edited JAN 2015---- return to  KIAANAFH main page

TRACING TRAILS OF  BLOOD ON ICE:

THE FIRST-EVER COMMEMORATION OF THE SPECIAL ROLE PLAYED BY

AFRICAN AMERICANS AND BY THE TOWN OF HUMBOLDT, KANSAS

IN ONE OF THE MOST DRAMATIC SAGAS OF SURVIVAL, STRENGTH

AND TRIUMPH  IN AMERICAN HISTORY

A COMMEMORATION OF

THE GREAT ESCAPE

of  INDIANS and BLACKS

INTO KANSAS FROM CONFEDERACY-CONTROLLED “INDIAN TERRITORY”
During the bitterly cold winter of 1861/2 thousands of Creek, Cherokee, Shawnee, and Seminole Indians, a number of them with African ancestry, and several hundreds of blacks who had been slaves to Indians, fought their way toward Kansas in order to escape the Confederacy and link up with Union officials. Hundreds of them were brutally killed along the way or died in Kansas awaiting the promised help from Washington that was too slow to come. The Indians were seeking help to liberate their land and people and demand fulfillment of the many promises long made to them by the Federal Government. The former slaves sought their freedom, promised to them by Opothleyahola for assisting the escape. That promise was kept and ultimately became the basis for many Freedmen gaining full citizenship rights, land, and capital in the liberated lands of the Creek and Cherokee Nations. Many blacks stayed in Kansas, some of them with descendants still living in the greater Humboldt area. 

KEYNOTE SPEAKER -- CHIEF R. PERRY BEAVER
PRINCIPAL CHIEF,  MUSKOGEE (CREEK) NATION

For complete video coverage of this ceremony, go to the KIAANAFH main webpage (link is at top right, above).

SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT: click here for information regarding Opothleyahola Memorial Site in Leroy, Kansas

For information about a 4-county Heritage Tour area inspired by and based on the story commemorated in this Humboldt, Kansas ceremony, "Tracing Trails of Blood on Ice" Brochure page 1 click here

Brochure page 2

For a rough estimate of the route of the Escape (cir. early 1860s), click here

For a selected READING LIST regarding these events and their background, click here

Painting of Chief Opothleyahola

To see photographs from this ceremony,  click here

For a copy of the full program of this ceremony,  click here

To access an  on-line version of an article about this story and ceremony that was published in the
Jan-Dec 2001 Negro History Bulletin,  click this link   "Tracing Trails of Blood on Ice"

For a verbatim tanscript of the most recent and authoritative discussion of  "The Legacy and Future of  Black/Indian Relations" held at the 57th Annual Meeting of the National Congress of American Indians, NCAI Session Transcript


The principal funding for this program came  from  KIAANAFH    members.

Partial funding was provided by the Kansas Humanities Council, a nonprofit cultural organization encouraging the appreciation of history, heritage, and values

 
THE KANSAS INSTITUTE FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN
AND
NATIVE AMERICAN FAMILY HISTORY
 



Resident Agent:
Mr. Eric Kirkwood
2530 N. 54th St.
Kansas City, KS 66104

 
 BOARD OF DIRECTORS
 (Kansas area  ancestral base in parentheses)


OFFICERS

PRESIDENT
Dr. Willard R. Johnson
Professor Emeritus of Political Science
The Massachusetts  Institute of Technology
(Humboldt - Leavenworth)  

VICE PRESIDENT
Rev. Robert L. Baynham
Pastor, Metropolitan Baptist Church
Kansas City, KS
(Kansas City, MO) 

TREASURER & CLERK
Ms. Edith Walker
Secondary school teacher
(Hugoton)

RESIDENT AGENT
Mr. Eric Kirkwood
College Administrator
(Kansas City)


 


OTHER BOARD MEMBERS

Rev. Dr. Khadijah Matin
Clergy/Lecturer
Brooklyn, NY
(Topeka Kansas & Nebraska)

Mr. Charles F. McAfee
Architect
(Wichita)

Ms Geri Sanders
College administrator
(Kansas City MO)

Ms. Deborah Tucker
College Librarian
Adamany Undergraduate Library
Wayne State University

To join the KIAANAFH download and fill out this   form     and send payment of $25/yr ( payable to “KIAANAFH”)  to the KIAANAFH Treasurer
Ms. Edith Walker

492 Beacon St. #76
Boston, MA 02115


for  program matters, contact:
Prof. Willard R. Johnson

(KIAANAFH President)
MIT E53-367
Cambridge, MA 02139

tel: 617 253 2952  fax 617 258 6164

for legal matters , contact:
Mr. Eric Kirkwood
(KIAANAFH Resident Agent)

2530 N. 54th St.
Kansas City, KS 66104
 

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