev, C.A. Schlosser, D. Kicklighter, S. Dutkiewicz, J. Reilly, C. Wang, B Felzer, H.D. Jacoby, 2009: Probabilistic forecast for 21st century climate based on uncertainties in emissions (without policy) and climate parameters, J. Climate, 22, 5175-5204.

Liao, K.-J., E. Tagaris, K. Manomaiphiboon, C. Wang, J.-H. Woo, P. Amar, S. He, and A. G. Russell, 2009: Quantification of impact of climate uncertainty on regional air quality, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 865-878.

Engström, A., Ekman, A. M. L., Krejci, R., DeReus, M., Ström, J., Wang, C., 2008: Observational and modelling evidence of tropical deep convective clouds as a source of mid-tropospheric accumulation mode aerosols, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L23813, doi:10.1029/2008GL035817.

Kim, D., C. Wang, A.M.L. Ekman, M. C. Barth, and P. Rasch, 2008: Distribution and direct radiative forcing of carbonaceous and sulfate aerosols in an interactive size-resolving aerosol-climate model, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D16309, doi:10.1029/2007JD009756. [Journal Link]

Wang, C. 2007: Impact of direct radiative forcing of black carbon aerosols on tropical convective precipitation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L05709, doi:10.1029/2006GL028416. [Journal Link]

Barth, M. C., S.-W. Kim, C. Wang, K. E. Pickering, L. E. Ott, G. Stenchikov, M. Leriche, S. Cautenet, J.-P. Pinty, Ch. Barthe, C. Mari, J. H. Helsdon, R. D. Farley, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, V. Spiridonov, and B. Telenta, 2007: Cloud-scale model intercomparison of chemical constitute transport in deep convection, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 4709-4731.

Ekman, A. M. L., A. Engström, C. Wang, 2007: The effect of aerosol composition and concentration on the development and anvil properties of a continental deep convective cloud, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 133B(627), 1439-1452. [Journal Link]

Reilly, J., S. Paltsev, B. Felzer, X. Wang, D. Kicklighter, J. Melillo, R. Prinn, M. Sarofim, A. Sokolov, C. Wang, 2007: Global economic effects of changes in crops, pasture, and forests due to changing climate, carbon dioxide, and ozone, Energy Policy, 35, 5370-5383.

Prinn, R., J. Reilly, M. Sarofim, C. Wang, and B. Felzer, 2007: Effects of air pollution control on climate: results from an integrated assessment model, Human-Induced Climate Change: An interdisciplinary Assessment, (M. Schlesinger, et al. eds.), Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 93-102.

Ekman, A., C. Wang, J. Ström, and R. Krejci, 2006: Explicit simulation of aerosol physics in a cloud-resolving model: Aerosol transport and processing in the free troposphere; J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 682-696. [Journal Link]

Wang, C., 2005: A modeling study on the response of tropical deep convection to the increase of CCN concentration. 2. Radiation and chemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D22204, doi:10.1029/2005JD005829. [Journal Link]

Wang, C., 2005: A modeling study on the response of tropical deep convection to the increase of CCN concentration. 1. Dynamics and microphysics, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D21211, doi:10.1029/2004JD005720. [Journal Link]

Felzer, B., J. Reilly, J. Melillo, D. Kicklighter, C. Wang, R. Prinn, M. Sarofim, and Q. Zhuang, 2005: Past and future effects of ozone on net primary production and carbon sequestration using a global biogeochemical model, Climatic Change, 73, 345-373.

Wang, C., 2004: A modeling study on the climate impacts of black carbon aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 109,D03106, doi:10.1029/2003JD004084. [Journal Link]

Ekman, A., C. Wang, J. Ström, and J. Wilson, 2004: Explicit simulation of aerosol physics in a cloud-resolving model: A sensitivity study based on an observed convective cloud, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 773-791. [Journal Link]

Felzer, B., D. Kicklighter, J. Melillo, C. Wang, Q. Zhuang, and R. Prinn, 2004: Ozone effects on net primary production and carbon sequestration in the conterminous United States using a biogeochemistry model, Tellus, 56B, 230-248.

Webster, M., C. Forest, J. Reilly, M. Babiker, D. Kicklighter, M. Mayer, R. Prinn, M. Sarofim, A. Sokolov, P. Stone, and C. Wang, 2003: Uncertainty analysis of climate change and policy response, Climatic Change, 61, 295-320.

Webster, M. D., M. Babiker, M. Mayer, J. M. Reilly, J. Harnisch, R. Hyman, M. C. Sarofim, and C. Wang, 2002: Uncertainty in emissions projections for climate models, Atmos. Environ., 36(22), 3659-3670.

Wang, C., and R. G. Prinn, 2000: On the roles of deep convective clouds in tropospheric chemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D17), 22269-22297. [Journal Link]

Harnisch, J., H. D. Jacoby, R. G. Prinn, and C. Wang, 2000: Regional emission scenarios for HFCs, PFCs, and SF6, In Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: Scientific Understanding, Control and Implementation; Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases, van Ham, J., A. P. M Baede, L. A. Meyer, and R. Ybema eds., Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, Netherlands.

Mayer, M., C. Wang, M. Webster, and R. G. Prinn, 2000: Linking local air pollution to global chemistry and climate, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D18), 22869-22896.

Wang, C., and R. G. Prinn, 1999: Interactive chemistry and climate models in global change studies, Recent Res. Devel. Geophysics, 2, 113-123.

Wang, C., and R. G. Prinn, 1999: Impact of emissions, chemistry, and climate on atmospheric carbon monoxide: 100-year predictions from a global chemistry-climate model, Chemosphere Global Change Science, 1(1-3), 73-81.

Prinn, R., H. Jacoby, A. Sokolov, C. Wang, X. Xiao, Z. Yang, R. Eckaus, P. Stone, D. Ellerman, J. Melillo, J. Fitzmaurice, D. Kicklighter, Y. Liu, and G. Holian, 1999: Integrated global system model for climate policy analysis: I. Model framework and sensitivity studies, Climatic Change, 41, 469-546.

Reilly, J., R. Prinn, J. Harnish, J. Fitzmaurice, H. Jacoby, D. Kicklighter, J. Melillo, P. Stone, A. Sokolov, and C. Wang, 1999: Multi-gas assessment of the Kyoto Protocol, Nature, 401, 549-555.

Wang, C., and R. G. Prinn, 1998: Impact of the horizontal wind profile on the convective transport of chemical species, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D17), 22063-22071.

Wang, C., R. G. Prinn, and A. Sokolov, 1998: A global interactive chemistry and climate model: Formulation and testing, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D3), 3399-3418.

Sokolov, A., C. Wang, G. Holian, P. Stone, and R. Prinn, 1998: Uncertainty in the oceanic heat and carbon uptake and its impact on climate projections, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(19), 3603-3606.

Xiao, X., J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, R. G. Prinn, C. Wang, P. H. Stone, and A. Sokolov, 1998: Transient climate change and net ecosystem production of the terrestrial biosphere, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(2), 345-360.

Wang, C., P. J. Crutzen, V. Ramanathan, and S. F. Williams, 1995: The role of a deep convective storm over the tropical Pacific Ocean in the redistribution of atmospheric chemical species. J. Geophys. Res., 100(D6), 11509-11516.

Wang, C., and P. J. Crutzen, 1995: Impact of a simulated severe local storm on the redistribution of sulfur dioxide. J. Geophys. Res., 100(D6), 11357-11367.

Wang, C., and J. S. Chang, 1993: A three-dimensional numerical model of cloud dynamics, microphysics, and chemistry. 4. Cloud chemistry and precipitation chemistry. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 16799-16808.

Wang, C., and J. S. Chang, 1993: A three-dimensional numerical model of cloud dynamics, microphysics, and chemistry. 3. Redistribution of pollutants. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 16787-16798.

Wang, C., and J. S. Chang, 1993: A three-dimensional numerical model of cloud dynamics, microphysics, and chemistry. 2. A case study of the dynamics and microphysics of a severe local storm. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 14845-14862.

Wang, C., and J. S. Chang, 1993: A three-dimensional numerical model of cloud dynamics, microphysics, and chemistry. 1. Concepts and formulation. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 14827-14844.

Wang, C., and Z.-J. Hu, 1990: Three-dimensional elastic atmospheric numerical model and the simulation of a severe storm case. Acta Meteor. Sinica, 48, 90-101 in the Chinese edition; Vol. 5(1), 51-61, 1991 in the English edition.

Wang, C., and Z.-J. Hu, 1989: A numerical simulation of condensation and sublimation. J. Academy Meteor. Sci., 4(2), 207-213.

Wang, C., Z.-J. Hu, and L.-G. You, 1988: The study on the winter stratocumulus cloud over Urumqi, Xinjiang: Numerical modeling. Acta Meteor. Sinica, 46(3), 306-318 in the Chinese edition; 4(1), 92-105 in the English edition.

Wang, C., L.-G. You, and Z.-J. Hu, 1987: The study on the winter stratocumulus cloud over Urumqi, Xinjiang: Structure and evolution. Acta Meteor. Sinica, 45, 2-12 in the Chinese edition; 2(2), 205-214 in the English edition.

Ph.D. Thesis

Wang, C., 1992: A three-dimensional model of cloud dynamics, microphysics, and chemistry. Ph.D. dissertation, the State University of New York at Albany, 216pp.

Book Chapter

Wang, C., and K.-M. Lau, 2011: Modeling of Monsoon Systems, Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Springer, CXXII, 12,555 p. (ISBN 978-0-387-89469-0).

Wang, C., 2003: co-author of Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World, G. P. Brusseur, R. G. Prinn, and A. A. P. Pszenny (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, 300pp.

Selected Most Recent Presentations

“Impact of anthropogenic aerosols on Indian summer monsoon”, invited presentation, AGU Western Pacific Meeting, June 23, 2010, Taipei.

“Modeling the climate effects of anthropogenic aerosols”, November 5, 2009, Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD.

Other Academic Activities

Member of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), American Meteorological Society (AMS), and American Chemical Society (ACS).

Convener and president of special sessions of AGU Meetings (2002, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012). Convener and session chairman of AOGS Annual Meeting (2011, 2012, 2013).

Guest Editor of Environmental Research Letters, special issue “Aerosol and Precipitation”, 2008.

Lead author of “An Integrated Assessment of the physical and societal impacts of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone Precursors”, United Nation Environmental Program, 2010.

Serving as reviewer for professional journals and publishers including Advances in Space Research, Annales Geophysicae, Atmospheric Environment, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Atmospheric Research, Aviation and Environment, Canadian Journal of Physics, Climate Dynamics, Climate Research, Earth Interactions, Environmental Research Letters, Environmental Science and Technology, EOS, Geophysical Research Letters, International Journal of Climatology, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Journal of Climate, Journal of Geophysical Research, Monthly Weather Review, Nature-Geoscience, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Science, UNEP, and Cambridge University Press.

Serving in panels or as reviewer for US NSF, NASA, NOAA, DOE, EPA, National Academy of Sciences/NRC, ISTC (US Dept. of State), German DFG, Israel Science Foundation, UK Natural Environmental Research Council, and British Council in Israel.