THE KANSAS INSTITUTE
FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND NATIVE-AMERICAN
This website concerns: African American history -- especially
historic and current connections with Native Americans, Black history,
social history of the American Mid-West, family history, and commemorating Kansas history.
NEW VIDEO of the Humboldt, Kansas ceremony from June, 2000, commemorating
"THE GREAT ESCAPE" of Indians and Blacks over "The Trail of Blood
on Ice" from "Indian Territory" (now Oklahoma) to Kansas. This
1861/2 flight was led by the Muskogee leader Opothleyahola and reflected
a "comrades in arms" collaboration between many thousands of Native
Americans and hundreds of African Americans to escape slavery and/or
the Confederacy. Click
here for the introduction to our DVD on the complete ceremony. Please note
that all the video footage on this ceremony is under copyright protection by
the KIAANAFH and may not legally be reproduced without our permission. Click
HERE for video footage of the opening
of the ceremony and the speech by the Muskogee Creek Indian Nation's Principal
Chief, Mr. L. Perry Beaver, and the first half of the presensation by KIAANAFH
President Prof. Willard R Johnson. CLICK
HERE for the completion of Johnson's presentation, and other speakers about
the experience of the refugees.
CLICK HERE for PART THREE to continue the presentations by descendants of the refugees, and some of the principal figures in the story of the Great Escape.
HERE for PART FOUR (to complete the presentations by descendants, including
direct descendants of Opothleyahola and other leaders of that time.
See near the very bottom of this web page for more material on this event.
ALSO LOOK AT THE MATERIALS FEATURED BELOW:
Concepts of citizenship relevant to Blacks with Indians
(This 2 hour panel from February 2011 at M.I.T. incluudes a 20+ minute talk by Willard R. Johnson --- after starting the video, move the location mark to start at 1hr 17 minutes.)
“Out of the shadows:
Notable African American families
and sites of Mid-America”
Saturday, August 25, 2012 -- 10am to 2pm
at The Black Archives of Mid-America
1722 E. 17th Terrace, Kansas City, MO 64108
Sponsored by The KIAANAFH (with partial support by FFNHA, the Black Archives
and the M.I.T. Political Science Dept.)
CURRENT RECOMMENDED READING ABOUT KANSAS SOCIAL HISTORY
New Book from the Author of the best selling books: Cane River, and Red River
We very seldom impose on our contacts to call attention to commercial products, however relevant they may be to the common interests of the visitors to this website. However, having read this book (and, indeed all her previous ones) and having discussed it with her throughout much of its development, and finding it truly an extraordinarily informative, moving, historically well-grounded in the available facts, and brilliantly rendered work of historical fiction – I feel confident in recommending it to our members and friends. This is a very important story about Cow Tom and his family, his close associates (such as Harry Island) and owner (Chief Yargee) . Tom and Island were among the most famous and consequential of the Black interpreters for the Creek, Seminole, and Cherokee Native American nations, during the period of the “Indian removals” and American Civil War. Such a story has ramifications for relations between many African Americans and Native Americans today. It was published by Atria Books division of Simon and Shuster, Inc.
We recommend this book to a wide range of readers - those who enjoy engrossing
fiction, or a good multigenerational family story, or important but still
rather overlooked aspects of American history.
You can ORDER Citizens Creek through Amazon at this webiste
or through the author's website www.lalitatademy.com, just click through
any of the links there
(Amazon, Barnes and Noble, or an independent bookseller)
For more information, also see the website www.simonandshuster.com or facebook.com/atriabooks.
PATRIARCHS of the PRAIRIE
by Ethel Johnson Cherry
About the author: The author was born, grew up, and was educated in Kansas. One of her three marriages was to a soldier in the US Cavalry. To live with him on assignment in the western plains she was required, and loved, to be an expert in riding horses. She had extended family ties to each of the various populations and regions about which she writes. She loved people, Nature, animals, and life itself, especially in rural and small town areas. Nonetheless, the last decades of her long life were spent between the cities of Leavenworth, KS, and Los Angeles, CA.
Synopsis: This story is about the experiences of the Hagerman
family of immigrant Germans who come from Europe to the US Mid-West in the
post-Civil-War period. Maurice, the patriarch of the family, is cultivated,
but largely self-taught. He is a natural leader, a problem solver, and is
energetically pursuing a decent life for his family. He combines a strong
sense of practicality with the daring of the pioneer. He is open to new
ways and a widening circle of new and diverse friendships.
Like most of the immigrants on their transoceanic voyage, they come with no capital, but many have been preceded by relatives or villagers willing to help them relocate. These new communities are dependent populations from the start, but most of them are determined not to remain so. We are introduced to some of the patterns that permit the new immigrants to establish themselves, as the most able bodied men scout out opportunities for acquiring their own land through homesteading, and the rest of the families aid each other to settle in the more developed towns until they can reunite on the frontier.
The combined efforts of the Hagermans permit them steadily to improve their education, especially their knowledge of English, and their general circumstances, until their wheat farm, the first in this region of Southwestern Kansas, is well enough developed to give them security and some comfort. They serve as something of a model, generating accolades that reach even to the old country, perhaps as something of a myth.
This patriarch -- and he definitely is tha t-- is enough of a craftsman to help build the family dugout, and subsequent home, and their church. He is curious and innovative enough to seek out information about improved farming techniques and technologies, and resourceful enough to find and create the means to acquire and utilize them.
The family members are all kind-hearted, generous of spirit, and courageous enough to venture into the new land and life. The mother teaches music. One of her daughters teaches elementary school, including music. The eldest son emerges as a manager of the local granary, and leader of a brass band. The settlers have a strong faith in God, and a sense of Christian community.
The entire Hagerman family has a strong sense of rectitude and fairness, but no knowledge of the history or culture of the indigenous Indians. They establish reasonably good working relationships with some of the Native American population of the area where they settle, including a Caucasian “adopted Indian.” Such relationships prove to be crucial to their own survival, and somewhat beneficial to a few of the Native persons who remain in the area after the main body of their tribe had been decimated, or pushed to move, or “remove,” away from the encroaching settlers.
Over the course of the three generations that the story covers, we are given an understanding of the requirements for settling, taming, cultivating, preserving, and prospering from the land the homesteading American population took over in the Mid-West. We are introduced to the hardships, the abuses, the triumphs, the drawbacks and the benefits that came with the “Americanization” of the Mid-West.
This is a truly American story, however narrow and singular a slice it is of that jagged history storyline. This is not a story about race – either of the immigrants, or of their indigenous predecessors, or the occasional Black individual or family that appears in the saga. It is a story about individual character, and conveys the author’s sense of the meaning of America, and the role the prairie pioneers -- with their strong faith in God, their luck, their ambition and determination, and their ingenuity -- played in building it.
This is an historically informed romance novel, told in an interesting fashion, with accessible language, honed craft, familiar ideas and experiences, and with real moral instruction. It is very suitable for young, as well as adult, readers.
Synopsis by Dr. Willard R. Johnson, (Editor and holder of the copyright. Royalties will go to the KIAANAFH)
Available in paperback or in e-book format from Amazon.com to order, click here
OTHER FEATURED LINKS
African Native American Genealogy
Forum for all topics on Black/Indian connections, especially the recent
controversies regarding restoration of historic citizenship rights for "Freedman"
Freedmen Descendants of the 5 Tribes website
Creek Freedman Organization
NEW -- Concepts of citizenship relevant to Blacks and Indians
(this 2 hour panel incluudes a 15 minute talk by Willard R. Johnson regarding Blacks and Indians (start the video, and to hear only Johnson's presenttion, move the location marker to 1hr 17 min mark into the video)
For current news from an Indian nations perspective, click here
New National Congress of Black American Indians launched in July 2014--- for the Indianz News article on this event, click here
The "Bleeding Kansas Heritage Area Project" has been transformed into the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area (click here for its website)-- --
(for information on ALL the Heritage Areas, click here )
Black Archives of Mid-America
BLACK PAST: African American History
through people and places;
see especially the vignette of Seminole Chiefs Billy Bowleg (Halpata & Sonaki Micco)
National Resources for doing genealogy on African Americans and Native Americans
AfroAmerican Historical and Genealogy Society
Afrigeneas - genealogy and history site
The Kansas African American Museum -- Wichita
Mid West Indian Center Wichita
Heart of America Indian Center KC MO
National American Indian Museum
Regarding the historic underground railroad site at the Quindaro Ruins:
listen to an interesting radio interview on the KC Currents show at KCUR (brought to our attention by Marvin S. Robinson II) http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/kcur/news.newsmain?action=article&ARTICLE_ID=1837930
For an earlier Los Angeles Times archive article on the Quindaro Ruins site: Click here
The KIAANAFH is an independent, non-profit, membership organization founded
in 1991 to promote the preservation, documentation and appreciation of family
identity, traditions, and achievements of the members of the African American
and Native American communities of the Mid-West United States. The
KIAANAFH aims to assist families with a regional base of ancestral roots
and widely scattered branches, to know, preserve, strengthen and celebrate
their own achievements.
The KIAANAFH was founded by persons whose parents or grandparents were/are still resident in Kansas, or whose current work is associated with the study and preservation of historical material relating to Kansas. Many of them represent mixtures of African American and Native American descent, or have "Freedman," and/or “comrade in arms” connections with Native American peoples. Many of them are academicians, in a variety of fields, who can help identify and mobilize resources to assist families to document themselves more fully and to preserve their important memorabilia. In particular, they aim to improve the resource base for revealing and commemorating the often neglected and difficult to document aspects of African American and Native American genealogical and historical relationships.
Monetary contributions made to the KIAANAFH are tax deductible.
Other KIAANAFH PAST ACHIEVEMENTS include:
* CHEROKEE NATION CENSUS (1869/1870): transcription of a Cherokee pension census commissioned in 1869, and supervised by Capt. J. W. Craig. It records ALL known residents in the territory of The Cherokee Nation (Indian Territory/Oklahoma) including colored persons, whether citizens or not, and intruders. This census was submitted to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Dec. 1871 by F. E. Foster, Sp. Agent in the Pension Office. It had been lost in the National Archives since 1871. KIAANAFH members may request lookups for up to five individuals -contact Pres.
Willard R. Johnson at the address below.
OTHER BOARD MEMBERS:
Mrs. Thirkelle Howard
Mr. Charles F. McAfee
Ms Geri Sanders
Ms. Deborah Tucker
To join the KIAANAFH download and fill out this form
and send $25/yr to our Treasurer.
( Make checks payable to “KIAANAFH” -- plese note that contributions and membership payments are NOT tax deductible)
Ms. Edith Walker
492 Beacon St. #76
Boston, MA 02115
Prof. Willard R. Johnson
Cambridge, MA 02139
tel: 617 253 2952 fax 617 258 6164
Mr. Eric Kirkwood
(KIAANAFH Resident Agent)
2530 N. 54th St.
Kansas City, KS 66104