THE KANSAS INSTITUTE
FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND NATIVE-AMERICAN
FAMILY HISTORY

This website concerns: African American history -- especially historic and current connections with Native Americans, Black history,
social history of the American Mid-West, family history, and commemorating Kansas history.
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video -- Concepts of citizenship relevant to Blacks with Indians
(this 2 hour panel from February 2011 at M.I.T. incluudes a 15 minute talk by Willard R. Johnson
(after starting the video, move the location mark to start at 1hr 17 min into the video)

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-- OUR 2012 PUBLIC FORUM --


“Out of the shadows:
Notable African American families
and sites of Mid-America”

Saturday, August 25, 2012 -- 10am to 2pm

at The Black Archives of Mid-America
1722 E. 17th Terrace, Kansas City, MO 64108

Sponsored by The KIAANAFH (with partial support by FFNHA, the Black Archives of Mid-America,
and the M.I.T. Political Science Dept.)

For a "YouTube" based video of the first part of this forum click here
The following videos may not work on GoogleChrome browers, but should work on "Internet Explorer" and "Firefox" browsers. This first video includes the Forum Introduction by Dr. Khadijah Matin, the explanation of the FFNHA project by Ms. Julie McPike, and the introduction to Sarah Rector story by Ms. Geraldlyn Sanders

For a video of the presentation and related photos regarding "Aunt Polly" Crosslin, by WRJohnson click here
For a video tour of more sites and photos relating to this presentation click here.

WE DISCUSSED HOW/WHAT WE CAN LEARN FROM OUR OWN FAMILY HISTORIES, and
HOW TO BRING OUT THEIR BROADER SIGNIFICANCE!
The stories we discussed concerned the families in the Kansas and Missouri area that settled here before 1950.
We hope to help our children and grandchildren take pride in their family’s heritage.
We aim to bring prominence to our stories by making them known to the thousands of tourists who, in coming years,
will visit the U.S. National Park Service’s project called Freedom’s Frontier National Heritage Area (FFNHA).


We discussed important but still all too little known places and people in KS/MO history, such as:
o Dr. George Washington Carver: scientist, educator, inventor, artist, born in MO, product of KS education.
o Sarah Rector: the richest Black woman in the US, perhaps the world of her time, who was a resident of KC.
o Bishop John Andrew Greg: who was a noted educator, U.S. diplomat, AME church leader, resident of KC, KS.
o Melvin B. Tolson: educator, labor organizer, civic leader, coach of the famous “Great Debaters,” resident of KC, MO.
o Polly Crossilin: Black Seminole/Creek Indian founder of the Colored Church (Poplar Grove) of Humboldt, KS.
o The role Sumner High Schools of Kansas City and Leavenworth KS in producing African American leaders.
o The contributions of the region's African American women's clubs and organizations.
o The contributions of the early local African American churches.
o Stories and sites introduced by the participants.

Speakers included:
Ms. Julie McPike, Project Coordinator, FFNHA
Mr. Chester Owens, former member of KC, KS City Council
Mr. Robert Farnsworth, historian and biographer of Melvin B. Tolson
Dr. Doretha Williams, Executive Director of the Black Archives of Mid-America
Ms. Geraldlyn Sanders, Assistant to the President of the KC Art Institute, activist in M.A.G.I.C., KIAANAFH Board
Dr. Khadijah Matin, former National President Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society, KIAANAFH Board
Ms. Edith Walker, math teacher at the Commonwealth School in Boston, KIAANAFH Treasurer
Ms. Deborah Tucker, retired librarian, Wayne State University, KIAANAFH Board
Rev. Robert L. Baynham, Pastor of the Metropolitan Baptist Temple in KC, KS, KIAANAFH Vice President
Dr. Willard R. Johnson, retired Professor of Political Science at MIT and KIAANAFH President

Watch this space for future postings of text and video from the presentations at this event.

CURRENT RECOMMENDED READING ABOUT KANSAS SOCIAL HISTORY
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PATRIARCHS of the PRAIRIE
by Ethel Johnson Cherry

About the author: The author was born, grew up, and was educated in Kansas. One of her three marriages was to a soldier in the US Cavalry. To live with him on assignment in the western plains she was required, and loved, to be an expert in riding horses. She had extended family ties to each of the various populations and regions about which she writes. She loved people, Nature, animals, and life itself, especially in rural and small town areas. Nonetheless, the last decades of her long life were spent between the cities of Leavenworth, KS, and Los Angeles, CA.

Synopsis: This story is about the experiences of the Hagerman family of immigrant Germans who come from Europe to the US Mid-West in the post-Civil-War period. Maurice, the patriarch of the family, is cultivated, but largely self-taught. He is a natural leader, a problem solver, and is energetically pursuing a decent life for his family. He combines a strong sense of practicality with the daring of the pioneer. He is open to new ways and a widening circle of new and diverse friendships.
Like most of the immigrants on their transoceanic voyage, they come with no capital, but many have been preceded by relatives or villagers willing to help them relocate. These new communities are dependent populations from the start, but most of them are determined not to remain so. We are introduced to some of the patterns that permit the new immigrants to establish themselves, as the most able bodied men scout out opportunities for acquiring their own land through homesteading, and the rest of the families aid each other to settle in the more developed towns until they can reunite on the frontier.
The combined efforts of the Hagermans permit them steadily to improve their education, especially their knowledge of English, and their general circumstances, until their wheat farm, the first in this region of Southwestern Kansas, is well enough developed to give them security and some comfort. They serve as something of a model, generating accolades that reach even to the old country, perhaps as something of a myth.
This patriarch -- and he definitely is tha t-- is enough of a craftsman to help build the family dugout, and subsequent home, and their church. He is curious and innovative enough to seek out information about improved farming techniques and technologies, and resourceful enough to find and create the means to acquire and utilize them.
The family members are all kind-hearted, generous of spirit, and courageous enough to venture into the new land and life. The mother teaches music. One of her daughters teaches elementary school, including music. The eldest son emerges as a manager of the local granary, and leader of a brass band. The settlers have a strong faith in God, and a sense of Christian community.
The entire Hagerman family has a strong sense of rectitude and fairness, but no knowledge of the history or culture of the indigenous Indians. They establish reasonably good working relationships with some of the Native American population of the area where they settle, including a Caucasian “adopted Indian.” Such relationships prove to be crucial to their own survival, and somewhat beneficial to a few of the Native persons who remain in the area after the main body of their tribe had been decimated, or pushed to move, or “remove,” away from the encroaching settlers.
Over the course of the three generations that the story covers, we are given an understanding of the requirements for settling, taming, cultivating, preserving, and prospering from the land the homesteading American population took over in the Mid-West. We are introduced to the hardships, the abuses, the triumphs, the drawbacks and the benefits that came with the “Americanization” of the Mid-West.
This is a truly American story, however narrow and singular a slice it is of that jagged history storyline. This is not a story about race – either of the immigrants, or of their indigenous predecessors, or the occasional Black individual or family that appears in the saga. It is a story about individual character, and conveys the author’s sense of the meaning of America, and the role the prairie pioneers -- with their strong faith in God, their luck, their ambition and determination, and their ingenuity -- played in building it.
This is an historically informed romance novel, told in an interesting fashion, with accessible language, honed craft, familiar ideas and experiences, and with real moral instruction. It is very suitable for young, as well as adult, readers.
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Synopsis by Dr. Willard R. Johnson, (Editor and holder of the copyright. Royalties will go to the KIAANAFH)

Available in paperback or in e-book format from Amazon.com to order, click here

 


OTHER FEATURED LINKS

African Native American Genealogy Forum for all topics on Black/Indian connections, especially the recent controversies regarding restoration of historic citizenship rights for "Freedman"
Freedmen Descendants of the 5 Tribes website
Creek Freedman Organization


NEW -- Concepts of citizenship relevant to Blacks and Indians
(this 2 hour panel incluudes a 15 minute talk by Willard R. Johnson regarding Blacks and Indians (start the video, and to hear only Johnson's presenttion, move the location marker to 1hr 17 min mark into the video)


For current news from an Indian nations perspective, click here

The "Bleeding Kansas Heritage Area Project" has been transformed into the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area (click here for its website)-- --
(for information on ALL the Heritage Areas, click here
)

Black Archives of Mid-America

BLACK PAST: African American History through people and places;
see especially the vignette of Seminole Chiefs Billy Bowleg (Halpata & Sonaki Micco)

National Resources for doing genealogy on African Americans and Native Americans


AfroAmerican Historical and Genealogy Society

Afrigeneas - genealogy and history site

African American Museum Wichita

Mid West Indian Center Wichita

Heart of America Indian Center KC MO

African-Native online exhibit National American Indian Museum


Regarding the historic underground railroad site at the Quindaro Ruins:
listen to an interesting radio interview on the KC Currents show at KCUR (brought to our attention by Marvin S. Robinson II) http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/kcur/news.newsmain?action=article&ARTICLE_ID=1837930

For an earlier Los Angeles Times archive article on the Quindaro Ruins site: Click here

FIND FURTHER RESOURCE LINKS BELOW

The KIAANAFH is an independent, non-profit, membership organization founded in 1991 to promote the preservation, documentation and appreciation of family identity, traditions, and achievements of the members of the African American and Native American communities of the Mid-West United States.  The KIAANAFH aims to assist families with a regional base of ancestral roots and widely scattered branches, to know, preserve, strengthen and celebrate their own achievements.

The KIAANAFH was founded by persons whose parents or grandparents were/are still resident in Kansas, or whose current work is associated with the study and preservation of historical material relating to Kansas.  Many of them represent mixtures of African American and Native American descent, or have "Freedman," and/or “comrade in arms” connections with Native American peoples. Many of them are academicians, in a variety of fields, who can help identify and mobilize resources to assist families to document themselves more fully and to preserve their important memorabilia. In particular, they aim to improve the resource base for revealing and commemorating the often neglected and difficult to document aspects of African American and Native American genealogical and historical relationships.

 

Monetary contributions made to the KIAANAFH are tax deductible.  


Other KIAANAFH PAST ACHIEVEMENTS include:

* Transcription of a “breakout session” panel at the 57 th Annual Session of the National Council of American Indians that focussed on "The Legacy and Future of  Black/Indian Relations."  The session was organized by former Cherokee Principal Chief Wilma Mankiller, with the assistance of Dr. Willard R. Johnson and the KIAANAFH. The transcription was rendered by Dr. Johnson and is published for posting here and in print by the KIAANAFH. Click on this link for the transcription of this NCAI session on BLACK/ INDIAN RELATIONS - TRANSCRIPT.       You may  download and print this transcription for personal, classroom,  civic organizational or other strictly non-commercial uses only. 

For an extensive bibliography and resource list developed by participants in this panel under the leadership of Chief Mankiller and Dr. Patrick Minges, click the link below.


click here for Bibliography on historic connections between African Americans and Native Americans


* Humboldt, Kansas Commemoration Ceremony of "Tracing Trails of Blood on Ice: The Great Escape" of  Indians and Blacks into Kansas." This 1861/2 flight was led by the Muskogee leader Opothleyahola and reflected  a "comrades in arms" collaboration  between thousands of Native Americans and hundreds of African Americans to escape slavery and/or the Confederacy. 
You may order a copy of our DVD about this ceremony, held in June, 2000. -- $20 for members, plus $4 shipping. $25 plus shipping for non-members. Click here for the introduction to this DVD Please note that this video is under copyright protection by the KIAANAFH and may not legally be reproduced without our permission. Click the next link for text and photo material relating to the this ceremony! 

The Negro History Bulletin of Jan.-Dec. 2001 (Vol. 64) carried an article by Willard R. Johnson regarding this story and a commemoration of it held in Humboldt, KS in June of 2000. Click here for a text only copy of this individual article for non-commercial use (click here for estimated route map). The whole issue containing this article and teaching guides may be purchased through the web site of th Association for the Study of African American Life and History, publications archive website:  ASAALH publication archive store

* Contributions to the planning for the original "Bleeding Kansas Heritage Area", including the LeRoy Kansas Opothleyahola Memorial site that is part of that tour area, as part of a 4-county Heritage Tour area that was inspired by and based on the story commemorated in KIAANAFH's June 2000 "Great Escape" ceremony, called "Tracing Trails of Blood on Ice."
--- for a photograph and more information on that site, click here---

The whole trail will be part of the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area mentioned above.

 

OTHER PAST KIAANAFH ACCOMPLISHMENTS include:
* Seminars/exhibitions on pioneer African American families in the Southeast Kansas area with principal funding support from the Kansas Humanities Council. 
 
* Round-Table discussions within the Kansas based African American communities to document the connections the various episodes of forced removal of Native American nations from the South Eastern United States during the 1830s “Trail of Tears." 
 
* A workshop among families that participated in the round-table programs together with experts and officials from the National Archives and Records Administration (from Washington DC and Ft. Worth TX offices) devoted to documentation for connections between the African- and Native- American peoples.

 
* CHEROKEE NATION CENSUS (1869/1870): transcription of a Cherokee pension census commissioned in 1869, and supervised by Capt. J. W. Craig. It records ALL known residents in the territory of The Cherokee Nation (Indian Territory/Oklahoma) including colored persons, whether citizens or not, and intruders. This census was submitted to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Dec. 1871 by F. E. Foster, Sp. Agent in the Pension Office. It had been lost in the National Archives since 1871. KIAANAFH members may request lookups for up to five individuals -contact Pres. Willard R. Johnson at the address below.

 
 BOARD OF DIRECTORS
 (Kansas area  ancestral base in parentheses)


OFFICERS

PRESIDENT

Dr. Willard R. Johnson
Professor Emeritus of Political Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(Humboldt - Leavenworth)
see below for contact information
 

VICE PRESIDENT
Rev. Robert L. Baynham Pastor,
Metropolitan Baptist Church
Kansas City, KS
(Kansas City, MO)  

CLERK/TREASURER

Edith Walker
Secondary School Math Teacher
(Hugoton)
see below for contact information


RESIDENT AGENT

Mr. Eric Kirkwood
College Administrator,
(Kansas City)
see below for contact information

OTHER BOARD MEMBERS

Mr. Lyle Gibson
College history professor
(Kansas City)



Mrs. Charlotte Goodseal
Retired Elementary Educator
(Humboldt)

Mrs. Thirkelle Howard
Retired college administrator
Kansas State Univ. at Manhattan
Genealogy instructor/consultant
(Wichita)


Rev. Dr. Khadijah Matin
Clergy/Lecturer
Brooklyn, NY
(Topeka Kansas, Nebraska)

Mr. Charles F. McAfee
Architect
(Wichita)

Ms Geri Sanders
College administrator
(Kansas City MO)

Ms. Deborah Tucker
College Librarian
Adamany Undergraduate Library
Wayne State University

To join the KIAANAFH download and fill out this  form and send $25/yr to our Treasurer.
( Make checks payable to “KIAANAFH” -- plese note that contributions and membership payments are NOT tax deductible)

KIAANAFH Treasurer
Ms. Edith Walker

492 Beacon St. #76
Boston, MA 02115


for  program matters, contact:
Prof. Willard R. Johnson

(KIAANAFH President)

MIT E53-367
Cambridge, MA 02139

tel: 617 253 2952  fax 617 258 6164

for legal matters , contact:
Mr. Eric Kirkwood
(KIAANAFH Resident Agent)

2530 N. 54th St.
Kansas City, KS 66104